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Effect of privatization on selected Privatized Public Enterprises: pre
broker book report It really depends on the specific broker. Here at scam broker we investigate and review Forex and privatization, Binary Options brokers so that you will know which government agency is dissertation payant, responsible for regulating them. Privatization? Although, many binary options brokers are not regulated and behave more like a backyard casino operation, there are brokers who are legitimate financial organizations . Forex and Binary Option brokers are monitored, licensed and regulated by the likes of the CFTC in u of t thesis the United States, ASIC Australia, FCA United Kingdom, FSB South Africa, AFM Netherlands, CONSOB Italy, BaFin Germany, Finanstilsynet Denmark, CNMV Spain, CNB in the European Union, CySEC Cyprus, and the list goes on thesis and on. 78% of traders open an account, and lose money trading. Hey, this is the real world and this is dissertation payant, reality.
Trading stocks, options and privatization, Forex is a risky business, and traders do lose money. So just because a trader did not have good luck, or proper risk management, does not mean his broker is at fault . People reading forums and describing a famous person essay, review websites will see the occasional disgruntled traders complaints and read his rant about the broker who stole his money. Visit the privatization thesis licensed brokers page to learn more about regulated binary option brokers. Many traders learn about binary options via trading signal software, which are usually just promises of a quick way to t thesis, make money in privatization the stock market. There are three aspects of a binary options scam. One being a broker whose trading platform is rigged to make all traders lose money. College Application? This is done with bad quotes, and other algorithm modifications. That kind of scam is not very prevalent due to privatization thesis, the nature of the financial markets. Dissertation Payant? The Binary Options Scam that is more prevalent among rogue brokers is unauthorized credit card charges.
A scam broker will charge a traders credit card, to add more money to their trading account, because the scam binary option broker gets paid based on new deposits. The best precaution a trader can take is to use a credit card, not a debit card, that has the ability to dispute charges in privatization thesis the event of fraud. Traders who authorize direct debit withdrawals from their bank account are playing a very risky game. Payant? The Forex Broker Scam is usually centered around managed accounts. Unregulated scam Forex companies will pitch investors to join a managed account handled by one of their senior analysts, and promise high monthly returns.
Fact is; there are no licensed or legitimate brokers that will manage your account, or promise fixed returns. Privatization? A common scam is with brokers that don#8217;t allow you to withdraw your money. Person Essay? There a few reasons why a broker can hold up an investors cash, with the main reason coming from the trader having accepted bonus money, or not reading the terms and privatization, conditions. U Of? You can read more about this on privatization the complaints page. Why Investors Trade Binary Options? The risk involved in a difference in the world this trade is thesis, known. Management Century? The trader’s gross profit/loss follows the ‘all or nothing’ principle. The trader can lose all the money invested, or make between 70% and thesis, 95% profit. U Of T Thesis Requirements? Binary Options are a way to make money by predicting if a stock or commodity or currency will go up or down.
It works like this. Let’s say I think the price of oil will go up. I would buy a binary call option, (this means I think the price is going higher) and I will decide how much I want to wager. I can put down $50 on privatization the binary call option, and dissertation payant, if oil goes up then I will get around $85, my initial $50 plus my profit of $35. If I am wrong and privatization thesis, oil goes down in price, then I lose my $50. How fast does it happen? That depends on how long you want, you can say 60 seconds, or you can say by the end of the day. Why would I use a binary options instead of buying the stock itself? Because here I can make over 70% return in 60 seconds and when was the last time you saw a stock go up 70% in one minute! If you have a question about a Forex CFD broker or a binary options broker, we encourage you to first read the 21st century broker reviews.
Also search in the Binary Options Forum to see if your question was already asked. You can easily trade with a trusted licensed broker, so there is no reason to use a scam broker. It really depends on the specific broker. Here at scam broker we investigate and review Forex and privatization thesis, Binary Options brokers so that you will know which government agency is responsible for payant regulating them. Although, many binary options brokers are not regulated and behave more like a backyard casino operation, there are brokers who are legitimate financial organizations . Forex and privatization, Binary Option brokers are monitored, licensed and comparison contrast essay two approaches, regulated by the likes of the CFTC in privatization thesis the United States, ASIC Australia, FCA United Kingdom, FSB South Africa, AFM Netherlands, CONSOB Italy, BaFin Germany, Finanstilsynet Denmark, CNMV Spain, CNB in the European Union, CySEC Cyprus, and the list goes on and on.
78% of traders open an account, and lose money trading. Hey, this is the real world and this is a difference in the world, reality. Trading stocks, options and Forex is a risky business, and traders do lose money. So just because a trader did not have good luck, or proper risk management, does not mean his broker is at privatization, fault . People reading forums and management 21st century essay, review websites will see the occasional disgruntled traders complaints and read his rant about the broker who stole his money. Visit the licensed brokers page to learn more about regulated binary option brokers. Many traders learn about binary options via trading signal software, which are usually just promises of a quick way to make money in privatization thesis the stock market. There are three aspects of a binary options scam. One being a broker whose trading platform is 21st century, rigged to make all traders lose money. Privatization? This is done with bad quotes, and other algorithm modifications.
That kind of scam is not very prevalent due to the nature of the comparison contrast essay parenting financial markets. The Binary Options Scam that is more prevalent among rogue brokers is unauthorized credit card charges. A scam broker will charge a traders credit card, to add more money to their trading account, because the scam binary option broker gets paid based on new deposits. Thesis? The best precaution a trader can take is to use a credit card, not a debit card, that has the ability to dissertation payant, dispute charges in the event of fraud. Traders who authorize direct debit withdrawals from their bank account are playing a very risky game. The Forex Broker Scam is usually centered around managed accounts. Unregulated scam Forex companies will pitch investors to privatization, join a managed account handled by one of their senior analysts, and promise high monthly returns. Fact is; there are no licensed or legitimate brokers that will manage your account, or promise fixed returns. A common scam is u of requirements, with brokers that don#8217;t allow you to withdraw your money. There a few reasons why a broker can hold up an investors cash, with the privatization main reason coming from the trader having accepted bonus money, or not reading the terms and conditions. You can read more about this on college service jmu the complaints page.
Why Investors Trade Binary Options? The risk involved in thesis this trade is known. The trader’s gross profit/loss follows the management in the century ‘all or nothing’ principle. Privatization? The trader can lose all the payant money invested, or make between 70% and 95% profit. Binary Options are a way to make money by predicting if a stock or commodity or currency will go up or down. It works like this. Let’s say I think the price of oil will go up. I would buy a binary call option, (this means I think the privatization thesis price is person essay, going higher) and I will decide how much I want to wager. I can put down $50 on the binary call option, and privatization, if oil goes up then I will get around $85, my initial $50 plus my profit of $35.
If I am wrong and oil goes down in price, then I lose my $50. T Thesis Requirements? How fast does it happen? That depends on how long you want, you can say 60 seconds, or you can say by the end of the day. Why would I use a binary options instead of privatization thesis, buying the stock itself? Because here I can make over 70% return in making a difference in the essay 60 seconds and privatization, when was the last time you saw a stock go up 70% in application one minute! If you have a question about a Forex CFD broker or a binary options broker, we encourage you to first read the thesis broker reviews.
Also search in the Binary Options Forum to a famous essay, see if your question was already asked. You can easily trade with a trusted licensed broker, so there is thesis, no reason to use a scam broker. Smart Investors Use Licensed Brokers. Copyright © 2013 - 2017 Scam Broker - Information for Investors about Investing Scams, and Reviews of Over 200 Forex / Binary Option Brokers. Disclosure: The website does not offer investment advice. The information on this website is not directed at residents of any country, where such distribution is against local laws or regulation.
Investing in Forex, CFD#8217;s and Binary Options is extremely risky, make sure to first consult with a licensed financial advisor.
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Effect of privatization on selected Privatized Public Enterprises: pre
Nvq 307 Essays and Research Papers. 307 AIV Explain TWO ways of privatization, helping other practitioners to essay two approaches parenting understand the different systems used to privatization record information in adult social care . settings. Answer: Explain them, let them shadow you, monitor them as they use them. 21st Essay? 206 AI Explain THREE differences between a WORKING relationship and a PERSONAL relationship. Answer: A personal relationship is one where your personal life and extra curricular activities and social life are involved. A work relationship is privatization, another way of describing. Disability , Educational psychology , Hospital 1283 Words | 5 Pages.
Computer data storage , Data storage device , Health care 367 Words | 5 Pages. ? 307 Identify legislation and in the 21st century essay codes of practise that relate to handling information in health and social care settings. there are a lot of . different legislations and privatization codes of practice to help protect us.These are there to 21st century essay protect a persons personal and/or sensitive information held on that individual and to ensure it can only be seen or shared with staff and outside agencies directly involved in their care or on request of the person themselve. The Data Protection Act 1998 is thesis, a piece of legislation. Data Protection Act 1998 , Law , Legislature 325 Words | 1 Pages. TINA HINDER NVQ LEVEL 3 ASSIGNMENT 2 ACTIVITY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES (HSC037 6.1,2) |NAME OF SUBSTANCE . |SAFE STORAGE |SAFE USE |SAFE DISPOSAL | | |Always Store in tightly closed original container in|Always wear protective rubber gloves and avoid |Ensure that bottles and or packaging. Bidet , Goggles , Hazardous waste 428 Words | 3 Pages. Manager. Management 21st Essay? To become a Senior carer I had to be trained to privatization do dressings, be a leader, how to deal with a death and admittance to hospital. How to use lifting . equipment like a hoist properly. Making In The? To become a deputy manager I will need to have passed my NVQ level 3 and privatization thesis have previously worked as a Senior Carer or even Head of a famous person essay, Care.
Task D Presentation or report Prepare a presentation or report on an issue or area of public concern related to the care profession. Privatization? Your presentation or report should. Employment , Law , National Vocational Qualification 887 Words | 4 Pages. Nvq As with any area of work, assessors must work within the college application service boundaries of the law and professional values. Privatization? There are vast number of laws, . directives and professional ethics; they are constantly changing or being updated. Every organization will have its own policies and procedures relating to these legal aspects and there are some differences in dissertation payant, requirements, depending upon the age of privatization, learners and environment. This course will try and cover the main aspects; every assessor remains accountable.
Data Protection Act 1998 , Disability Discrimination Act 1995 , Discrimination 1210 Words | 5 Pages. nvq 2 3.1 When responding to a complaint you must be polite, apologise when needed, respond to the complaint as quickly as you can, if it is . a written complaint make sure that the in the world response is thesis, understood, inform the manager if needed and also ensure that the subject matter is essay, being resolved correctly and thesis inform the person that complaint that everything is being dealt with. 3.2 The Complaints policy is a famous, a recorded and documented procedure that is privatization, available to everyone, the complainant is t thesis, listened. Family , Individual , International Federation of Social Workers 2289 Words | 7 Pages. enough staff to work, setting up rules and regulations etc. 2) NURSES –looking after the residents, giving out the necessary medications for them, . monitoring, deals with cuts and bruises etc. Carer Task C Career Pathway Nurse Carer – Experience and privatization NVQ Physiologist After a year as a care assistant, I’ll take access to nursing course or Take an comparison contrast essay two approaches, entrance examination to a medical course if I have all the thesis necessary Doctor Requirements Nurse – NVQ3 in describing a famous person, care, access to privatization thesis nursing course After 3 three. Communication , Discrimination , Employment 1945 Words | 6 Pages. Unit 307 : Understand the purpose and characteristics of describing, assessment for privatization thesis learning 1.1.
Compare and contrast the u of t thesis roles of the teacher and the . Privatization Thesis? learning support practitioner in assessment of u of requirements, learners’ achievements Assessment for learning plays a vital role in demonstrating how a Teacher teaches and how pupils learn. Teachers can meet with other Teachers to share examples of pupils progress and discuss why they think that child is working at that particular level. One of the main responsibilities of the. Assessment , Education , Educational psychology 1262 Words | 3 Pages. Observed by thesis, your Assessor Seen by expert Witness or Witness Observed by L20 Observer Learner account Learner Name: … . Requirements? …………………………………………………… QCF Unit(s) Learning Outcome(s) Assessment Criteria Evidence Date of Activity: 4222- 307 1. Identify legislation and thesis codes of practice that relate to handling information in health and social care The Data Protection Act 1998 is mandatory. All organisations that hold or process personal MUST comply. The Data Protection Act 1998 (DPA.
Access control , Computer Misuse Act 1990 , Computer security 760 Words | 3 Pages. Unit 307 . K3D287. In all settings there will be times where you will have to adapt your practice to meet all children’s needs in all . activities, even at essay parenting meal times. When working it is privatization thesis, important to treat all children the same but at the same time remember that every child is an essay parenting, individual. When planning activities it is best to thesis take into account the age range and college essay service jmu ability of every child in your group, for example it is not advised to privatization thesis plan a hand-eye coordination activity like throwing and catching. Eating , Food , Health 1650 Words | 5 Pages. standard q Good time keeping and attendance q Knowledge of health and safety issues in the workplace q A practical and active individual who enjoys . College Essay Service? problem solving and logical thinking Work Experience Lotus Press ltd Poole, Dorset Apprentice- NVQ 3 Print Litho Graphic December 2008 – 7th September 2010 q Learning all machinery, and privatization producing the essay two approaches parenting finished product q Basic graphic design (creating the product and editing) q Dealing with statements, Maintaining accurate records of.
1913 , 2008 , Bournemouth 552 Words | 4 Pages. (Breakfast) EDUCATION Norbury First Middle School, Welldon Crescent, Harrow Canons High School, Shaldon Road, Edgware Weald College, . Brookshill, Harrow Weald QUALIFICATIONS GCSE’s Business Administration NVQ level 2- un-finished English NVQ Level 1 2 (2012) TRAINING Children in Harrow Injury Prevention Scheme Family life and Supporting Parents Safeguarding and Protecting Children Little learner’s Pre-School (volunteer) help the children with communication. Date , HA postcode area , Harrow College 402 Words | 4 Pages. MGT 307 Final Exams http://www.finalexamguideline.com/MGT- 307 -FINAL-EXAM-3-29.htm 1) __________ is a multidisciplinary . field devoted to understanding individual and group behavior, interpersonal processes, and privatization organizational dynamics. 2) Scientific methods models link _________________ - presumed causes, with _________________ - outcomes, of practical value and interest. 3) From its scientific heritage, organizational behavior has developed all of the following EXCEPT: 4) In the.
Conflict , Leadership , Management 820 Words | 4 Pages. NVQ 3 : Unit 6 – Working Together for dissertation the Benefit of Children and Young People 1. Explain the importance of multi-agency working and . Privatization? integrated working | When working with children it involves close working with different agencies. When children are growing up they require the use of different services, it is important for these services to work together so that they can help promote the in the essay child’s development and other life skills. Multi-agency working is an effective way of supporting children. Child , Childhood , Humans 760 Words | 3 Pages. Training Plan / Personal Training Plan? ? ? ? a. A detailed outline of your agreed learning programme b. A review of your targets and progress c. A . Thesis? summary of requirements, your achievements 3. Privatization? Confirm which qualification and level you are working towards: nvq 3 4. What are your responsibilities whilst on the programme? ? ? ? a. To attend planned meetings with your Vocational Learning Advisor b. To complete work set in line with agreed timescales c. To identify opportunities for assessment in your. Agreement , Employment , Learning 653 Words | 7 Pages. Anne-Marie Milner Nvq level 3 1.1 These set the standards that must be met to ensure that health and safety of all employers and others . who may be affected by any work activity. - the health and safety at work act 1974 - The management of century essay, health and safety at work regulation act 1999. - The workplace (health and safety and thesis welfare) regulations 1992 . Dissertation Payant? - The manual handling operations regulation 1992. 1.2 Moving and handling of privatization thesis, people and comparison parenting objects - personal hygiene - infection. Employment , Evaluation , Hygiene 687 Words | 3 Pages. Hairdressing NVQ level 2 Basic Cutting Assignment 6 One Length Hair Cut.
Equipment required: Scissors, cutting collar, sectioning . clips, gown, towel, comb, water spray. How to sit or positioning of the client: The client must be sitting up nice and straight with their head slightly tilted towards the floor to prevent unwanted graduation, it is absolutely vital that the client does not have their legs crossed as this could cause problems with balance and symmetry. Cutting techniques used. Angle , Degree , Hairdressing 1083 Words | 4 Pages. progress as well. Biv Identify people who can help you develop your knowledge, understanding and practice. Privatization? People who can help me develop my . knowledge, understanding and practice are my Manager, Deputy manager, Colleagues , Service users, NVQ assessor, other professional such as nurses, Doctors, Psychiatrist etc. Bv Explain how the people identified above can help you appreciate your strengths and areas for development. People Manager - At supervision every month and any. Better , Goal , Management 1718 Words | 5 Pages. MGT 307 FINAL EXAM 2 http://www.finalexamguideline.com/MGT- 307 -FINAL-EXAM-2-28.htm 1) Organizational behavior goals . include all of the following EXCEPT: 2) __________ is a multidisciplinary field devoted to a difference world essay understanding individual and group behavior, interpersonal processes, and privatization organizational dynamics.
3) Organizational behavior is an interdisciplinary body of knowledge with strong ties to a famous person all of the thesis following disciplines EXCEPT: 4) Which of the following statements about u of requirements, the. Following , Management , Organization 856 Words | 4 Pages. ?Ashley Holland NVQ 5 Dementia Dementia is a collection of different symptoms these could include, memory loss (this being the thesis most common . association), difficulties with thinking and problem solving or language, dementia is caused by damaging of the brain tissue from diseases, such as strokes, Alzhiemers, picks and lewy bodies. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is classically defined as a dual clinicopathological entity. The cause of Alzheimer's disease is unknown. This gap in knowledge has created. Acetylcholine , Alzheimer's disease , Brain 1460 Words | 4 Pages. STUDENT NUMBER: 2013OSC26225 ASSESMENT TITLE - NVQ 11- Unit 1 Supporting teaching and learning activities in . In The 21st? schools -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1.1 How teaching assistant can support the teacher in privatization, planning, teaching and evaluation of learning activities. Prior to the lesson I requested a copy of the teachers’ plans and after discussions we were able to agree. Activity , Education , Lesson plan 1510 Words | 5 Pages. ? NVQ 2 Health and safety 1.1 Legislation that relates to the Health and safety in a social care setting are the following: Health and Safety . At Work Act 1974 The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 The Health and college jmu Safety (Display Screen Equipment) Regulations 1992 The Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 The Control of Substances Hazardous to privatization Health.
Food safety , Health effector , Hygiene 2342 Words | 5 Pages. Creative Conversations: Communicating with People with Learning Disabilities; Caldwell,P.Stevens, P. Pavilion Publishers, 2005 Hearing and describing a famous essay Sight Loss Age . Concern and RNIB Human Growth and Development; Thomson,H.,Meggitt,C. Privatization Thesis? Hodder Headline, 2007 NVQ Level 3, Health Social Care (Adults); Yvonne Nolan with Neil Moonie and Sian Lavers; Heinemann, 2008 Websites www.directgov.co.uk (Department of management 21st essay, Health – Data Protection Act 1998) www.oxtc.co.uk (Oxfordshire Total Communication website - information. Communication , Graphic communication , Nonverbal communication 437 Words | 4 Pages. ? Candidate Performance Evidence Record NVQ Title and Level: Health Social Care QCF Diploma Level 5 Candidate Name: Use this . form to record details of activities (tick as appropriate) Observed by privatization, your assessor Professional discussion Evidence ref: Unit numbers: 516 Seen by an expert witness Product evidence observed Seen by making in the world essay, a witness Assignment/ Project Other__________________ Personal Statement Y ASSESSMENT REPORT In 2002 the thesis government. Child , Childhood , Document 582 Words | 3 Pages. ACC 307 : Cost Accounting Winter 2013 Practice Problems Chapter 8 Problem 1: Different management levels in u of requirements, Bates, Inc., require . varying degrees of managerial accounting information. Because of the need to comply with the managers' requests, four different variances for manufacturing overhead are computed each month.
The information for the September overhead expenditures is as follows: Budgeted output units 3,200 units Budgeted fixed manufacturing overhead $20,000 Budgeted. Computer , Cost , Cost accounting 272 Words | 2 Pages. NVQ Business Admin Optional Units. Business Admin NVQ Level 2 Friday, 8 February 2013 NVQ Business Admin Optional Units This has been created so if you are . Privatization Thesis? currently studying a NVQ in Business Admin or Receptionist work this will give you a rough idea as to how the questions should be laid out and their content. These are the optional units I chose, they include Handling Mail, Use of comparison essay parenting, Telephone, Office Equiptment and Prepare Text from Notes. This Page contains Handle Mail and Prepare Text from privatization, Notes.
Other Units will be uploaded. Confidentiality , Control key , Gentlemen's agreement 2175 Words | 7 Pages. Unit 307 Support Assessment For Learning. ?Unit 307 – Support assessment for learning 1.1 The class teachers’ main role is to monitor and dissertation payant assess pupils’ achievement through the privatization work . provided to in the 21st the child/young person. The teacher need to privatization thesis be aware of the progression made by all the children in their class and be able to report back to both the u of requirements parents and thesis other staff on the progress the comparison two approaches child makes. My role as a teaching assistant is to privatization support the class teacher whilst this ongoing assessment of essay jmu, pupils takes place. Supporting children. Assessment , Education , Educational psychology 2237 Words | 6 Pages. L3 HSC Technical Certificate Unit 307 information. ?L3 HSC Technical Certificate unit worksheet Unit 307 - Understand how to handle information in social care settings The numbers after each . question relate to the assessment criteria in the standards 1. Identify legislation and privatization thesis codes of practice that relate to handling information in social care settings The Data Protection Act 1998 gives people right to in the world essay see the information recorded about them. This means that people can see their medical records or social services files.
Since January 2005. Communication , Computer data storage , Data Protection Act 1998 791 Words | 2 Pages. Kristina Stylianou Unit 307 1. It is privatization thesis, important to provide young people with accurate and up to date information because if I were to describing give . Privatization? them the wrong information, I would be letting myself and making a difference in the the young person down by not having the right knowledge. Privatization Thesis? For example if a young female came up to me asking sexual health advice and I gave her leaflets that were out of date and not correct information, I could be putting her in a bad situation. Whereas, if I provided the correct information she would. Ageism , Index of youth articles , Sexual intercourse 565 Words | 2 Pages. ? NVQ LEVEL 3 CU299P / . CT299 1.1 A working relationship is where you are placed with other people and describing a famous work as part of privatization, a team where each individual is working towards the achievement of essay service, shared aims and objectives. Privatization Thesis? You will work to a set of rules and making a difference procedures for thesis which you will be paid. You will be accountable and responsible for any mistakes or errors.
You do not have to like the. Care of residents , Communication , Family 1685 Words | 6 Pages. 2 Here are some sources of information related to a chosen career pathway: College Library Direct Gov. Payant? Connexions My manager Training organisations . 4.3 I am currently a trainee nursery nurse completing my level 2 NVQ in childcare, I then would like complete my NVQ level 3 in childcare. Privatization Thesis? After that I would like to achieve my postgraduate Certificate of making, Education (PGCE) so I could then pursue my career into privatization thesis teaching special needs children in schools. Outcome 5 Understand how issues. Employment , International Federation of Social Workers , Social work 1913 Words | 7 Pages. NVQ 2 ERR- Employment Rights and Responsibilities. Task C Year 1 – August 2014 – August 2015 To complete my NVQ level 2 To become a fully trained member of staff.
To get trained up on two approaches, . medication. Year 2 – September 2015 – September2016 To start my NVQ level 3 To finish my NVQ level 3 (if possible) Year 3 -October 2016 – October2017 To apply for thesis university - Nursing To start my NVQ level 4 Year 4 – November 2017 – November2018 To continue my degree (?) To complete my NVQ level 4 Year 5 – December2018 – December 2019 To continue. National Vocational Qualification , The Residents 1710 Words | 3 Pages. 307 Support assessments for learning 1.1 The role of the college essay service jmu teacher is to deliver the lesson my role of a PSA is to make sure the child . understands the task he/she has been set, if the thesis understanding is in the 21st essay, not there I as the PSA support have to them simplify the task making sure the understanding is there or use my resources that might help the learner’s achieve the completion of the privatization thesis task in that lesson. 21st Essay? 1.2 The formative assessment is the purpose used as feedback to improve the proves of learning. Developmental psychology , Education , Educational psychology 681 Words | 2 Pages. ?Jason Booth Keswick House Nvq 3 Unit ref:-Y/501/0598 Administer medication to individuals and monitor the effects 1- Understand . legislation, policies and procedures relevant to administration of medication.
Legislation: Health and Social Care Act; the Medicines Act and The Misuse of Drugs Act. Guidelines could include the Nursing Midwifery Guidelines for the management of medicine administration - registered nurses have to abide by this set of guidelines and for paid carers, the General. Digestion , Ibuprofen , Medical prescription 1018 Words | 3 Pages. Childrens And Young Peoples Workforce NVQ QCF Level 2 Certificate. Childrens and Young Peoples Workforce ( NVQ QCF) Level 2 Certificate Work-based Location Overview This qualification is for students who wish . to work with children age 0 – 19 years. This may include: • early years worker • early years assistant • child minder • assistant youth support and community worker Key facts Childcare (General) NVQ and relevant components CACHE Certificate Childrens and Young Peoples Workforce ( NVQ QCF) - Level 2 Business Development Awarded by privatization thesis, About this course What's. Child , Childhood , Developmental psychology 477 Words | 2 Pages. ? NVQ Unit 4 - 3.1,3.2 Tech Cert Unit 5 - 3.1,3.2 1. Identify the following requirements when dealing with complaints Legal For the purpose of . assessing, and preventing or reducing the impact of unsafe or inappropriate care or treatment, the registered person must have an effective system in 21st century essay, place, for privatization identifying, receiving, handling and responding appropriately to complaints and comments made by service users, or persons acting on management 21st century, their behalf.
By law, all health and privatization thesis social care services must have. Complaint , Federal Rules of Civil Procedure , Health care 1603 Words | 6 Pages. done, we have to write a comment in a ‘red’ book- the describing handover book, about thesis, each client and the personal care we have carried out, any changes, a note of making a difference in the, . their bowels and any dressings that have been re-done. Privatization? After we have written in the red book, the nvqs 3’s always write our notes we have put into the clients care plan which is done after every shift. Each care plan is kept in management century essay, a locked cupboard, these are all strictly confidential and are never to privatization thesis be taken out essay two approaches of the staff room. Each care plan includes. Fire prevention , Hygiene , Need 2351 Words | 6 Pages. Unit 204 – Communicate in a business environment- Nvq level 2 in thesis, Business and making in the world Administration Why do you need to know the purpose of any . communication you are sending and privatization its Intended audience (1.1, 1.2) In what way does this affect the making a difference essay language you might use when producing written communication or information? (2.3) The purpose of communication is for human us to be able to understand each other for different reasons. Thesis? So if we develop our communicative skills we can use this skill as a tool to. Communication , E-mail , Grammar 2039 Words | 5 Pages. This file of BUS 307 Week 5 Final Paper includes: Supply Chain Use Case Analysis Business - General Business Focus of . the dissertation Final Paper The final assignment for the course is a Final Paper on thesis, two cases.
The Final Paper should demonstrate understanding of the reading as well as the implications of describing a famous person essay, new knowledge. The eight- to ten-page paper should integrate readings and course discussions into work and life experiences. It may include an explanation and examples from previous. English-language films , Inventory , Lean manufacturing 666 Words | 3 Pages. BUS 307 – Operations Management Quantitative Techniques Michael Dennis-Leigh July 23, 2012 Spend Analysis I. Privatization? . Contrast Essay? Introduction The current condition of the economy in thesis, the United States (US) and increased economic pressures has reinvigorated many companies to a difference in the rethink their purchasing practices. Privatization? One of the best ways for a company to evaluate its spending patterns is through a spend analysis. Payant? “A spend analysis is the process of privatization, determining what is u of, being spent, with whom. Business process , Computer program , Lean manufacturing 1043 Words | 3 Pages. I have good leadership skills and qualities and can encourage staff to maintain high standards.
I am very hard working, diligent and well motivated, as . well as being compassionate and sensitive to other peoples feelings. Privatization? EDUCATION 2008 - NVQ Health and Social Care 2006 -Food Hygiene in the Care Home 2008 -Food Safety in t thesis, the Care Home Food Safety, Bacteria, Poisoning and Food Bourne diseases, Prevention of Food Poisoning, Contamination Hazards, Purchase to Service, Food Spoilage. Communication , Food safety , Home care 3031 Words | 15 Pages. Mgt/307 Organizational Behavior and Group Dynamics. | | . | MGT/ 307 Organizational Behavior and Group Dynamics January 10, 2011 In most every organization that exists, there are internal and external forces to affect the organizational behavior within that organization.
Because organizational behavior is the study. Estee Lauder Companies , Leonard Lauder , Non-profit organization 1505 Words | 5 Pages. Roles Responsibilities The Assessor is responsible for privatization assessing the management 21st essay NVQ . The assessor works with the candidate in the following ways: . Inducting the privatization thesis candidate into the NVQ and comparison essay two approaches explaining what needs to be done Identifying any additional requirements Setting and modifying learning targets Planning assessments Undertaking a range of assessment activities Providing constructive feedback to the candidate concerning his or her competence and progress Recording assessments Reviewing progress . Assessment , Competence , Evaluation 486 Words | 2 Pages. Bus 307 Operations Management and Quantitative Techniques. Mastering the Bread Making Master Schedule and Producing Automobiles Leaner Your Name BUS 307 Operations Management and Quantitative . Thesis? Techniques Your Instructors Date Introduction The Realco Breadmaster A master production schedule is describing person essay, used by business organizations as a metric to ascertain whether or not their production (outputs) meets their supply demands (inputs). There are times when a business wants to have a surplus and at others letting inventory dwindle to smaller numbers is optimal. Assembly line , Kaizen , Lean manufacturing 2134 Words | 6 Pages.
?OCR Business and Administration NVQ (QCF) UNIT 203 Title Work in a business environment Level 2 Credit 2 1.1 Describe what is . meant by diversity and thesis why it should be valued? Diversity should be respected and valued, because nobody is u of t thesis requirements, completely the same as anyone else. It is everywhere in thesis, our lives which makes rich and describing person varied. In our lives diversity can be defined as differences in thesis, heritage, race, beliefs, customs, mental capabilities, physical appearances etc. It should be valued. Business , Sociology , Value 1470 Words | 8 Pages. Nvq 3 Health and Social Care Unit 2. Pia George NVQ Health and Social Care Unit 2: Engage in Personal Development in describing a famous person, Health and privatization thesis Social Care Settings 1.1 1.2 My job . College Application Essay Service Jmu? requires that I am personally responsible to privatization thesis uphold the statement of values in all areas of my work. I have to provide emotional and educational support and demonstrate a caring attitude towards others which is based on comparison contrast essay, respect dignity and equality. I plan organise and implement activities within my service, following risk assessments. I, as with any member of.
Member of thesis, Parliament , Reflections , Sociology 891 Words | 3 Pages. 506 1.2 Analyse the difference between sequence of development and rate of development and why the distinction is important It is important that this . is monitored closely and the distinction between sequence and rate is defined as it can help to distinguish if a child has Special, educational needs. If the sequence and rate of development are not followed it can help professionals to essay jmu identify that a child might be presenting as having difficulties which could lead to SEN so it is important. Child development , Childhood , Developmental psychology 1307 Words | 5 Pages. Dear Paige Welcome to your vision2learn in conjunction with Brooklands College course. My name is privatization thesis, Brian Little. I have been assigned as your personal . support tutor/assessor for the duration of your course. U Of? This course is privatization thesis, being delivered through an innovative partnership agreement with Brooklands College and u of requirements vision2learn IMPORTANT: PLEASE RETAIN THIS MESSAGE FOR FUTURE REFERENCE. To ensure that you receive an thesis, appropriate level of support, I would be grateful if you would take a few minutes.
Adult education , Assessment , E-assessment 511 Words | 3 Pages. unit 57 1.3 describe ways to resolve any difficulties or dilemmas about the choice of food and a famous person essay drink: You could inform the individuals what is on the . Privatization Thesis? menu, if they say they don't like a certain food/ drink you could offer them a alternative. T Thesis Requirements? 1.4 describe how and when to privatization seek additional guidance about an individual’s choice of food and drink The individual may have certain foods they don't like or cannot eat for health reasons, if you refer to the individuals care plan you should find this. Employment , Infectious disease , Inspection 1460 Words | 5 Pages. Move and position individuals in accordance with their plan of care (HSC 2028) It is dissertation, important to have a understanding of basic anatomy and physiology in my . job as it can help reduce the privatization risk of harm to a famous person me and the clients whilst undertaking moving and handling procedures. Muscles allow the bones at a joint to work like hinges. Thesis? Muscles pull and move the bones at particular joints, this makes the joint move and therefore the body moves. When a muscle contracts, it pulls the in the 21st essay bones at a joint in. Bone , Joint , Knee 1536 Words | 4 Pages.
Abbigail Jade Crowe ERR Friday 10th June 2013 UNDERSTANDING EMPLOYMENT RESPONSIBILITIES AND RIGHTS IN . HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE SETTINGS 1. Know the statutory responsibilities and right of employees and employers within own area of work 2.1 List the aspects of employment covered by thesis, law 2.2 List the making a difference main features of current employment legislation Overtime a body of privatization, law or legislation has developed governing employer/employee relations. Employment , Minimum wage , Money 2231 Words | 7 Pages. Support children and young people with disabilities and special educational needs. Comparison Contrast? 1.1 School are required to privatization provide additional resources and management in the . equipment or additional support to meet children and young people’s needs. Privatization Thesis? Also to be responsible for children with special educational needs. A Famous Person Essay? Special Educational Needs and Disability Act 2001 confirm that it is against the law for educational providers to discriminate against pupils with a special educational need or a disability. 1.2. Childhood , Developmental disability , Disability 1092 Words | 3 Pages. ?HSC 036 Promote person centred approaches in health and social care Title HSC 036 Promote person centred approaches in health and privatization thesis social care . Level 3 Credit value 6 Learning outcomes The learner will: Assessment criteria The learner can: 1. College Essay Jmu? Understand the application of privatization thesis, person centred approaches in describing person essay, health and social care 1.1 Explain how and why person-centred values must influence all aspects of health and social care work 1.2 Evaluate the use of privatization, care plans. Individual , Individual rights , Person 735 Words | 4 Pages. ? NVQ 2 25/3/15 Kym Barratt Unit 13 Dementia Awareness 1. 1.1 Dementia describes a group of comparison two approaches, chronic degenerative conditions of brain . function.
The type of dementia will determine the areas of the thesis brain that are affected and its’ progression. Application Essay Jmu? It typically affects memory, communication skills, personality and thesis reasoning. 1.2 The key functions of the brain affected by dementia are memory, ability to make decisions, ability to use reason and logic, personality, ability to comparison contrast essay parenting communicate and. Alzheimer's disease , Dementia , Dementia with Lewy bodies 1299 Words | 3 Pages. ?CU297P/CT297 Principles of . Diversity, Equality and Inclusion in Adult Social Care Setting 1.1 Define what is meant by: Diversity Equality Inclusion Discrimination Diversity - is meant by acknowledging that each individual is unique and recognising individual differences, For example culture, ability, gender, race, religion, sexual orientation, or any other individual. Affirmative action , Best practice , Discrimination 686 Words | 2 Pages. ?1.1 Explain employees’ roles and privatization responsibilities in relation to the prevention of infection and management century control of privatization, infection: The care worker has a responsibility . under The Health and Safety Act 1974 to take care of one’s and own health and safety and others you care or support including their family, friends and work colleagues. Making World? Always make sure you dispose of waste correctly, wash hands before and after everything, keep all equipment clean, always report potential hazards, maintain personal hygiene. Employment , Hand washing , Hygiene 1703 Words | 4 Pages.
Causes and Spread of privatization thesis, Infection Unit 22 ICO2 Q1 1.1 * Bacteria are unicellular, prolcaryotic microorganism found almost in all kinds of t thesis, habits. Thesis? Some . bacteria are beneficial like those involved in nitrogen fixation and some pathogenic, which causes diseases. * Viruses are unicellular, tiny organisms which are mostly composed of DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) and protein. Its body compromises of head and making tail sections. Viruses attach themselves to privatization other organisms and severe infectious diseases. Bacteria , Eukaryote , Immune system 1003 Words | 4 Pages. Since starting my Business Administration Apprenticeship at **** I have gained many new skills. I am now able to understand how to plan work and be . accountable to other. In The Essay? I will always follow guidelines, procedures and codes of practice that have been given to me by Dave, my Manager. This means that my work is as professional as possible and to a high standard. I have deadlines which I have to meet on privatization thesis, a daily basis, things such as opening and sending post by making world, a certain time, however on occasions. Agreement , Management , Mistake 889 Words | 3 Pages.
Health and Social Care Assignment UNIT 1 - PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNICATION IN ADULT SOCIAL CARE SETTINGS ASSIGNMENT OVERVIEW In this assignment, you will . complete tasks to thesis demonstrate your knowledge of the college application importance of effective communication in adult social care settings, and ways to overcome barriers to meet individual needs, wishes and preferences in thesis, communication. You will also address the person principles and practices relating to confidentiality. TASKS There are two tasks to privatization thesis this assignment. TASK. Communication , Graphic communication , Metacommunicative competence 1098 Words | 5 Pages.
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10 Free Business Plan Templates for Startups. Business plans can seem daunting to someone who has never written one. The business idea itself might be fairly simple to privatization explain, but if you want to apply for describing a famous essay a loan, raise investor capital, or simply have a solid, documented direction for your company, you#39;re going to need to write a business plan. Luckily for entrepreneurs, there are templates out there that allow you to plug in all of the information, instead of struggling with formatting and figuring out what you need to privatization thesis include. There are web-based business plan tools, but you may find it easier to use Microsoft Word and PDF-based templates. Here are 10 free templates you can download and essay, use to create your first business plan. [See Related Story: The Dos and Don#39;ts of Writing a Great Business Plan] Bplans.com, known as the authority on privatization business plans, offers a free Word business plan template, complete with instructions and a table of management in the 21st century essay contents.
It also offers standard business plan sections such as executive summary, company summary, products and services, market analysis, strategy, management summary, and financial planning. Once you register, you will be able to download the materials and choose from thesis, a wide range of businesses in different industries in management in the essay, which to base your plan. Privatization. Whether your business is online, service-based, or a food establishment, Bplan#39;s Word business plan templates are comprehensive and are a great option for beginners and new business owners. Entrepreneur.com provides business tools, with a collection of business plans free in a difference in the world, PDF, PowerPoint and Word. The templates can be viewed can downloaded through the SeamlessDocs platform. The site includes a template for a variety of specific business types, a business plan model that outlines the different parts of a business plan, and customizable templates that allow users to add their logos and business information. Thesis. If you need a guide to writing a business plan, Entrepreneur.com also provides a download for describing essay that.
This step-by-step business plan builder, offered by privatization Law Depot, covers structure, product marketing, SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats), operations, and details specific to your business in their templates. Once the two approaches, template is complete, you can download and print. Privatization. The plan builder asks specific questions to help focus your answers and makes your business plan concise and payant, comprehensive. MOBI, or My Own Business Institute, is part of Santa Clara University#39;s Center for Innovation and Entrepreneurship. They offer a fifteen-section business plan template, including the business profile, licenses/permits and location, which are available for free download in Word as individual templates, or as a larger all-in-one document. Privatization Thesis. All download are compatible with current and older versions of Word (2003 and in the, earlier).
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Privatization: What we learn from failure
Cold War and Global Hegemony, 1945-1991. University of Virginia. We are accustomed to viewing the cold war as a determined and heroic response of the U.S. to communist aggression spearheaded and orchestrated by privatization thesis the Soviet Union. In The 21st Century! This image was carefully constructed by presidents and their advisers in their memoirs (1). This view also was incorporated in some of the first scholarly works on the cold war, but was then rebutted by a wide variety of revisionist historians who blamed officials in Washington as well as those in Moscow for the origins of the Soviet-American conflict (2). Nonetheless, in the aftermath of the cold war the privatization thesis traditional interpretation reemerged.
John Gaddis, arguably the most eminent historian of the management 21st essay cold war, wrote in the mid-1990s that the cold war was a struggle of good versus evil, of wise and democratic leaders in thesis the West reacting to the crimes and inhumanity of Joseph Stalin, the brutal dictator in the Kremlin (3). This interpretation places the cold war in a traditional framework. It is one way to understand American foreign policy between the end of World War II and the breakup of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) in 1991. But for quite some time now, historians, political scientists, and economists have been studying the cold war in college essay service jmu a much larger global context. They do so because the new documents from the Soviet Union and its former empire as well as older documents from the U.S. and its allies suggest that Stalin conducted a more complex and inconsistent foreign policy than previously imagined and privatization that U.S. officials initially did not regard Stalin, notwithstanding his crimes and brutality, as an unacceptable partner with whom to collaborate in stabilizing and remaking the postwar world. Most scholars looking at Soviet documents now agree that Stalin had no master plan to spread revolution or conquer the world. He was determined to establish a sphere of influence in eastern Europe where his communist minions would rule. But at the same time, Stalin wanted to get along with his wartime allies in order to control the rebirth of German and Japanese power, which he assumed was inevitable. Consequently, he frequently cautioned communist followers in France, Italy, Greece, and making in the elsewhere to avoid provocative actions that might frighten or antagonize his wartime allies. Within his own country and his own sphere, he was cruel, evil, almost genocidal, just as Gaddis and privatization thesis other traditional scholars suggest (4). Yet U.S. and British officials were initially eager to describing a famous, work with him.
They rarely dwelled upon his domestic barbarism. Typically, President Harry S Truman wrote his wife, Bess, after his first meeting with Stalin: I like Stalin. He is straightforward. Privatization Thesis! Knows what he wants and will compromise when he can't get it. Typically, W. Averell Harriman, the dissertation U.S. ambassador to Moscow, remonstrated that If it were possible to privatization, see him /Stalin/ more frequently, many of our difficulties would be overcome(5). Yet the difficulties were not overcome. American fears grew. To understand them, scholars nowadays examine the global context of postwar American and Soviet diplomacy.
They see the contest between American freedom and Soviet totalitarianism as part of an century evolving fabric of thesis international economic and political conditions in the twentieth century. After World War II, they say, U.S. leaders assumed the role of hegemon, or leader, of the international economy and container of college essay Soviet power. To explain why, scholars examine the thesis operation of the essay parenting world economy and the distribution of power in the international system. Privatization Thesis! They look at transnational ideological conflict, the u of t thesis requirements disruption of privatization thesis colonial empires, and the rise of dissertation payant revolutionary nationalism in Asia and Africa. They explain the spread of the cold war from Europe to Asia, Africa, the Middle East and Latin America by focusing on decolonization, the rise of newly independent states, and the yearnings of peoples everywhere to modernize their countries and enjoy higher standards of living. Yet the capacity of the U.S. to assume the privatization thesis roles of hegemon, balancer, and container depended on more than its wealth and strength; the success of the U.S. also depended on describing the appeal of its ideology, the vitality of thesis its institutions, and the attractiveness of its culture of mass consumption—what many scholars nowadays call soft power (6).
At the describing a famous end of World War II, the privatization thesis U.S. and the Soviet Union emerged as the two strongest nations in the world and as exemplars of competing models of management in the century political economy. But it was a peculiar bipolarity. The U.S. was incontestably the most powerful nation on the earth. It alone possessed the privatization thesis atomic bomb. It alone possessed a navy that could project power across the oceans and an air force that could reach across the continents. The U.S. was also the richest nation in the world. It possessed two-thirds of the world's gold reserves and three-fourths of world its invested capital. Its gross national product was three times that of the Soviet Union and five times that of the United Kingdom. Its wealth had grown enormously during the war while the Soviet Union had been devastated by the occupation by privatization thesis Nazi Germany.
Around 27 million inhabitants of the U.S.S.R. Contrast Essay! died during World War II compared to about 400,000 Americans. The Germans ravished the agricultural economy of Soviet Russia and devastated its mining and transportation infrastructure (7). Compared to the U.S. in 1945, the Soviet Union was weak. Yet it loomed very large not only in the imagination of U.S. officials, but also in the minds of political leaders throughout the world. It did not loom large because of privatization fears of Soviet military aggression. Contemporary policymakers knew that Stalin did not want war. They did not expect Soviet troops to march across Europe.
Yet they feared that Stalin would capitalize on the manifold opportunities of the postwar world: the payant vacuums of power stemming from the defeat of Germany and Japan; the breakup of colonial empires; popular yearnings for postwar social and economic reform; and thesis widespread disillusionment with the functioning of t thesis requirements democratic capitalist economies (8). During World War II, the American economy had demonstrated enormous vitality, but many contemporaries wondered whether the world capitalist system could be made to function effectively in peacetime. Its performance during their lifetimes had bred worldwide economic depression, social malaise, political instability, and thesis personal disillusionment. Throughout Europe and essay two approaches Asia, people blamed capitalism for the repetitive cycles of privatization thesis boom and college application service bust and for military conflagrations that brought ruin and despair. Privatization Thesis! Describing conditions at the end of the war, the in the 21st essay historian Igor Lukes has written: Many in Czechoslovakia had come to believe that capitalism. had become obsolete. Influential intellectuals saw the world emerging from the ashes of the thesis war in black and college service jmu white terms: here was Auschwitz and there was Stalingrad. The former was a byproduct of a crisis in capitalist Europe of the 1930s; the latter stood for the superiority of privatization thesis socialism (9). Transnational ideological conflict shaped the cold war.
Peoples everywhere yearned for a more secure and better life; they pondered alternative ways of organizing their political and economic affairs. Everywhere, communist parties sought to present themselves as leaders of the resistance against u of t thesis requirements fascism, proponents of socioeconomic reform, and advocates of national self-interest. Their political clout grew quickly as their membership soared, for privatization example, in Greece, from 17,000 in 1935 to 70,000 in 1945; in Czechoslovakia, from 28,000 in May 1945 to 750,000 in describing a famous person essay September 1945; in Italy, from 5,000 in 1943 to 1,700,000 at the end of 1945 (10). For Stalin and his comrades in Moscow, these grassroots developments provided unsurpassed opportunities; for Truman and his advisers in Washington, they inspired fear and gloom. There is complete economic, social and political collapse going on in Central Europe, the extent of privatization thesis which is unparalleled in history, wrote Assistant Secretary of War John McCloy in April 1945 (11). A Difference! The Soviet Union, of course, was not responsible for these conditions. Danger nonetheless inhered in the capacity of the Kremlin to privatization, capitalize on them. The greatest danger to the security of the United States, the CIA concluded in one of its first reports, is the possibility of economic collapse in Western Europe and the consequent accession to power of Communist elements (12).
Transnational ideological conflict impelled U.S. officials to take action. They knew they had to restore hope that private markets could function effectively to serve the needs of humankind. People had suffered terribly, Assistant Secretary of college application essay service State Dean G. Acheson told a congressional committee in 1945. They demanded land reform, nationalization, and social welfare. They believed that governments should take action to privatization, alleviate their misery. They felt it so deeply, said Acheson, that they will demand that the whole business of state control and comparison essay two approaches state interference shall be pushed further and further (13). Policymakers like Acheson and McCloy, the officials who became known as the Wise Men of the cold war, understood the causes for the malfunctioning of the privatization thesis capitalist world economy in a difference in the world essay the interwar years. Thesis! They were intent on correcting the a famous fundamental weaknesses and vulnerabilities.
Long before they envisioned a cold war with the Soviet Union, they labored diligently during 1943 and 1944 to design the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank. They urged Congress to reduce U.S. tariffs. They wanted the American people to privatization thesis, buy more foreign goods. They knew that foreign nations without sufficient dollars to purchase raw materials and fuel would not be able to recover easily. Service! They realized that governments short of privatization gold and short of dollars would seek to hoard their resources, establish quotas, and person regulate the free flow of capital. And they knew that these actions in privatization the years between World War I and World War II had brought about the Great Depression and created the conditions for Nazism, fascism, and totalitarianism to flourish (14). Now, as in the year 1920, President Truman declared in early March 1947, we have reached a turning point in history. In The 21st Century Essay! National economies have been disrupted by the war. The future is uncertain everywhere. Thesis! Economic policies are in a state of flux. Governments abroad, the president explained, wanted to regulate trade, save dollars, and in the essay promote reconstruction.
This was understandable; it was also perilous. Freedom flourished where power was dispersed. But regimentation, Truman warned, was on the march, everywhere. If not stopped abroad, it would force the U.S. to curtail freedom at home. Thesis! In this atmosphere of doubt and hesitation, Truman declared, the making in the decisive factor will be the type of leadership that the United States gives the world. If it did not act decisively, the world capitalist system would flounder, providing yet greater opportunities for Communism to grow and for Soviet strength to accrue. Privatization Thesis! If the U.S. Comparison Contrast! did not exert leadership, freedom would be compromised abroad and a garrison state might develop at home (15). Open markets and free peoples were inextricably interrelated. To win the transnational ideological conflict, U.S. officials had to make the world capitalist system function effectively.
By 1947, they realized the IMF and the World Bank were too new, too inexperienced, and too poorly funded to accomplish the intended results. The U.S. Thesis! had to assume the person essay responsibility to provide dollars so that other nations had the means to purchase food and fuel and, eventually, to reduce quotas and curtail exchange restrictions. In June 1947, Secretary of State George C. Marshall outlined a new approach, saying the U.S. would provide the funds necessary to privatization thesis, promote the reconstruction of Europe. The intent of the Marshall Plan was to provide dollars to likeminded governments in Western Europe so they could continue to grow their economies, employ workers, insure political stability, undercut the person appeal of communist parties, and avoid being sucked into privatization an economic orbit dominated by the Soviet Union. U.S. In The 21st Essay! officials wanted European governments to cooperate and pool their resources for the benefit of their collective well-being and for the establishment of a large, integrated market where goods and capital could move freely. In order to do this, the privatization U.S. would incur the a difference world responsibility to make the capitalist system operate effectively, at least in those parts of the thesis globe not dominated by the Soviet Union. The U.S. would become the 21st essay hegemon, or overseer, of the privatization global economy: it would make loans, provide credits, reduce tariffs, and requirements insure currency stability (16). The success of the Marshall Plan depended on the resuscitation of the coal mines and industries of thesis western Germany (17). Most Europeans feared Germany's revival. Nonetheless, U.S. officials hoped that Stalin would not interfere with efforts to merge the three western zones of Germany, institute currency reform, and college essay jmu create the privatization thesis Federal Republic of Germany. A Difference World Essay! Marshall Plan aid, in fact, initially was offered to Soviet Russia and its allies in privatization eastern Europe.
But Stalin would not tolerate the rebuilding of Germany and its prospective integration into a western bloc. Nor would he allow eastern European governments to be drawn into an evolving economic federation based on the free flow of t thesis information, capital, and privatization trade. A Famous! Soviet security would be endangered. Stalin's sphere of thesis influence in eastern Europe would be eroded and his capacity to control the future of German power would be impaired. In late 1947, Stalin cracked down on eastern Europe, encouraged the communist coup in management in the 21st Czechoslovakia, and privatization instigated a new round of management in the 21st essay purges (18). Germany's economic revival scared the thesis French as much as it alarmed the Russians.
The French feared that Germany would regain power to act autonomously. The French also were afraid that initiatives to application essay jmu, revive Germany might provoke a Soviet attack and thesis culminate in another occupation of France. Making A Difference World Essay! French officials remonstrated against American plans and demanded military aid and security guarantees (19). The French and other wary Europeans had the thesis capacity to shape their future. They exacted strategic commitments from the U.S. The North Atlantic Treaty was signed in payant 1949 as a result of their fears about privatization thesis Germany as well as their anxieties about service jmu Soviet Russia. U.S. strategic commitments and U.S. troops were part of privatization a double containment strategy, containing the uncertain trajectory of the Federal Republic of Germany as well as the anticipated hostility of the making a difference in the essay Soviet Union. Privatization! Hegemonic responsibilities meant power balancing, strategic commitments, and military alliances (20).
Just as western Germany needed to be integrated into dissertation a western sphere lest it be sucked into thesis a Soviet orbit, so did Japan. U.S. Contrast Two Approaches Parenting! officials worried that their occupation of privatization thesis Japan might fail and that the Japanese might seek to management century essay, enhance their own interests by looking to the Soviets or the communist Chinese as future economic partners. In 1948, U.S. Privatization Thesis! policymakers turned their attention from reforming Japanese social and payant political institutions to promoting economic reconstruction. Japan's past economic growth, they knew, depended on links to Manchuria, China, and Korea, areas increasingly slipping into communist hands. Japan needed alternative sources of privatization thesis raw materials and person outlets for her manufactured goods. Thesis! Studying the functioning of the global capitalist economy, America's cold warriors concluded that the industrial core of northeast Asia, Japan, needed to be integrated with its underdeveloped periphery in southeast Asia, much like Western Europe needed to have access to petroleum in the Middle East (21). It was the management in the obligation of the hegemon of the world capitalist economy to make sure component units of the system could benefit from the operation of the whole.
But, as hegemon, the U.S. also had to be sensitive to the worries and responsive to the needs of other countries. In Asia, as in Europe, many peoples feared the revival of the privatization thesis power of former Axis nations. Truman promised them that U.S. troops would remain in Japan, even as Japan regained its autonomy, and a difference in the essay that the U.S. would insure peace in the Pacific, even if it meant a new round of security guarantees, as it did with the Philippines and with Australia and New Zealand (22). Yet, much as American officials hoped to thesis, integrate Japan with Southeast Asia, revolutionary nationalist movements in the region made that prospect uncertain. During World War II, popular independence movements arose in French Indochina and the Netherlands East Indies. Nationalist leaders like Ho Chi Minh in Vietnam and Sukarno in a difference world essay Indonesia wanted to gain control over their countries' future (23). Decolonization was an embedded feature of the privatization postwar international system, propelled by the defeat of management century Japan and privatization thesis the weakening of t thesis traditional European powers. Decolonization fueled the cold war as it provided opportunities for the expansion of communist influence.
Third World nationalists wanted to develop, industrialize, and modernize their countries. Thesis! They often found Marxist-Leninist ideology attractive as it blamed their countries' backwardness on u of t thesis capitalist exploitation. At the same time, the Soviet command economy seemed to provide a model for rapid modernization. Stalin's successors, therefore, saw endless opportunities for expanding their influence in the Third World; leaders in Washington perceived dangers (24). As hegemon of the free world economy, U.S. officials felt a responsibility to contain revolutionary nationalism and to integrate core and periphery. The Truman administration prodded the Dutch and the French to make concessions to revolutionary nationalists, but often could not shape the outcomes of colonial struggles.
When the French, for example, refused to acknowledge Ho Chi Minh's republic of Vietnam and established a puppet government under Bao Dai in 1949, the U.S. chose to support the French. Otherwise, Truman and his advisers feared they would alienate their allies in France and permit a key area to gravitate into a communist orbit where it would be amenable to privatization, Chinese or Soviet influence. Falling dominos in Southeast Asia would sever the future economic links between this region and Japan, making rehabilitation in the industrial core of northeast Asia all the more difficult (25). In the late 1950s and 1960s Japan's extraordinary economic recovery, sparked by the Korean War and fueled by subsequent exports to North America, defied American assumptions. U Of T Thesis Requirements! Yet, by then, American officials had locked the U.S. into a position opposing nationalist movements led by communists, like Ho Chi Minh. Privatization Thesis! U.S. officials feared that if they allowed a communist triumph in Indochina, America's credibility with other allies and clients would be shattered. Hegemons needed to 21st century essay, retain their credibility. Otherwise, key allies, like Western Germany and Japan, might doubt America's will and privatization reorient themselves in the cold war (26). Hegemony and credibility required superior military capabilities. Leaders in Washington and Moscow alike believed that perceptions of their relative power position supported risk-taking on behalf of allies and comparison parenting clients in Asia and Africa.
In the privatization most important U.S. strategy document of the cold war, NSC 68, Paul Nitze wrote that military power was an indispensable backdrop to two approaches, containment, which he called a policy of calculated and gradual coercion. Privatization Thesis! To pursue containment in dissertation the Third World and erode support for the adversary, the U.S. needed to have superior military force (27). Prior to 1949, the U.S. had a monopoly of atomic weapons. But after the Soviets tested and developed nuclear weapons of their own, U.S. officials believed they needed to augment their arsenal of strategic weapons. Their aim was not only to deter Soviet aggression in the center of Europe, but also to support the ability of the U.S. to intervene in Third World countries without fear of privatization Soviet countermoves. Nuclear weapons, therefore, produced paradoxical results.
Their enormous power kept the cold war from turning into a famous person essay a hot war between the privatization thesis U.S. and requirements the Soviet Union. Thesis! Leaders on both sides recognized that such a war would be suicidal. But at the same time nuclear weapons encouraged officials in person both Washington and Moscow to engage in risk-taking on the periphery, that is, in Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and privatization thesis the Caribbean because each side thought (and hoped) that the adversary would not dare to escalate the competition into a nuclear exchange (28). When Ronald Reagan revived the determination of the U.S. to regain military superiority in the 1980s, he sought to use those military capabilities, not for a preemptive attack against the Soviet Union, but as a backdrop to support U.S. interventions on behalf of anti-communist insurgents from Nicaragua and El Salvador to dissertation, Afghanistan and Angola. In other words, Reagan viewed superior strategic capabilities as a key to containing communism, preserving credibility, and supporting hegemony (29).
For U.S. officials, waging the thesis cold war required the U.S. to win the transnational ideological struggle and to contain Soviet power. To achieve these goals, the dissertation U.S. Thesis! had to be an effective hegemon. This meant that the U.S. had to nurture and lubricate the world economy, build and coopt western Germany and Japan, establish military alliances and preserve allied cohesion, contain revolutionary nationalism, and bind the industrial core of Europe and Asia with the underdeveloped periphery in the Third World. Application Essay Jmu! To be effective, Cold Warriors believed that superior military capabilities were an privatization thesis incalculable asset. They focused much less attention and allocated infinitely fewer resources to payant, disseminating their values and promoting their culture. Yet scholars of the cold war increasingly believe that America's success as a hegemon, its capacity to evoke support for its leadership, also depended on the habits and institutions of constitutional governance, the thesis resonance of its liberal and humane values, and a difference in the world the appeal of thesis its free market and mass consumption economy (30). For example, see Harry S Truman, Memoirs, Vol I: 1945, Year of college application essay service Decisions, reprint (New York: Signet, 1965, 1955); Truman, Memoirs, Vol. II: Years of privatization Trial and Hope, 1946-1952, reprint (New York: Signet, 1965, 1956); Dwight D. Eisenhower, Mandate for Change: The White House Years, 1953-1956 (Garden City, NJ: Doubleday, 1963); Dean G. Acheson, Present at the Creation: My Years at the State Department (New York: Norton, 1969); George F. Kennan, Memoirs, 2 vol. paperback ed. (New York: Bantam, 1967-1972). See, for example, Joyce and Gabriel Kolko, The Limits of Power: The World and United States Foreign Policy, 1945-1954 (New York: Harper Row, 1972); for a discussion of the different historiographical approaches, see my essay, The Cold War Over the Cold War, in Gordon Martel, ed., American Foreign Policy Reconsidered, 1890-1993 (London: Routledge, 1994). Essay! John Lewis Gaddis, We Now Know: Rethinking Cold War History (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997). For some of the best new scholarship on Stalin, see Simon Sebag Montefiore, Stalin: The Court of the thesis Red Tsar, reprint (New York: Knopf, 2004, 2003); Norman M. 21st Essay! Naimark, The Russians in Germany: A History of the Soviet Zone of Occupation, 1945-1949 (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of thesis Harvard University Press, 1995); Vojtech Mastny, The Cold War and Soviet Insecurity: The Stalin Years (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996); Eduard Maximilian Mark, Revolution by Degrees: Stalin's National Front Strategy for a difference in the world Europe, 1941-1947, Cold War International History Project Working Paper No.
31 (Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 2001); Geoffrey Roberts, Stalin and privatization the Grand Alliance: Public Discourse, Private Dialogues, and the Direction of Soviet Foreign Policy, 1941-1947, Slovo 13 (2001): 1-15. Describing A Famous Person! Robert H. Ferrell, ed., Dear Bess: The Letters from Harry to Bess Truman, 1910-1959 (New York: Norton, 1983), 522; Harriman to Truman, June 8, 1945, Department of State, Foreign Relations of the United States: The Conference of Berlin: The Potsdam Conference, 1945 (2 vols., Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1960), 1: 61. For soft power, see Joseph S. Nye, Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics (New York: Public Affairs, 2004); Nye, The Paradox of American Power: Why the privatization World's Only Superpower Can't Go It Alone (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002). Paul M. Kennedy, The Rise and Fall of the comparison essay two approaches Great Powers: Economic Change and Military Conflict From 1500 to 2000 (New York: Random House, 1987), 347-72; R. J. Overy, Russia's War (London: Penguin Books, 1997); Allan M. Winkler, Home Front U.S.A.: America During World War II, 2nd ed. (Wheeling, IL: Harlan Davidson, 2000). Privatization! Melvyn P. Leffler, A Preponderance of t thesis Power: National Security, the Truman Administration, and the Cold War (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1992), 1-141. Igor Lukes, The Czech Road to Communism, in privatization thesis Norman M. Naimark and L. IA. Gibianskii, eds., The Establishment of Communist Regimes in Eastern Europe, 1944-1949 (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1997), 29; William I. Hitchcock, The Struggle for Europe: The Turbulent History of a Divided Continent, 1945 to the Present (New York: Anchor Books, 2004), 1-125. Adam Westoby, Communism Since World War II (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1981), 14-5. Memo for comparison essay two approaches parenting the President, by John McCloy, April 26, 1945, box 178, President's Secretary's File, Harry S Truman Presidential Library.
Central Intelligence Agency, Review of the World Situation As It Relates to privatization thesis, the Security of the college application jmu United States, September 26, 1947, box 203, ibid. Testimony by Dean G. Acheson, March 8, 1945, U.S. Thesis! Senate, Committee on Banking and Currency, Bretton Woods Agreement Act, 79th Cong., 1 sess. (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1945), 1: 35. Describing A Famous Person! U.S. Department of Commerce, The United States in the World Economy (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1943); Harley A. Notter, Postwar Foreign Policy Preparation, 1939-1945 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1950), 128; Georg Schild, Bretton Woods and Dumbarton Oaks: American Economic and thesis Political Postwar Planning in the Summer of 1944 (New York: St. Martin's, 1995). Harry S Truman, Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States, 1947 (Washington, D.C.: U.S.G.P.O., 1963), 167-72; see also his Truman Doctrine speech which followed a few days later, 176-80, and u of t thesis requirements his special message to the Congress on the Marshall Plan, 515-29.
Michael J. Thesis! Hogan, The Marshall Plan: America, Britain, and the Reconstruction of Western Europe, 1947-1952 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987); David W. Ellwood, Rebuilding Europe: Western Europe, America and Postwar Reconstruction (New York: Longmans, 1992); Thomas W. Zeiler, Free Trade, Free World; The Advent of GATT (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999). John Gimbel, The Origins of the Marshall Plan (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1976); Carolyn Woods Eisenberg, Drawing the Line: The American Decision to Divide Germany, 1944-1949 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996). Geoffrey Roberts, Moscow and the Marshall Plan: Politics, Ideology and the Onset of the Cold War, 1947, Europe-Asia Studies 46 (December 1994): 1371-86; V. M. Zubok and Konstantin Pleshakov, Inside the Kremlin's Cold War: From Stalin to Khrushchev (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1996), 46-53. William I. Hitchcock, France Restored: Cold War Diplomacy and the Quest for Leadership in Europe, 1944-1954 (Chapel Hill: University of u of North Carolina Press, 1998). Timothy P. Ireland, Creating the Entangling Alliance: The Origins of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1981). Michael Schaller, The American Occupation of Japan: The Origins of the Cold War in Asia (New York: Oxford University Press, 1985); Howard B. Schonberger, Aftermath of thesis War: Americans and the Remaking of Japan, 1945-1952 (Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1989); John W. Dower, Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II (New York: W.W. Norton, 1999), 271-3, 525-46.
Leffler, Preponderance of Power, 346-7, 393-4, 428-32, 464-5; Roger Dingman, The Diplomacy of Dependency: The Philippines and Peacemaking with Japan, Journal of 21st Southeast Asian Studies 27 (September 1986): 307-21; Henry W. Brands, From ANZUS to SEATO: United States Strategic Policy toward Australia and New Zealand, 1952-1954 International History Review 9 (May 1987): 250-70. For the emerging nationalist struggles in Indochina and Indonesia, see William J. Duiker, Sacred War: Nationalism and Revolution in a Divided Vietnam (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1995); George McTurnan Kahin, Nationalism and Revolution in Indonesia (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1952). Odd Arne Westad, The New International History of the Cold War: Three (Possible) Paradigms, Diplomatic History 24 (Fall 2000): 551-65; David C. Engerman, Nils Gilman, Mark H. Haefele, and Michael E. Privatization! Latham, eds., Staging Growth: Modernization, Development, and the Global Cold War (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2003). Mark Atwood Lawrence, Transnational Coalition-Building and application service jmu the Making of the Cold War in Indochina, 1947-1949, Diplomatic History 26 (Summer 2002): 453-80; Andrew Jon Rotter, The Path to Vietnam: Origins of the American Commitment to Southeast Asia (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1987). For the importance of credibility, see the pathbreaking article by thesis Robert J. McMahon, Credibility and World Power, Diplomatic History 15 (Fall 1991): 455-71. NSC 68, United States Objectives and Programs for National Security, April 14, 1950, in Thomas H. Etzold and John Lewis Gaddis, eds., Containment: Documents on dissertation American Policy and Strategy, 1945-1950 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1978), 401-2; NSC 114/2, Programs for National Security, October 12, 1951, Department of privatization thesis State, Foreign Relations of the person United States, 1951: National Security Affairs; Foreign Economic Policy (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1979), 1: 187-89.
For Soviet policy, see A. A. Fursenko and Timothy J. Naftali, One Hell of a Gamble: Khrushchev, Castro, and Kennedy, 1958-1964 (New York: Norton, 1997); Aleksandr Fursenko and Timothy Naftali, Khrushchev's Cold War (New York: Norton, 2005). Peter Schweizer, Reagan's War: The Epic Story of his Forty Year Struggle and Final Triumph Over Communism (New York: Doubleday, 2002). G. John Ikenberry, After Victory: Institutions, Strategic Restraint, and the Rebuilding of Order After Major Wars (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2001), 163-214; Robert O. Privatization! Keohane, After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in essay service the World Political Economy (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1984), especially 135-81; Michael Mandelbaum, The Ideas that Conquered the World: Peace, Democracy and Free Markets in the Twenty-First Century (New York: Public Affairs Press, 2002); Geir Lundestad, Empire by Integration: The United States and European Integration, 1945-1997 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998); Gaddis, We Now Know. Most governments publish primary source documents regarding the privatization history of their foreign policy. These documents are published many decades after the fact, but we now have many documents for application essay the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s. For the evolution of the role of the U.S. in privatization the cold war, see U.S. Department of State, Foreign Relations of the u of requirements United States (Washington: Government Printing Office); for Britain and the cold war, see Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Documents on British Policy Overseas. Since the end of the cold war, the Cold War International History Project has been publishing (and distributing free of charge) primary source documents from the Soviet Union and other formerly communist nations, including the People's Republic of China.
They are indispensable for understanding the global context of the cold war. See the Cold War International History Project, Bulletin (Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center, 1992-2004). The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has published several volumes of documents. See, for example, Woodrow J. Kuhns, ed., Assessing the privatization Soviet Threat: The Early Cold War Years (Springfield, VA: Center for the Study of Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency, 1997); Scott A. Koch, ed., Selected Estimates on management 21st century essay the Soviet Union, 1950-1959 (Washington, D.C.: History Staff, Center for the Study of Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency, 1993); Ben B. Fischer, At Cold War's End: U.S. Intelligence on the Soviet Union and privatization thesis Eastern Europe, 1989-1991 (Reston, VA: Central Intelligence Agency, 1999). There are several key Web sites for locating primary source materials on the cold war. The most important are the Cold War International History Project, the National Security Archive, the Parallel History Project for information on NATO and essay parenting the Warsaw Pact, and the Primary Source Microfilm. The Federation of American Scientists also has a Web site with valuable documents on many issues, like the nuclear arms race. Many U.S. government agencies also have Web sites containing documents on current and past foreign policy. The presidential libraries have sites containing selected documents, speeches, oral histories, and privatization other information.
For short books locating the cold war in a global context, see Robert J. McMahon, The Cold War: A Very Short Introduction (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003); David S. Painter, The Cold War: An International History (New York: Routledge, 2002); Geoffrey Roberts, The Soviet Union in World Politics: Coexistence, Revolution and Cold War, 1945-1991; (New York: Routledge, 1999); Geir Lundestad, East, West, North, South: Major Developments in International Relations since 1945, 4th ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999). Many scholars are now using primary documents from the former Soviet Union and dissertation payant other communist countries to study the cold war. In addition to the books and articles listed in note 3, see David Holloway, Stalin and the Bomb: the privatization thesis Soviet Union and Atomic Energy, 1939-1956 (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1994); William Taubman, Khrushchev: The Man and His Era (New York: Norton, 2003); Hope M. Harrison, Driving the Soviets Up the dissertation payant Wall: Soviet-East German Relations, 1953-1961 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2003). Some of the most fascinating books deal with Chinese foreign policy and privatization the relations between Mao Tse-tung and Stalin. See, for in the century essay example, S. N. Privatization! Goncharov, John Wilson Lewis, and Litai Xue, Uncertain Partners: Stalin, Mao, and the Korean War (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1993); Jian Chen, Mao's China and the Cold War (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2001). For key books on the effort to reconstruct the world economy after World War II, see Richard N. Gardner, Sterling-Dollar Diplomacy in Current Perspective: The Origins and world essay the Prospects of Our International Economic Order (New York: Columbia University Press, 1980); Herman Van der Wee, Prosperity and Upheaval: The World Economy, 1945-1980 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986); Alfred E. Eckes and thesis Thomas W. Zeiler, Globalization and the American Century (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003). For transnational ideological conflict and t thesis the cold war, see Joyce and Gabriel Kolko, The Limits of Power: The World and United States Foreign Policy, 1945-1954 (New York: Harper Row, 1972); Walt W. Rostow, The Stages of Economic Growth: A Non-Communist Manifesto, 3rd. ed. Privatization! (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990); Francois Furet, The Passing of an Illusion: The Idea of Communism in the Twentieth Century (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999); Odd Arne Westad, Cold War and Revolution: Soviet-American Rivalry and the Origins of the Chinese Civil War, 1944-1946 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1993); Michael E. Latham, Modernization as Ideology: American Social Science and Nation-Building in the Kennedy Era (Chapel Hill: University of a difference in the world essay North Carolina Press, 2000); David C. Engerman, Modernization from the Other Shore: American Intellectuals and the Romance of thesis Russian Development (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003); John Lewis Gaddis, We Now Know: Rethinking Cold War History (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997).
There are some wonderful studies on decolonization, revolutionary nationalism, and the cold war. College Essay Service! See, for example, Robert J. Thesis! McMahon, Colonialism and Cold War: The United States and the Struggle for Indonesian Independence, 1945-49 (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1981); Frances Gouda and Thijs Brocades Zaalberg, American Visions of the Netherlands East Indies/Indonesia: US Foreign Policy and Indonesian Nationalism, 1920-1949 (Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2002); Matthew James Connelly, A Diplomatic Revolution: Algeria's Fight for contrast essay two approaches Independence and the Origins of the Post-Cold War Era (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002); Piero Gleijeses, Conflicting Missions: Havana, Washington, and Africa, 1959-1976 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002). The Vietnam War is often examined in this context; see, for example, William J. Duiker, U.S. Containment Policy and the Conflict in thesis Indochina (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1994); George C. Herring, America's Longest War: The United States and Vietnam, 1950-1975, 4th ed. (Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2002). For power and the cold war, see Mark Trachtenberg, A Constructed Peace: The Making of the European Settlement, 1945-1963 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999); William Curti Wohlforth, The Elusive Balance: Power and Perceptions During the Cold War (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1993); Melvyn P. Leffler, A Preponderance of Power: National Security, the comparison contrast essay Truman Administration, and the Cold War (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1992).
Raymond L. Garthoff has written two lengthy and illuminating books that link power and ideology. See Garthoff, Detente and Confrontation: American-Soviet Relations From Nixon to Reagan (Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution, 1985) and The Great Transition: American-Soviet Relations and the End of the Cold War (Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution, 1994). For discussions of the end of the thesis cold war that focus on ideas and transnational movements, see Matthew Evangelista, Unarmed Forces: The Transnational Movement to End the Cold War (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1999); Robert D. Dissertation Payant! English, Russia and the Idea of the West: Gorbachev, Intellectuals, and the End of the Cold War (New York: Columbia University Press, 2000); Lawrence S. Wittner, Toward Nuclear Abolition: A History of the World Nuclear Disarmament Movement, 1971 to the Present (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2003). For discussions of hegemony and soft power, see the citations in notes 5 and 29. Melvyn P. Leffler is the Edward Stettinius Professor of American History at The University of Virginia. Currently, he is a Jennings Randolph Fellow at privatization the United States Institute of Peace and holds the Henry Kissinger Chair at the Library of essay two approaches parenting Congress.
His book, A Preponderance of Power: National Security, the privatization thesis Truman Administration, and essay service jmu the Cold War (Stanford University Press, 1993), won the Bancroft, Ferrell, and Hoover prizes. He is now writing a book about why the Cold War lasted as long as it did and why it ended when it did.