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beloved essay denver American Literary Traditions:ENGL 218 (Spring 1997) Randy Bass (GeorgetownUniversity) BELOVED ESSAYS, ROUND TWO. Zach Korman Ben Randol Lexi Reck. A key aspect of this particular paragraph is embodied in tax refund paper check the passage, The future was sunset; the blondes, past was something to tax refund check leave behind. Argumentative Essay Introduction! And if it didn't stay behind, well, you might have to paper stomp it out.(256) An issue in of literature in nursing these lines, and similarly throughout the novel, is the question of whether or not it is tax refund check, ever possible to classification essay on teachers move past tragedy or horror into a 'sunset'-the descending course of virginia tax refund life. In this paragraph, Ella adamantly declares that the argumentative essay, realms of the past and present are two that must be maintained as distinct. In her eyes, grappling with the horros of the past merely serves as a hindrance in a world where even the future holds uncertainty and the possibility for more upheaval. In the case of Sethe hersewlf, the ramifications of her past were too powerful to tax refund paper check be reconciled in this manner. The reality lies with the fact that the manipulation of memory is not necessarily a matter of choice, but rather a permanent component of the individual which may either serve as an obstacle or a motivation for action. My terible traumatic memories will never leave me.

Everything is essay, still very much alive in me.(testimony of Judith Jaegermann-http://remember.org/witness/jaegermann.html) In terms of many Holocaust surviviors, the specter of the virginia, past remains perfectly intact after 50 years. Do I want to remember. No, I don't want to remember, but I can never forget. I have to remember(http://remember. org/witness/kimel2.html) Likewise, Alexander Kimel recognized that although the past may never be abandoned, it must serve as a haunting symbol that future generations must avoid at all costs. The notion of a linear progression through the course of introduction one's life is ultimately forfeited by an event of this magnitude. But her brain was not interested in the future. Loaded with the past and tax refund hungry for more, it left her no room to imagine, let alone plan for, the next day.(70) In the life of Sethe, the past of Beloved becomes the present/future, where it must be recognized for argumentative essay and thesis the sake of her own life.

Morrison forms the past in the shape of Beloved, a figure bloated and pregnant with history and rememories Beloved enters Sethe's world to haunt her, to propel her, to virginia paper force her to ressurect those memories she stores in argumentative essay and thesis the recesses of her heart and mind. Beloved makes Sethe acknowledge the past to realize that what tragedies occurred in her life will not fade away or lay down until they receive proper burial; Sethe must rememory, probe and reconcile with her past. Virginia Tax Refund Paper Check! Beoved confronts her with overwhelming and vivid memories Sethe must deal with. Sethe becomes consumed by blondes, them, for tax refund check Beloved is swallowing her whole. As Beloved grows, Sethe slowly dies. Argumentative! Until Beloved is harnessed, Sethe will dwindle under her power. Beloved, symbolizing all the pain of days past, needs to be resolved, placed in a realm that allows Sethe to move on and live. Her past cannot go on haunting her forever. A great deal of Beloved involves possession and the role of memory. Morrison writes on page 256 that Ella didn't like the idea of past errors taking possession of the present.

This sentence raises the following question: can you remember the past without its taking possession of you -- indeed inflicting pain on you? Perhaps more fundamentally, are we a product of tax refund paper our experiences/actions, painful though they may be? If the human brain can purge itself of blondes past experiences, then this question would be resolved. It is obvious that certain experiences are so insignificant that they remain isolated and paper check forgotten. However, it is evident that certain traumatic and/or perpetually re-enforced experiences do indeed live on into the present, taking possession of us (i.e. influencing the way we think/act). Like ghosts, these experiences/actions haunt us daily. Victims of slavery and of the good, Holocost were and, in some cases, are possessed by the past (as Sethe so clearly is).

Coping with past demons remains an virginia check important personal/human delemma in real life, as in Beloved . Patrick Ball Cleveland Lawrence III. This passage clearly illuminates upon on teachers the recurring theme of visual imagery bringing the pain of past, buried experiences to ones current conscioussness, and perhaps providing a better understanding of virginia tax refund paper those experiences or allowing a coming to grips with the horrors of the past. The thouhght pictures that Sethe talks about clearly bring back the of review of literature in nursing, painful rememories of the experiences of her past - for her, despite the fact that she is hundreds of virginia paper miles north from where they occured, the$ place will always be real. Argumentative Essay And Thesis! A major portion of the novel deals with her, as well as characters such as Paul D and even Baby Suggs, deals with the characters coming to grips with these experiences, accepting and recognizing them in their consciousness, and moving forward. A number of the Nagasaki accounts deal with the same idea of visual imagery bringing the check, realness of the past tragedy to light and essay how the survivors have dealt with it and moved forward in their lives. One such account reads: So many older Americans have a sense of shame about the Bomb, even though only a few men, now dead, participated in the decision to pursue this course. Tax Refund Paper! Katherine Wilkins, 35, librarian/archivist. Of course, Katherine was not alive at the time of this event, but yet, she still feels the are smart essay, effects of virginia tax refund check it. Self Introduction Essay! This is a manifestation of what is being said when Sethe says: The picture is still there and what's more, if you go there--you who was never there--if you go there and stand in the place where it was, it will happen again. For Denver, this event will not g o away, even though she had no personal experience with it.

For the historical place, the event will always be an element of history. This seems to be the experience behind this account: My name is Amy Hashimoto and tax refund paper check I am a 25 year old neisei. I grew up in the U.S. but lived in Japan for a summer in 1989. One of the should write paper, highlights of my trip was a visit to the Hiroshima Peace Park. I had read up on the atomic bomb and tax refund paper its effects on the people of Hiroshima before I went. The most touching and memorable exhibit was the drawings made by the Hiroshima victims, depicting the events after the bombing. Most were simplistic, but all were very horrifying to me. Having visited other museums, such as the Holocaust Museum in D.C., I think that the most memorable exhibits are include commentaries from the victims. In Nursing! What struck me as particularly sad about the Peace Park was the indifference of some of the visitors. It concerned me that children could not understand the suffering that had occurred, and paper the very possibility of such an event occurring again.

In conclusion, the point that Sethe is making in the passage is that memories, which become rememories, will never go away. She says, that nothing ever dies, because the historical places remain,as well as the visual pictures that are related to others. The bitter sweetness of memories is that althoughthey help to importance in nursing research guard against the physical events happening again, they happen again for both the person with the memory, and paper check the person who has the rememory. Grace Slattery John McGowan Meghan Cunningham. As Denver tells of my term paper her fear of the memories and rememories, she is also speaking of her need and desire to know what those memories truely do hold.She reveals her need for Sethe to speak the unspeakable horror of her past when Denver says, I don't know what it is, I don't know who it is, but maybe there is something else terrible enough to make her do it again. I need to virginia tax refund paper check know what that thing might be, but I don't want to. Denver is revealing her need to in nursing understand the events of tax refund paper check Sethe's life that have had such an impact on Denver's own life. Classification! Sethe has to understand that the virginia tax refund paper, effects of her past are not limited to her life, but also define much of who Denver is. Denver therefore feels a strong need to understand this past. It is not enough for her to know the objective facts of the past, she has got to go beyond that to understanding.

This idea is reflected in Judith Jagermann's Memories of my Childhood in the Holocaust (http://remember.org/witness/jagermann.html). Ms. Jagerman describes her Holocaust experiences with amazingly accurate detail. However, despite her excellent memory of the events, she does not now and did not then understand the reasons for the Holocaust. She recalls thinking How is it possible that grownups are capable to do these things to others?. Where is Justice and why do we deserve this? Both this Holocaust memory and argumentative introduction Denver's plea show us the virginia tax refund check, need to speak the unspeakable. Essay! But, when this dialogue does occur it cannot be a simple recounting. It has to be aimed at virginia tax refund understanding. One of the most interesting things about Denver is that she is much like the reader.

She does not know the whole truth, as Sethe does, and just as the reader discovers more about the argumentative introduction, past as time goes on, so does Denver. It is through her eyes that one sees how the past is told, how those who did not live it find out what happened, and how both knowledge and ignorance influence the present. Part of the past is known to virginia tax refund Denver, and that knowledge scares her into doing certain things. All the argumentative, time I'm afraid that thing that happened that made it all right for my mother to kill my sister could happen again. I don't know what it is, I don't know who it is, but maybe there is something else terrible enough for her to do it again.(p.205) Here Denver knows that her mother killed her sister, but she does not know what it was that made her kill her. Over the virginia paper check, years Denver has heard bits of the should write, truth, but it was so horrific, that no one ever sat down and told her the whole story. This is a common theme in much of the holocaust literature. Events so terrible that those who experienced them may talk amongst themselves, but the stories are past on only in bits and pieces to virginia tax refund paper younger generations. In the following piece Ann Levy, who's interview is on the Louisiana Holocaust Survivors Website, describes both her experience of hearing stories from her parents and also in telling the stories to her children. (laugh) For a long time, I think we found that with our parents, the older survivors, they had really hard time talking about german phrases, it even to their children so we lived for the last thirty years of so, we lived really in silence, you know, and whatever we may overheard the adults speaking among themselves is paper, what the kids would pick up.

You want me to hold it? No, actually, but I see a problem developing with this hand. Oh, OK. Self Essay! But, ah, so you know they never discussed it with the children. So it was just bits and pieces that the paper check, kids would pick up, as youngsters at home but with myself there was a lot that I remembered, I didn't have to be told because I was old enough to remember so and yet it wasn't something that we discussed or we talked about or once and a while. Argumentative Introduction And Thesis! And I guess I did the paper, same thing with my children, really didn't go into detail, I didn't sit them down and say let me tell you a story of you know how it was. It was I guess by introduction in french, drips and draps. It came out. In this passage, Morrison touches upon the concepts of memory and remomroy relating them to the repression so ften found in victims of horrible events and tragedy.

In the moments before Sethe touches Paul D's knee, he relates some of the most painful memories he has of Sweet Home to her. Unable to take in all that she is hearing, Sethe stops his narration with the slow methodical movements that characterize her methodical repression of the painful past. Both Sethe and Paul D work to keep the past tucked away inside the tabacco tin inside them where the personal pain of the past resides. They both believe in the concept of remomory and fear that confronting the past might push them both to a place they couldn't get back from. Retelling the horror of the past might make the feelings and fears that existed then come back to haunt them and keep them from their new lives that they have worked so hard for. Morrison concludes the chapter from Sethe's perspective: Working dough. Paper Check! Working, working dough. Nothing better than that to german essay phrases start that day's serious work of beating back the past. Sethe fears the things that reside within her memory for she fears the rememories that might surface and virginia tax refund check destroy the calm she has found. However, this passage marks the end of the first significant step away from repression of memory.

It marks the first discussion of the past that might lead to healing by spreading the in french, pain and sharing the story with others who lived through the event, making it less dangerous and more relevant to the entire community. The relationship between storytelling and desire is an important theme in Beloved. Storytelling serves an important function as a way to communicate communal memory. Virginia Paper Check! As such, it becomes a communal experience, in phrases which the role of the listener is as significant as that of the teller. Our passage clearly illustrates this, as Sethe uses her authority as a listener to block the virginia check, telling of Paul D's story. Write My Term! As Paul D thinks to himself after Sethe places her hand on his knee to silence him, Just as well. Just as well. Saying more might push them both to a place they couldn't get back from. (p.

72)Paul D questions his ability to face the virginia tax refund paper, past which he has locked up in his heart, and certainly Sethe does not desire to hear what Paul D has to say. When memory is the property of the whole community, the community must consent to the act of remembering. The desire to remember can only come when both the on teachers, teller of and the listener to the past feel prepared to face it. Sethe chooses to virginia tax refund paper continue, beating back the past, (p. 73) which makes the process of communal remembering unwanted. The story of Ann Levy's family silence shows that this phenomenon is not limited to victims of slavery, but is common to all communities that suffer unspeakable horrors. The passage which begins on the bottom of p. 72 and continues to the end of the write my term paper, chapter illustrates the virginia tax refund paper, typical psychological response to a horrifying event: repression. Paul D has quite simply taken the terrible experience of the bit and locked in blondes essay that tobacco tin buried in his chest.

The memory of the bit and the rooster, and by extension Paul's entire slave experience, is too much for him to bear. In order to survive it, he has had to harden himself- to the memory, and to virginia life in blondes general. Paul has cut himself off from the virginia paper check, pain of essay introduction and thesis emotion, from the risk of hope, and tax refund as a result, no red heart bright as Mister's comb beats in him. However, in the presence of Sethe, who shared much of Paul's experience, he is able to relase some of and thesis his repressed feelings and memories. Of course, this process of remembering is slow and fraught with psychological peril. If Paul and Sethe take it too fast, if the floodgates of the virginia tax refund check, past are unchecked and everything rushes out in paper a uncontrollable wave, a mental breakdown could be the result.

They could very well end up in virginia check a place they couldn't get back from. Too much pain can do that, even to the strongest of essay phrases people. In the same way the novel takes a cautious and tax refund indirect approach to remembering the german essay phrases, central atrocity of Beloved's murder, and the various atrocites inflicted upon the Sweet Home group, so too do Sethe and Paul approach thier own memories. Even the tax refund check, most tightly rusted tobacco tin and the largest mass of unworked dough can't beat back the classification essay, past forever. Tyler Moynihan Mary Ferguson Judd Spray Nicole Bostick. One theme from the memory section sources addresses the notion of the insurmountable guilt that holocaust survivors experience.

It seems there are two types of virginia check guilt in good german essay phrases Beloved. There are those who experience guilt as a result of actions they committed in the face of injustice (those who challenge injustice) and those who turn away from virginia tax refund paper check, injustice (those who do nothing). These different reactions to argumentative introduction and thesis injustice cause guilt but this guilt is manifested in virginia tax refund check different ways. Sethe's murder of her child as a reaction to the injustice of the men without skin caused her severe pain that was tangibly confronted by the manifestation of her daughter in Beloved. In contrast, Stamp Paid felt guilt because he did not confront the injustice of the white owner's relations with his wife. The two men were able to laugh about Sethe's experiences partly because they did not understand the immense suffering of Sethe due to argumentative essay introduction her confrontation of injustice. Tax Refund Check! The passage on page 265 also conveys the message that sometimes when something is argumentative essay and thesis, so horrible, the paper, human mind can use humor as a way of importance of review dealing with pain. Paul D and paper Stamp Paid made a joke out of Sethe's attempt at murdering the white man who came to the house. Part of the passage says, its seriousness and its embarrassment made them shake with laughter. Blondes Essay! This line exemplifies the fear they both felt and virginia paper how through a joke they could try to are smart essay cope with their emotions. When reading through testimonies of witnesses of the Holocaust, I came across a testimony of virginia tax refund paper check a woman who was sent to self Auschwitz during World War II with her family.

She said that when they arrived at the camp all the women were immediately shaven all over paper check their bodies. She said that when all the hair was removed they all looked like monkeys. In addition, while some were crying after they had been completely shaven, others could only laugh hysterically. I felt that this passage supports the passage on page 256 as once again sometimes humor or laughter is used to deal with pain that one feels when it is so great. While it almost seems insane for people to laugh at essay and thesis traumatic or horrifying experiences, maybe laughter is what prevents people from really going crazy. Paul D loved Sethe and virginia paper check Stamp Paid I believe also had an attachment to classification her. While they cannot understand what motivates her actions, they have a connection to her.

Her action against the white man they could not understand. Humor could make the pain and virginia paper the confusion of the situation into a better understanding. Finally, this passage seems to be concerned with the difference between the perspectives of men and women. The idea that the german essay phrases, mens' laughter was rusty at first conjures the image of the tin box into which Paul D has put his memories. Men, or at virginia tax refund check least Paul D in this book, can open and close their boxes at will, and while it can be painful to do that, the option is theirs.

Sethe, on the other hand, is essay, haunted by her worst memory, and so powerful is it that it takes on a human form. There is no hiding from the past for her, at least not until the virginia tax refund check, end of the book. The fact that the two men can sit on the steps and laugh at Sethe's mental imbalance is introduction and thesis, a least a little jarring in this book. There are relatively few light-hearted moments, and it is odd that one of them occurs between the two men characters, especially the two who put their heads together to destroy Paul D and Sethe's relationship earlier in the book. After reminding Sethe of how many feet she has, it seems inappropriate for Paul D to laugh uncontrollably at her. Perhaps he can do this because he does not feel the depth to tax refund which the decision to essay introduction and thesis kill her children touched Sethe, and can only see the action as wrong. It is either inhuman or so wrong that it becomes funny. Baby Suggs would never joke about Sethe this way. Nicole Bostick's Response: I just wanted to briefly expand on some points made by Tyler, Mary, and Judd in their Beloved essay regarding the passage on tax refund check, p262. Yes, I agree there is an opposing method of dealing with memories between the men and women of the novel.

As was mentioned, Paul D. has the ability to open or shut his tin box. He makes a conscious decision to permanently seal the lid on his painful and tragic past. There are times when he does remember, for example in the prescence of Sethe. But I gather though difficult, this is an active decision on his part to do so. The same can be said of Stamp Paid, another male character of the story. Like Paul D., Stamp acknowledges the of review of literature in nursing research, past at his own volition. For example, memories for him are emboddied in the red ribbon that he cherishes, that he exudes from his pocket as he feels is necessary. Or consider when he makes the decision to bring up the past, Sethe's past in fact, to virginia tax refund paper Paul D. Obviously the males of the novel are somewhat in control of their past, of their memories. And when theirs past do attempt to dominate them these men simply walk away from it. We see this from Stamp Paid who abandons his wife and that entire sordid situation, and we observe it even moreso from Paul D. who migrates all over the US in an effort to forget his past. Argumentative Essay! Sethe, the central female character of the novel, does not have this power to control, or even walk away from her past.

In fact she is brutally confronted by it over and over virginia tax refund paper again. The isolation she suffers in her community is a constant reminder of what she did. The scars on her back will live with her as scars of her tragic past forever. These kinds of reminders perhaps are bearable for Sethe. She can even tolerate the prescense of the ghost of her baby girl living in her home, forcing its way into her life.

However, both Paul D. and Beloved enter her home as horrible harbingers of mermory. Pauld D. carries with him some joyful memories of the past, but also painful ones as well, even new ones. He tells Sethe of the fate of her husband Halle, of him seeing what happened to her and consequently going insane with the knowledge of it. Beloved brings an even more hurtful past with her as the reincarnation, the human form of importance research Sethe's baby girl; for with her, Beloved also carries guilt. Dan Cohen Rachel Luttio Tomoko Yamazaki. In the passage on page 251, Sethe reduces her universe of fears into paper, the statement that anybody white could. Essay! not just work, kill, or maim you, but dirty you. Whites might dirty her all right, but not her best thing. the part of her that was clean. In this statement, Sethe admits for the first time that the reason she killed her child was to avoid that dirtying--the complete loss of self-worth and tax refund paper check the worse thing that came out of slavery in essay on teachers Sethe's opinion. By doing this, Sethe was trying to protect her daughter and keep her clean.

This finalizes the theme of virginia paper check protection that has run throughout the book. First, on page 42 Sethe explains that the job she had of keeping [Denver] from the past that was still waiting for her was all that mattered. Later, on page 73, she says that her day's serious work [was] beating back the past. Argumentative Essay And Thesis! Though the first quote involves Denver and not Beloved, it is clear that she feels the same way about the latter because it is the very reason she kills her. Protection, then, and the use of story-telling and rememory, are essential components of the novel. Protection from the past is also a serious component of the trials and tribulations of virginia check Holocaust survivors. In fact, one tale by a survivor is almost entirely parallel to this particular theme. When speaking about her experiences, Judith Jagermann remarks that upon entering the train that would take her family to Auschwitz, the continuous fear of the unknown, or that we would be torn apart, was hell for classification essay on teachers me and almost unbearable, though it seems that one can suffer worse; a person can be humiliated to such an extent, as if he were just some disgusting animal (http://remember.org/witness/jagermann.html). Jagermann's concept of humiliation seems very similar to Sethe's formulation of dirtying.

Both examples involve the complete loss of tax refund paper self-esteem through humiliation, both author's claim they are among the worst feelings in the world, and both are worthy of good german essay phrases protecting one's youth from. The passage is also an virginia paper check excellent example of the argumentative essay introduction, extreme pain involved in remembering. In the passage, Sethe struggles with the fear of Beloved leaving before she can explain the reasons behind her slaying. The difficulty in explaining her actions comes from the check, sheer extent of pain involved in paper the memory of this act. Paper Check! Try as she might, Sethe will never be able to explain to Beloved the measure of her agony in killing her.

For Sethe, the retelling of the memory (the rememory) simply can't carry the same emotional weight as the memory itself. Similarly, in one of the Nagasaki accounts (www.exploratorium.edu/nagasaki/memories/amemory2.html), the daughter comments that her mother described the atomic bombing as sort of a minor car accident. Clearly, the mother's rememory does not accurately communicate the full extent of the emotions involved with the importance of review research, memory. In both these examples, then, the question remains: How does one express the full weight of a memory in the act of rememory? If a full explanation is impossible, how can one get closer? Story telling is another theme of great importance that is stressed in this passage and it is clear that this telling influences all of the major characters. First, it is important to note that it is only through the story telling that Denver comes to understand her mother and can begin to go on with her own life. Although she had heard stories before, it is only here that Denver learns of her mother's reasonings and no longer fears that Sethe will kill her at some point. Tax Refund Paper! The story telling is important to Sethe because only through it can she convince Beloved and herself that what she did was right. Therefore, it is at this point of the importance of review of literature research, novel that the act of tax refund story telling unites Sethe, Denver, and Beloved. Blondes Are Smart! The narrator says, This and much more Denver heard [Sethe] say from her corner chair, trying to persuade Beloved, the check, one and only person she felt she had to convince, that what she had done was right because it came from true love.

Thus, story telling not only serves the self introduction essay in french, purpose of letting the readers know about the virginia paper, past lives of the characters, but it also becomes the bridge that ties together all of the characters and events and the reasons for those events that had to happen. The same Nagasaki account also involves story telling and its ability or, at least, attempt to explain the past. The mother, though drastically misrepresenting the enormity of the event, still is speaking to her daughter about essay, it. Here, then, story telling plays a huge roll. Virginia Tax Refund Paper! Also, tying into the first theme we discussed, her misrepresentation of the of review research, fact (just a car accident) could be seen as an virginia tax refund attempt to essay on teachers protect her daughter form the horrors of the event. Aaron Davis Allision Tepley Sarah Toner Virginia Hamner.

In this passage, Morrison touches upon the concepts of tax refund paper memory and remomroy relating them to the repression so often found in victims of essay phrases horrible events and tragedy. In the moments before Sethe touches Paul D's knee, he relates some of the most painful memories he has of Sweet Home to her. Unable to take in all that she is hearing, Sethe stops his narration with the slow methodical movements that characterize her methodical repression of the painful past. Tax Refund Paper Check! Both Sethe and Paul D work to keep the past tucked away inside the tabacco tin inside them where the personal pain of the past resides. They both believe in the concept of remomory and fear that confronting the past might push them both to a place they couldn't get back from.

Retelling the blondes are smart essay, horror of the paper check, past might make the essay phrases, feelings and fears that existed then come back to haunt them and keep them from their new lives that they have worked so hard for. Morrison concludes the tax refund, chapter from Sethe's perspective: Working dough. Working, working dough. Classification Essay! Nothing better than that to start that day's serious work of beating back the past. Sethe fears the things that reside within her memory for she fears the rememories that might surface and destroy the tax refund, calm she has found. Self In French! However, this passage marks the end of the first significant step away from repression of memory. Virginia Check! It marks the first discussion of the past that might lead to healing by spreading the pain and sharing the classification essay on teachers, story with others who lived through the event, making it less dangerous and more relevant to the entire community. The healing of escape . Later, the passage of Sethe in the Clearing shows her newly acquired ability to express her feelings and to allow her terrible memories to tax refund check be shared with other people. Sethe had to break from the dominated life of a slave to understand herself.

All of the good essay, feelings that she suppressed had the freedom to come out, when Sethe herself gained freedom. Paper Check! The complications of escape, however, made Sethe's road more difficult. Essay! For the first month of her freedom, Sethe had to look down the road for virginia check the white men who might someday find her. When the white men came and Sethe killed her daughter to avoid capture, Sethe had to spend the rest of her life freeing herself from slavery and murder. Essay On Teachers! She could escape the physical limitations of slavery, but in this scene on Baby Sugg's rock, she can not escape the impressions of slavery on tax refund, her heart. An interesting link to Sethe's escape comes in the story of two Jews who escaped from self introduction essay in french, Auschwitz during the virginia paper, Holocaust (http://remember.org/witness/wit.res.esc.html). These two men planned carefully their escape and made it to Slovakia.

Like Sethe, they must have always looked behind them for pursuers. One of them, also like Sethe, could not completely escape Hitler's grasp and was returned to Auschwitz when the Slovakian Jewish ghetto was tapped by the Gestapo. By telling Beloved in a stream-of-conscious, dream-like manner, Morrison brings to reality the fact that memories really do assume a life of their own. She uses this fact as a tool throughout the novel to bring a new set of self in french themes to a particular situation, or to either support or add other dimensions to tax refund check old themes. In the paragraphs surrounding the introduction essay, scene at The Clearing with Beloved, Sethe, and Denver, Baby Suggs massages Sethe's soreback (and sore soul) trying to calm her unruly 'rememories'. This triggers a recollection in Sethe of Denver's birth, and also of Halle, subsequently causing Sethe to re-examine her relationship with Paul D. In this instance, memories actually guide the path of the narrative, directing the novel back to the house at virginia tax refund paper 124, where Sethe decides to of literature in nursing cook a dinner for Paul D and herself that will launch her newer, stronger life with a tender man.(p.99) Morrison here has successfully used Sethe's rememories to connect her trip to the the Clearing to her situation with Paul D. Through allowing the past and tax refund paper check its ramifications control of the narrative, Morrison can tell us more about who the characters are than we chould ever gain through observing their actions. Good German! The beloved memories of Sethe and Paul D become bearable only virginia, becuase they can be shared. It may be Denver (that can only reconstruct the meaning of these memories) who may be the worse off. Sethe and Paul D are disallusioned that they understand why the past took the course that it did--simply bacuase they were there to witness it. It is the issolated confusion of Denver, fueled by the presence of Beloved, that allows us to self essay in french observe the destructive presence of virginia tax refund paper check these memories in 124. The 'Jim Crow' laws, along with other legislative measures, were the methods used by the racist whites in power to prolong the Negroes' suffering, while, in the eyes of some, 'raising' their standard of living by importance of review, declaring the virginia tax refund, African-American race 'separate but equal'.

Such an classification illogical statement shocks our generation, making it hard to believe that our land of paper opportunity not only oppressed the Negroes during slavery, but also under freedom. The so-called 'separate but equal' statement collapses under its sheer absurdity, since there wasn't, isn't, or will be any reason why two 'equal' races should be separated. If no differences exist between the two, there can be no justification of a systematic procedure barring their co-existences. What fears exist, or existed, that could warrant their existence in separate environments? Only one comes to mind, yet it negates the very same premise upon which the argument begins. The white man's belief that the races are not equal, as witnessed by the divergent condition of the train accommodations for coloreds and non-colored, as well as by the insistence of essay on teachers die-hard racists to paper keep the African race prey of of its ignorance by denying schooling to blacks are but two examples of the true belief of the white man: the races are not equal. Morrison briefly mentions the latter example on self introduction essay, p.102 of Beloved, when she mentions Lady Jones' illegal and virginia tax refund paper immoral actions (according to self essay in french white standards) of virginia providing education to colored people.

The supposedly equal treatments, is, thus, fictional, and not a true desire in the white man's heart. Should Write My Term! As stated above, the racist faction of the American people sought to lengthen the deplorable living condition of the black population under a mask of equality. Thanks to the course of history, important figures such as MLK and other African-American leaders, and narratives such as Beloved, today's view of 19th century bigotry is virginia paper check, no longer tainted by a white eye that seeks to obscure the truth. Instead, it is blondes essay, a well-informed one that allows opinions to be formed by facts, not fiction. Colin Edgerton Nicole Bostick Leah Marcus. After Dachau, I burned my uniform in tax refund paper a vain attempt to rid myself of the death smell. It's still with me, fifty years later. Only recently have I begun talking about the Holocaust. One reason is because I read that as many as seventeen percent of Americans recently polled expressed some doubts that it happened at all.

The greatest tragedy in modern times. And some doubt it happened. Others compare the Holocaust with special interests, to fight this or that cause. Of Review Research! Political groups even compare each other to virginia tax refund paper Nazis, which I find ridiculous. The above passage is from an American soldier reflecting upon his role in liberating the Nazi concentration camps.

It was some time before he could put Alfred, Georgia, Sixo, schoolteacher, Halle, his brothers, Sethe, Mister, the taste of iron, the sight of butter, the smell of hickory, notebook paper, one by one, into the tobacco tin lodged in chest. Argumentative Introduction And Thesis! By the time he got to tax refund 124 nothing in this world could pry it open. This passage is describing Paul D's way of handling his memories of Sweet Home. Both accounts deal with the terrible necessity of memories. No matter how much he labored to get rid of the stench of death from his uniform, the soldier could not take it from his mind.

No matter how hard Paul D tried to keep his tin box closed, it was always opening, and the wind was swirling the memories about, causing him to introduction and thesis recall the painful realities of virginia tax refund his past. Self Essay! The difference between the soldier and Paul D is that the soldier realizes that he must confront his memories and speak of virginia check them in order to insure that they cannot happen again and that the truth of history is should paper, known. Virginia Paper! Whereas, Paul D might admit to the memories and classification on teachers even voice them out of necessity, but does not feel a sense of duty to recount them. The soldier in the first passage also seems to note the responsibility that he has to communicate the the world the first-hand knowledge that he possesses concerning the concentration camps. His reference to the polling, which indicates that 17% of check Americans do not believe that the holocaust happened, functions as a reminder both to german essay himself and to the reader that memories of important, yet painful events must be actively communicated to the world lest they be forgotten. As Toni Morrison said in tax refund her interview which we watched in class (paraphrased) we must develop an intimate relationship with the past, because the past is valuable information. Argumentative Essay! Paul D. fails to realize that his past will only make sense to him if he can link it with the paper, larger reality of black slavery. By trapping his painful memories in a tin box he is not communicating them to the world and he risks wasting them; i.e. not sharing them with the community so that the horror and deprivation of slavery can be realized and fought against. Toni Tileva Cathy Bellafronto Libby Tuerk. These pages demonstrate the importance of community, a fact that Sethe has denied.

This community came to the aid of Sethe, an essay introduction and thesis outcast, to destroy Beloved. The way in check which she was destroyed clarifies her existence. Beloved was the concentration and embodiment of grief, guilt, pride and pain Sethe carried inside herself. Beloved even began to swell with what appeared to be pregnancy as Sethe suffered even more intensely. Only at the moment that Sethe joined the argumentative essay introduction and thesis, women and dispersed her grief and suffered her shame with the community did Beloved explode. The community supported Sethe througout her life: they helped her escape to freedom, they helped her find a home, they helped her find a job. Virginia Paper Check! Sethe did not realize, however, that the community did not exist just to help her in a white man's world or to protect her from the white man but also to protect her from herself. That is what they did by gathering her up into the hill of black people(262). The community exists to share in joy and shame.

Beloved was Sethe's shame that was too painful for her to classification essay bear alone. Virginia Paper Check! Just at her breaking point, the community arrived to write my term save her. An important element of the passage is the tax refund paper check, reactions of Sethe's surviving children after Beloved's murder. Howard and Buglar were emotionally scarred after their sister's death, . [they] were all right but wouldn't let go of should write my term each other's hands. Played that way: stayed that way especially in their sleep (183).

Denver's scars transcend the passage on virginia, page 183 and are illuminated through the are smart, entire novel as she says, I love my mother but I know she killed one of her own daughters, and virginia tax refund check tender as she is with me, I'm scared of her because of it (205). The children cling first to Baby Suggs and then to each other because they have lost faith in their mother. Sethe's children attempt to classification essay on teachers grapple with the unspeakable. They are removed by a generation so they cannot completely comprehend the virginia tax refund paper, reason for or the horror of Beloved's death,but they still must deal with the ramifications on blondes essay, a daily basis. A parallel can be drawn between Howard, Buglar, Denver, and the children of Holocaust survivors. The children must be sympathetic to their parent's pain and at the same time deal with their own overwhelming sense of virginia check loss. Such tragedies are firmly engrained in the family legacy.

While such pain can bond a family together, it also has the cabability to rip it apart. Sethe's family was destroyed after Beloved, the boys escaped, . Baby Suggs' heart collapsed. (183), and Denver and Sethe were denied happiness because they were haunted by self introduction in french, the past and rememories. The Cybrary of the Holocaust (http://remember.org/) has a section specifically for Children of paper check Survivors. In this web source, there is a subdivison for poetry (Poems), a creative outlet for those who continue to deal with painful family legacies. Izzy Nelken writes in his poem, Yom Hasho'a 1996, Of what was she not supposed to be reminded? What was the are smart essay, secret that was so well guarded? Although Sethe's children were only too well aware of her secret, these lines of poetry serve to convey the pain Howard, Buglar, and Denver had to endure while growing up with Sethe. The well guarded secret became a burden they all had to carry. The children had to be sensitive to virginia tax refund check Sethe's pain while they had no outlet of their own, much like a reversal of the parent - child roles. On page 183 Sethe comes to a very bold conclusion about the murder of Beloved.

She says, I don't have to remember nothing. I don't even have to explain. She understands it all. For years Sethe has lived a life ostracized from society. While the community has shaped it's perception of should my term paper Sethe, she has suppressed her memory. But with the return of Paul D she is forced to confront her past and produce an answer to justify what she did, not for others but for herself. Before she can move on and really come to terms with what she has done, she must justify her actions to virginia tax refund paper herself. It is only after this personal reconciliation that she can deal with the outside world and their perception of her. At the end of the passage, she says, How bad is the of literature in nursing research, scar?

She seems to be saying, now that I have come to virginia tax refund terms with what I have done I can now look upon myself and out at others and see how much has been affected.

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Herodotus Essays and Research Papers. Herodotus c.484 B.C-c.429/425 B.C. Greek historian. INTRODUCTION Called the father of history by the Roman philosopher Marcus Tullius . Cicero, Herodotus is best known for his long and compelling prose account of life in Greece, Asia Minor, and Egypt which focuses on the causes and events of the Greco-Persian Wars. For Herodotus , history (historiai) meant inquiry, and his attentions in the History are devoted not just to epic moments in the past, but also to geography, ethnology, and myth. Achaemenid Empire , Battle of Plataea , Battle of virginia tax refund check Salamis 1377 Words | 4 Pages. Herodotus : The Father of History Many students today propose the question, why do we study history, what does it have to do with us? This . question is not a new idea; in fact, the Greeks didn't concern themselves with true scientific history until after 500 B.C. Essay On Teachers. Up until this point the Greeks focused mainly on myths and legends that explained how to please their many gods. It wasn't until the time of Herodotus that any emphasis was placed on recording a true account of the paper check, past. In Herodotus ' writings.

Ancient Egypt , Culture , Greeks 1033 Words | 3 Pages. Cultural Bias and classification Structure in Herodotus. Herodotus ' writes his Histories for Greeks. Specifically for paper check, Greeks living in german essay, Herodotus ' own time. Tax Refund Paper Check. The statement of purpose which . begins the work seems to contradict this hypothesis. Blondes. Herodotus claims to virginia check, wish to prevent the traces of human events from being erased by introduction essay in french, time, and to preserve the fame of the important and remarkable achievements [ Herodotus , 1.0]. The underlying assumption here is virginia check that the author is preserving these events and should my term achievements for future generations and perhaps even future. 5th century BC , Greco-Persian Wars , Greece 753 Words | 3 Pages. Styles of Historiography: Herodotus vs Einhard. The Styles of Historiography: Herodotus vs.

Einhard Herodotus and Einhard write history in two completely different . styles. Einhard’s style is about giving specific details, while Herodotus’s style is about giving his own personal opinions and information that he has from secondary sources. The biggest effect of the difference amongst the two historian’s style of writing is the fact that Einhard’s history of Charlemagne’s life gives information that makes it seem as if the events were. Belief , Charlemagne , Einhard 940 Words | 3 Pages. With Close Reference to the Issues Raised by Munslow, Critically Evaluate the Role of the Historian in the Construction of virginia check History Support Your Argument with Reference to at Least Two Sources You Have Studied. will ultimately allow an historian to german essay phrases, construct a credible and accurate representation of the past.

An important aspect of constructing or creating history . is using relevant sources to create an accurate and credible representation of the past. Herodotus , known as the ‘father of history,’ is paper heavily criticized for his fabrication of good german essay phrases evidence and sources and for being profoundly influenced by Homer’s works - Iliad and the Odyssey. Munslow, however, argues that sources are manipulated and moulded in. Critical thinking , Herodotus , Historian 1295 Words | 4 Pages. The aims and purpose of history can be evaluated through the virginia tax refund, study of historians and their audiences. The differing methods of collecting and german essay using sources . and evidence has caused countless debates between historians and other academics from Herodotus , the 'Father of History' to virginia tax refund paper check, G.R Elton and his views on objective truth. Similarly Stuart Macintyre's The Historian's Conscience debates and discusses the issues surrounding evidence, time and motives of historians.

The aim of classification on teachers history according to. Herodotus , Historian , Historiography 914 Words | 3 Pages. Extension History Historians Quotes. classical scientific It will be enough if it is considered useful by those who wish to judge clearly both what has happened and what will come about again . in the future, in the same or similar fashion, given the nature of man. Herodotus – classical literary Herodotus of Halicarnassus, here displays his inquiry, so that human achievements may not become forgotten in time and virginia paper great and marvelous deeds… Karl Marx History does nothing, possesses no enormous wealth, fights no battles. It is rather. Herodotus , Historiography , History 515 Words | 3 Pages. Battle of Salamis and Xerxes Military Decision. hostilities were quite extreme, due to Xerxes’ military decision to acquire Greece, there were few written sources which were not composed by his opposition . or heavily influenced by the bitter relationship.

Despite accounts, by composers such as Herodotus and Aeschylus, there has been recent attempt to write paper, consider both ancient and modern sources to balance his image. In the paper check, endeavor to reevaluate a reign that has much maligned throughout history and to reconsider a personality who has been at the mercy. Achaemenid Empire , Aeschylus , Battle of Plataea 1666 Words | 5 Pages. ?QUESTIONS FOR HERODOTUS ’ THE HISTORIES I. Who is Herodotus’s intended audience? Why was it written? A. His intended audience was the of review of literature in nursing research, . Greeks. B. It was written to tell the story of the Pelopensisan War C. Written to cover the tax refund, conquests of Cyrus as he takes over much of the known world by ruling the Persian Empire. D. Herodotus was half Greek and half Persian E. He intended his work to undermine Hellenic ethnocentricity -- to open the Greek mind to to the rich diversity of the surrounding.

Ancient Egypt , Ancient Greece , Democracy 1497 Words | 5 Pages. Behind Olivia Crooker Ancient Medieval, Orange 7-8 January 7th, 2014 Cyrus the Great, one of the most . insightful leaders of paper his time, according to Ancient Greek historians such as Xenophon and Herodotus it was because of his ability to create a lasting empire. He was able to use political, military, and trade powers to establish stability within his rule. Historians have recognized this and his tactics are still used to this day. Virginia Tax Refund. Cyrus was able. Achaemenid Empire , Ancient Greece , Babylon 2247 Words | 7 Pages.

Sparta by importance of literature research, the name of Demaratus, stating that in Sparta it was customary for the first born son after the father came to the throne would be the heir. . Herodotus ’ account states that Atossa had an influence on Xerxes’ coming to the throne. “Xerxes, that he was son of Cyrus’ daughter Atossa and that it was Cyrus who had won Persians their freedom.” – Herodotus , 3.7.2. However, according to paper check, modern historian, Russel Granger, this seems unlikely, as Xerxes’ had not once acknowledged Atossa in any of the monumental. Achaemenid Empire , Battle of introduction essay in french Thermopylae , Cambyses II 1146 Words | 4 Pages. decision to live on paper check the edge of the should, Nile River, by doing so it assisted in maximizing the tax refund paper check, amount of fertile land that was used for planting crops. This . Introduction Essay In French. further proves just how significant the virginia tax refund paper, Nile River was for Egyptian society. Self Essay. The Greek historian Herodotus stated that Egypt constantly relied on the “Gift of the Nile”5, with all aspects of life. An unknown ancient writer also reflects quite positively on the Nile through a hymn.

This hymn states “to thee, O Nile! Who manifests thyself over this land. Ancient Egypt , Ancient history , Egypt 2470 Words | 14 Pages. and many passageways and virginia check roads follow its course. To both sides, you see plantations of agricultural land where the of review of literature, people work and virginia paper live. Of Review In Nursing Research. Since ancient . times, this soil was made fertile by the yearly overflow of the river, the virginia paper, gift of the Nile, as Herodotus once said. In the Gifts of The Nile Valley it states, “for ten miles on either side of the river it actually fertilizes the desert with its rich topsoil”(A-V). Yes, Egypt would be nonexistent without the Nile River. Ancient Egyptians recognized. Ancient Egypt , Cairo , Drainage basin 844 Words | 3 Pages. they stood against the force of the argumentative essay introduction and thesis, Persians.

But what is the real story about Leonidas and paper his 300 soldiers. Little is known about on teachers Leonidas other then . stories about him that was written. According to the ancient Greek historian Herodotus in tax refund paper, The History of Herodotus , Leonidas was in command of the now famous 300 Spartans who were sent, in advance of the main Spartan body of troops, to engage the Persian horde in self essay, order to arrest and defeat its intended invasion of Greece. The Spartan troops of only. 300 , Ancient Greece , Battle of Thermopylae 1496 Words | 4 Pages. it was said by Herodotus ;an ancient Greek historian who's regarded as the virginia paper, Father of History in Western culture.. he saidEgypt is the importance of review, gift . Tax Refund Paper. of the Nile admiring the Nile river as God's gift for the Egyptian people,as without the Nile river;Egypt would have been desert.. The Nile was the lifeblood of Egypt. Their civilization depended on it (just as in every other river-valley civ.) Egypt was a glorious civilization, which contributed in many ways to two modern-day civilizations: the West and. Ancient Egypt , Blue Nile , Cairo 1477 Words | 3 Pages. To What Extent Is There Conflict Between Academic and Popular History?

focused” on professionalism, and discarded “generating” a “dialogue” (Conrad) with their contextual audiences. Are Smart Essay. The substantial dissolution between academic . and popular historians is tax refund check evident in a range of sources, essentially from essay Michelle Arrows to Herodotus and Thucydides to Bury. Virginia Tax Refund. Inaccuracies continue to plague populist histories, and as such those within the academic field continue to blondes essay, rebut their rivals with these flaws. They argue that these, as Margaret Conrad states, “producers” of “historical. Academia , Herodotus , Historian 1021 Words | 3 Pages. further information on the Persian wars was Herodotus . Herodotus himself was of an Ionian Greek descent and virginia tax refund paper is one of the few . secondary ancient sources used to gain further information and should write paper a firsthand account of the Persian wars in particular the Second Persian War (University, 2010). The motive of Herodotus was remember what happened and to explain the virginia check, cause of the german essay phrases, Second Persian Wars as he states “This is the showing-forth of the inquiry of Herodotus of Halicarnassus, so that neither what has come. Achaemenid Empire , Ancient Rome , Carthage 3423 Words | 8 Pages.

discipline of history.[8][9] Events occurring prior to written record are considered prehistory. Herodotus , a 5th-century B.C. Greek historian . is considered within the Western tradition to be the father of history, and, along with his contemporary Thucydides, helped form the foundations for the modern study of human history. Tax Refund Paper Check. Their work continues to be read today and essay on teachers the divide between the virginia check, culture-focused Herodotus and the military-focused Thucydides remains a point of contention or approach in modern historical. Centuries , Essay , Herodotus 361 Words | 2 Pages. Xerxes lived from 520 to 465BC. He was the grandson of Cyrus and son of write my term Darius. Xerxes was put into succession according to the ancient Greek historian . Tax Refund Check. Herodotus , as Xerxes was the first son of Darius’s wife Atossa. Xerxes father Darius 1 died in classification on teachers, 486BC, and this is where Xerxes took over for his father and became king.

Xerxes continued his father strategy of consolidating and tightening control of the paper, empire, particularly in Egypt, Babylon and Asiatic Greece. Xerxes felt he needed to invade Greece. Achaemenid Empire , Darius I of Persia , Greece 659 Words | 2 Pages. fifth river to flow from the Ethiopian highlands. In the desert west of the argumentative and thesis, Nile a canyon now dry represents and virginia tax refund check ancestral Nile called the classification essay on teachers, Eonlile that . Paper Check. flowed during the late Miocene era (23-5.3 million years before present). The Greek historian Herodotus wrote that “Egypt was the gift of the Nile”. As a unending resource of sustenance, it had a crucial role in the development of Egyptian society. Introduction. Silt deposits from the Nile made land fertile and allowed ancient Egyptians cultivate wheat, flax, papyrus. Ancient Egypt , Egypt , Ethiopia 448 Words | 2 Pages.

facts and not small detail (the obvious history) Case Study: Herodotus The historian Born at Halicarnassus (485 BC – 425 . BC) Exiled due to conspiring against virginia check, Persians Merchant and traveller Greek Historian Cannot be free form bias (critical judgement) Educated (upper class) Harnessed ill feelings towards Persian Motive and Purpose for phrases, Writing “These are the paper check, researches of Herodotus of Halicarnassus, which he publishes, in the hope of thereby preserving from decay. Herodotus , Historian , Historiography 1129 Words | 8 Pages. The accounts of Scythia in Herodotus ’ The Histories are organized in concurrence with the timeline of the Persian invasion of Scythia, led by . Good Essay. King Darius, where as the invasion progresses Herodotus repeatedly digresses about the history of Scythia until the Persians and virginia tax refund paper Scythians meet, at which point the essay, apparent essence of the accounts of Scythia in The Histories, the Persian invasion, is concluded. Although Herodotus ’ description of Scythia seems to be a byproduct of the accounts of King Darius. Assyria , Cimmerians , Crimea 1103 Words | 4 Pages. Caitlin Beaumont C3164428 Passage 2 Herodotus : The Writer and Historian Herodotus the virginia paper, writer, from the later fifth . century, is considered to be one of the first ancient scholars who had invented historiography. He was a known traveller, who journeyed to many different places such as Egypt and Babylon and Greece and he is most famous for importance of literature in nursing, his tremendously systematised work and astonishing literary excellence. What is most intriguing about Herodotus is his reputation of being “the father of. Ancient Greece , Ancient Olympic Games , Athens 1312 Words | 4 Pages. The Role of Women in Herodotus’ The Histories.

Women in Herodotus ’ The Histories From Helen of Troy to Candaules’ queen, historians have documented many quarrels over women. One . historian in particular, Herodotus , wrote often of the implications women had on the history before him. Women over history played largely a secondary role in almost everything, from politics to simple household decision-making. Virginia Tax Refund. Women also were married off in order to gain land and status for their families, especially their fathers. Yet wars, both civil and foreign. 1070 Words | 3 Pages. Herodotus, The Histories - Book 2.86. ?Commentary Essay – Herodotus , The Histories. Book 2.86 Book two of Herodotus ’ The Histories contains his account of Egyptian . Essay. culture, traditions and relations to Greek religion.

In particular, passage eighty-six describes the practice of an ancient ritual that has fascinated people for millennia. In this passage, Herodotus describes the ancient Egyptian method for mummification. Being one of the earliest known records, this account of the tax refund, mummification process immediately retains merit. This. Ancient Egypt , Coptic language , Culture of Egypt 1895 Words | 6 Pages. Michael Beers History 106-01 Mr.

Horlor July 12, 2013 The Life and Works of Herodotus and importance of literature in nursing research Sima Qian A Research-Based Commentary Thesis . In the virginia tax refund paper check, book Herodotus and should my term Sima Qian (2010), Thomas R. Martin contests of the Greek Historian and the Chinese Historian Sima Qian. Martin displays that though the historians’ politics, cultures, and time periods were different, both historians had the innate desire to record their subjective view of history as objectively as possible. Though they were not. Achaemenid Empire , Battle of Plataea , Battle of Salamis 1967 Words | 6 Pages. these scholars have contributed to the knowledge we all know of today that play a part in knowing how and when to travel.

Today, we are going to focus on . two scholars who were a vital piece in tax refund, the field of geography, Herodotus and Strabo. Of Review Of Literature. Often called the father of history, Herodotus was a greek historian who is virginia tax refund paper check referred to are smart, as one of the most reliable sources of history in the era of the 5th century that also revolutionized the world geographically. Not much is known of his youth but what made him. Earth , Ecosystem , Geography 1570 Words | 4 Pages. Herodotus wrote a history like no other. Through the pages of virginia tax refund paper On the War for Greek Freedom we read a philosophy that is very similar to our . own. Introduction. We read about what it means to be a king, a warrior and a Greek or Persian of ancient times. Yet, more specifically, we read about what it meant to be simply a human being. There are philosophical ideas throughout the book that can be linked to our own ideas within modern day.

The life of a human was hard to live then. Paper. They were shot down by and thesis, the gods if. Croesus , God , Human 940 Words | 3 Pages. Living the Good Life: Herodotus V. Epicurus. What is considered a good life? Herodotus and Epicurus presents readers there depiction of a good life in their works, Persian Wars and “Letter . to a Friend,” respectively. The ideas of a good life presented by Herodotus in Persian Wars and by Epicurus in virginia paper, “Letter to a Friend” both share identical aspects of a good life, but at good german essay phrases, the same time both works are distinct from one another. One similarity between the two writers’ idea of a good life is that one must have respect for the divine whether it. American films , God , Happiness 882 Words | 3 Pages. The Battle of paper check Thermopylae from Herodotus’ the Histories.

Western Civilization February 8, 2009 The Battle of Thermopylae From Herodotus ’ . The Histories The Battle of Thermopylae, which Herodotus recorded in his writing The Histories, was one of the most arduous and notable battles of western history. Herodotus was an extremely significant historian who lived during the should my term, 5th century B.C. In this primary source writing, he portrays how Xerxes was superstitious and tyrannical, how the battle. Achaemenid Empire , Ancient Greece , Battle of check Salamis 1140 Words | 3 Pages. Herodotus and Voltaire: Two Historians Accounting for Their Contemporary Society. kings and famous personalities. It is instead the investigation of the past intended in ample sense; and it comprehends the should write my term paper, study of culture, thoughts, . habits, political institutions and many other aspects of society. This concept was very clear to paper, Herodotus and essay in french Voltaire, two historians that, although lived a totally different period and contest, share some affinities in the way in which they write about the past.

They both were interested in the cultural history, in the usefulness of history in the. Ancient Egypt , Anthropology , Civilization 1152 Words | 3 Pages. The Role of Oracles and tax refund Dreams in Herodotus' the History. usChristina Bramanti October 5, 2012 CLAS 20105 The Role of Oracles, and Dreams in Herodotus ’ The History Throughout . Herodotus ’ The History, Oracles, and of literature in nursing research dreams play an important role. While the gods have almost no presence throughout the book, the Oracles and/or dreams are linked to many of the major events. We first encounter the Oracles in Book I, when Croesus asks the Oracles at Delphi if he should attack the virginia paper check, Persians, the Oracle replies telling him (in a very ambiguous way) that if. Aeschylus , Apollo , Battle of Salamis 1654 Words | 5 Pages.

Herodotus: Many Customs of the Persians. In the document given, Ancient History Sourcebook; Herodotus , it tells of the many customs of the Persians around 430 B.C.E. The author of this . document is a man named William Stearns Davis. Self. The review given was written by Joshua J. Mark. In it, it speaks of similarities and tax refund paper check imitations from other nations that gave way to the many customs that the Persians adopted and modified. The author of the primary source is, William Stearns Davis (April 30, 1877-February 15, 1930), was a college professor. Education , Harvard University , Radcliffe College 872 Words | 3 Pages. Does Herodotus Offer Adequate Explanations for Colonisation in introduction in french, the Greek Archaic Period. Does Herodotus offer adequate explanations for Greek colonisation in the archaic period? Herodotus gives all ancient . historians invaluable insights into check colonisation in the archaic period, despite having his well known limitations.

We must overall regard his work ‘The Histories’ as an equal to archaeological evidence and blondes essay Thucydides’ work when it comes to studying colonisation in virginia tax refund paper check, this period. Before I begin this essay, however, I must first quickly define two crucial terms. The term ‘colonisation’. Ancient Greece , Apollo , Archaic Greece 2008 Words | 6 Pages. Herodotus , Herodotus : The Histories. London: Penguin Group, 2003. In the essay, start of the fifth book, Herodotus tells . Check. of the beginning wars between the Persians and the Greeks.

The reader can find Herodotus to be somewhat messy with his writing in the beginning of this book because it gets confusing. Herodotus seems to favor Histiaeus of Miletus by calling him kind and honorable. One of Herodotus ’ main themes is the Persians conquest and we learn of how the govern and take over blondes, land. Virginia. Later in. Battle of Thermopylae , Cyprus , Greek language 658 Words | 2 Pages.

A Comparison of Herodotus and essay Thucydides. A Comparison of Herodotus and Thucydides The Persian and Peloponnesian wars were both significant conflicts that tested independence. . Documenting these wars was obviously hard at this point of civilization, but two men did, and are now known as the great writers of their time. When analyzing the writings of Herodotus and Thucydides, the authors must be compared and contrasted. Though it is almost impossible to know the complete accuracy of their accounts, analyzing the writing style will give. Critical thinking , Greco-Persian Wars , History of the Peloponnesian War 611 Words | 2 Pages. Clas 2215 | Assignment 1 | How does the portrayal of the Spartans in Herodotus ’ account of the Battle of Thermopylae relate to the ‘Spartan . Mirage’? | | Mohammed Hasan B00524306 | 2/14/2013 | To fully understand how Herodotus portrays the virginia check, Spartans in the battle of Thermopylae with relation to the ‘Spartan Mirage’, we must first completely understand what the ‘Spartan Mirage’ means. Spartans were known to be the military power of write paper Greece; their sole purpose was towards military strength.

Ancient Greece , Battle , Battle of Thermopylae 943 Words | 3 Pages. an accurate, respectable account of history is written by Herodotus . This compilation of stories contains facets of family lineage as well as . the general progression of tax refund paper time. Herodotus is not philosophy. Although the stories in Herodotus do initially have the presence of blondes essay a higher power, logic eventually takes over, and the majority of mythical characteristics can be and are manipulated by man kind. Also, exploitation is allowed in Herodotus . Contrastingly, in the Old Testament's book of Samuel, God's. Art , Books of Samuel , God 863 Words | 3 Pages. Foundation of virginia paper check Cyrene: What could the Greek do well, and not so well? It is widely understood through both archaeological evidence and . Herodotus ’ writings that the Foundation of Cyrene was established in 630 BC by should my term paper, a settlement of Greeks who originated from the tax refund check, island of Thera (modern day Santorini) and were lead by a Theran named Battos. However, it is Herodotus who gives all ancient historians invaluable insights into the colonisation practices of the ancient Greeks in the archaic period, and despite. Ancient Greece , Apollo , Archaic Greece 1618 Words | 5 Pages.

How Xerxes Dealt with the Revolts. that the removal of skilled workers, and a corrupt method of Persian administration led to the revolt. Irrespective of the blondes are smart, cause, Herodotus . accounts for Xerxes quelling of the revolt, noting that: Xerxes sent in tax refund, an army, crushing the rebellion, reducing the country to a “condition of worse servitude than before” and importance of review of literature mentions his brother's appointment as Satrap. Virginia Tax Refund. Herodotus says that the Egyptians were heavily punished, and evidence can be seen from of literature in nursing research this coming from the Satrap Stella (311BC), describing. Achaemenid Empire , Ancient Egypt , Babylon 911 Words | 3 Pages. marriage and public roads. * The kings played roles in making important judicial decisions. Quote: Herodotus “any man desires to adopt a . son he must do it in paper, the presence of the king.” Religious: * Chief Priest, overseeing religious festivals, making sacrifices. * HERODOTUS STATES THAT AT THE FESTIVALS THE KINGS WOULD BE GIVEN AN ANIMAL TO SACRIFICE TO THE GODS. * HERODOTUS also states that a privilege which came with their religious roles was that they were able to introduction and thesis, sit first.

Ancient Greece , Army , Battle of Thermopylae 771 Words | 4 Pages. Themistocles naval policy it had significant outcomes to each battle in paper check, a certain way. Themistocles’s naval policy was the foundation for future . Phrases. superiority for the Athenians, for these reasons the Athenians depended on the sea to be a trading power. As Herodotus stats: “Athens’ future lay on virginia the sea as a trading power”. As a result, this lead Themistocles to plan the improvement of the harbours in Athens for introduction, the trireme building programs, which will enable the Greeks to have a larger Navy consisting of triremes. Battle of Artemisium , Battle of Marathon , Battle of Mycale 1648 Words | 5 Pages. The Theme of Punishment in check, Herodotus's The Histories. Histories, written by blondes, Herodotus , have the theme of virginia punishment scattered throughout. Many of the stories are based upon self essay in french punishment and tax refund paper cruelty, . Classification Essay. partly because this book tells the virginia tax refund paper check, story of how the Greek city states fight off the introduction, Persians time and time again. Virginia Check. However, it is not only in battle it cruelty and punishment seen; the idea of punishment and cruelty for power, revenge, and self introduction essay control is seen throughout the entire work. Among the stories of The Histories, the punishments that Herodotus includes are astonishing.

Ancient Egypt , Attack , Core issues in ethics 1432 Words | 4 Pages. Points of tax refund paper check Argument on the Settlement of Cyrene. various inscriptions, such as Herodotus . Having been written by people of the epoch, influenced by essay, oral tradition as well as political and . social climates, and not as historical research, these writings should not be taken literally. And some, like Osborne, would say are automatically disqualified as historical evidence. Tax Refund. When examining the case of the write my term, foundation of paper check Cyrene, we must first assess the quality of our main source of information on the subject - Herodotus . Herodotus , who wrote in write my term, the 5th century.

1st millennium , 5th century BC , Battus I of Cyrene 1048 Words | 3 Pages. Religion, Death and Burial in Spartan Society. their religion very seriously. For example, Herodotus recorded that in 480 BC, King Leonidas lead a small army consisting of 300 Spartans (with . several thousand other Greek soldiers), who were to confront the powerful Persian army in a battle which is now known as the Battle of Thermopylae. Paper. The reason that Sparta only good essay sent forth 300 soldiers to the battle because Sparta was in the middle of the religious festival of the Karneia, and according to Herodotus , the Spartans would only ‘march with all the.

Achaemenid Empire , Ancient Greece , Battle of Thermopylae 989 Words | 3 Pages. was executed, ‘a step toward him’. (Allexperts, 2009) The Spartans at the battle of Thermopylae did not fight alone, there were many other Greek City . states that aided the Spartans in the battle, and this is stated in the following excerpt from virginia Herodotus book seven. “The Greeks who awaited the coming of Xerxes were the following: From Sparta, Three hundred men at arms: from and thesis Arcadia, a thousand Tegeans and Mantineans, five hundred of each people; a hundred and twenty Orchomenians, from the Arcadian. Ancient Greece , Battle of Plataea , Battle of Thermopylae 1303 Words | 4 Pages. Greek Victory in Second Persian Wars. superior leadership from commanders such as Themistocles and Leonidas, the effective Greek strategy and tax refund paper the cooperation of all the Greek city states to unite . against introduction essay in french, a common threat. Ancient historians such as Aeschylus in his play ‘The Persians’ and Herodotus attribute the Greek victory to the so called ‘hubris’ or extreme confidence and arrogance showed by Xerxes. All these reasons played a crucial role in the Greek victory over the Persians in the Second Persian War. Tax Refund. The leadership showed by men such. Battle of Marathon , Battle of Plataea , Battle of Salamis 1276 Words | 4 Pages. against the Persians in the years 490BC-479BC.

The three main points of view on the matter is that they were not united at all, which can be seen from the . accounts of importance of review of literature research Herodotus , that they were united, which can be seen in the Themistocles Decree and that it was Themistocles himself that made them unified. Virginia Paper. It is on the research of Herodotus that we rely most heavily on should my term paper for our information of the Persian War period. He is often criticised for his inaccuracy, bias and failure to evaluate events properly. Battle of tax refund Marathon , Battle of Plataea , Battle of Salamis 1772 Words | 6 Pages. the Egyptology theory, is a statement made by Greek historian Herodotus upon a visit to phrases, Egypt during the 5th Century BCE. To build the pyramid . it took twenty years according to tax refund paper check, (Estensen, M.: 1997: 82).

The think we can add is that Herodotus had waiting long after construction before visiting the pyramids. Herodotus gained his knowledge after take look about how the pyramids were built. The statement must be dismissed by german phrases, Herodotus if the idea from Egyptian nationalism is correct. In trying to. Ancient Egypt , Egypt , Egyptian pyramids 956 Words | 3 Pages. Modern and Ancient Interpretations of paper check Xerxes. portraying Xerxes in a positive light. Herodotus Herodotus was an ancient historian born just after the reign of Xerxes. In . his book The Histories, Herodotus doesn’t attack Xerxes but describes him in two ways. Firstly, a typical King whose subjects feared him and phrases secondly, a ruler punished by the gods for virginia, his arrogant use of power. Herodotus uses the bridging of my term paper Hellespont and destroying the Greek temples as examples of Xerxes arrogance.

Herodotus also writes about instances of Xerxes being. Achaemenid Empire , Battle of Salamis , Battle of Thermopylae 997 Words | 3 Pages. Solonian reorganization of the constitution had not eliminated bitter aristocratic contentions for control of the archonship, the chief executive post . Tax Refund Check. (Plutarch, 30). At this point in time there consisted of three major factors and according to Herodotus the political landscape was about territorial divisions in Attica. There were the men of the Plains, led by classification, Lycurgus, the men of the virginia tax refund, Coast, led by Megacles and importance of review of literature in nursing research the men of the virginia paper check, hills. The hills were the least politically influential and the poorest. Acropolis of Athens , Ancient Greece , Athenian democracy 2149 Words | 6 Pages. allow the tyrant to build a 100 ship naval army to which would benefit both the Egyptian king and should my term Polycrates. Paper Check. But after the of review in nursing research, king of Persia, Cyrus died, . Polycrates suddenly changed sides and joined the new Persian king Cambyses. This is recorded by Herodotus : Without the knowledge of the Samians, Polycrates sent an envoy to Cambyses the son of Cyrus (who was gathering an paper, army to attack Egypt) and asked him to send a messenger to him in Samos to ask for my term, an armed force.

When Cambyses heard this, he sent. Achaemenid Empire , Ancient Greece , Darius I of Persia 1065 Words | 2 Pages. Similarities in tax refund check, the failures of Xerxes’ invasion of Greece and importance of review of literature the Sicilian Expedition. solidify his place in the great line of Persian kings, who all made their name as conquerors. In his book, “The Histories,” the famous chronicler, . Herodotus states, “Xerxes’ pride in his lineage made him blind against any danger ( Herodotus 7.11.2). He sought an virginia tax refund, absolute decision. Either the essay, Persians would rule over the Greeks or the check, other way round ( Herodotus 7.11.3).” When Xerxes was planning his invasion of Greece, he decided to focus his attention on the superiority of his navy, and thus, most of.

Achaemenid Empire , Aeschylus , Ancient Greece 1641 Words | 6 Pages. Historical Causation in my term, Ancient Texts. the ‘cause’ means. Paper Check. Herodotus , the so called ‘father of history’, has stark contrast to Thucydides, the good german, so called ‘father of Realpolitik’, on tax refund paper . the way of how they interpret the historical causation. In general, Herodotus involves an extensive amount of theology to manifest his moral pedagogy; in contrast, Thucydides contempts on the unreasonable exaggeration of the self introduction in french, function of the gods, and sticks to the scientific facts and forms the model of truthful history.

Herodotus emphasizes the significance. Apollo , Delphi , History 1188 Words | 4 Pages. Battle of tax refund check Salamis and Themistocles. an army by sea to defend the pass…10 000 Greek hoplites assembled at Tempe. The Athenians were commanded by Themistocles” Herodotus – The . Histories. By making Themistocles a commander, Historians can recognise his ability as a leader and tactician through his utilisation by Athens. Should Write. Themistocles’ ability as a tactician was not fully recognised until he, according to Herodotus “gave Eurybiades a bribe to tax refund paper, induce him to write, stay at virginia tax refund paper, Artemisium and essay defend Euboea”. The decision in ensuring the paper check, Greek forces. Battle of Marathon , Battle of Plataea , Battle of Salamis 1895 Words | 5 Pages. Speech Comparison of Xerxes Themistocles.

influential person to Xerxes believed Xerxes was the most deserving to become his heir. Herodotus records that the Persians accounted Darius . a ‘merchant’ for his great achievements on setting the argumentative introduction, empire onto a sound financialfooting. Persians foreigners also called him ‘Lawgiver’ for his enforcement of the law. On the other hand, Themistocles was so greedy he stooped to virginia paper check, dishonest actions such as according to Herodotus he took a bribe of 30 talents to arrange the Greek fleets to argumentative introduction and thesis, stay longer in Artemesium. Achaemenid Empire , Aeschylus , Battle 661 Words | 3 Pages. Ancient History Hsc: the Greek World 500-440bc. Themistocles played a great role in Greek victory. At Artemisium and Salamis, Themistocles played a key role.

The Battle of Artemisium was a battle which . contained 271 Greek vessels controlled by Eurybiades and 1200 Persian vessels, according to Herodotus ’ numbers. There was a 3 day storm which inflicted major damage to the Persian fleet, but the Greeks were able to ride out the check, storm safely. Classification Essay On Teachers. Xerxes then ordered his fleet to virginia check, take on the Greeks at Cape Sepias in order to bring supplies, resulting in. Battle of Artemisium , Battle of Marathon , Battle of Mycale 1448 Words | 4 Pages. supports the Egyptology theory, is a statement made by Greek historian Herodotus upon a visit to Egypt during the 5th Century BCE., “…it took . ten years to build the track along which the blocks were hauled…To build the pyramid itself took twenty years…” (Estensen, M. : 1997: 82). One fact that is importance of review in nursing research so easily overlooked, however, is that Herodotus did not visit Egypt until long after the tax refund, construction of the pyramids. Herodotus gained his knowledge by querying local Egyptians in relation to classification, how.

Ancient Egypt , Egypt , Egyptian pyramids 1028 Words | 4 Pages. and teeth” ( Herodotus 225). These men fought valiantly until the virginia check, very end, and never gave up. The most disgraceful thing a Spartan soldier can . do is retreat from battle, they “preferred to die bravely rather than to live shamefully” (Diodorus 11). Ephialtes of Trachis, the betrayer of the Spartans and other Greeks was “stirred by the hope of receiving a rich reward at the king’s hands, and had come to tell them of the pathway which led across the mountain to Thermopylae” ( Herodotus 213). By disclosing. Achaemenid Empire , Battle of should write Marathon , Battle of Salamis 1396 Words | 4 Pages. History. New York: Penguin Group, 2010. This book provides an excellent overview of Aristagoras’ rule of Miletus and the subsequent rebellion that . Virginia Paper. resulted in the war between the Persian Empire and the Greeks and how his actions changed history. Herodotus , The Histories, Revised.

Trans. Aubrey de Salincourt. Ed. John M. Marincola. New York: Penguin Books, 2003. The only existing primary source, this edition also includes editorial comments to aid in understanding of the text, a glossary, timetable.

Achaemenid Empire , Ancient Greece , Battle of Thermopylae 1436 Words | 5 Pages.

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Manchester Metropolitan University. You can access information regarding coursework and coursework submission deadlines via Moodle (in the tax refund Assessments area). Within this area you should find the following information relating to coursework: The units you are registered for Coursework for each unit The type of coursework ie. essay, portfolio, presentation, in class test etc. Submission deadline(s) for each piece of coursework Number of essay, copies to be submitted Whether it has to virginia tax refund check be run through Turnitin Whether it is a group submission.

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What do I need to do to submit my coursework? Select the relevant piece of coursework - each piece of coursework will have its own cover sheet. Check? Click ‘Download Cover Sheet’ and importance of review in nursing print. Attach the cover sheet securely to your coursework. Does it matter if I print the wrong coursework cover sheet? Yes it does. Tax Refund Paper Check? Each coursework cover sheet is specific to you and essay specific to the individual piece of paper, coursework you are submitting.

DO NOT submit a coursework cover sheet for another piece of your coursework. DO NOT use another student's coursework cover sheet. Using the wrong coursework cover sheet could result in a late or non-submission record for blondes essay that piece of coursework. Contact the Student Hub with the following details if you believe you have submitted the wrong coursework cover sheet. Your name Your MMU ID Unit title, Unit code, piece of assignment title and submission deadline on the incorrect submitted Cover sheet Unit title, Unit code, piece of coursework title and submission of the correct cover sheet Your Unit Tutor. Can I print off my coursework cover sheet in advance? Yes #150; As long as you are registered on the unit, the coursework cover sheet will be available to download. If I lose my coursework cover sheet will I be able to check print another copy? You can print new copies of the coursework cover sheet up until your coursework has been submitted and recorded.

Once the piece of coursework has been submitted and recorded in the database, the blondes are smart Download Cover Sheet link is virginia tax refund check, replaced by the date your coursework was submitted. I need to submit more than one copy of the same piece of coursework – what do I do? You only need to print off one coursework cover sheet. Secure the copies together (or put in a plastic folder) and importance of review of literature attach the virginia tax refund paper coursework cover sheet. The coursework is a group submission – what do I do? If submitting as part of a group, every member of the group MUST print off their own coursework cover sheet Tick the box on classification the coursework cover sheet indicating it is virginia check, a group submission Attach each member of the groups coursework cover sheet to the ONE piece of are smart, coursework. I have to paper submit my work via Moodle – what do I do?

How you submit your work in Moodle depends on the type of assessment submission activity that has been set up by your tutor. Normally, they will provide clear instructions in in french, Moodle explaining what you need to do. An over view of the three main types of virginia, assignment submission activity are provided below. The icon shown below indicates a link to a Moodle assignment activity: The icon shown below indicates a link to a Turnitin assignment activity:

Moodle Video Assignment Submission. The icon shown below indicates a link to my term paper a Moodle Video assignment activity: Do I need a cover sheet for work that I submit online via Moodle? You do not need to attach cover sheets to assignments that are submitted only virginia tax refund paper check, online. However, if you are required to submit your work online (e.g. to Turnitin for good german phrases originality checking) and as a printed copy you will need a cover sheet to hand in the printed copy of your work. Do I get a receipt for assignments submitted online? Yes, you will receive a formal email from the check Coursework Receipting system when it has been confirmed that you work has been received. For submission to of review research Turnitin assignment activities. If you are submitting your work to Turnitin, as well as a formal receipt from the MMU coursework receipting system, you will also get an informal receipt from the Turnitin system. Only the email receipt from the MMU Coursework Receipting Systems is considered as formal receipt of your work . You can check the status of any submissions in Turnitin at check, any time by following the link to the Turnitin activity and selecting the My Submissions tab.

For submission to Moodle assignment activities. For submission to essay Moodle assignments you will receive only virginia tax refund paper check, a formal email from the Coursework Receipting system. You can check the essay status of any submissions in paper, Moodle assignment activities at any time by following the link to the Turnitin Moodle activity and paper looking under the Submission status heading. Moodle Video Assignment Submission. For submission to virginia tax refund paper check Moodle Video assignments you will receive only a formal email from the german phrases Coursework Receipting system. You can check the status of any submissions in Moodle Video assignment activities at any time by following the link to the Moodle Video assignment activity. Your uploaded videos will be listed as shown below. How do I know the date and time when my assignment is due to paper check be handed in? You will find the date on which your assignment is due in the Assessment block on the right hand side of the Moodle unit area.

Important Note: “You must submit your work on the deadline date. Please do not leave it until the last minute to submit your assignment, in case you encounter any difficulties. If you are submitting online, you are strongly advised to submit your work by 9.00 pm to make certain that the system uploads your work successfully before 11.59pm. Your work will automatically be recorded as a fail if it is not processed by 11.59pm.” Technical difficulties encountered between 9:00pm and 11:59 will not be considered as exceptional factors should you fail to make the deadline. I have submitted an assignment to Turnitin.

Why was this required and what happens to importance of review of literature in nursing my work. There are two main reasons that your tutors might be using Turnitin. This will normally be explained to tax refund you by your tutor in the assignment brief. 1. To check the self introduction in french originality of your work. “Students agree that by taking a course at MMU all required assessed work may be subject to virginia check submission for textual similarity review to Turnitin.com for the detection of plagiarism. Good Phrases? All submitted papers will be included as source documents in the Turnitin.com reference database solely for the purpose of detecting plagiarism of such papers. Use of the Turnitin.com service is subject to the Usage Policy posted on the Turnitin.com site.” 2. To use the Grademark tool provided in tax refund paper, Turnitin to award a mark, add comments and introduction feedback to your work. Once this has been done you will be able to virginia tax refund paper view your work along with the mark, comments and feedback that has been provided. I have to blondes submit my work on a CD/DVD/USB pen drive. Virginia Paper Check? How do I do this?

You need to print out a coursework cover sheet as usual and submit via the Coursework Submission Box. For a CD or DVD, place the disc inside a protective case or CD sleeve and put it, along with the Cover sheet inside an A4 plastic pocket wallet (like those you put inside A4 ring binders), and secure the top with staples. Alternatively use a plastic folder that closes securely. For a USB Pen drive, secure (sellotape) the pen drive to the cover sheet, and place inside an A4 plastic pocket wallet (like those you put inside A4 ring binders) and secure the top with staples. Written pieces of coursework MUST be submitted via the Coursework Submission Boxes. CD/DVDs/USB Pen drives secured as above should also be submitted via the Submission Boxes. Can I submit my coursework to a Coursework Submission Box located anywhere in the University?

No – you can only submit to the Coursework Submission box in the location identified on your coursework cover sheet and in the information contained in ‘My Assignments’ . The location(s) and availability of Coursework Submission Boxes for each Faculty/Campus are listed here and displayed on self introduction in french your ‘My Assignments’ page. Access to Coursework Submission Boxes is dependent upon the various opening times of University Buildings and tax refund paper availability may vary during University vacations. Good Essay Phrases? University Buildings are closed on public holidays and between Christmas and virginia paper New Year's day. Non-standard submissions (coursework too large to be submitted via the submission boxes) Alternative arrangements/locations are in place in each Faculty/Campus ie a studio, a lab. etc for blondes are smart the submission of virginia tax refund check, larger or non-standard pieces of work, ie journals, garments, portfolios, artwork and dental devises that do not fit into the blue Coursework Submission Boxes. Information in on teachers, ‘My Assignments’ and your coursework cover sheet will identify the submission location for virginia check your coursework. Print your coursework cover sheet and hand this in at the alternative location identified in ‘My Assignments’ page and on essay on teachers the coursework cover sheet. What confirmation do I receive to show that I have submitted my work? The Coursework Submission Boxes are emptied regularly during the tax refund paper check day and coursework is logged the classification day it is submitted. The submission deadline for all coursework is 9.00pm on the submission date. An email receipt is sent to your MMU email account once receipt of your coursework is logged.

Please check your MMU email account regularly. You will receive an tax refund paper email receipt within 12 working hours of submission (email receipts for good german phrases work submitted late Friday will be sent the virginia tax refund paper check following Monday). What if I cannot submit my work by the submission deadline? If for any reason you feel you will be unable to submit your work by the specified deadline you should immediately make an appointment to see or speak with your Student Support Officer. If you submit the piece of on teachers, coursework after the submission deadline you will receive a “Late Submission” email, and information in ‘My Assignments’ will automatically update to record the work as a ‘late submission’.

Note: a mark of zero will be applied to virginia paper check all late submissions. If you fail to self introduction in french submit coursework you will receive a Non Submission email notification, and information in ‘My Assignments’ will show ‘non-submission’ against that piece of coursework. Please note that if you do not undertake coursework based assignments and you are a student on a Programme participating in the Student Engagement Monitoring Scheme, this will trigger further correspondence regarding non-engagement in your programme of check, study. Unless a PLP extension is in place or Exceptional Factors have been approved by an appropriate panel, a mark of zero will be applied to all late and non submissions. You should be aware of the penalties for late and non submission of are smart essay, coursework.

These are outlined in the Assessment Regulations for virginia paper check Undergraduate and Postgraduate Programmes of blondes, Study. In Year Assignment Recovery Scheme. In Year Assignment Recovery is open to Level 4 students who receive a mark of paper, less than 40% for summatively assessed elements of assessments (this includes late submission) or who fail to importance of review of literature research submit summatively assessed elements of assessments by specified deadlines. You will have received an email if you are eligible for this scheme, along with details of who to contact to discuss this further. Please also see Scheme Details. I have exceptional factors which have affected my ability to virginia tax refund check submit my piece of coursework by in nursing the submission deadline. If you feel you that exceptional factors have affected your ability to virginia tax refund submit your piece of on teachers, coursework by the submission deadline you should complete an Exceptional Factors Form (EF1) explaining the circumstances affecting your ability to hand in virginia check, your work by should my term paper the submission deadline. For further information on the procedures relating to Exceptional Factors, please refer to the Guidance Notes. I have been granted a revised submission deadline by paper the Exceptional Factors panel how will this be dealt with?

The Student Life Office will be informed of any revised submission deadlines. The information in Moodle and in ‘My Assignments’ will automatically show the revised date. I have a Personal Learning Plan (PLP) - what do I do if I can’t hand my coursework in on time? Does your PLP state that you can negotiate revised submission deadlines? If yes – and you are experiencing difficulties meeting deadlines for reasons related to your disability. Make an importance research appointment with the Departmental Disability Coordinator to discuss your needs and where appropriate agree a revised submission deadline. The Departmental Disability Coordinator will complete a (PLP) Coursework Submission Form identifying the revised submission deadline. Virginia Tax Refund Paper Check? You will be given a copy and of literature in nursing a copy forwarded to the Student Life Office. The revised submission date will show in ‘My Assignments’ via Moodle and the Coursework Information Site. You have been absent from the university and were unable to request a revised submission deadline or have missed your deadline for virginia paper check reasons related your disability (e.g. Importance Of Literature In Nursing? hospital admission), please speak to the Departmental Disability Coordinator.

If yes – BUT the reasons you are experiencing difficulties meeting deadlines are NOT related to your disability i.e an illness not related to your disability or a family bereavement. Your request for an revised submission deadline will have to tax refund paper check be considered by the Exceptional Factors Panel. Of Review Of Literature Research? Complete an Exceptional Factors Form (EF1) and submit your form in accordance with the Exceptional Factors process. Full details of which are found at http://www.mmu.ac.uk/academic/casqe/regulations/exfacs-students.php. If your PLP does not state you can negotiate revised coursework submission deadlines. And you are experiencing difficulty meeting deadlines for reasons related to virginia check a disability (e.g. Good Essay? condition has deteriorated), you should contact the Disability Development Service. Paper? And exceptional factors prevent you from introduction essay in french, attending, completing or submitting an virginia check assessment on time then you will have to go through the importance of review of literature in nursing research normal exceptional factors procedures as detailed above.

Problems with submitting your work? Some or all of my units are not showing in ‘My Assignments’ You may not be registered on virginia paper check all your units. Visit the Student Hub to ensure you are registered on the correct units. If you are not registered on importance in nursing a particular unit you will not be able to print the paper coursework cover sheet to submit your assignment. I can’t print my coursework cover sheet. If the coursework cover sheet is not showing or it won't download correctly, please contact the Student Hub to resolve the issue. I have not received an email receipt what do I do? First check your spam account/junk mail folder.

Check the information in Moodle and ‘My Assignments’ to see if your piece of coursework has been recorded as submitted. If still no email receipt and no record in essay, ‘My Assignments’, then contact the Student Hub/Student Life Office. I have received an incorrect email receipt for my coursework submission – what should I do? If you have received a Late Submission e-mail and you have been granted a revised submission deadline either from the virginia tax refund check Exceptional Factors Panel or as a result of negotiations relating to your PLP, please email the Student Hub with the following information: The original submission date. The date you submitted your work. Also submit confirmation from the Exceptional Factors Panel or if you have been granted an revised deadline as a result of argumentative essay introduction, your PLP, the PLP Coursework Submission Form signed by the Unit Tutor or designated member of academic staff. If you have received a Non-submission email and virginia check you believe you have submitted your work please email the german Student Hub immediately with the information listed above. Moodle tells me I should expect feedback by a particular date, what does this mean?

As part of our MMU Commitment, you can expect feedback on your work by the date shown. Your Unit Leader will explain the nature and format of the feedback you will receive. If you have been granted an extension for your submission, your return date may differ from the one shown. What is the paper check status of marks in Moodle? Marks shown in Moodle are provisional and subject to confirmation by Assessment Boards.

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It also gave the message that our youth is mature and wise enough to understand their responsibility and they would give their mandate after carefully considering candidates#8217; capabilities. Being young, they are not swayed by the old systems of caste, creed and blondes are smart other orthodoxy which had been the bane of Indian politics for quite some time in the post-independence era. The government also seemed to have realised that it was important for India#8217;s future to induct the paper check youth in the democratic process at german, an early age. After all it is the tax refund check youth who ultimately will become the stalwarts in politics and one day will hold the reins in their hands. There has been much debate and discussion in various circles across the country on whether the youth should take part in politics.

Image Source : upload.wikimedia.org. Many people believed that the importance of review youngsters being of a tender age do not fully comprehend the paper intrigues connected with politics for which it is often called a dirty game. If the youth get entangled in political activities, they will lose direction and importance of literature in nursing research purpose. Another fear was that the politics is dominated by middle-aged and old people. If the youth also enter the arena, there will be an check atmosphere of rivalry.

Belonging to different generations, there is a possibility of generation gap, misunderstanding and even rejection of one age group of the other those who of the opinion that those among the youngsters who are students and at the threshold of some career will suffer immensely if they go astray. If they start missing their classes and take part in meetings and rallies, they will be left behind in their career. Being immature and inexperienced about the demands of life they may put to a great loss in their life at a later stage after having lost valuable time as students. It is necessary to have a look at the situation prevailing in colleges and universities where elections are held every year for the posts of President, Secretary, Treasurer and write my term paper other office bearers. The atmosphere is full of tax refund paper political rivalries and classification essay intrigues near the elections. There is canvassing campaign among the students presenting the tax refund paper check qualities and plans of the respective candidates. The university elections have assumed huge importance as national parties like Congress, BJP and others have started taking active part in these elections and fielding their candidates, rather giving their party label to the candidates. The people who not like these elections to be given such a huge dimension have based their views on the fact that several times these elections have turned ugly with incidents of violence. The colleges and the universities become battlefields with rival groups of students attacking each other.

Heavy police deployment at times is unable to stop them because the good german police hesitate to use force against virginia tax refund, the tender-aged students. But the problem is that many bad elements are always ready to take advantage of such volatile situations. Should? They abet innocent youth to use violent methods to achieve their ends. The students often are not aware that they are being taken advantage of. Some idlers also join the tax refund election campaign to get some name and fame and also some money. It becomes difficult for the authorities to distinguish between the genuine campaigners and goonda elements. If some action is blondes are smart essay, taken against anyone, the students go on strike whereby the cause of education and their own career is greatly harmed. That is why people say that the virginia paper students should stay away from politics. Their duty is to acquire knowledge, get education and seek some good career to become self-dependent and a support for their parents.

Apart from the college and university campuses, other places in towns and cities, especially the public places become centres of discussion on politics. Many idlers gather there and make various kinds of strategies and plans. India is a place where some kind of election or the other is argumentative essay introduction, always nearby-from Parliament elections to Panchayat elections. Virginia Tax Refund? Therefore these idlers are never short of material for discussion. Some of them have access to local heads, MLAs, village chief, block presidents and members of Zila Parishad. My Term? These politicians use these idle youths to grind their political axe. They are often paid to check, become their informers and act according to their advice.

As such the atmosphere in villages, towns and small cities is always soaked in what is known as local politics. Few people think about doing some productive work for the benefit of society and country. Politics teaches the youth to steal the limelight by hook or crook and in french encash it in some forthcoming election. The youth also include people who are not students, but are engaged in some job or enterprise. For them to take part in politics is more of a matter of interest rather than getting some position in a political party. Virginia Check? Only a small number among them ever give a serious thought of becoming a party worker, attending meetings and taking part in campaigns. However, in our country there is a cult of succession in politics. In Nehru family, the youth have been inducted in active politics-from Indira Gandhi to Rahul and Priyanka Gandhi. Some people oppose this cult while others hail it. There can be a long discussion on whether the politicians should be allowed to sustain this cult. But we can say with a considerable degree of consensus that the young, adults or old and established politicians should not be stopped from taking part in active politics until they do not take undue advantage of their parentage and position.

Being the citizens of a democratic nation they have every right to become active politicians. Should My Term Paper? They better understand the political atmosphere in the country and virginia tax refund are well aware of the demands of essay politics. The youth inducted into politics have matured into great leaders. Young people are not only virginia check, enthusiastic and energetic but are also full of new ideas. They are able to instil freshness in the political affairs of their respective region as well as the nation. We can conclude by saying that today#8217;s youth are highly intelligent and educated.

They have a high awareness level. If they take part in politics, they will enrich it with their new ideas. Welcome to good german, Shareyouressays.com! Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about Essay. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Before publishing your Essay on this site, please read the following pages:

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essay shrew taming Ace G. Tax Refund Paper Check! Pilkington and Stephanie Chidester. The Taming of the Shrew: The Mirror of Film. (originally published in essay phrases, Encyclia , Vol. 70, 1993) In the late twentieth century, it is not unusual for audience members to come away from productions of tax refund check, The Taming of the importance of literature in nursing Shrew with the impression that they have just witnessed the story of paper check, a dynamic woman turned into a Stepford wife. 1 There are also Shakespearean critics who hold such views. G. I. Duthie, for instance, describes Katherina as a spirited woman who is cowed into abject submission by the violence of an egregious bully (147). John Fletcher's 1611 play The Woman's Prize, or the Tamer Tamed , in which Petruchio's second wife treats him as he had treated Kate, 2 suggests that even during Shakespeare's lifetime the battle of the sexes within the play had become a battle of the critics outside it. 3.

Shakespearean scholars on the other side argue, as Charles Boyce does, that far from being a tale of domination, the play's main plot concerns the development of character and of love in a particular sort of personality (626). Boyce goes on to say that The violence in The Shrew --except for the beatings of servants . is limited to Katherina's own assaults on Bianca and Petruchio (626). Nor is Boyce alone in classification essay on teachers, his belief that Petruchio is physically kind to Kate; as Robert Speaight writes, It is virginia paper check only to others that he is rough (59). Much of the confusion comes from a simultaneous idealization of the twentieth century 4 and denigration of the sixteenth, a glorification of the sensibilities of modern critics, directors, and audiences coupled with a condemnation of the medieval insensitivity of the playwright. For example, Jonathan Miller, director of the 1980 BBC Shrew , says, Shakespeare is extolling the virtues of the write my term paper obedient wife . in accordance with the virginia tax refund paper check sixteenth-century belief that for the orderly running of society, some sort of sacrifice of personal freedom is necessary. He defends his position with an attack, arguing that If we wish to make all plays from the should write paper past conform to our ideals . we're simply rewriting all plays and turning them into modern ones, a practice he calls historical suburbanism (140). However, he is himself engaging in virginia tax refund paper check, a procedure which might be called historical blurring, allowing certain historical trends to obscure individuals and their divergent opinions. 5 No period can be correctly characterized as homogeneous, certainly not a time as tendentious as the Renaissance.

To maintain that women's rights were not hotly debated by Shakespeare and his contemporaries is ignorance coupled with arrogance, and to fit the creator of Portia, Rosalind, and Viola into the company of male supremacists requires an adept mental contortionist. 6 One need look no further than John Fletcher's epilogue to The Tamer Tamed for a flat contradiction of classification essay on teachers, Jonathan Miller's implied Renaissance world picture. In the epilogue, Fletcher claims his play is meant/ To teach both Sexes due equality; And as they stand bound, to love mutually (148). Those critics who acquit Shakespeare of male chauvinism often accuse him of virginia tax refund paper, bad craftsmanship. Thus H. J. Oliver writes in his introduction to the Oxford edition of the play, In The Taming of the Shrew he [Shakespeare] was dramatizing material from argumentative introduction unrealistic literature that was perfectly acceptable on the level of the Punch and paper check Judy show but ran the risk of embarrassing as soon as it rose above that level (51). He has previously said, We sympathize with Katherine--and as soon as we do, farce becomes impossible (51).

But rather than assuming that Shrew should therefore be played as comedy and german phrases not farce, Oliver decides that Shakespeare has been led astray by his low comedy source. Directors of stage and film versions of the play must also participate in this long-running and complex controversy, choosing sides and making critical judgements as they make their artistic choices. If the five film versions of the play which are currently available are not likely to give a definitive answer, they certainly provide a representative sample, a set of tax refund, performance texts with which to explore Shakespeare's blueprint. They include a live television production with Charlton Heston, a full-scale movie version directed by good phrases, Franco Zeffirelli, a filmed stage production from the virginia 1982 Stratford, Ontario Shakespeare Festival, the BBC's television studio version made for the thirty-seven play Canon in the Can, and, finally, Bard's made-for-videocassette version filmed on a replica Shakespearean stage without the audience. Those directors who see the play as a man's violent domination of a woman have manipulated the text in two main ways. One is to essay foreground the violence a la Charles Marowitz, who declares that The modern technique of brainwashing is, almost to the letter, what Petruchio makes Katherine undergo (18). Keith Digby's 1980 Stratford, Ontario, production, for virginia tax refund instance, characterized Petruchio's ministrations as brutality in write my term, a concerted application to destroy Kate's individuality through her total subjugation (Loudon 678). 7. Another and virginia tax refund more popular means of importance of literature, not dealing directly with the tax refund check main story has been as Tice L. Miller writes, to german essay phrases mock it by turning the production into knockabout farce (662). This was the virginia tax refund strategy of the 1991 Utah Shakespearean Festival production, a strategy which, as usual, pleased most audience members while infuriating those who felt that Kate or Shakespeare or both had been violated. 8 Nancy Mellich wrote in her Salt Lake Tribune review, As interpreted by director Kathleen Conlin, Petruchio is a muscle-flexing bully, Kate a groveling, shrieking victim, and poor Will Shakespeare a male chauvinist.

What a pity, because that is a grave disservice to these witty, feisty, intelligent and immensely appealing characters. Both the Charlton Heston live television Shrew and the Bard versions employ comic violence and of literature clearly signal Petruchio's physical domination of Kate. The sparse, sixty- minute production starring Charlton Heston emphasizes the comic violence and eliminates much of the wit combat. Kate first enters at virginia check, the beginning of Act 2, dressed for equestrian exercise and beating Bianca with a riding crop at 2.1.22. 9 Perhaps this is an indication of the horseplay to come. Because the first scene between Petruchio and Kate is essay and thesis so abbreviated, the physical action therein is concentrated, and paper check the sparring seems more physical than intellectual; of the 88 lines in the text, 34 have been cut. The combat becomes heated when Kate threatens, best beware my sting (2.1.210) and bites Petruchio's hand. When he moves to grab her bottom on the line Who knows not where a wasp does wear his sting?/ In his tail (2.1.213-14), she slaps his hand. After Petruchio proclaims himself a gentleman (2.1.217), Kate lustily exclaims, That I'll try and slaps his face, finally provoking him to anger. His response, after Kate declares, If you strike me you are no gentleman (2.1.220), is to slap her twice (not, however, as hard as she slapped him). He holds her wrists behind her back with one arm as he compliments her from 2.1.236-244, and Kate stamps on his foot at Thou art pleasant, gamesome. (2.1.239).

Then, just before he says, Nor hast thou pleasure to be cross in talk (2.1.243), Petruchio puts his hand over her mouth to prevent her from speaking, and she promptly bites it. Kate has escaped his grasp by 2.1.251, and she begins throwing bric-a-brac and potted plants at him; she then tries to should write my term paper beat him with the broken lute when he says, be thou Dian and let her be Kate (2.1.254), but she misses and falls over his lap in virginia paper check, a spanking position. And Petruchio does just that on line 260. The Bard production too includes much horseplay but moves even further in the direction of farce. Throughout the performance, everyone on stage sighs when Bianca is mentioned, and the entire cast leans whenever anyone says Pisa. Additional instances of the on teachers Bard's shtick are Lucentio's unsuccessful attempt to quote a Shakespearean sonnet, Shall I compare thee to a. Shall I compare thee to a. Virginia! just before 1.1.14; the playing out argumentative introduction and thesis, of the lute-smashing scene on screen; and Petruchio's and check Hortensio's apparent fear of classification on teachers, being struck by lightning after the former says, though she chide as loud/ As thunder when the paper clouds in autumn crack (1.2.94-5), and again after Hortensio says, Her name is are smart essay Katherina Minola (1.2.98). Katherine and Petruchio dive into the violence enthusiastically if not immediately, and when they do, the text becomes subordinate to the action, despite the fact that all the lines in this encounter are intact. Virginia Tax Refund Paper! The first truly violent action comes at 2.1.217, when Kate punches her suitor in the jaw and knocks him to the ground.

Petruchio jumps up, looking as though he's going to punch her back, but he controls the german essay urge. Some of the most noteworthy bits of roughhousing occur from tax refund lines 236-65, during which Petruchio grabs Kate from behind (236), and Kate flips him over her back (237). At line 239, Petruchio grabs her from behind again, lifts her from the floor, then, as he says, slow in blondes are smart, speech (240), he puts his hand over her mouth. Kate, of course, takes this opportunity to virginia paper check bite his hand (243), after which he lets her go. When Petruchio speaks of gentle conference (245), she jumps on his back and paper grabs his face.

Later, at 2.1.255, Kate lunges at him and falls to the floor, giving Petruchio the opportunity to seize her ankle and bend her knee so she can't get up. After line 257, It is extempore from my mother wit, Petruchio bites her toe; she screams, shakes Petruchio off, pins him on the floor and bends his knee into the same awkward position, before she replies, A witty mother! Witless else her son (258). Finally, Petruchio twists around and tax refund pushes Katherine to the floor at Marry, so I mean, sweet Katherine, in your bed (2.1.260). Classification Essay! He kneels between her legs, catches her wrists, and holds her down while he forcefully insists that they will be married. Virginia Tax Refund! 10. Although most productions of Shrew cut the classification Induction (as four of virginia tax refund paper, these five films have done) the play within the of review research play is still part of virginia paper check, Shakespeare's text and his intent, and this pointedly artificial structure can show the actors in the main plot as role players whose actions shift with their situations. Further, inside the play within the play are yet other productions which may be used to distract from any unpleasantness (real or imagined) in should write my term, the main plot. Virginia Tax Refund Check! Bianca's suitors--Lucentio and Hortensio--disguise themselves to woo her, and Lucentio, who pretends to be the emissary of Gremio, directs his own actors--Tranio and a chance-met Pedant--in a comedy designed to end with Lucentio's wedding to should paper Bianca. Meanwhile, Petruchio and paper his servants play out a drama which might be called Petruchio the Shrew . Indeed, there is scarcely a scene which does not involve a deceptive performance for an on-stage audience.

The Induction draws attention to blondes the tricks of actors and to the acting that others do, And if the boy have not a woman's gift/ To rain a shower of commanded tears,/ An onion will do well for such a shift (1.124-6). Preceded by virginia tax refund paper, those lines, Kate's words to Bianca, A pretty peat! It is best/ Put finger in self introduction, the eye, and she knew why (1.1.78-79), show Bianca as a boy actor who plays the role of a girl who pretends to cry. Kate accuses her sister of playing father's pet, and much of Kate's shrewish behavior may be attributed to virginia paper check her frustration with the success of Bianca's role playing. Enter Petruchio to act many parts--fortune hunter, wealthy suitor, swaggering master, true lover, shrew tamer, and--in the pursuit of this last--shrew. In this shifting, indeed very opal of a context it is hard to take Petruchio seriously as an advocate of the right rule of the sixteenth century male and are smart yet the Induction and virginia paper check its implications are Shakespeare's. By including the Induction and emphasizing the play-within-a-play aspect of Shrew , the Stratford Festival has foregrounded the kind of good german phrases, performance which a stage production can do best. As H. R. Coursen declared, The production's outstanding quality was its theatricality (286).

In fact, the Stratford film goes beyond the lines and stage directions included in most texts of the play to achieve that theatricality. The Shrew players bow, for example, in recognition of Christopher Sly and company and allow Sly to tax refund check act out the good german phrases part of Biondello. Later on in the play, Sly takes on check, directorial authority, demanding from his seat in the balcony that Vincentio not be taken to prison. In addition, Petruchio and Kate, on their way to self essay in french the bed chamber, walk past and virginia tax refund check acknowledge their onstage audience, and Petruchio's taming soliloquy of 4.1.182-205 is delivered on the balcony in their midst. 11 The film concludes with lines from The Taming of A Shrew , in which Christopher Sly, waking to find that he is not a lord, decides that he must have dreamt the argumentative and thesis play and declares that he is going home to tame his own wife. The violence was minimized in this production, giving more attention to the combat of wits. This reduction did not, of course, please everyone. Ralph Berry complained, To see the Shrew assimilated into homiletic drama is tax refund hard for those of us who regard its vital essences as brutality and sexuality (200).

12 It is, perhaps , significant that Berry links those two words and lists brutality first, but like so much Shakespeare criticism, it says more about the psychology of the introduction critic than the reality of the play. Nevertheless, not all physical confrontation was eliminated. Petruchio says, In sooth, you scape not so and chases Kate when she tries to leave; he then grabs her from behind, lifts her off the floor, carries her to a chair, and places her on his lap. Kate bites him when he tells her she is passing courteous and thus escapes from his lap, but Petruchio recaptures her by reaching across the table and pulling her up onto virginia tax refund paper, it. There is indeed much fighting over and even kicking of tables.

For this production, the end result of in french, Petruchio's behavior modification was not a broken or even subdued Kate but a Kate who has seen through the virginia tax refund paper layers of role playing to reality. After Petruchio exits on what o'clock I say it is and self in french Hortensio says, this gallant will command the sun, Kate suddenly realizes what Petruchio is up to. Her enlightenment consists of a small oh, then a larger one followed by virginia check, quiet laughter. If the Stratford Festival emphasized that part of Shrew which is best played on a stage, Zeffirelli's retelling of Shakespeare's story provided the importance in nursing research maximum number of opportunities for a movie camera. Virginia Paper Check! Petruchio's wooing of and confrontation with Katherine becomes a chase scene through Baptista's house and over the rooftop with opportunities for swinging on ropes, smashing wooden structures, and repeatedly falling into a large pile of wool. Kate in her turn becomes the pursuer after the wedding, tracking her new husband over rough country during a storm.

As a result of this filmic revision, Zeffirelli's Shrew avoided the direct violence usually included in 2.1 by should my term, turning the scene into a series of chases through Baptista's house. After he says I'll crave the day/ When I shall ask the banns and virginia tax refund check when be married (2.1.179-80), Petruchio rolls up his sleeves and enters a room to find Kate destroying a music stand. She throws a small lute at him when he says he has heard her mildness praised in every town (191), and she kicks Petruchio's stool out from under him at blondes, line 198. But after she insists that she is Too light for such a swain as you to catch, she pretends Baptista has entered the room and says, Father, this man. and, when Petruchio turns round to look for virginia tax refund check Baptista, she slips out of the room, initiating a chase through the german essay phrases household. This Petruchio is, initially, obsessed with money and not much else.

When Hortensio says, in virginia, lines which exist in the screenplay but not in Shakespeare's text, Now Petruchio, if I do plot thy match with Katherine, there is a favor I would ask of importance in nursing, thee to help me woo her younger sister, Bianca, Petruchio responds, Ask it, and virginia tax refund paper check so it be not gold, tis granted. In addition, when he enters Baptista's home, he eagerly inspects a silver serving set which is on a table. Should My Term! Zeffirelli has shifted lines so that the check first thing Petruchio says to his future father-in-law is, What dowry shall I have with her as wife? He repeats the argumentative and thesis question in its rightful place (2.1.119-20), and when Baptista tells him he shall have twenty thousand crowns, he utters an tax refund, Ah! of pleasure, and smiles. Also, after he tells Kate, Will you, nill you, I will marry you, she says, I'd rather die and argumentative introduction jumps out a high window (onto a roof, we soon discover); he shows no concern for Katherine personally at this point, but mutters anxiously, My twenty thousand crowns, looking exceedingly relieved when he finds that he has not lost her dowry.

While this production is check less violent than one might expect from a director as concerned with physical action as Zeffirelli, 13 Petruchio's characterization is considerably darker than Shakespeare's play indicates. After the marriage, Petruchio puts Kate on a mule, and he and Grumio gallop off toward his house without waiting for her. Kate chases after them in the rain and essay introduction finds a shortcut over a mountain; when she gets to the other side, however, her mule is virginia tax refund check startled by Petruchio's horse and throws her into a pond. Petruchio chortles and rides on without offering assistance, leaving her to survive the rain (which soon turns to snow) on her own. When Petruchio reaches his home, he celebrates by throwing gold to his servants. He looks disappointed and disgruntled when Kate walks through the good german phrases door, as though he had hoped she was dead and the dowry his with no further trouble, and virginia tax refund paper his complaints to his servants concerning the lack of preparation for his bride's arrival seem a desperate attempt to cover his surprise and excuse his boorishness. Essay And Thesis! But despite this unpromising (and unShakespearean beginning), by the end of the film, this Petruchio and Kate have realized the love which their first glimpses of each other suggested they might find. Tax Refund Check! As Jack Jorgens says, Their struggle, really a mutual taming, is 'the old game'--they test each other, school each other (68). If this Petruchio is not a conscious improver of Kate, he does change her (as she changes him) for the better, a message of hope which the rainbows and syrupy music have been foreshadowing all along. Except for its omission of the Induction, the BBC Shrew is the truest to classification on teachers the text of the five films. It is also the one version which foregrounds the words rather than the comedic business of the play.

Petruchio's confiding of his strategy to the audience is given full weight both before his first encounter with Katherine and at his own home. Suddenly, the extended hawk-taming metaphor in 4.1 leaps out tax refund check, as, if not the center of the play, at least the central explanation for Petruchio's behavior. In his soliloquy, he explains the theory of his taming, using an image that nearly everyone in Shakespeare's audience would have understood and that few people in modern audiences do. Argumentative Essay And Thesis! The comparison with the art of falconry is especially significant, since the falconer undertakes only to redirect the hawk's natural impulses; it is impossible to break such a bird's spirit. As T. H. White writes in The Goshawk , Any cruelty, being immediately resented, was worse than useless (16). Petruchio speaks of a way to kill a wife with kindness (4.1.197), and his words to tax refund check Katherine are almost always gentle. Importance Of Literature In Nursing! He praises her wit and beauty in phrases that must ring in her ears with a refreshing strangeness. This is, of course, precisely the wrong way to virginia tax refund paper check break her.

If that were his intention, he would be better advised to make her worthlessness clear to essay her, until in very weariness and despair she does as she is told. Instead, he treats her as a lady who deserves the best of everything, while acting himself as the very mirror of her shrewishness. In no other production is check this as clear as in the BBC. Importance! John Cleese's clever glances out at virginia tax refund paper, the television audience make it plain that his own shrewishness is mere performance. Indeed the sole blow between Katherine and Petruchio comes at 2.1.217 when the play's stage directions indicate that Kate strikes him.

The only other physical clashes between the self introduction in french two occur at 2.1.234 when Petruchio grabs her arm to restrain her from leaving the paper room; at essay, 2.1.314 when he twists her arm behind her back and leads her out of the room; and at 2.1.317 when Kate pushes him away. Paper Check! They even manage to blondes maintain a civilized (though sarcastic) tone of voice throughout most of the episode, communicating through the meaning rather than the volume of their words. The BBC is the only film where Petruchio does not carry Katherine off stage after the wedding scene, and paper the only film in which Petruchio's pretense of rescuing Kate from the wedding guests is even mildly convincing. As in blondes essay, the Stratford, Ontario production, when the newlyweds arrive at Petruchio's house, Petruchio behaves abominably toward his servants, but, when he speaks to Kate, he is all mildness and manners. For instance, after he scolds and kicks the servant who is removing his boots, saying, Take that, and mend the plucking of the other, he exclaims with the paper check greatest gusto, Be merry, Kate (4.1.142-3). In addition, it is clear that this taming is just as rough on Petruchio as it is on Kate when he wearily reveals his strategy at the end of 4.1; also, he sounds discouraged when he tells Kate, Look what I speak or do or think to write do,/ You are still crossing it (4.3.190-91). A particularly amusing instance of virginia, Petruchio's imitation of Kate's behavior (and his deliberate ignoring of her wishes) comes when she throws a tearful fit because Petruchio has rejected the new hat at 4.3.73-80. Of Literature In Nursing! He responds by throwing the same sort of tantrum, whimpering, A custard-coffin, a bauble, a silken pie./ I love thee well in that thou lik'st it not (4.3.81-3). Kate sees through and decides to tax refund play along with Petruchio's game at 4.5.12, agreeing that the sun is moon or sun or what you please and addressing Vincentio as a young budding virgin; it seems that she has learned marital cooperation and equality.

However, Kate's speech concerning woman's place is not more playacting, but is delivered in earnest, recommending submission rather than equality, a message that is emphasized by the psalm which the dinner guests sing at argumentative, the end of the tax refund paper play. It is unfortunate that Jonathan Miller has used subtext to blondes essay subvert what is otherwise an excellent version of Shakespeare's text. Having established an intellectual and physical equality between Kate and tax refund paper check Petruchio from the opening scenes, he takes it away by sleight of hand at the conclusion. 14 And surely the creator of those ludicrous Puritans Angelo, Jacques, and Malvolio deserves better than to importance of literature in nursing research have their creed substituted for virginia check his own. If it is not finally possible to point out or even imagine a definitive production of Shrew , it is possible to separate Shakespeare's play from some of the classification on teachers misunderstandings and misapprehensions that have collected round it like cobwebs. Tax Refund Paper! The play does not demand brutality, nor is it a sixteenth century tract for the subjugation of women. As usual, Shakespeare is subtler than his interpreters and more modern than the historians and are smart pseudo-historians who seek to place him in check, an imagined past with which they themselves are more comfortable. Shakespeare's great strength is good phrases his understanding of human beings, and until actors, directors and critics can better that understanding, they--and we--would be better advised to learn from Shakespeare than to try to give him lessons in check, the form of revisions. 1 The term comes from Ira Levin's 1972 novel, The Stepford Wives and self essay in french the film of the virginia paper same name that was made from it in 1975. In both, women are replaced by docile android replicas with limited vocabularies and insatiable desires to clean house. [Return to text.] 2 It is worth noting in this context that shrew was a title which initially belonged to men anyway, the of review of literature word appearing first (the Oxford English Dictionary indicates) in 1250 and not being applied to women until 1386. [Return to tax refund text.]

3 However, Fletcher's association with Shakespeare's company and his later collaboration on self essay in french, Henry VIII and The Two Noble Kinsmen give credence to Ann Thompson's contention that by writing The Tamer Tamed , Fletcher was . putting the check play into its traditional context of the war of the essay sexes, a context in virginia tax refund paper, which normally . a story about a husband outwitting . his wife is capped . by one in which a wife outwits her husband, the overall moral being that . the best marriages are based on equality and mutual respect (18). Given Shakespeare's pre-eminence as a playwright for the King's Men, his financial share in the company, and the theatrical failure of Fletcher's The Faithful Shepherdess (published in 1610), it is hard to imagine Fletcher's sequel to essay introduction and thesis Shrew as anything other than a compliment to its author and a continuation of his themes. [Return to text.] 4 See, for paper instance, chapter five of Susan Faludi's Backlash , Fatal and Fetal Visions: The Backlash in the Movies (112-139). [Return to text.] 5 As Willcox and Arnstein write in The Age of Aristocracy , A society, past or present, can be described only in generalizations, which by their nature are unsatisfactory (47). Good! [Return to tax refund paper text.] 6 If it is objected that these women wear male attire and thus take on essay, male characteristics, one might point to the many women in Shakespeare's plays who exhibit masculine traits without adopting male attire or becoming monsters: Cordelia leads an army in virginia, King Lear ; Helena, though a right maid for her cowardice, chases her lover through the good essay forest night in virginia tax refund, Midsummer ; another Helena outwits and ultimately catches Bertram in marriage in All's Well , in self introduction in french, part because of her skill in the masculine profession of virginia paper, physician; Beatrice expresses a desire to of review in nursing eat Claudio's heart in the market place in Much Ado; and Paulina is the virginia tax refund paper check only member of Leontes' court courageous enough to call the King mad in The Winter's Tale. [Return to text.] 7 Interestingly, Sherry Flett played Katherine in argumentative, this Stratford Shrew and in the very different 1982 Stratford Festival production which we will examine later. [Return to text.] 8 In addition to the knockabout elements, the USF played down the Kate-Petruchio problem by virginia paper check, treating the self play as an opportunity for ensemble performance, giving the Bianca subplot and even Hortensio's widow a prominence they seldom attain. [Return to text.]

9 All act, scene and line references are to the Signet Classic Shakespeare , Sylvan Barnet, editor. [Return to virginia tax refund paper check text.] 10 If this is to should paper be taken as a comic threat of rape, it is more in the spirit of the twentieth century and, for example, the 1991 Kevin Costner Robin Hood: Prince of virginia paper check, Thieves than of anything Shakespearean. [Return to introduction text.] 11 Performance is emphasized in another way at Petruchio's home in Act 4 where Petruchio demonstrates how foolish Kate's shrewish behavior looks to others by playing it himself. He behaves like an outraged monster with his servants, as when he calls a servingman A whoreson, beetle-headed, flap-eared knave (4.1.151), but is the very epitome of courtesy when he addresses Kate. For instance, just after he curses the servingman, he calmly invites, Come, Kate, sit down; I know you have a stomach (4.1.152). Check! [Return to text.] 12 Berry objected to the Stratford Festival's program notes which suggested 'Petruchio frees her from this role [of shrew] by enacting a calculated plan of behaviour modification' (200). Berry was taken to task by H. R. Coursen, who said, While I am no fan of a director's program notes, good actors overcome concepts.

And this concept does have textual support. Petruchio is holding a mirror up to classification essay Kate (287). Virginia Paper Check! [Return to text.] 13 However, as Jack Jorgens points out, the physical has not been abandoned or even subordinated, Apart from sentimental romance, Zeffirelli's major emphasis is upon farce. The film delights in harmless violence and festive destruction (71). Good German Essay! [Return to text.] 14 Scott McMillan sees Miller's production as more deadly, in fact, a straightforward piece of tax refund, shrew bashing. Casting John Cleese as Petruchio was first greeted as a sign of essay in french, zaniness, but the anti-feminist inheritance from 'Monty Python' was here being turned to explicit purpose. Virginia Paper! Kate's concluding speech about the simplicity of women is the most centered and valorized speech in all of Miller's productions (80). [Return to text.]

Berry, Ralph. Stratford Festival: Canada. Shakespeare Quarterly 33.2 (Summer 1982): 199-201. Boyce, Charles. Shakespeare A to Z . New York: Roundtable Press Inc., 1990. Coursen, H. R. The Stratford, Canada, Shrew on TV. In Shakespeare on Television: An Anthology of Essays and Reviews . Eds. J. Are Smart! C. Bulman and H. Virginia Paper! R. Coursen. Hanover and London: University Press of New England, 1988. Essay Phrases! 286-87.

Duthie, G. I. Shakespeare . Paper Check! London: Hutchinson Co., 1966. Faludi, Susan. Backlash . New York: Crown Publishers, Inc., 1991. Fletcher, John. The Woman's Prize or The Tamer Tamed . Ed. George B. Ferguson.

London: Mouton Co., 1966. Jorgens, Jack J. Shakespeare on Film . Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1979. Levi, Peter. The Life and Times of William Shakespeare . New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1988. Levin, Ira. The Stepford Wives . New York: Random House, 1972. Loudon, George W. Rev. of The Taming of the Shrew , by William Shakespeare. Dir. Keith Digby. Theatre Three, Edmonton, Alberta.

1980. Essay! In Shakespeare Around the Globe . Ed. Samuel L. Tax Refund Paper Check! Leiter. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 677-78. Marowitz, Charles. Importance Of Review Of Literature In Nursing Research! Introduction. The Marowitz Shakespeare . London: Marion Boyars, 1978. McMillin, Scott.

The Moon in the Morning. In Shakespeare on Television: An Anthology of Essays and Reviews . Paper Check! Eds. J. C. Bulman and H. Essay! R. Coursen. Hanover and London: University Press of New England, 1988. 76-81. Mellich, Nancy. Cedar City's 'Shrew' has missed the point. Salt Lake Tribune 8 July 1991: C5. Miller, Jonathan.

Interview with Jonathan Miller. With Tim Hallinan. Shakespeare Quarterly 32.2 (1981): 134-45. Miller, Tice M. The Taming of the Shrew. In Shakespeare Around the Globe . Ed. Samuel L. Leiter. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 661-66. Oliver, H. J. Introduction. The Oxford Shakespeare: The Taming of the virginia check Shrew . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984.

Shakespeare, William. The Complete Signet Classic Shakespeare . On Teachers! Ed. Sylvan Barnet. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc., 1972. Speaight, Robert. Shakespeare: The Man and His Achievement . London: J. M. Dent Sons Ltd., 1977. The Taming of the Shrew . By William Shakespeare. Dir. John Allison. Bard Productions, Ltd.

1982. The Taming of the tax refund paper Shrew . By William Shakespeare. Dir. Essay On Teachers! Peter Dews. Virginia! Stratford, Ontario Shakespeare Festival. Canadian Broadcast Corporation. 1982. The Taming of the Shrew . By William Shakespeare. Dir.

Jonathan Miller. Of Review! With John Cleese. Virginia! BBC/Time-Life Productions. 1980. The Taming of the Shrew . By William Shakespeare. Dir. Paul Nickell. With Charlton Heston. Westinghouse Studio One. Essay Introduction! CBS-TV.

5 June 1950. The Taming of the Shrew . Tax Refund Check! By William Shakespeare. Dir. Franco Zeffirelli. With Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor. Royal Films International. 1966. Thompson, Ann. Introduction. The New Cambridge Shakespeare: The Taming of the of review of literature in nursing Shrew . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

White, T. H. Tax Refund Check! The Goshawk . New York: The Viking Press, 1951. Willcox, William B., and Walter L. Arnstein. Good Essay Phrases! The Age of Aristocracy: 1688 to 1830 . 6th Ed. Lexington: D. C. Heath and tax refund Company, 1992. Copyright © 1997 by Ace G. Pilkington and Stephanie Chidester.