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APPIC Internship Applications: Let Your Autobiographical Essay Shine. Fall is in dissertation the air#8230;the leaves are changing. It#8217;s a time of master transformation and dissertation reflection. This is also the perfect time to reflect on who you are and essay how to university dissertation, express that to internship directors. Homework Do? One of the most important and university dissertation most scrutinized materials in your APPIC internship application is the autobiographical essay (Essay #1) , yet most students agree it is the should the australian essay, hardest to write. Electronic? While there is no exact method that is “right,” there is some strategy to it, and below I’m sharing some tips for thesis, how to make the best impression and maximize the impact of your essay. Of Miami Electronic Dissertation? There is very little in flag essay your application, apart from this essay, that really gives directors a feel for who you are as a person; this is entirely different than the credentials you submit that are focused exclusively on your training.
In addition to university, a good training fit (that I discussed in my last blog entry), directors want to master thesis of, work with someone they feel they can connect with , and this is your opportunity to reveal your personality to them. This essay should focus on you as a person, so while you need to university of miami electronic dissertation, keep it relevant (see #6), this means more than just a list of your training experiences or graduate school accomplishments. They can already see that in the other materials you submit; remember, don’t squander this opportunity to introduce directors to essay themen, the “personal you” that they can’t see elsewhere. Of Miami Electronic? Be genuine. Be yourself. Don#8217;t try to write an essay about something that you think sounds good but isn’t truly authentic; trying to figure out what kind of intern sites are looking for, and trying to create a narrative to fit that, is not a good strategy . If you identified your true training goals and selected sites that are a good fit, then your authentic (well-conveyed) narrative should naturally appeal to directors of those sites. When deciding on a focus for the autobiographical essay, consider what you really want to convey to homework do, directors, what quality or personal characteristic you possess that makes you uniquely you, and how that contributes to making you a more evolved or self-aware, or uniquely empathic, etc. emerging clinician. If appropriate, consider discussing life-changing events that define who you are.
Even negative life events such as loss, illness, adversity, etc. can be discussed, but focus on university of miami dissertation, how these events were transformative in a positive way and what lessons or insights you learned, not on how tragic they were. The emphasis should be on essay themen, how you coped with it, learned from it, overcame it, and eventually, used it, to become more self-aware and university electronic dissertation grow from written essay outline it . You can convey a compelling story about something that may have been difficult, but maintain the focus on the positive. This essay should move the reader and of miami electronic let him or her really get a glimpse of who you are. By the essay themen, end of it, you want the reader thinking, “I’d really like to meet/work with this person.” Try to stay away from cliches and the trap of writing about how you were “always interested in psychology” or “everyone always thought I was a good listener.” While that may be true, something personal had to dissertation, have drawn you to the field. If you can identify that, and really create a sincere and engaging narrative about it, while tying it in to your evolution as a psychologist, you will have a more compelling (and successful) essay. Not everything that’s happened to us that we think is important will be relevant for this essay. Ask yourself, “Does talking about homework do, this issue, or event, or aspect of myself, really convey the message I want?” and is it genuinely related in university of miami electronic some way to your evolution as a clinician, or healer?
Again, don’t “force” that connection; it should be a natural one. Master Of? If it’s not, then reconsider the university of miami, essay topic. Thesis? If your interest in university electronic dissertation psychology was naturally more academic than related to a personal event or circumstance, or you would simply prefer not to talk about written, your private personal life, that’s ok. However, it still needs to be a personal essay, so consider some aspect of your work with patients that is genuinely compelling for you, and try to university of miami dissertation, craft an essay around that. You can start by thinking about a particular patient, or a specific moment with a patient(s) that truly moved you, or validated your desire and the meaning of being a healer . You should still begin the essay with some kind of anecdote that captures this, and then work from there. This can also make for a very compelling essay. Remember, directors are reading LOTS of these essays, so keeping them engaged is half the strategy . Having a compelling story with a well written narrative is we change the australian flag essay necessary. Consider starting with a very engaging, or #8220;seductive#8221; first sentence that can really grab the university of miami dissertation, reader, right from the beginning, and make them want to we change the australian, read on. It doesn’t have to be a long sentence, and it can even be a quote, a song lyric—anything that captures the essence of university of miami electronic dissertation your message.
Start with that and build the essay around it. Flu Research? Make sure to somehow make reference to it at the end too; wrapping up your essay by connecting it back to the beginning is also a good strategy. It should tell a story about university of miami electronic dissertation, you, with a beginning, middle and end . Make sure it sends a cohesive message about you. Try to we change flag, utilize transitional sentences when bridging topics, and don#8217;t forget a summary statement at the end that ties it all together and really brings your message home. It should wrap back, at the end, to how this “story” about you ultimately translates into of miami electronic who you are (as a clinician) in the room with the patient . How is the aspect of yourself you decided to write about an asset as a therapist? If it’s something transformative that really had an impact on you, chances are you have learned something profound from it about human nature, and master of about yourself, which helps your understanding of patients—so make sure to university of miami, state that in some way. Tip #10: Remember the Word Limit#8230;Unless You#8217;re Writing.
We all know the homework do, word limit is of miami electronic dissertation 500, and I know doing everything I described above in 500 words or less is definitely a challenge. Written Essay Outline? However, try not to censor yourself and worry about the length AS you’re writing—just write . You can edit later. If you find your essay is way too long, consider whether you need a “hatchet” or “scalpel” approach —that is, can you cut entire sections or sentences without compromising the message or the university of miami dissertation, quality of the writing, or do you perhaps need to written outline, go in and condense sentences and be more parsimonious in expressing yourself? That being said, if you go up to 550 or even 560-ish, that’s ok; no director is going to think you are a “bad” match or that you can’t follow instructions because you went a little over 500 words; it’s a guideline, so use it as such. Do not make arbitrary cuts simply to reach that number. Of Miami Electronic? As long as it fits onto a single page with 1-inch margins, it should be ok. Most directors just gauge the length by “eyeballing” it; no one is master of really counting words . Dissertation? If it looks the average length, it’s fine, if you go over the word limit significantly, and it’s obvious, it probably won’t matter by master thesis of, how much at that point—the (negative) impression has been made. Tip #11: Don#8217;t Forget it#8217;s a Writing Sample! Make sure to show off your writing skills and of miami electronic always check for typos, grammar and language.
Have someone with good editing skills read it and comment on it, but be careful about taking advice about the content of the essay if your audience doesn’t really have a context for knowing what directors are looking for. Many people mean well, especially family and friends, but they may not be the best judges. If you do want “lay” people—read: non-psychologists or those unconnected to outline, the internship process—review it, then the best way to make the most out of it, rather than simply asking for open-ended feedback, is to give them a lot of context for it, and explain a little bit about what you aim to convey BEFORE they read the essay. After they’ve read it, see if they agree you’ve conveyed your message in a strong, positive, compelling fashion. Latest posts by Josephine Minardo, PsyD (see all) Ace Your Case Presentations #038; Vignettes in of miami electronic dissertation APPIC Internship Interviews - December 9, 2015 APPIC Internship Applications: Is it Really All About the homework do, #8220;Match#8221;? - September 22, 2015 APPIC Internship Application Cover Letters - October 24, 2012.
Very well written, with extremely pertinent and valid points. This was very well written indeed. Dissertation? Super helpful. Thank you!
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How O. University Electronic Dissertation. J. Simpson Killed Popular Culture. It had a narrative sense that was second to starting off a reflective essay, none, an instinct for university of miami electronic dissertation, how to off a reflective essay, draw the audience#x2019;s attention that was assured to the point of flagrant, to dissertation, the point of gloating, opening#x2014;bam!#x2014;with a climax, a literal cut to the chase: an S.U.V. burning rubber on the Santa Ana Freeway, the Artesia Freeway, the Harbor Freeway, and, at last, the San Diego Freeway, 20 or so squad cars in essay themen panting pursuit. Actually, at 35 miles an hour, the S.U.V. Dissertation. was less burning rubber than going for a spin, and flu research paper the squad cars weren#x2019;t so much in university electronic dissertation panting pursuit as serene accompaniment, falling into graceful formation behind their leader, a Ford Bronco, the 1993 model, as white as innocence, as a lie. Above, in the clear blue Southern California sky, a dark cloud of news helicopters had gathered, seven in all, the pilots having followed the police transmissions on should we change, their scramblers, now very much in on the fun. The footage they shot was broadcast locally and then nationally, one network after another interrupting regularly scheduled programming to air it, NBC cutting between it and Game Five of the N.B.A. Electronic Dissertation. championship series, the New York Knicks versus the essay themen Houston Rockets. University Electronic Dissertation. Lining the overpasses in certain cities and neighborhoods like Compton, Inglewood, Watts, large crowds had assembled to offer support, cheer the homework do Bronco on, tell it to go go go, boo those deputy dogs trying to bring it down, stop its run, fuck with its mojo. The emotion of the of miami electronic dissertation scene was hysterical, almost lunatic#x2014;a Pro Football Hall of Famer and star of the silver screen and all-around Mr. Congeniality super-dude, now a fugitive from justice, wanted for violating, on homework do, two counts, Section 187 (a) of the university of miami electronic California Penal Code, holding on himself a .357 Magnum, the flu research paper barrel kissing his temple#x2014;yet its pacing was stately, languorous, very nearly balletic, the action hot and lurid and electronic low-down, but the view of the action coolly detached and God#x2019;s-eye. A B-movie plot with an art-house director. A half-hour went by, an hour.
So much time, in fact, that the Channel 7 helicopter had to written, break to refuel, coax Channel 5 into sharing its coverage. University Of Miami Electronic. The suspense was killing, the public watching with shock-widened eyes an American hero in master the middle of a free fall. The question was, would he go splat? (Making a break for university of miami dissertation, it, that was tantamount to written outline, a confession of guilt, wasn#x2019;t it? He must#x2019;ve cut to ribbons that hot blonde ex-wife of his and the hunky young waiter returning a pair of glasses her mom had left at the restaurant#x2014;yeah right, at that time of night?#x2014;and now was going to hasta la vista himself.) No, the question was, would he go splat on live television? Blow the university of miami electronic brains clean out of his head in one long red spatter? Cover the 405 in pulp and reflective gore and fragments of bone? Leave two of his children, already motherless, fatherless as well? As it turned out, he would not. O. J. Simpson would, along with friend and former teammate Al #x201C;A.C.#x201D; Cowlings, reach unharmed his house on Rockingham Avenue#x2014;#x201C;the Rockingham estate,#x201D; as the university of miami electronic talking heads were so fond of calling it#x2014;in Brentwood, where a 27-man SWAT team was waiting for flu research, him, a sniper with an AR-15 rifle hugging dirt in the kids#x2019; playground out back. An hour later, after telephoning his mother and drinking a glass of juice, he#x2019;d be placed in university electronic an unmarked cruiser, transported downtown for mug shots and fingerprints, then given a brand-new identity: Prisoner 4013970 of the Los Angeles County jail.
What would have been a story touched only by thesis the scandal-jonesing, if-it-bleeds-it-leads tabloids#x2014;the kind of newspapers and magazines you#x2019;d line your dog#x2019;s litter box with if you had a particularly trashy, no-count dog#x2014;had become, thanks to university of miami dissertation, the involvement of a man so famous he didn#x2019;t need a name, just a couple of dinky letters, front-page news for even the master thesis staidest and snootiest of publications. And the episode with the Bronco had kicked the university of miami dissertation story up another notch still. Now it was a bona fide phenomenon and thesis national obsession. Ninety-five million Americans had tuned in to some portion of the electronic chase. By comparison, a mere 90 million had tuned in to that year#x2019;s Super Bowl. Domino#x2019;s Pizza reported record sales for the day. (What?
Experience that level of tension, vicarious or not, and you work up one humdinger of an appetite.) The chase, which happened 20 years ago this month#x2014;June 17, 1994#x2014;happened because a woman and we change the australian essay a man, Nicole Brown Simpson, 35, and Ronald Lyle Goldman, 25, had been brutally slain. Though nobody knew it at the time, out of that horrifying crime something new was born, or maybe #x201C;spawned#x201D; is a better word: reality TV. O.K., so here#x2019;s what the Simpson case was: It was a noir murder mystery. More in the style, though, of university, Twin Peaks than of Sunset Boulevard. This wasn#x2019;t a there-are-eight-million-stories-in-the-naked-city-this-has-been-one-of-them-type story. Off A Essay. In other words, this wasn#x2019;t an of miami electronic, L.A. story. This was a Brentwood story.
Brentwood, a neighborhood in starting essay the Westside at university of miami electronic the base of the Santa Monica Mountains, was clean, quiet, family-oriented. It#x2019;s where John Cheever liked to stay when he came to California because it reminded him of Connecticut. Lots of off a, greenery and nature left au naturel and houses that cost an of miami, arm and a leg but were low-key about it. No nightlife to speak of and proud of of, it, the social hub the charmingly ramshackle Brentwood Mart, where one could sip an of miami electronic dissertation, espresso, or a fresh squeezed carrot juice, while reading the trades after dropping off the kids at flu research school, playing a set or two of tennis at the club. Of Miami. Good at keeping out the riffraff, i.e., the nonwhite and the non-loaded, at pretending it was just a simple small town with simple small-town values in homework do the middle of Sodom and Gomorrah Los Angeles. Needless to say, Brentwood, particularly Northern Brentwood, the hoity-toitier half, turned up its nose at vulgar, flashy Hollywood, though you could hardly walk five feet without bumping into a celebrity. University Of Miami. At the time O.J. lived there, so did Meryl Streep and Harrison Ford and essay themen Michelle Pfeiffer. It had its share of behind-the-scenes celebrities, as well: Michael Ovitz, then the entertainment industry#x2019;s power broker with the mostest, and Gil Garcetti, the district attorney responsible for prosecuting O.J. Bernard Lewinsky called Brentwood home, too, for that matter, only no one cared yet because his daughter, Monica, wouldn#x2019;t land that fateful internship until July of #x2019;95. All of which isn#x2019;t to say that Norman Rockwell would have been happy setting up his easel there.
Small-town values with a Sodom and Gomorrah twist might be the best way of describing Brentwood#x2019;s ethos. A Brentwood Hello, as we#x2019;d learn from Nicole#x2019;s B.F.F. and sometimes more than, Faye Resnick, who#x2019;d publish a memoir during the trial, Nicole Brown Simpson: The Private Diary of a Life Interrupted, was a local specialty: a woman bestowing upon a casual male acquaintance a blowjob. Hey, it was oral sex, not sex sex#x2014;two totally different things. Just ask then president Bill Clinton. The structure of the Simpson case was, in so many ways, straight out of Murder Mysteries 101, Noir for Dummies: an investigation peels back the pretty, wholesome surface, exposing all manner of rot and stink and tawdriness festering underneath. Nicole#x2019;s life since her split from O.J. had been a double one. By day it was dance recitals and P.T.A. meetings and fund-raisers for worthy causes, by night it was (if you believe the rumors) coke-fueled club-hopping and outr#xE9; erotic encounters with younger men, including, allegedly, Marcus Allen, O.J.#x2019;s prot#xE9;g#xE9; and close friend. But then, Nicole#x2019;s life since she#x2019;d been picked up as an 18-year-old waitress, the ink on her high-school diploma still wet, at the Daisy, a nightclub in Beverly Hills, by the athlete and actor, spokesman for Hertz, had always had a schizo quality. The two had looked like the perfect couple#x2014;the Heisman Trophy winner with the million-dollar grin, the university of miami electronic dissertation California dream girl hanging on should we change the australian essay, his arm. Appearances, though, were deceiving. See, O.J. University Electronic Dissertation. had a real Dr.
Jekyll-Mr. Should We Change Flag. Hyde thing going on. Or maybe it would be more apropos to call it a real Leland Palmer-Killer BOB thing. Either way, O.J. routinely abused Nicole physically. (Nicole#x2019;s October 25, 1993, 911 SOS would be played for the jury. #x201C;He#x2019;s back. Please. #x2026; He#x2019;s O. University Electronic. J. Simpson. I think you know his record #x2026; #x201D; The sound of weeping. #x201C;He#x2019;s going to beat the shit out of me.#x201D;) He was, too, a cocksman supreme, giving out the hard yard left, right, and center to seemingly any and all comers, then flying into a jealous rage if Nicole so much as cast a glance in another guy#x2019;s direction. A neat freak as well as a sex freak, he also thought her housekeeping efforts sub-par. Living with such a volatile and exacting mate couldn#x2019;t have been a picnic for Nicole. It#x2019;s no wonder that in homework do pictures she appeared tight-faced and anxious-eyed, smiling but the smile held in check, her look that of university of miami dissertation, a beach-bunny party animal up for a good time, but her affect considerably darker, considerably more troubled, even tormented.
It must be admitted, though, that, as a whodunit, the Simpson case was a flop, with nary a twist or turn. The defense cooked up some cockamamy theory involving Faye Resnick, who at the time of Nicole#x2019;s death, they said, was having a bad run with cocaine, and a drug deal gone south. They pushed it halfheartedly at best, though, as if they didn#x2019;t really expect anyone to buy it, and were careful to keep it vague#x2014;heavy on the paranoia but light on the kinds of swine flu research, details that could be either proved or disproved. (Nicole#x2019;s throat had been slit so deeply her head was attached to her body by the merest thread. The murder had crime passionnel written all over it.) Instead of coming up with an alternative killer, they focused their efforts on making their client the university electronic victim. Not of Nicole or Ron, of course, but of the L.A.P.D., the biggest collection of corn-fed, redneck, peckerwood bigots outside a K.K.K. Swine Flu Research Paper. meeting, the way they were telling it. (Attorney Johnnie Cochran Jr. would, in fact, go so far as to compare Detective Mark Fuhrman, a made-to-order villain for the defense#x2019;s purposes, six feet three inches of handsome, brutal male, fair-haired and blue-eyed, O.J.#x2019;s physical equal and of miami electronic opposite, to Hitler#x2014;forget the should we change essay piss-ant Klan#x2014;in his closing argument, which got the dander up of fellow Dream Team member and Jew Robert Shapiro.) This was surprisingly easy to do, the dissertation times being what they were. The acquittal of the officers who beat Rodney King and the ensuing riots were only two years in the past. Distrust, even hatred, of the department was very much the mood of the moment, particularly among minorities, and flu research the jury was primarily African-American. Actually, the defense#x2019;s attack was two-pronged and contradictory: present the cops as a bunch of bozos in regimental blues, guys too dumb to get out of their own way never mind properly collect evidence and, simultaneously, as a cabal of evil-genius racists who concocted an ultra-sinister and far-reaching conspiracy to electronic, bring down a charismatic and popular black man by pulling the frame job to end all frame jobs. Not that the mixed nature of their message hurt it any. Not with Johnnie Cochran Jr.#x2014;who as a showman would have put Clarence Darrow to shame, who as a showman would have put Orson Welles playing Clarence Darrow to thesis, shame#x2014;as the bearer. Still, if you watched the trial unfold on of miami electronic dissertation, the tube rather than in the courtroom, i.e., weren#x2019;t a member of the jury and directly under Cochran#x2019;s sway, and essay themen fell on the honky side of the racial divide, the verdict seemed absolutely off its rocker.
Obviously O.J. did it! For the majority of of miami, Americans, certainly for the majority of white Americans, the ending was less a shocker than an essay themen, outrage, a serious bummer any way you sliced it, but it wasn#x2019;t ignored. People stuck around for university of miami electronic dissertation, it, an estimated 150 million of homework do, them stopping what they were doing to catch the televised verdict. University Electronic. Which is, I think, the ultimate tribute to the story#x2019;s narrative pull: the audience stayed put until the written essay outline final reel, not an empty seat in the house. Perhaps, though, the Simpson case worked better, or at least more satisfyingly, as a soap opera, which, of course, it was, too. It was long-running and on university electronic dissertation, daily and compulsively watchable and so dramatic it seemed, at moments, far-fetched. In the 2010 documentary, O.J.
Monster or Myth?, prosecutor Marcia Clark, 41 at the time she took the thesis of case, said, #x201C;When [it] began, all of the university of miami dissertation networks were getting these hate-mail letters because people#x2019;s soap operas were being interrupted for the Simpson trial. But then what happened was the people who liked soap operas got addicted to the Simpson trial. And they got really upset when the Simpson trial was over, and should we change the australian flag people would come up to me on the street and say, #x2018;God, I loved your show.#x2019; #x201D; Soap-opera-ish, as well, were the extreme good looks of the participants. O.J., the leading man, sure. I mean, obviously#x2014;47 years old and living the dissertation life of a jailbird, in court each day fighting for his freedom, trashed by the media, the should we change the australian public, the victims#x2019; families, and still a total dreamboat, the tired droop to his eyes and of miami dissertation mouth emphasizing his handsomeness rather than detracting from it. By participants, though, I really meant the rest of the essay themen cast, the university electronic dissertation supporting performers#x2014;Kato Kaelin, 35, and Faye Resnick, 37, and Nicole#x2019;s sister, Denise, older by two years, a former Ford fashion model, and Paula Barbieri, 27, O.J.#x2019;s steady squeeze, even Nicole and Ron#x2014;gorgeous, every single one of them. Should We Change Flag. Or, rather, #x201C;gorgeous.#x201D; They were, additionally, #x201C;smokin#x2019;,#x201D; #x201C;slammin#x2019;,#x201D; #x201C;screamin#x2019;,#x201D; #x201C;bangin#x2019;,#x201D; #x201C;blazin#x2019;,#x201D; with #x201C;hard bodies#x201D; and #x201C;sick tans#x201D; and #x201C;killer hair.#x201D; Meaning they were those things and had those things yet at electronic dissertation the same time they were not and did not. All the hours spent in the gym and the salon and the cosmetic surgeon#x2019;s office#x2014;#x201C;Almost every woman I know has had breast implants,#x201D; Faye Resnick either lamented or bragged in her book#x2014;had a canceling-out effect.
Like, so hot, so what? Which is why they resembled soap-opera actors rather than movie actors: their physical perfection#x2014;the symmetrical features on their faces, the David -like proportions of their bodies#x2014;leaving nothing for the eye to snag on, the we change the australian flag mind to university, obsess over, finally rendering them interchangeable, forgettable. Reminiscent of a soap opera, too, was the flu research paper case#x2019;s mix of tried-and-trues and up-and-comers. You had guys who#x2019;d been in university of miami electronic the public eye for years: O.J., obviously, famous two times over for essay themen, his exploits on the field and on the screen; Johnnie Cochran Jr., 56, on a serious hot streak after winning an acquittal for actor Todd Bridges on of miami, a murder rap, a sharp dresser and a smooth talker, dubbed #x201C;the best in the West#x201D; by Ebony magazine; F. Lee Bailey, 61, the first criminal-defense superstar; Alan Dershowitz, 55, played by Ron Silver in the Academy Award-winning Reversal of Fortune (1990). Then there was the fresh meat. Kato Kaelin, of thesis, course, the university of miami dissertation face of the trial, or at least the hair. Everybody#x2019;s favorite himbo houseguest, maybe not the swiftest guy on the block but cute as a bug and off a essay with a nice way about of miami electronic dissertation, him. Kato was a joke, certainly the essay butt of university electronic dissertation, enough of them. (The National Society of Newspaper Columnists bestowed upon him that year#x2019;s #x201C;Sitting Duck Award.#x201D;) But the should we change flag essay public also couldn#x2019;t get enough.
According to one poll conducted at the time, 74 percent of university electronic dissertation, Americans could identify him. Only 25 percent could identify Vice President Gore. And though there#x2019;d be tell-all books and show-all Playboy spreads in both Faye Resnick#x2019;s and Paula Barbieri#x2019;s futures, it was Kato who seemed like the breakout star, hands down. His biggest competition in that regard was, surprisingly, Marcia Clark. The jury was majorly turned off. (In focus groups, mock jurors, when asked to describe Clark, used adjectives like #x201C;sketchy#x201D; and #x201C;strident,#x201D; adjectives that were actually code for a noun: #x201C;bitch.#x201D;) Not the public, though. They couldn#x2019;t get enough. Mid-trial she underwent a much-discussed makeover. After ditching the way-unflattering Phil Spector-like perm, she received a standing ovation on the courthouse steps. People magazine would give its two cents: #x201C;Hear ye, hear ye! The verdict is in#x2026;.
Though RuPaul would like to flu research, see this legal eagle #x2018;in more tailored suits and fitted skirts,#x2019; most of our judges agree that Clark#x2019;s makeover increases her authority by allowing her to look like the person she really is.#x201D; She was mobbed at malls and in restaurants, given V.I.P. treatment at Hollywood hot spots like the House of university electronic dissertation, Blues. And people were curious about master, her life out of the courtroom. Were she and co-star#x2014;ahem, I mean co-counsel#x2014;Christopher Darden, a Younger Man at 38, more than just colleagues? Cochran#x2019;s favorite joke of the university electronic trial was delivered by starting off a reflective Jay Leno, who cracked that Darden would have been better off if he#x2019;d tried to nail O. J. Simpson instead of Marcia Clark. It#x2019;s worth noting, too, that many of the soap operas O.J. knocked off the air temporarily were about to be knocked off a lot longer than that. Of the university 10 biggest soaps of 1994#x2013;95, 6 have since bit the dust. So, O.K., the should we change the australian flag case was a noir mystery and a daytime soap. But what it was in dissertation addition to these two things and in homework do excess of these two things was a reality show.
The first and the best. The tail of the university of miami dissertation dragon we#x2019;ve been chasing ever since. That thing with the Bronco and the black-and-whites on the freeway? That wasn#x2019;t a car chase; it was a test run, a pilot episode, the should we change taste that got us hooked, hyped, turned on, junked out, fiending for more, more, more. What made the case such an addictive fix#x2014;beyond even the sensational nature of the crime, the glitziness of the players, the almost irresistible pull of the question What really happened? #x2014;was the voyeuristic kink it provided. University Of Miami Dissertation. It gave us the dirty little thrill of putting our eye to the keyhole, looking in on a world that we#x2019;d normally never have access to. A Hollywood world, only not first-rate Hollywood. Not even second-rate Hollywood. As a running back, O. Essay Themen. J. Simpson had been a star, but as a star he#x2019;d never burned that bright. University Of Miami Dissertation. (There are a lot of TV movies on that r#xE9;sum#xE9; of his.) And when he did land a role in a hit#x2014;the Naked Gun franchise (1988#x2013;94)#x2014;it was playing the stooge, the ditz, the dumb black guy.
As Nordberg, O.J. Flu Research. had essentially turned himself into of miami electronic, the male Butterfly McQueen. Third-rate Hollywood, though, is what reality TV is all about. Essay Themen. It#x2019;s never the Angelina Jolies and Brad Pitts inviting production crews into of miami electronic dissertation, their homes to install toilet cams in the bathrooms. And if you do get a legitimate contender, i.e., a person who actually achieved a level of master of, success and renown, it#x2019;s a contender past his or her prime#x2014;an Ozzy Osbourne or a Paula Abdul or a Flavor Flav or a Hulk Hogan. A has-been, basically, looking to stage a comeback. And O.J. Of Miami Dissertation. was, of written outline, course, the original has-been/comeback kid, the prototype: an electronic dissertation, aging athlete with a dubious acting career, still a Somebody but on the downward slide to Nobodysville. On the downward slide at least until that double snuff job, which put him back on top as far as name recognition went, higher than he#x2019;d ever been, in fact, nearly out of sight. He became one of the master most talked-about men on the planet. (Boris Yeltsin#x2019;s first question when he met President Clinton in university of miami electronic 1995: #x201C;Do you think O.J. did it?#x201D;) The prototype for that other reality-TV staple, the never-was, was pretty much everyone else associated with the case: Nicole Brown Simpson, a beautiful woman who used her beauty to become the prize of a rich and famous man, which was her prize; waiter-model or model-waiter Ron Goldman; Kato Kaelin and Paula Barbieri, in reflective essay movies but only barely, reduced to soft-core porn, Surf, Sand and Sex for him, Red Shoe Diaries for her. These people are the Ur- Basketball Wives and the Mike #x201C;the Situation#x201D; Sorrentinos and the peroxided blow-up dolls from The Girls Next Door.
What made the Simpson case reality-TV-esque, too, was the university of miami awareness that it wasn#x2019;t reality, that it was reality at one remove. So intense was the media scrutiny that, by the time the trial started, all those who were part of it had grown accustomed to being treated like something scraped onto a microscope slide. Starting. But when Judge Lance Ito decided to university of miami dissertation, allow cameras in the courtroom, that sky-high self-consciousness was sent off into the stratosphere. All of should we change essay, a sudden, the university electronic dissertation lawyers weren#x2019;t lawyers; they were lawyers playing lawyers. The judge wasn#x2019;t a judge; he was a judge playing a judge. Same with the witnesses, the experts, even the victims#x2019; loved ones. In other words, these people were both characters in essay themen the drama and observers standing outside the electronic drama watching themselves be characters in the drama.
A tongue-in-cheek quality, too, began to insinuate its way into the proceedings. Take, for example, the essay themen curious role of Larry King in the case. After the Bronco chase, King moved Larry King Live, the of miami electronic whole kit and caboodle pretty much, from D.C. to L.A. On any given night, he#x2019;d have as guests a member of the prosecution team and a member of the defense team, some journalist or other, always bending over backward to starting reflective essay, represent both sides. Dissertation. And he was as scrupulously bipartisan in his social life, dating Suzanne Childs, D.A.
Garcetti#x2019;s director of communications, and essay Jo-Ellan Dimitrius, the defense team#x2019;s jury consultant, simultaneously. (If he ever got desperate for material, he could#x2019;ve just mic#x2019;d his sheets, filled a couple episodes with pillow talk.) When Nicole Brown Simpson: The Private Diary of a Life Interrupted was released mid-trial, Ito wrote to networks asking that they postpone their interviews with Faye Resnick. King obeyed, canceling Faye#x2019;s spot, and Ito, in thanks, told him to drop by university dissertation sometime. So, during a midmorning break, King entered Ito#x2019;s chambers. Ito began musing about written outline, a domestic-violence issue he had yet to make a ruling on, revealing to his confused and surprised listener which way he was going to go. Finally, King suggested they wrap it up, since they#x2019;d been together for electronic, 40 minutes and the break was supposed to last only 15. King followed Ito through a door, which turned out to lead directly into the courtroom. Suddenly, to swine flu research paper, his shock, King found himself on-camera, a participant in the very trial he was covering. University Of Miami Electronic. O.J. Should We Change The Australian Flag. called out his name and university electronic stood to shake hands. #x201C;Thanks for being so fair,#x201D; Simpson said, pumping King#x2019;s fist up and down. Marcia Clark squealed, #x201C;I watch you all the time!#x201D; So you had both the accused and the lawyer prosecuting the accused acknowledging that they watched the written essay outline talk-show host who was watching them. It was a Brechtian moment, and Brechtian moments would become common as reality TV took over university the airwaves: Paris Hilton going on Letterman and saying, #x201C;That#x2019;s hot,#x201D; her catchphrase from her hit show, The Simple Life (2003#x2013;7)#x2014;Paris doing Paris.
Or Lauren Conrad, of The Hills (2006#x2013;10) fame, admitting to the women of The View that she never received Spencer Pratt#x2019;s apology phone call, even though she was shown receiving it. Conrad was acknowledging that The Hills, a supposed reality program, was either outright scripted or heavily contrived. The cat was out of of the bag. University Of Miami Dissertation. Reality wasn#x2019;t real. Predictably, several people involved with the homework do case attempted to have reality careers. Kato Kaelin#x2019;s been the most persistent. (For a slacker, Kato sure hustles.) He was on Fox#x2019;s Celebrity Boot Camp along with Coolio, Tiffany, Lorenzo Lamas, and one half of Milli Vanilli; he was on university dissertation, Reality Bites Back, a reality parody show on Comedy Central; and on Fox Reality Channel#x2019;s Gimme My Reality Show!, a competition among reality stars for#x2014;you guessed it#x2014;yet another reality show.
House Guest, in which he would in essay themen every episode show up at a different famous person#x2019;s door and ask to crash for a while, was developed but, amazingly, never picked up. Recently he#x2019;s partnered with Rhonda Shear, creator of the university electronic Ahh Bra, to release the Kato Potato pajamas, a pocket for a remote control and another for a bag of Doritos sewn into should we change flag, every pair. Faye Resnick also took a crack at the reality-star thing, becoming what#x2019;s known as a #x201C;Friend of university dissertation, a Housewife#x201D; on master thesis, Bravo#x2019;s The Real Housewives of Beverly Hills. She declined, however, to become a full-fledged housewife because she had a J-O-B job and university dissertation thus didn#x2019;t have the time, and because, according to Radar Online (weirdly, The New York Times did not cover this story), participation was ruining her life. Forensic scientist Henry Lee, whose testimony was key to the defense#x2019;s victory, would host Trace Evidence: The Case Files of master of, Dr. Henry Lee, on Court TV, executive-produced by Lawrence Schiller, O.J.#x2019;s collaborator on the prison memoir and get-cash-quick scheme I Want to of miami dissertation, Tell You: My Response to master thesis of, Your Letters, Your Messages, Your Questions.
Another witness for the defense, Dr. Robert Huizenga, who examined O.J. three days after the murders and testified smarmily on O.J.#x2019;s behalf, is now Dr. University Of Miami. H, the too fit guy in essay a white coat who tells the fatties at the beginning of each season that they#x2019;re too fat and should really think about being less fat, on NBC#x2019;s The Biggest Loser. University Electronic Dissertation. Even O.J., according to his manager, Norman Pardo, tried to get in on the reality-TV craze. Donald Trump was considering casting him as a contestant on the second season of The Celebrity Apprentice, only the network balked. Just as well, since, as it turned out, he#x2019;d be up to his neck in essay themen armed-robbery and kidnapping charges at the time of the show#x2019;s filming. All those lit matches, and yet one after another they sputtered, fizzled, flamed out. It#x2019;s as if the O.J. Electronic Dissertation. people had had their 15 minutes and essay themen weren#x2019;t going to be allotted a single second more.
No, it#x2019;s the children of the O.J. people who#x2019;ve really caught fire reality-TV-wise. Because if the Simpson case was the daddy of university, reality TV, it was every bit as much the baby daddy. By my reckoning, there have been only three true reality stars: Kim Kardashian, with Kourtney and Khlo#xE9; providing backup, the bubble-butted version of the Supremes; Lauren Conrad and her cutie-pie buds on The Hills; and Paris Hilton, who struck out on her own after her public break with The Simple Life co-star Nicole Richie. I say true stars because their fame isn#x2019;t contingent upon winning a competition or displaying a skill or talent. Not like the homework do contestants of Project Runway or The Voice or Survivor or, God help us, America#x2019;s Next Top Model. On the electronic contrary, they do nothing, and that#x2019;s their genius, their special gift. They#x2019;re celebrated, turned into cover girls and sex symbols (all three have made *Maxim#x2019;*s Hot 100 at one time or another) purely for being quote themselves unquote. That the essay themen Kardashian sisters slid out of the university greased-up loins of the O.J. case is obvious#x2014;a no-brainer.
The late Robert Kardashian, O.J.#x2019;s friend (read: fan, worshipper, slave, lapdog) for almost 30 years, one of those guys so enamored of the spotlight he was happy just basking in its reflected glow, was, after all, their father. Thesis Of. Robert made himself a player in the case by doing sad-sack, loser-y, hanger-on things. He carried O.J.#x2019;s garment bag, which prosecutors later speculated may have contained O.J.#x2019;s bloody clothes and/or murder weapon, when O.J. returned from Chicago the day after the stabbings. He assumed the bottom-man-in-a-Mongolian-clusterfuck position#x2014;a volunteer assistant! get a grip, Bob!#x2014;on the defense team. And he read to reporters the note from O.J. that looked like a suicide note, walked like a suicide note, quacked like a suicide note, but was not a suicide note#x2014;remember, the university of miami electronic dissertation one in should which O.J. referred to himself as a #x201C;battered husband#x201D; and signed with a smiley face?#x2014;while O.J. hit the university of miami road with A.C. in his white Bronco. Incidentally, though it#x2019;s a sure thing that Robert sired Kourtney and off a reflective essay Kim, Khlo#xE9; not so much. O.J. may have to take the blame for that one.
Manager Norman Pardo floated the possibility to In Touch magazine last November that O.J. bumped nasties with Kris Jenner, then Kris Kardashian, once or multiple times, and that Khlo#xE9;, the youngest of the Kardashian girls, born in university electronic dissertation 1984, #x201C;could be#x201D; the result. Says Pardo, #x201C;[The Simpsons and the Kardashians] all took vacations together. There was a lot of partying going on back then.#x201D; Kris gives an emphatic unh-uh to the suggestion. But O.J.#x2019;s the guy who just can#x2019;t say no, and Kris has already confessed to running around on Robert during their marriage. In any case, it doesn#x2019;t matter whether O.J. Written Essay Outline. actually shares DNA with the Kardashian girls or not, because if they aren#x2019;t his kids genetically they#x2019;re his kids spiritually: he made their name.
Were it not for the case, it#x2019;s unlikely E! would have green-lit a series called Keeping Up with the Kardashians #x2014;keeping up with the who? #x2014;in 2007. Though, in university electronic fairness, Kim did have a popular sex tape to her credit by then. (The times we live in are not so fallen that we exalt murderers, but we can#x2019;t seem to resist a plucky gal with a powerful yen to be a star, not overly particular about should we change the australian flag essay, how or for what, who#x2019;s always ready for her close-up, even if it might end in university electronic dissertation a money shot.) The link between the off a Simpson case and university The Hills is a little harder to locate, but it#x2019;s there nonetheless. Best friend to the show#x2019;s heavy, the sinisterly blond and essay themen Dickensianly named Spencer Pratt, and the on-again, off-again love interest of the show#x2019;s Bambi-eyed ing#xE9;nue, Lauren Conrad, is Brody Jenner, son of of miami dissertation, Linda Thompson, Elvis#x2019;s old flame, and we change flag essay the ex-wife of Bruce Jenner, the of miami dissertation Olympic gold medalist who married Kris after she split from Robert. And now for Paris Hilton. Paris is a good friend of Kim Kardashian#x2019;s, though things haven#x2019;t been the swine flu research same between the two since Paris unkindly if not inaccurately compared Kim#x2019;s famed badonkadonk to #x201C;cottage cheese inside a big trash bag.#x201D; Paris#x2019;s sister Nicky is also the goddaughter of of miami electronic dissertation, Faye Resnick.
Adefining aspect of American culture, and a big part of the reason American culture is so appealing, and has been adopted almost as a world culture, is its seemingly effortless mixture of high and low: Mark Twain and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Louis Armstrong and #x201C;Potato Head Blues,#x201D; Howard Hawks and thesis of Rio Bravo, Andy Warhol and those Campbell#x2019;s soup cans. The O.J. case, though, was essentially all low#x2014;a tabloid story that catered to university of miami dissertation, our basest impulses. And while people were fascinated by it, they at least had the sense to essay themen, be embarrassed by that fascination. It was trashy, and of miami electronic they knew that it was trashy, and that to of, give in to the trashiness was to give in to their worst selves. Kato Kaelin, for example, became a recognizable figure but not a venerated one. Of Miami Electronic. He wasn#x2019;t put on the cover of Vogue as Kim Kardashian was this past April. Nobody, in other words, confused him with a person to admire. There was, too, at the time a rush to find an should essay, overriding theme in the case, a larger meaning, a lesson to be learned, a moral to be extracted#x2014;the dangers of keeping spousal abuse quiet, race relations in America, the God-like status accorded professional athletes#x2014;and thus justification for the intense level of university of miami electronic dissertation, interest it had inspired. In the years following the case, though, not only did the high-low blend skew more and more toward low, and not only master, did the bar on low drop, is electronic still dropping, but the feelings of shame that accompanied a low binge vanished. Now it#x2019;s Twinkies and Coca-Cola for essay themen, every meal because, hey, Twinkies and Coca-Cola taste good, and because, hey, why not? Vanished, as well, apparently are any bases for judgment.
Honey Boo Boo #x201C;trends#x201D; in the same way that Barack Obama #x201C;trends.#x201D; There#x2019;s no difference between the of miami electronic dissertation two. Or, rather, we#x2019;re no longer capable of telling what that difference might be. Famous is famous. It#x2019;s like the starting standards and mores and customs of a very particular set of people living in electronic a very particular section of Los Angeles#x2014;the standards and essay themen mores and customs of university of miami dissertation, Nicole and the australian flag Ron, of Kato and Faye and Paula and Kris, of O.J., too#x2014;have turned into the standards and university of miami electronic dissertation mores and customs of a nation. So, O.J., regardless of whether the swine jury got it right or the of miami dissertation jury got it wrong, you have blood on your hands. You killed popular culture.
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RN Resume #038; Job Application Advice. Once nursing school is complete and the graduate has passed the university of miami, NCLEX-RN exam he or she will receive a nursing license issued by essay themen the State. University Of Miami Electronic! This makes the graduate eligible for employment in that state. So, now the fun really begins by homework do building an amazing resume and a focused and purposeful job search. The graduate can work on dazzling the interviewer in-person, during the RN interview, but first, he or she needs to get noticed by submitting an exceptional resume. First and foremost an outstanding nursing resume is professional and concise . These are required and absolutely mandatory to apply for any nursing position, even though filling out an online application is university electronic dissertation also required.
The key to a successful resume is to keep it simple yet persuasive while always remembering to create the best possible image of homework do, oneself on paper. Many graduates choose to browse at electronic images of resumes online before committing to outline, a resume style. The style will affect which sections and words are bolded, centered, underlined, and of miami electronic dissertation, other formatting variations. Homework Do! Choosing a format that makes a strong impression is university of miami dissertation a good place to start. Here are a few guidelines to essay themen, follow, whichever format is chosen:
Make your name stand out The top of the resume states name and university electronic, contact information, this should be either bold, have a big font size, be underlined, or all three and if your middle name is unique it may be wise to outline, add it as this may catch the attention of the HR Representative Be sure to list an email address as well as phone number, address, and name Avoid listing any social media links for a nursing position It must be free of grammatical and spelling errors Have a friend proofread the resume and read it out loud more than once to university of miami dissertation, yourself Hire a professional to proofread, usually for a nominal fee Keep it simple and concise Unless there are a lot of extras to list a new graduate nurse should not need more than one page Stick to basic fonts The preferred font is Times New Roman because it is easy to read and fits well on a page. The resume should be short and concise and off a essay, portray the graduate's attributes in a positive and professional manner. The new graduate registered nurse without healthcare experience should not be overly concerned about his or her lack of experience as a nurse. University Electronic Dissertation! Employers are expecting this and look forward to the australian, teaching the university dissertation, new graduate nurse the policies and off a reflective essay, procedures of the organization. Many employers embrace new graduates and appreciate the of miami electronic, opportunity to mentor.
The image portrayed should be that of an eager and humble new nurse who wants to learn from experienced nurses who are smarter and better at nursing he or she is. The arrogant new graduate does not get very far in nursing neither during the resume and master thesis, interview process nor on the job. The nursing resume usually consists of these sections. Objective Education Experience Licensure and Certifications Technical Skills Optional sections may include: Honors and Awards Achievements Languages Professional Memberships Volunteer Experiences. This is university electronic dissertation a general statement about the directive of the graduate.
These have evolved over the years from a brief phrase stating the graduate's intent to flu research paper, something similar to an abbreviated cover letter. Some objective statements may be as long as a short paragraph. Of Miami! It needs to be a clear and concise statement about the goals of the graduate and a quick sales pitch addressing accomplishments and education. Labeling this section with Objective is acceptable but using an attention-provoking section title is swine more desirable. Eager New Graduate Registered Nurse (section label)
Dedicated BSN graduate with honors from university of miami electronic Brown University, GPA 3.5. Licensed registered nurse holding ACLS and BLS certifications and over 600 hours clinical experience. Most cherished clinical experience in fast paced teaching hospitals on the Medical-Surgical and swine flu research paper, Intensive Care Units. Excels in dissertation multitasking and essay themen, communication and technically proficient in electronic medical records including Epic and Cerner. Proven ability to of miami electronic, quickly establish rapport with patients, families and staff. Consistently demonstrates attention to detail, compassion, and essay themen, perseverance.
The education section should list high schools and university electronic, colleges, including nursing school. These are best organized chronologically with most recently graduated school at the top of the list. Please include name of school, degree earned, and year of graduation. Adding geographic location and areas of study is also acceptable. For any other nursing programs, such as Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA) or Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN), please add to this section as well, and be sure to highlight these accomplishments as they may prove to should we change essay, make the university electronic dissertation, graduate stand out above others. Bolding, italics, or underlining may be a good method of doing so. Brown University, Bachelor's of flu research, Science in Nursing (BSN), 2016 Pruitt Nursing Aide School, Nurses Aide Diploma (CNA), 2015 Charleston Community College, Associate's Degree in Nursing (ADN), 2014 Phoenix High School, High School Diploma, 2012. The new graduate without healthcare experience may list clinical experiences and any work experience during or prior to graduation.
Employers who hire new graduates understand this section will be smaller than that of an experienced nurse. The new graduate with healthcare experience may use this section as an opportunity to list these and any details about the position which may help relate them to the desired job. Any experience listed should contain the company name, geographic location, job title, area of university of miami electronic dissertation, experience within the company, dates, and a description. The description should be short and concise, however if the graduate needs to fill space on the page, creating multiple lines of flu research paper, experience descriptors may be wise. University Hospital Seattle, WA March to August 2015. Registered Nursing Student-Medical Intensive Care Unit Care of septic, alcohol and drug withdrawal, cardiac, and university dissertation, CVA patient populations during clinical rotation Participated in Mock Code Blue and received ACLS/BLS certification Created good rapport and working relationships with patients, families, and staff. Cook Medical Center Seattle, WA January to March 2015. Registered Nursing Student-Neuro Intensive Care Unit Care of CVA, aneurysm, traumatic brain injury, and alcohol and drug withdrawal patient populations during clinical rotation Developed appropriate and effective rhythms for workday Able to critically think through and prepare for homework do worse-case scenarios. In this section, the graduate should list the state in which he or she is newly licensed as a registered nurse as well as CPR certifications earned during the nursing program, or otherwise. While listing the expirations dates is acceptable it is not required, so if space is limited it's fine to leave those out. All nursing programs require Basic Life Support (BLS) certification to participate in clinical hours and provide the class during school.
Some programs may offer or require Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) certification towards the end of the nursing program when clinicals may be in critical care areas, such as the intensive care unit, labor and delivery, or operating rooms. If hired into a critical care position, the ACLS certification is a job requirement and of miami electronic dissertation, many employers will provide the essay themen, class during the of miami dissertation, internship. However, to appear as a more desirable candidate, the graduate may become certified in ACLS prior to homework do, being hired. Other certifications are also available to an RN without experience, see Certifications in Nursing for university electronic dissertation more on this. Licensure and Certifications. Washington State Nursing Licensure, expires October 2017 Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) Certification, expires October 2017 Basic Life Support (BLS) Certification, expires October 2017. This section is intended for electronic medical records (EMR) programs used during clinical hours, other computer software experience, and flu research paper, any medical equipment with which the graduate has had exposure. Epic and Cerner experience, proficient in university of miami electronic Microsoft Word and Outlook, and essay themen, Alaris IV pumps. Some optional sections include Honors and Awards, Achievements, Languages, Professional Memberships, and Volunteer Experiences, if applicable. Example of Nursing Graduate Resume.
Now that we've discussed each piece of the nursing graduate resume, let's put it all together in this example resume using a simple format, 555 Main Street Seattle, WA 98052 • (555) 555-5555 • [emailprotected] Eager New Graduate Registered Nurse. Dedicated BSN graduate with honors from university electronic dissertation Brown University, GPA 3.5. Licensed registered nurse with ACLS and BLS certifications and over swine flu research paper, 600 hours clinical experience.
Most cherished clinical experience in fast paced teaching hospitals on the Medical-Surgical and Intensive Care units. Excels in multitasking and of miami electronic, communication and master thesis, technically proficient in electronic medical records including Epic and university of miami electronic, Cerner. Proven ability to quickly establish rapport with patients, families and staff. Homework Do! Consistently demonstrates attention to detail, compassion, and perseverance. Brown University, Bachelor's of Science in Nursing (BSN), 2016 Charleston Community College, Associate's Degree in university electronic Nursing (ADN), 2015 Pruitt Nursing Aide School, Nurses Aide Diploma (CNA), 2014 Phoenix High School, High School Diploma, 2012. University Hospital Seattle, WA March to August 2015. Registered Nursing Student-Medical Intensive Care Unit Care of essay themen, septic, alcohol and drug withdrawal, cardiac, and CVA patient populations during clinical rotation Participated in Mock Code Blue and university of miami electronic dissertation, received ACLS/BLS certification Created good rapport and working relationships with patients, families, and staff. Cook Medical Center Seattle, WA January to should we change essay, March 2015. Registered Nursing Student-Neuro Intensive Care Unit Care of CVA, aneurysm, traumatic brain injury, and alcohol and drug withdrawal patient populations during clinical rotation Developed appropriate and effective rhythms for workday Able to university of miami dissertation, critically think through and prepare for worse-case scenarios.
Licensure and Certifications. Washington State Nursing Licensure, expires October 2017 Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) Certification, expires October 2017 Basic Life Support (BLS) Certification, expires October 2017. Epic and Cerner experience, proficient in Microsoft Word and Outlook, and Alaris IV pumps. While this is just an example the basic sections should be included on the resume but some may be added or changed to fit the stylistic approach the new graduate wishes to essay themen, present. Cover letters, if the dissertation, graduate chooses to submit one, are meant to be a one page summary of the graduate's intentions in seeking the position. Each cover letter should be customized to the individual facility and not use generic terms. For example, instead of writing, seeking a job in healthcare, the graduate should write, seeking a job at a fast-paced teaching hospital, or even, seeking a job at Brown University Hospital. A well-written Objective statement may take the place of a cover letter for many facilities. Once the the australian flag essay, resume is perfected and university of miami electronic, has been proofread, either by a professional resume assistant or a grammatically-gifted friend, it is ready for written submission. The best method to find an RN job is to search online for a suitable position. The days of pounding the pavement by going door-to-door from one human resources office to another, are over.
Now the graduate can streamline the university electronic dissertation, process by simply applying online. The only exception to this rule may be small non-hospital facilities. It's best for the graduate to find local facilities which he or she would love to work in and go down the list from master thesis of there. Most graduates have an idea of university of miami, what area of nursing they prefer from attending clinicals. For example, if you loved your clinical rotation in the busy intensive care unit at the large teaching hospital, apply there first then go down the desirables list until you've found a job. When searching hospital websites keywords to search for a new graduate registered nurse position include:
Nurse Intern New Nurse Graduate Registered Nurse Intern Registered Nurse Graduate Critical Care Intern Medical-Surgical Intern Graduate Nurse RN Intern. Remember that when using hospital search engines less is more. Simply searching, intern may list non-nursing positions along with nursing positions but having this broad scope to read through is should flag essay better than a scope which is too narrow and missing a potential position. Starting with a narrow search term, such as Medical-Surgical Intern, then moving to broader terms, such as, intern, may produce good results. Large hospital chains, meaning one large company with many hospitals, will often allow for a user profile to be created and of miami dissertation, a resume and job application on file. This profile can be used for multiple positions. The most sought after new nurse graduate positions in hospitals include: medical-surgical orthopaedics oncology mom/baby emergency room intensive care unit operating room labor and delivery. The best ways to essay themen, find non-hospital jobs is to search online, however, small facilities may not have up-to-date websites. Begin by searching for facilities in the area and university dissertation, checking out starting reflective essay, their websites.
Apply online, if able, but if nothing is posted, call the university dissertation, facility to homework do, find out if any openings are available or drop by university electronic with a resume. Written! With hospitals this usually won't work because the busy human resources departments rarely return phone calls of electronic, this sort and seldom accept resumes for positions which are not posted online. For the new graduate not seeking employment in a hospital highly desired positions include: skilled nursing facilities home health outpatient surgical centers physician's office aesthetics offices, such as laser hair removal or botox injections adult family homes. Like hospital positions for we change new graduate nurses non-hospital jobs will also require and of miami electronic dissertation, provide training programs. Most nursing graduates have some experience in skilled nursing facilities and home health from clinical rotations.
So if the new graduate is hired into these positions he or she will likely not need as much training as something totally new and of, different. Facilities should always be sure the university of miami electronic, graduate is properly trained and safe before he or she is able to work alone. Essay Themen! And if, after orientation and training is over, the graduate does not feel ready, do not be shy about saying so. While it's normal to university of miami, feel nervous about starting as a new nurse the graduate should understand whom to go to flu research paper, with questions and electronic dissertation, have a basic understanding of how to work as a safe nurse in the chosen specialty. LinkedIn and Facebook are some popular sites to find nursing recruiters or job postings. Be sure to delete any questionable pictures or comments from your social media accounts. Facilities have been known to browse candidates before asking them to interview. Bring a Resume and Show up in Person. This can work for big facilities with Human Resources departments but also for small facilities where the hiring manager may be available to meet. If the homework do, facility isn't hiring, don't be discouraged, simply leave a resume and fill out an application. A position may open up the university of miami electronic, following day!
Keep in touch with fellow nursing students. All nursing graduates are going to swine flu research, looking for a new job and keeping in touch with them will let you know which facilities are hiring.
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Electronic Theses and Dissertations | University of Miami Research
Analysis of a Horses by Edwin Muir Essay. forget the past and of miami, live in the present. However, Edwin Muir’s ‘Horses’ is a poem of homework do, past memories only. The. interesting part is that it deals with many conflicts and issues which. are prevalent even today. It is thus a bridge between the past and. present and is expressed in the form of a piece of literature. Muir. himself said that in writing about horses in university of miami dissertation, this poem, he was. reflecting his childhood view of his father’s plough horses, which. Swine Flu Research Paper? must have seemed huge, powerful and mysterious to a boy of of miami electronic, four or. five. Some of his poems, including ‘Horses’, have a close equivalent. truth. The way these symbols of “power” trod, allows the reader to. infer another thought. Homework Do? Muir talks about the “ritual” of trodding. hooves turning the field beneath to brown.
This can relate to the. nuclear tests taking place, the university electronic dissertation, desire for power and how it would. Off A Essay? destroy the dissertation, earth just as the horses’ trodding was literally. destroying the essay, earth underneath. The line, “Gleamed with a cruel. apocalyptic light,” has an even greater significance when he talks as. if an apocalyptic war has taken place and of miami dissertation, the world has come to an. end. In Muir’s time, this could obviously refer to the World War or. perhaps a civil war and maybe future wars as well. Starting Off A Reflective? The manner in which. the poet expresses great anguish at the fact that this anger and blind. hatred has left nothing in its wake, throws light on where the world. privileged over the Underprivileged. The “conquering hooves” show the. might of the powerful class who dominate the suppressed and electronic dissertation, force them. into flu research, subservience. Muir is university dissertation depicting the homework do, power struggle and hegemony. that will always be prevalent in the world despite opposing views of. Charles Edward Markham.
The latter, states in his poem, ‘Man with the. Hoe’, after the “Silence of centuries”, how the oppressed took back. to “Eden” – all with clear biblical association. Of Miami Electronic? It seems to me that Muir must be thinking about God’s will and His desire to have created a moral world where mankind followed His laws and commandments. Clearly, in destroying itself, mankind has brought about the Apocalypse promised to St John on the Isle of Patmos and revealed in the New Testament. Homework Do? On the subject of optimism, however, we must surely see the arrival of the horses as a message from God that He is prepared to give us a second chance I believe that this is an extremely good image to use and it paints the of miami, picture of the fear that the people had during the war. This makes me feel the essay themen, image of war is more real, the electronic dissertation, seriousness of war comes to life in this poem, that the people in wartime really do get hurt. On lines seven and eight it talks about that the of, radios failed, and their was no answer, that means that everyone had been destroyed but notice that the poet left out the horrific images of Edwin Muir#x27;s Poem The Horses Essay. And it is the university electronic, horses, a representative of nature, who save earth, and not technology.
The failure of technology is very important in this poem. Not only do most of the world’s population die, the the australian flag essay, use and respect for technology dies. The radios lie “dumb”, a personification which resembles the electronic, “impenetrable sorrow” in which whole nations lie. The author uses words like gulp and swallowed to show that, in a way, Mother Earth has devoured her own children. This shocking cannibalism shows just Analysis of The Rocking Horse Winner Essay. order to gain that admiration. Thus he is determined to should we change essay, find this luck and his passion grows to the point where all he is thinking about is how he can gain this luck. Lawrence describes his rise to luck in the situation when he is riding his rocking horse. This situation describes the point where Paul chooses to conform and begins his pursuit of luck.
As Paul makes A Critical Analysis of The Rocking-Horse Winner and The Destructors important attribute was trying to overcome multiple obstacles to university electronic, get to their goal. In The Rocking-Horse Winner, Paul found his rocking horse and the ability to pick winning horses the written, way to show his mother how successful he was along with the money that he won. He exerted himself mentally and physically to university of miami, get to his goal. He is seen in the nursery ..on his big rocking horse, charging madly into space, with a frenzy that made the little girls peer at him uneasily. his eyes Essay Biography of Edwin Stephenson. The life of the australian essay, Edwin Stephenson could be considered pretty typical to a person who lived from the late 1800’s to the mid 1900’s. During the 57 years that Stephenson lived, from 1887 to university electronic, 1945, he would have lived through some of the most important events in United States history. A few of these events include World War 1, World War2, and the Great Depression.
So a typical life of someone who lived during this time period would be very eventful and different from someone who lived during another time red shifts. While the 200-in. telescope was being built, Hubble asked if he could use the telescope for outline half of its available time. This shows his devotion because he wanted to use the telescope in order to electronic, further enhance his research (17). Edwin Hubble’s curiosity about the essay themen, universe started at youth and has grown.
Without this, he would have no desire to study the stars or galaxies. Hubble’s interest in astronomy at the age of eight. On his eighth birthday party he spent the night with his Analysis of Richard Cory by Edwin Arlington Robinson Essay. Judging by the poem, the story is told from that of one of the townspeople. This can be shown by looking at the second line of the poem where it states, we people on the pavement looked at him (line 2). This person seemed to be confused as to why a man held in such high regard would take his life. He seems to be confused that a man, a man everyone wanted to be like, would commit suicide. Although it is electronic dissertation not directly stated in the poem as to why everyone is confused about starting off a reflective essay his death, the tone of the Muir creatively informs the reader just how much the main character truly loves nature. The same marvel and of miami dissertation, beauty is shared in paper, the poem “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud.” After a long climb over a high hill he finds his reward a valley shining with a huge field of daffodils. “Besides the university of miami dissertation, lakes, beneath the trees, fluttering and dancing in the breeze.” As Wordsworth explains the scene.
As each scene pops out of the poem, a new addition to the painting in your mind appears each time. The painting may He will suffer the lost of his wife and abate his grief by observing a pertrified forest. John Muir really was a man of the mountains. I believe that John Muir was a very hard working and determined man. The fact that he overcomes the struggles of his life to accomplish all that he did makes him an even more remarkable man.
I think that it is great that there is a man that would speak out for written essay such a wonderful thing like nature in a time where people didn't care. He has accomplished so much in
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Electronic Theses and Dissertations | University of Miami Research
Electronic Road Pricing for traffic congestion Essay. One of the most problems today is the traffic congestion that we experience in the large city. We feel that it is a headache during our journey and it gave us a lot of negative effects. Traffic congestion is a condition on road networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times, and increased vehicular queuing. The most common example is the physical use of roads by vehicles. When traffic demand is great enough that the interaction between vehicles slows the speed of the traffic stream, this results in some congestion. As demand approaches the capacity of a road (or of the intersections along the road), extreme traffic congestion sets in. When vehicles are fully stopped for periods of time, this is colloquially known as a traffic jam or traffic snarl-up. Traffic congestion can lead to drivers becoming frustrated and engaging in road rage.
If you live in of miami, a large city or any area where there are lots of commuters on essay the road, then you are probably familiar with the effects of traffic congestion. What you may not realize is the extent of the university of miami electronic, effects heavy traffic congestion can have. This gridlock can have a tremendous impact on your personal life, career, your future and even your safety. Finding a solution to traffic congestion could mean a vast improvement in the quality of life in your area. One example of a large city is the city of Manila, this city listed in the journal as the 75th most densely population urban center with 14,400 people per essay themen, square kilometer in a total land area of 1,437 square kilometers. If the population increase also the number of cars increases. The city is notorious for its traffic mess, especially since traffic laws are all but ignored, and a clean driving record is a bribe away. Getting stuck on Manila’s roads is one very unpleasant experience. During rush hour, traffic in the main thoroughfares in Manila slows to a crawl, and an accident can cause gridlock for hours.
Because of university electronic dissertation, this traffic the drivers, commuters and other people that is essay themen, belong to of miami the traffic experiencing a negative effect and there are the essay outline, following: Traffic congestion has a number of of miami dissertation, negative effects: Wasting time of motorists and passengers (“opportunity cost”). As a non-productive activity for most people, congestion reduces regional economic health. Delays, which may result in late arrival for employment, meetings, and education, resulting in lost business, disciplinary action or other personal losses. Off A Essay? Wasted fuel increasing air pollution and carbon dioxide emissions owing to increased idling, acceleration and braking. Wear and tear on vehicles as a result of dissertation, idling in essay themen, traffic and university of miami, frequent acceleration and braking, leading to more frequent repairs and replacements. Emergencies: blocked traffic may interfere with the written, passage of emergency vehicles traveling to their destinations where they are urgently needed. Manual paying of toll is also a cause of traffic and wasting time for university of miami electronic dissertation the motorist and passengers. . The following is the negative effect of essay, manual paying of of miami electronic, roads toll.
1. Wasting time for the motorist. It is wasting time because the motorist stops to master thesis pay their toll manually at the toll booth. 2. Cause of traffic. Sometimes the number of vehicles increases that’s why it will be the electronic dissertation, cause of traffic. 3. Errors because of the toll collector. The collector experiences some error in accepting the toll from the motorists. One good example is swine flu research paper, when they paid with the big amount of money then the collectors do not have enough money to change it. Because of the traffic, motorist and passengers suffer their times and the air is polluted, the solution now is here, it can help to minimize traffic.
Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) is an electronic system of road pricing. It uses a dedicated short-range radio communication system to deduct ERP charges from smart-cards inserted in the in-vehicle units of vehicles each time they pass a pricing point when the system is in operation. The pay-when-you-use principle helps make motorist more aware of the true cost of driving. This way, road usage can be optimized. The ERP system has three major groups of components. The first centered on the IU and the stored-value smart-card. While the IU was produced specifically for the ERP system, the smart-cards were marketed by a consortium of local banks for multiple uses. Different IUs were produced for different classes of university dissertation, vehicles, with each type distinguished by different colors. The second group of components comprises those installed at the on-site ERP gantries.
These include the we change essay, antennae, the vehicle detectors and the enforcement camera system. Of Miami? All these are linked to a controller at each of the site. Data collected is transmitted back to the Control Centre continuously through leased telephone lines. The third group of components is at the Control Centre, and should we change the australian essay, includes various servers, monitoring systems as well as a master-clock to ensure that the timing at all the ERP gantries is synchronized. All the financial transactions are processed here, before being sent to the banks for settlement. In addition, violation images are processed at the Control Centre, and letters are printed and sent out from here to university of miami electronic dissertation all the offenders. What are the purposes of Electronic Road Pricing?
Aim is to charge vehicles for the use of the road at times and at places of congestion For congestion management. Not for raising revenue. Every entry or pass under a control point is off a reflective, automatically charged a fee The implementation of university, electronic road pricing system will be one of the solutions to motorist who had to deal with the off a, inconvenience of slowing down vehicle and winding down windows when paying tolls. It is university, so convenient and efficient motorist is not required to slowdown when the essay themen, passing the electronic dissertation, ERP gantries. The Electronic road pricing system to be installed for the congested area can reduce the traffic and thus easing overall traffic congestion. Replacing the existing toll collection system to more advance technology, the ERP system, is flag essay, another way to advancement of a country. What is Electronic road pricing? Electronic road pricing system (ERP) is simply an electronic system of road pricing. It is designed to automate our current road pricing system with no more paper coupons or enforcement officer at gantries. Dissertation? The system is a dedicated short – range radio communication system.
The ERP consist of four main components: 1. The In – Vehicle Unit (IU) 2. The Cash card. 3. ERP gantries or control points. 4 .The central computer system. The IU is an written essay electronic device installed in the vehicle that communicates with the gantry point equipment and accepts a cash card for payment of ERP charges. Each unique number is tied to the registration number of the vehicle to of miami electronic which it is the australian flag essay, attached.
The cash card is university of miami electronic dissertation, a stored value of ERP payment. It is called the smart card is reusable and can topped up. It is easy and essay themen, convenient to use. The scheme consists of ERP gantries located at all roads. They are also located along the expressways and university electronic, arterial roads with heavy traffic to discourage usage during peak hours. The gantry system is actually a system of swine, sensors on 2 gantries, one in front of the other. Dissertation? Cameras are also attached to essay themen the gantries to capture the rear license plate numbers of vehicles.
There are different IUs for university of miami electronic dissertation different classes of vehicles i.e. for cars, taxis, light good vehicles, heavy good vehicles, buses, motorcycles and exempted vehicles such as fire engines, ambulances and police cars. This is essential because the ERP charges are different for classes. Homework Do? The IUs are color coded so that illegal switching of IUs between different classes of vehicles will e discourage. Data is transferred from the local controller to central computer. The central computer system is the control room monitors the traffic network and electronic, equipment. There it records all ERP transactions, faults in the equipment and digital image of violating vehicles. The functional requirements of electronic road pricing system are: 1. It should be multi – lane system with no booths. 2. There would be no manual payment. 3. There would be no need to slowdown at ERP gantry points. 4. Essay Themen? There is a possibility that more than one vehicle passing simultaneously under the entry point.
5. Vehicle could travel at speed of more than limited speed. The ERP system is designed to be simple and easy to understand. The IU is capable of doing self – diagnostics on itself and on the cash card when the card is university dissertation, first inserted. There are a number of icons that appear on the LCD display to show errors. When the master thesis, cash card balance is low, there will be a low balance indicator icon on the LCD display. Furthermore, when the IU with a low cash card goes under an ERP point, there would be continuous long beep to remind the driver to top up his card before the next journey. Violations of the ERP system. A massive campaign needs to be implemented prior to the implementation of ERP to teach motorists how to use the system and avoid violations. There are three types of violations; 1. There is mainly no IU. 3. Insufficient balance in the cash card. To ensure the of miami, system can run smoothly and efficiently, service and information must be provided to the public in the beginning.
In addition to the ERP hotlines, brochures, exhibitions, radio and television talk show. Strong marketing campaign is essential to explain the benefits and costs, the financial, efficiency equity effects of ERP. Master? Achievement of ERP. The ERP rates are to be such that there is neither congestion nor underutilization of the roads. Dissertation? Hence, we are aiming to operate the roads within arrange of speeds at the upper end of the traffic level of services. In addition, ERP would be an effective mean to mange future congestion and maintain average road speed during peak hours by diverting private vehicles trips to public transportation or non – peak travel time under various pricing and starting off a essay, traffic growth scenarios.
Main Objective of ERP. Toll is collected before entering the university electronic, zone. Charges will be levied on a per–pass basis and written outline, can vary according to time and congestion levels. With ERP, motorists will be aware of the true cost of driving. With this system of charging, a motorist will be encouraged to choose whether to drive, when and where to drive. He may choose a different route, destination, time of travel or decide to use public transport.
By doing this, it will reduced traffic congestions. Benefits of ERP. The transport operation benefits relate to reduced vehicular traffic, particularly during congested periods, reduced travel times, and increased public transport use and higher car and electronic, taxi occupancy. The environmental benefits involve reduced vehicle emissions and we change flag, reduced exposure to traffic noise inside the charging zone. However, the environmental conditions of other areas may witness some deterioration due to the overall redistribution of traffic. ERP therefore can assist in the overall improvement to the environment, but is not the sole solution to the complex issue of university electronic, air quality and noise abatement.
If ERP is to be used to meet environmental objectives, further studies will need to be conducted to define the parameters, benchmarks and swine flu research, related implementation details. How does ERP works? 1. When the motorist inserts a cash card into the IU, it checks the health of the IU and cash card. University Of Miami? If everything is in order, there will be a short beeping sound and the cash balance of the cash card will be shown on starting the backlit LCD display of the electronic dissertation, IU for few seconds. A green light emitting diode (LED) will light up on the IU and master thesis of, remain lit until the cash card is of miami dissertation, removed. If the system is not working when the cash card is inserted into swine flu research the IU. An “err” message appears on the IU display with a long beeping sound and a red LED lights up on the IU. Of Miami Electronic? In such cases, one or more of the small icons may also be shown on the display; to of indicate the type of e.g. Cash card error, and low Cash card balance. Another indication of faulty system is a blank display.
2. At the ERP control point, the first gantry recognizes the presence of an IU and of miami dissertation, its class and instructs it to debit the cash card with appropriate amount. This amount is determined from written essay outline, table of prevailing charges for the various classes of vehicle loaded into university of miami the outstation by the central computer. Off A? Between the university, first and second from essay outline, gantries, the IU debits this amount from the cash card. If the debiting is successful, the second gantry queries the IU and then gets such confirmation. The driver hears a short beat and sees the new cash card balance on the IU display. 3. If the IU is unable to deduct because of an error in of miami electronic, the system or there is no cash card (or n invalid card) or insufficient balance in the cash card to meet the amount, the driver hears a long beep sees a red LED on the IU and “err” appears on the IU display with an error, the driver may also hear the long beep and see a blank display on the IU. 4. Meanwhile, the vehicle presents detector detects the passage of a vehicle. The antenna at the gantries, the essay themen, vehicle presents detector and the IU together with the logic in university electronic dissertation, the local controller decide whether a complete successful transaction has been made. 5. If not, there has been a violation or an error. The cameras are instructed to take a photograph of the rear license plate of the offending vehicle. 6. Violations are committed by vehicles that have no IU, no cash card or an insufficient balance in the cash card to essay themen meet the cost of the passing under the ERP gantry.
Errors occur when there is a faulty IU, no power to of miami dissertation the IU from the we change the australian flag, vehicle battery, faulty cash card and partial communications between the IU and the antenna. 7. When a photograph is taken, attaches information on of miami electronic dissertation why it was taken so that technical errors and violations are differentiated. Errors do not result in prosecution of the motorist. 8. The information from the outstation on successful transaction, violation and error records and the photograph are sent periodically by telephone lines to the control center. Another control center monitors the state of all outstation equipment. Publication of Electronic Road Pricing. Implementation of ERP will not be possible without a general public consensus on the objectives and principles of the we change, proposal.
There will likely be public resistance to ERP arising from suspicion about the university of miami electronic, government’s motive, the reluctance to accept new initiatives and road users’ resentment about the imposition of new charges. A well-planned and executed public consultation programmed to demonstrate how ERP works and to allow public input into the development of system objectives can promote awareness of the ERP system as a measure to relieve traffic congestion and off a essay, develop understanding in the community for electronic its possible introduction. It is recommended that a public consultation programmed be initiated to increase public understanding of the traffic congestion problem and to encourage public discussion of possible use of restraint measures and alternative solutions including ERP. Paper? The public should be consulted specifically on the acceptable traffic speeds. IU Fitting Program. There were two major program launched prior to of miami electronic dissertation the start of the ERP. The first was the off a essay, installation of IUs on the 680,000 eligible vehicles while the second was on publicity, to get motorists and motorcyclists aware and ready for university the ERP system. The IU fitting program took 10 months, starting from September 1997. The 680,000 vehicles that were potential users of the ERP system were grouped into batches, and owners of should we change the australian flag essay, each batch were invited to have IUs fitted at one of the 200 authorized IU fitting centers. This was spread out over the 10-month period, so that there will be no last-minute rush to fit IUs.
To encourage vehicle owners to keep to the schedule, the IUs were given away at no cost to dissertation them if they had their IU fitted during the allocated time period. Otherwise, a charge of S$150 was payable. The fitting of IUs onto vehicles was not compulsory – it was left very much to the individual to decide. Nevertheless, at the end of the IU fitting program, about master thesis of, 98% of the registered vehicles were fitted with IUs. Publicity was another important aspect and this started even before the start of the IU fitting program and was in place for more than a year, all the way up to and beyond the launch date of the ERP system.
All vehicle owners were sent brochures, detailing the ERP system, how it works and the differences between that and the then working ALS/RPS. Advertisements were also placed in the print media as well as on television to drum up awareness of the new road pricing system. An important awareness and electronic, confidence building program was the test phase – all the ERP gantries were switched on and working. The only differences were that the message on the ERP gantries read “On Test” instead of “In Operation”, and that the ERP charge was set to zero. Written Essay? This allowed motorists to of miami electronic dissertation test their IUs and to experience the ERP charging process. One of the homework do, differences between the ERP and the then ALS/RPS pointed out in of miami electronic dissertation, the publicity program was that, unlike the latter, the ERP system imposes a charge each time a vehicles passes through the control point. In the ALS/RPS schemes, the fee payable was a daily charge that allowed the vehicle to make unlimited number of passing for that day. Written Essay Outline? Conclusion. (Electronic) Toll Collection may become an increasing important instrument within the big bundle of measures for regional demand and traffic management. The ERP system provides a targeted solution for congestion pricing by allowing the authorities to of miami electronic pin-point specific congested spots and essay themen, vary the congestion charge according to prevailing traffic conditions. Therefore, the of miami electronic dissertation, charges can either increase or decrease according to the demand of usage of the priced-road or expressway, which is reviewed quarterly.
By pricing congested stretches, ERP system helps to moderate and spread out vehicle usage for optimal usage of the road network by homework do encouraging motorists to consider alternatives. These would include using other routes to arrive at their destinations, travelling during the off-peak periods, switching to public transport or car-pooling. The ERP system has been effective in electronic, managing traffic congestion and resulted in traffic speeds remaining within the optimal speed range. However, the ERP system cannot operate in silo and has to work in tandem with vehicle ownership control measures, increasing and thesis of, optimizing road capacity, as well as encouraging motorists to shift to public transport to maintain a smooth-flowing road network. As congestion becomes increasingly pervasive, it would not be practical to continue erecting physical gantries to address the congestion problem. In addition, the ERP charges imposed at discrete gantry points also lead to undesirable consequences e.g. Of Miami Electronic? congestion spills over to nearby minor roads in residential areas, thus leading to localized congestion.
This would be a more equitable and should we change flag essay, economically efficient system than the current point charging system where motorists are charged based on the number of gantries they drive through rather than distance travelled on a congested road. Furthermore, motorists who join a congested road after the gantry points are not charged even though they also contribute to the congestion of the road. It can help to minimize traffic, this is the way to help motorist to university of miami electronic dissertation avoid wasting time. They can arrive on time on their business and the other things. It can also help to reduce air pollution to avoid the negative effects of human health and also in our environment. Electronic Road Pricing. University/College: University of California.
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