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RESEARCH WRITING PROCESS: Open thesis vs closed thesis

Open form essay thesis

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business plan issues You are receiving this e-letter because you#146;ve worked with us, attended a workshop or webinar, or signed up at our website. Having trouble reading this email? View it in your browser. Form. Not interested in receiving e-letters? Unsubscribe instantly. an e-letter of ideas. for ageism employment effective organizations. Strategy, planning organizational development.

683 Commonwealth Avenue. Newton MA 02459. Form Thesis. 12 ways to research sciencentific, serve mission. It#146;s about communication. Get the most out of a board. Tilt the form odds toward success. Pre-test your decisions. Why a mission statement#63; Metrics are essential tools. Mission, stability, revenue.

Differentiate and coordinate. Reduce cost #38; risk, improve quality. Stay alert and adapt. Do, measure, track, report. The essence of nonprofits. When is strategy a bad thing#63; More resources for planning.

38 Tips for Success. All rights reserved. Complete, fully attributed copies may be made and shared. Free professional development webinars for trustees and oil & staff of form thesis, nonprofits since 2009, Wednesdays at 1:00 Eastern / 10:00 Pacific , courtesy of 4Good . For webinar schedule, descriptions, registration links the Regulation archive, go to Wednesday Webinars. Open Form Essay. We work with clients via Skype, document sharing, email and phone conference to enable them to leverage their efforts with our expertise. Call Sam Frank at essay about myself interview 617 969 1881 or e#45;mail us to discuss the possibilities. Open Form. This quarter’s Critical Issue is business planning, which connects many of our prior Issues. Business planning is one of the three core activities of integrated planning. It overlaps with the other two, strategic and program planning, to varying extents, depending on the nature, stage, and needs of the nonprofit, and can share the assessment and essay plan development stages of the strategic planning process when they are pursued simultaneously.

It needs to develop meaningful, mission-driven metrics, draws on market research that may include surveys, affects and is affected by brand identity, and can make use of financial modeling. Many of the webinars we’ve presented over the past two years touch on aspects of business planning, as well. Open Form Essay. See the archive and current schedule for a complete listing. A nonprofit organization has the same need for a business plan as a for-profit company. Whether your mission focuses on social benefit or profit, business planning is about charting a course toward success and sustainability.

While the Regulation value of business planning is most clearly understood in open essay thesis starting new programs/services, especially social enterprise initiatives, it is also a lens that should be used periodically to assess the effectiveness of ongoing programs/services. In CI #11: The Case for Integrated Planning , we described a comprehensive process with three activities at its core: strategic, program and business planning#58; the why , the what and the how . Management. No matter how compelling the why , or how thorough the what , the open form essay thesis how is the third leg of a three-legged stool#58; the research other two are useless without it. Business planning provides a framework for identifying, examining and optimizing the elements of open form thesis, financial sustainability. It can support the choices made in mission#45;based discussions by detailing#58; revenues needed to realize objectives means to research paper, achieve those revenues information needed to evaluate, develop and open thesis sustain the enterprise support structures and resources required for research operations initial and ongoing risk opportunities and pitfalls of growth measures of success the case for investment #40;for prospective donors#41; What Goes Into a Business Plan? Business planning involves gathering, organizing, analyzing and conveying a large body of otherwise disparate information, such as: The starting point for a meaningful business plan, whether for an existing operation or a new initiative, is a solid foundation of clear and precise description. If the business planning process follows strategic or program planning, they will provide the content for why and what #40;see CI #11 #41;. The strategic plan will have been developed through a consensus-driven process involving all stakeholders #40;see CI #35;1#58; Why Plan#63; #41;, and the program plan will have come out of the professional expertise of the CEO and open thesis staff. The role of the business plan is to take this work and provide additional market, financial, and operational perspective. If there is no current strategic and#47;or program plan, the business planning process will have to incorporate strategic thinking to Regulation, assure support of the nonprofit’s mission #40;the why #41;, rather than attending only to how . #40;market conditions, competition, market share, program offerings, target population, pricing#41; Identifying a need alone does not make a convincing argument for form essay thesis a nonprofit program. Are there others serving the essay same or similar need or target population#63; If so, what is the market like#63; Is what you are proposing #40;or doing#41; unique, compelling and sustainable#63; Is there opportunity for collaboration with another entity rather than going it alone#63; Despite its for#45;profit sound, market analysis is an important, if underused, tool for essay thesis nonprofits. #40;positioning, targeting, marketing, programs, competitive advantage#41; If the employment market analysis indicates that it’s worth proceeding, you’ll need to consider how you will be presenting your offering to the marketplace. This will include identity and branding #40;see CI#9: Brand Identity for Nonprofits #41;, communications #40;see the NonprofitWebinars archive #41;, and a variety of efforts that may benefit from consultation with experienced entrepreneurs and other business people on essay, your board, in your community, or perhaps in an organization elsewhere that has similar experience.

Operations and Regulation structure. Form. #40;infrastructure, responsibilities, reporting, policies, processes, departmental plans#41; A new initiative will likely require support of various kinds. Will it be managed within your existing processes, or will it need some separate operation#63; Do you already have the structure you needpolicies, business operations, technology#63; Will the new venture put a strain on paper method, staff#63; #40;funding, personnel, facilities, technology, phasing#41; What are the full resource requirements of the initiative at the outset, and how will they need to be scaled with growth#63; How will resources need to thesis, be phased in, and what funding needs to Regulation, be in place at what time#63; Business / financial goals. #40;revenue model and projections, capital and open essay thesis program fundraising, investments, metrics for defining success#41; The traditional core of about interview, business planning is financial projection. What sort of costs will you encounter before you develop a reliable revenue stream #40;whether from operations or from predictable donations#41;#63; How will you raise the initial funding, and how can you time your expenditures to stay within your resources#63; Financial modeling #40;CI #6#41; can help you prepare for thesis a range of research paper sciencentific, eventualities in these areas. How will you measure, monitor and report on operations#63; For discussion of metrics, see CI #8: The Measure of Success , and open the NonprofitWebinars archive .

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RESEARCH WRITING PROCESS: Open thesis vs closed thesis

Poverty In America Case Study Business Ethics Essays and Research Papers. ?Candy’s Dilemma This ethics case focuses on a non-partner manager for a CPA firm who decides to leave the firm to work in the . private industry. Form Essay. The manager’s name is Candy Bookit and the CPA firm she was working for Regulation is Ima, Sharp and Crooke. The case begins with Candy deciding to form essay leave the CPA firm to accept a controllership position with Artifice Company, a company who was a client of her CPA firm. Artifice Company was a holding company for a group of family-owned corporations that were all heavily. Aristotle , Business ethics , Company 2750 Words | 7 Pages. the ethics of the essays company, as well as the culture in which this company represented. In order for Benji to form essay make a decision, he will need to . base his decision on many critical factors.

These factors may include: offers from other corporations, the ability to essay on global words work within the business ethics of New Gen. and the culture of New Gen. Understanding business ethics will be useful for Benji to open essay thesis evaluate New Gen. De George refers to business ethics as the “everyday moral or ethical norms to business .” (De. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Ethics 1037 Words | 3 Pages. April Marshall CASE STUDY THREE questions -- 1. I believe the retail management main ethical issue arises from a generalized lack of concern . in form essay certain areas. I do believe that the issue was brought to light way before it was exposed, it always is. The concern never takes to find an exit into the profit is dried-up, and essay myself, this case the profit was enough to keep it quiet for strongest they could stand.

The dilemma rises up within honesty and form thesis, the power that was abused. 2. I believe he had help, even though he. Bernard Madoff , Exchange rate , Investment 799 Words | 3 Pages. ? Business Ethics Case Study . 1. Benji Watson is the type of individual corporations everywhere would be proud to research paper sciencentific have on their team. New Gen Health Sciences is not his only choice, and open thesis, I do not believe it would be a wise choice for Benji. Writing Sociology Essays. The mere fact the Benji is a Liberty University graduate tells New Gen that he values honesty, has strong moral principles and prefers to be ethical in open form thesis his.

Business ethics , Cher , Christian terms 976 Words | 3 Pages. ? Business Ethics Case Study #1 Starbucks Starbucks is essay a business that has been around . Open. since 1971 serving a various amount of coffee for Regulation people all around the United States. This business started in the city of thesis, Seattle with getting port of coffee from around the world. Today they are international business getting in approximately $11 billion dollars a year. With this being said Starbucks is a very high pace, high traffic environment with all the stores giving a home feel to them so when you order. Coffee , Corporate social responsibility , Employee benefit 1492 Words | 5 Pages.

Content of assignment Individual assignment 2: (hand in week 4) Phase 1,2,3 of the ethical cycle: Moral problem statement Problem analysis Options . for action Phase 4 of the ethical cycle: Intuition Utilitarianism Bentham Mill 2.2 Case : “Fire Detectors” Residential fires cause many deaths each year. Several companies manufacture fire detectors in a highly competitive market. Jim is employment essay a senior manager at one of thesis, these companies. Research Paper Sciencentific Method. He has been invited to discuss with the open management team. Ethics , Jeremy Bentham , John Stuart Mill 656 Words | 3 Pages. B Poverty and about myself interview, Polluting Case Study By Toccara Johnson BUS 309 Professor C.Craig March 1, 2013 Determine . the ethical implications of business polluting in a third world country. Essay Thesis. Businesses go into these countries and set up camp. Retail. Meaning they go there and open form thesis, pollute the ageism country with all those toxic waste chemicals and the land, air and essay thesis, water is employment essay then contaminated so bad that the people who live there end up sick from eating, drinking or breathing these toxins.

I don’t know if they feel that. Air pollution , Country classifications , Environmentalism 1560 Words | 4 Pages. Business Ethics-Case Study Summary. 1.0 Case Study Summary Ice-T(Tracy Morrow) a black rap artist signed under the Time Warner label, released an . album called “Body Count” in 1992 that contained a controversial song, Cop Killer”. The lyrics included, I've got my twelve-gauge sawed-off…I’m about to dust some crops off…die, pig, die.” The American society hold fidel on form, immoral against theft,rape enslavement, murder, child abuse, assault, slander, fraud, law-breaking and sociology essays, so on. Time warner record. Censorship , Ethics , First Amendment to the United States Constitution 843 Words | 4 Pages. Case Study: Business Morals and Ethics. Case Study #2 The “White Coffin” Dilemma GSM 5131 BUSINESS LAW ETHICS 1 Story Outline • . Aminah, quality senior manager of Good Food Packaging S/B (“the Company”) which manufacture polystyrene, plastic foam food container in open form essay SK. Interview. • Recently, she been told found that her company?s product will cause adverse effect to human health. • She now very much concern with this issue, and form, management of the research paper sciencentific Company also been notified.

They want Aminah to just „close one eye? and not reveal to. Business , Business ethics , Corporation 1149 Words | 6 Pages. Case 1 Raju knew he was smart. Essay. His classmates always turned to him for help on assignments and he always knew the essay myself interview answers to the questions . his teachers asked in class. Raju just didn't study for essay tests so his grades were often mediocre. He knew he could do better in Regulation school, it was just that school was so. well, boring.School was coming to an end for open essay the year and Raju needed to research get a good job this summer, after all this was the end of his junior year. He desperately wanted to open thesis work at the famous.

Case study 1193 Words | 2 Pages. below it; this is not a requirement, just a suggestion. Otherwise, please follow the instructions/format suggestions in parenthesis after each question. This . is intended to be an INDIVIDUAL exercise in knowledge and understanding of the law and Regulation, business ethics , please do not discuss the exam with your classmates. Essay Thesis. You are permitted to use outside material, however, you can receive full credit by using only the material from the research book and class. Open Form Essay Thesis. *If I give you a legal conclusion, do not debate it and create. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Ethics 905 Words | 3 Pages. Ethics Case Study Ethical business behavior can be defined by business leadership. . “Generally speaking, an action or choice can be considered ethically correct if it’s honest, fair, supports a beneficial outcome for both parties, and ageism, generally enables the overall corporate image and open form essay, vision” (Definition of ageism employment essay, Ethics , 2002). In the following we will discuss how economic pressures on China, Jamaica, and America play a role in the ethical decision-making for open financial, environmental, and cultural issues. Business ethics , Decision making , Economics 865 Words | 3 Pages.

Case Study on ageism employment, the Topic of Business Ethics. Case study on the topic of Business Ethics : Key employee (Based on real facts, names of people . and name of the company are changed) “Mirax” is essay a well-known constructional company in Vilnius, Lithuania. Ageism. The firm is made up of form thesis, 100 unskilled workmen, 12 first line supervisors and essay, 6 higher level managers, stuff of 20 office personnel and open form essay, the president Evaldas Vanagas, who established “Mirax” company 7 years ago. Juozas Marcinkenas came to essay on global warming in 250 the company 5 years ago, when he was the third year. Design , Designer , Jonas Brothers 731 Words | 3 Pages. Business Law and Ethics Case Study. increase the happiness of more people and parties by exaggerating his work experience.

The first party that would benefit from this is his parents. As was . said in the case study (2014), Tom’s mother had lost her job a few years ago and has remained unemployed since. Tom’s father has also not been doing well financially, as his business has not been doing well as of lately, which would lead to less income for the family. Tom’s parents would be better off financially, as they will no longer need to form thesis support. Employment , Ethics , Indra Nooyi 1126 Words | 4 Pages. Essay on: The business ethics climate in about myself interview Latin America Written by open form Florian H. Writing Good Essays. International . Business Semester 2013 Course: Business Ethics The business ethics climate in Latin America A problem for international companies, taking Peru as an example! The Spanish saying: “El que no tranza no avanza.” (One that doesn`t act unethical will not proceed), unfortunately describes best the prevailing immoral way of doing business in the Latin American. Americas , Applied ethics , Business ethics 1888 Words | 7 Pages. (Delete the “Topic No” for Assignment 2).

B.2 Instructions for essay Assignment 1 1. Essay Interview. Your report should contain the following sections in the order given below: . Section 1: Introduction and Background Section 2: Discussion of Current Issues Section 3: Case Studies and Discussion Section 4: Conclusions and Suggestions 2. For Section 2 and Section 3, you are required to do survey / questionnaire / data collection / interviews etc. to substantiate your arguments. 3. Form Essay Thesis. You should limit the main content of ageism employment, your. Case study , Ethics , Scientific method 1996 Words | 6 Pages. Business Ethics Concepts and Cases. Business Ethics Concepts and Cases Ethics means the open form essay thesis behavior and essay, actions of an individual or . organization leading to the common good of the society and company. Open Form Essay Thesis. The best way to begin the discussion of paper sciencentific, business ethics is by looking at how real companies have incorporated ethics into essay thesis their operation. Merck and Company a well-known name in the pharmaceutical industry resolved the issue of disease called river blindness. River blindness was a disease prominent on the river coast in the third world countries. Business ethics , Competition , Economics 1625 Words | 5 Pages.

Business Law and Ethics Case Study. would be purity. Writing Good Essays. If Tom were to open thesis tell on Brenda, he would be hurting Brenda and Mary, but he would also be causing small increases in unknown happiness to the . community (school leavers and their families, police, the community). Writing Good Sociology Essays. Kantian ethics Under Kantian Ethics , Tom should be talking to Michael and explaining the situation to him, as he is focusing on his duty to do what is morally right, regardless of the consequences (QUT, 2011). Universal Acceptability is followed as telling Michael the truth. Consequentialism , Ethics , Immanuel Kant 826 Words | 3 Pages. SAP America Case Study The case is open essay thesis about a company named SAP America , which is the . abbreviation for Systems, Applications and Programs in Data Processing, which in three short years had gone from a smaller company to the heavy hitter within the corporate computing world. Within this case there were many details brought to oil & management light on the ambition of the founding members, and the eventual additions to the SAP team. The case details how this firm took their R/3 product, which was a real-time, integrated.

Application server , Case study , Computer software 1429 Words | 4 Pages. Global Business Ethics Case Study. Global Business Ethics Case Study Sophie and Carling Ltd. Paris, France 1. What are the main . ethical issues? a) Corruption: Soroprom CEO handled $75,000 in cash to form thesis Sophie, thanks for management work and open form essay thesis, this serves as a gift to good essays her. Sophie accepted that because she wanted to use this money to pay her lawyer’s bill to keep custody of her children. b) “Necessary sex” for the interests: Sophie attracted her supervisors, male co-workers.

She used “necessary sex” to essay achieve her ambitious goal, she became. Business ethics , Ethics , Morality 728 Words | 3 Pages. For this coursework I have chosen case study 2. Within this assignment I will be able to highlight the key stakeholders and . identify their main ethical issues and evaluate the ageism essay case using two ethical theories; Utilitarianism and Ethics of open form essay, Duty. Furthermore, I will be able to evaluate on Tom’s decision and whether it was ethical or not. Within this case I have been able to identify many ethical issues, however the main issues I shall be discussing are, Tom taking the designs without permission and.

Aesthetics , Business ethics , Ethics 1797 Words | 6 Pages. to the essay about interview result of GREED. Greed is form essay a disease, and has plagued several organizational leaders over time and caused them to essay on global warming words go against their good . Essay. ethics and morals. There are many opinions as to Regulation why people commit the acts that they do but the bottom line is that money will sometimes bring out the essay thesis evil in the best of on global, people and Leaders of thesis, Corporate America are not immune. Background: The beginning phases of WorldCom began in employment essay 1983 with a plan to create a long distance telephone carrier. Business ethics , Categorical imperative , Deontological ethics 1287 Words | 4 Pages. customer.

Bank of America has decided to charge a monthly fee for the privilege of shopping with their debit cards on either debit or credit . during the check out process. At this time, there have been no plans to alter the ATM fees for customer needing to get cash out. Throughout this study , I have five main points to exam. These are: What caused Bank of America to invoke the fee? What was the cost of customer dissatisfaction? Where there any positive effects on either the business or general public. Bank , Bank of America , Cheque 1440 Words | 3 Pages. Ethics Case Study HCS/335 July 15, 2013 Ethics Case Study . Form Thesis. Ethics are an important aspect of an individual’s personal and professional life, as ethics help people determine whether their actions are right or wrong, good or bad, just or unjust, and fair or unfair (Fremen, 2009).

In any career, strong workplace ethics and interpersonal ethics are essential. One situation is the case study involving Dr. William’s office assistant, Jerry McCall. Jerry received a call while sitting in for the receptionist. Business ethics , Ethics , Justice 802 Words | 3 Pages. Ethics Case Study Ethics can be defined as a system of moral principles. Ethics refer . to the standards of Regulation, what human beings consider to be right and open form, wrong. Regulation. It is essay thesis more ethical to do what is right as opposed to doing what is ageism employment wrong. These moral decisions are not always easy to open essay make. Following ethical guidelines does not always mean that one does what is in their own best interest.

It is essay a more ethical to include the interests of form, people that depend on you in the decisions that you make, whether. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Deontological ethics 1571 Words | 4 Pages. The Importance of Ethics in Business Recent events in corporate America have demonstrated the good destructive . effects that occur when the leadership of a company does not behave ethically. One might wonder how such gifted, highly; savvy organizations such as Enron, Tyco, and open form essay thesis, WorldCom got themselves in such of a big mess! Well, I am here to essay on global in 250 words tell you that the open form answer lies within the idea and importance of business ethics . Business ethics should be interpreted as the standards of sociology essays, conduct of. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Compliance and ethics program 1538 Words | 5 Pages.

choices: whether to be friendly or unfriendly; whether to tell the truth or lie; whether to open be generous or greedy; whether to study in order to . pass an exam or to essay warming words spend valuable study time watching television and open essay, cheat to pass it. These, and all other questions about how people act toward themselves and one another are dealt with in a field of study called ethics . Management. Another name for ethics is form thesis morality. Because both words suggest customary ways of paper sciencentific method, behavior, they are somewhat misleading. Form Essay Thesis. It had to do with what. Applied ethics , Business , Business ethics 1192 Words | 3 Pages. Ethics and Education: OVERVIEW: The study of ethics is essential for a good education for various reasons. In . this essay, I will discuss those reasons in detail and provide examples. For one, it teaches students to become better individuals by teaching them to abide by society’s rules and regulations. It also teaches students to lead by example and be better leaders. Most important of all, it also helps students deal with conflicts in the present and future.

Before I start to tell you what the. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Education 2116 Words | 6 Pages. Case 4.4: “A New Work Ethic ” Student: Maria Leiva Instructor: Prof. Essay In 250 Words. Chuck Brooks Date: January 29, 2012 . Introduction This assignment discusses the open thesis case of James Sheehy, who worked undercover in a restaurant and discovered the attitude of the oil & management younger generations towards work ethics , especially under the customer service area, which they lacked, and also how they perceived employee theft. The following questions are to help us analyze and maybe even understand where business. Adam Smith , Business , Business ethics 1253 Words | 4 Pages. [Type the company name] Panalba Case : Role-play experience, Recommendation, and open, Personal Ethics write up. Panalba . Case Study - Analysis The factors that might contribute to take decisions in a socially irresponsibly way in this case are: ‘Panalba’ accounts for 12% of Upjohn Company’s gross income in the U.S. Upjohn doesn’t have any close substitute for ‘Panalba’. Some of the specific business and organizational issues confronted by myself the board members that contributed to the conflict between. Board of thesis, directors , Chairman , Ethics 818 Words | 2 Pages.

What is Business Ethics ? Business ethics is ageism employment exactly the same as normal ethics , and form essay, that . knows what is research paper right or wrong, and essay thesis, learning what is right and myself, what is open form thesis wrong in a business environment. Then doing the right thing, but the right thing is retail not as straightforward as explained in many business ethics books. Most ethical dilemmas in the workplace are not simply a matter of open form, Should she steal from him? or Should he lie to his boss? Businesses cannot function without ethics , why? Society dictates.

Applied ethics , Business , Business ethics 2471 Words | 7 Pages. Ethics Case Study Part A ! Utilitarianism Utilitarianism would not qualify Tom falsifying data as . unethical, as it would have the greatest benefits to the larger quantity of stakeholders whilst only bringing a limited amount of harm. This can be seen through the stakeholders who benefit from essay interview, Tom gaining full-time employment such as; his parents, the child receiving the form life-saving sponsorship, the charity and the government, as Tom could start paying his HECS debt. One stakeholder who. Deontological ethics , Ethics , Fast food 1185 Words | 3 Pages.

Case Study Assignment_ Decision Essay: Virgin America 1. Brief summary of essay on global warming in 250, case Virgin . Form. America is a United States-based airline that began service on Regulation, August 8, 2007. The airline’s stated aim is to provide low-fare, high-quality service for long-haul point-to-point service between major metropolitan cities on the Eastern and West Coast seaboards. Form Essay Thesis. Their current audience is upper-middle class 18. 30-year-olds who enjoy having a crazy, wild time and sociology essays, fly four to six times per year. However, compared. Air France , Airline , Airlines 1594 Words | 4 Pages. Business Ethics vs. Military Ethics. Business Ethics versus Military Ethics June 18, 2005 Business Ethics versus . Military Ethics The ultimate basis for ethics is clear: Human behavior has consequences for the welfare of others. We are capable of acting toward others in open form essay thesis such a way as to ageism employment increase or decrease the quality of their lives.

We are capable of helping or harming. Form Essay Thesis. What is essay on global warming in 250 words more, we are theoretically capable of understanding when we are doing the one and open form essay, when the essay myself other. This is so because we have the capacity to put ourselves. Applied ethics , Business , Business ethics 1580 Words | 5 Pages. Running Head: BANK OF AMERICA Assignment 1: Bank of America Case Study Sylvia . Armstrong Dr. Marie-Line Germain HRM 532 – Talent Management January 22, 2012 1. Outline the talent management program that led to success for form the company. Bank of America has always been a leader in the financial services industry. Its philosophy of talent management and development is driven by seven guiding principles that create a mindset that.

Leadership , Management , Organizational studies and writing good, human resource management 1493 Words | 6 Pages. Ethics Case Study January 18, 2011 HSC/335 Abstract This paper will explain the different situation that . people face in their every day life. Open Essay Thesis. Also, the Regulation example will determine what a doctor, medical personnel, or patient should do in any situation involving health care situation. Open Thesis. Healthcare has become a main focus of a person life especially if the have a certain disease or illness that’s not preventable. Patients who are in any type of critical condition will face very expensive medical. Bioethics , Ethics , Health care 990 Words | 4 Pages.

A New Work Ethic This is a case study on A New Work Ethic written by James Sheehy a human resources . manager. According to the Business Dictionary (2011) ethic is define as the basic concepts and fundamental principles of right human conduct. It includes study of universal values such as the essential equality of all men and women, human or natural rights, obedience to the law of land, concern for health and safety and, increasingly, also for research paper the natural environment. According to Sheehy the attitudes. Capitalism , Customer service , Employment 977 Words | 3 Pages. are Ethics ? Ethics are standards of behavior, developed as a result of ones concept of right and wrong (Judson Harrison, 2010). . Code of ethics is a list of principles that is form essay thesis intended to influence the oil & management actions of healthcare professionals within an organization. Ethical principles help guide the open form essay thesis decision-making process among healthcare workers in complicated situations. Essay Warming. This paper will review the assigned case study and provide the reader with the open form essay ethical issues and principles.

The case study discussed. Bioethics , Business ethics , Ethics 1168 Words | 4 Pages. Project 1- Business Ethics Case Study As years go by essay myself more firms are beginning to recognize the form essay . benefits of improving ethical conduct. They are seeing an enormous correlation between business ethics and financial performance (Ferrell). There are numerous of examples that demonstrate that building an ethical reputation among employees, customers, and the general public pays off. For example, employee commitment and trust, investor loyalty and trust, and oil &, customer satisfaction and trust, which in. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Decision making 1689 Words | 5 Pages. Ethics Case Study Julie A Daily August 23, 2010 Ethics Case Study . Open Form Thesis. This ethical case study involves an eight month old infant that has been injured. After arriving at the emergency department it is noted that the infant has bilateral fractured femurs. The physician in this case has decided after speaking with the mother that this case is good essays not one of abuse and therefore should not be reported.

Why do we have a code of ethics in essay thesis the medical profession? We as health care. Ethics , Health care , Health care provider 839 Words | 3 Pages. ? Ethics case study Eron Carter HCS/ 335 September 17, 2014 Sherry Williams Dr. Williams assistant Jerry . does have the training but does not have the ability to make a call for a patient because if he prescribed the wrong dosage amount then there will be in trouble with the patient and also with HIPAA. It will not be in the best interest of Jerry to writing essays make this call for Dr.

Williams without making a call to Dr. Williams first. In order for this to happen without breaking any laws, Jerry needs. Ethics , Health care , Health care provider 824 Words | 4 Pages. PSY430 Ethics in Psychology Case Study Joe, a 35-year-old, male mental-health counselor, received a client . referral, 35year-old Jill, from a community-counseling clinic. He began providing counseling services to her.

Jill's problem was that she was unsatisfied with her current job as a bank teller and was experiencing mild anxiety and depression. Joe had been providing services to Jill for three weeks when she disclosed that she was confused about open form essay thesis her sexuality because she was sexually attracted. Human sexual behavior , Human sexuality , Interpersonal relationship 811 Words | 3 Pages. Case Studies on Ethics for oil & retail Student Affairs. (2010).

Media Review: Maybe I should . . . Case studies on ethics for student affairs professionals. Journal of . Student Affairs Research and open, Practice, 47(3), 387–389. Management. doi:10.2202/1949-6605.6165 Available at http://journals.naspa.org/jsarp/vol47/iss3/art8/ Media Features and Reviews Media Review: Maybe I should . . . Case Studies on Ethics for Student Affairs Professionals Hamrick, F.A. Essay. Benjamin, M. Sociology. (Eds.) (2009). Maybe I should . . . Case studies on ethics for student affairs professionals. Form Thesis. Lanham. Business ethics , Case study , Ethics 1165 Words | 5 Pages. Executive summary This case by using the ageism employment moral theories to analysis the moral issues and solve the open form essay thesis ethical dilemma. Because Andy’s wrong . business decision, that he doesn’t know how to continue and what to do now. Essay Myself. First question is about his moral dilemma and open, the moral issues through the oil & management whole case , Andy did not break any laws in this case , and he should take social responsibility to care about open form essay thesis his stakeholders, not only for Regulation his own profits.

Question 2 is discussing the form thesis employer’s ethical manner. Business ethics , Coffee , Corporate social responsibility 2432 Words | 7 Pages. Ethics Case Study Shannon Rantz HCS/335 June Seventeenth, 2013 Audrey Crooms, MSA Ethics . Case Study The case study of Jerry McCall, one of the medical assistants in Dr. Sociology Essays. William’s office, describes one of the many challenges that occur on a daily basis while working in open essay thesis a doctor’s office. There are many different levels of staff present in an office that have an array of different job duties and scopes of essay on global in 250 words, practice. Form Essay. Jerry was presented with a patient that was in need of a prescription refill on. Bioethics , Business ethics , Ethics 969 Words | 3 Pages. Corporate Governance and Business Ethics Case Study. ASSIGNMENT NO.1 Subject: CORPORATE GOVERNANCE Topic: Business Ethics scenario Case Study Date: . 7th March 2011 Submitted by: Miss. On Global. Janhavi R Joshi Submitted to: Professor Mrs.

Monica Khanna 1. Receiving a Holiday Gift: A supplier sends a basket of expensive foodstuffs to open form thesis your home at paper Christmas with a card: We hope you and your family enjoy the 'goodies.'. What action(s) might you want to take? Answer: Ethical dilemma: There are two reasons for such generosity from the Supplier. Business ethics , Ethics , Food 2162 Words | 6 Pages. Code of Ethics and Security Case Study. Code of Ethics and Security Case Study December 20, 2010 Abstract As we examine the case of “Cop . Gets 15 Years in Torture Case ”, we evaluate from form, four different perspectives the different ethical theories; ethical relativism, ethical egoism, deontological ethics and oil & retail management, ontological ethics to determine how the open form thesis different perspectives support or condemn the conduct in this case study . The case involves the brutal sodomizing of a black male Haitian immigrant, Abner Louima by two white New York police. Deontological ethics , Ethics , Moral relativism 1615 Words | 5 Pages. Business Ethics Case Study: Ford Pinto.

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Developed country , Economic development , Economics 1268 Words | 4 Pages. ? Ethics Case Study HCS 335 Holly Martinez de Andino, MS, RN, CLNC August 21, 2012 Wendy Herrold . Ethics Case Study Week 2 Introduction “Jerry McCall is Dr. William’s office assistant. He has received professional training as both a medical assistant and a LPN. He is handling all the phone calls while the receptionist is at lunch. A patient calls and good, says he must have a prescription refill for Valium, an antidepressant medication, called in right away to his pharmacy, since he. Healthcare occupations , Licensed practical nurse , Medical record 863 Words | 5 Pages. Running head: Medical Ethics Case Study on Medical Records Administrator 1 Medical . Form Essay Thesis. Ethics Case Study on writing good essays, Medical Records Administrator Melody Hambright MO 215-8: Ethics and essay thesis, Health Information Management Alana Stephens, Instructor Herzing University April 22, 2012 Running head: Medical Ethics Case Study on Medical Records Administrator 2 Abstract Medical Records Administrators and health information professionals’ roles are intimately. Doctor-patient relationship , Health , Health care 2077 Words | 7 Pages. Business Ethics vs Military Ethics.

? Research Paper Kyisha N. Crawford Business Ethics June 22, 2014 . Business Ethics Vs Military Ethics Most People learn this from home, school, church or other different settings that they have come in contact with while being raised or even after reaching the adult age. This is so because we have the capacity to put ourselves imaginatively in paper the place of others and recognize how we would be affected if someone were to act toward us as we are acting. Applied ethics , Business , Business ethics 1842 Words | 7 Pages. Business Ethics An Introduction to form Business Ethics and Social Responsibility Lecture . Etiquette • Try to be on retail, time • Quietly enter and leave the lecture theatre • Be respectful to open form essay lecturers and other stude• Lecturers: Course objectives ? To introduce students to ethical and political debates regarding the social responsibilities of businesses and corporations ? To introduce students to oil & retail ethical concerns that surround businesses and their treatment of a variety of . Applied ethics , Business ethics , Corporate social responsibility 888 Words | 7 Pages. UNIVERSITY COLLEGE (A constituent college of JKUAT) NELSOON OGUDHA OWINO HD:231-C001-0040/2011 BUSINESS ETHICS ASSIGNMENT DUE ON . 15TH July, 2013. TO MR PANUEL. QUEST:A case on business finance is clear and essay thesis, persuasive. Business Ethics refers to written and or unwritten accepted code of conduct, principles,virtues and research sciencentific method, values that govern decision making and actions within an open thesis organization.

Every business deals with customers of diverse traits, cultures, personalities e.t.c. therefore every organization. Business ethics , Decision making , Decision making software 931 Words | 3 Pages. to answer concerning business ethics in education. 1. To what extent can business education cause or prevent . ethical infractions in business ? Give arguments for and against. 2. Given the importance of situational factors in shaping ethical decision-making, what are the limitations posed by business ethics courses that focus on individual students? How would you design a course to oil & focus primarily on open form essay thesis, situational issues? 3. What are the main factors encouraging business ethics education, and what. Business , Business ethics , Decision making 1287 Words | 4 Pages. Business Ethics Introduction This essay analyses the interview business ethics required in the marketing . Open. strategies.

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PROGRAMME : DIPLOMA IN MARKETING LECTURER : NOR ZARINA BINTI PITDIN CLASS : DPM 5A COURSE BUSINESS ETHICS COURSE . CODE PB503 CREDIT 3 SYNOPSIS BUSINESS ETHICS is about relationships, values, justice, and culture (personal, professional, corporate, national and global). It also provides a basic framework for examining the range of ethical issues arising from a business context. On Global. This course also discusses on the issues of right and wrong actions or decisions from all levels. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Ethics 556 Words | 2 Pages. ? ETHICS AND BUSINESS Prepared by: Diosen Cortes Rose Ann Isidro Glenda Macasieb Marlon Romero Jerome Duque Soriano . Instructor ETHICS AND BUSINESS “There are two educations. Essay Thesis. One should teach us how to make a living and the other how to live”.-John T. Adams Introduction Business is part of human society and as old as human civilization. Oil & Retail Management. It is part of the complex web of interaction among institutions and open form, people; its activities must be viewed. Business ethics , Descriptive ethics , Ethics 1868 Words | 5 Pages.

Mahrooya Nikoofar October 2012 11th grade Business and management HL analysis Business ethics in specific . Essay On Global In 250. case studies Definition of business ethics The term business ethics defines the value and meaning of form, ethics in the aspect of business . On Global Warming Words. Therefor it’s the open form thesis study of what’s good and evil, what’s right and wrong and just and unjust in business . These ethics include avoid breaking the essay on global in 250 criminal law in one’s work activity , avoid action that may result in civil law suits against open form essay thesis the company. Applied ethics , Business , Business ethics 1159 Words | 5 Pages.

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Writing the open-form prose essay by Carol Klees-Starks on Prezi

45 Quick Changes That Help Your Resume Get Noticed. The Muse Editor. There is certainly a time and a place for a resume overhaul. Taking a couple hours to really clean up your resume is worth doing before you start a job search, or even just once a year as a tune-up. But sometimes, you don’t have that kind of time. Sometimes, you just have a few minutes, and open form essay thesis you want to spend them giving your resume a quick polishing-up. Ageism. And for those times, we made you this list of resume updates that only take a few minutes, but that can make a big difference in making your resume shine. Choose how much time you have, pick a (mini) project, and get ready for your resume to be that much more eye-catching. Open Essay. Ready, switch the good sociology, font of your resume to Helvetica, Arial, or Times New Roman—in other words, make sure it’s not hard to read (or stuck in Word’s standard Calibri).

Using a common, clean font may not make your resume the prettiest out there, but it will make it more readable (and less likely to be rejected by applicant tracking systems). Open Form Essay Thesis. 2. Remove “References Available Upon Request” If they want references, they’ll ask for them!), and interview use the form thesis, extra space to add a detail about your abilities or accomplishments. That boring boilerplate “I am a hard working professional who wants to work in [blank] industry” is oil & retail, a bit obvious—why else would you be submitting your resume?—and takes up valuable space. Save your resume as a PDF if it’s in thesis, any other format. That way, the formatting won’t get messed up when your resume is opened on a different computer. Regulation. (To see exceptions to open essay thesis this rule, click here.) Change the file name from ageism employment, “Resume” to “[First Name] [Last Name] Resume”—it makes things easier for hiring managers and ensures your resume doesn’t get lost in the crowd.

If you’re not local, recruiters might not look any further. If you are, recruiters may take your commute time into account and turn you down if they think it would be too long. In its place, add a link to your LinkedIn profile, as well as any other relevant social media handles (Twitter if it’s professional, Instagram or Flickr if you’re applying to open form essay social media or creative positions). Caveat: Never include Facebook, no matter how clean you keep it. Don’t want to drop your whole ugly LinkedIn URL onto your resume? (Hint: You shouldn’t.) Create a custom URL to your public profile using simply /yourname (or some similar, simple variation if somebody already has your name). LinkedIn has instructions on its website. Your resume is ageism employment, most likely going to be read on a computer, so making things like your email address, LinkedIn and form thesis other social profiles, and personal websites clickable makes it easier for the recruiter to learn more about you. Paper Sciencentific. Omit any references to your birthdate, marital status, or religion. Since it’s illegal for employers to consider this when looking at open form essay thesis, your application (at least in the U.S.), they can’t request it (and offering it makes you look a little clueless).

If you’re more than three years out of college, remove your graduation year. Recruiters only really want to know that you got a degree, and you don't want them to inadvertently discriminate based on Regulation, your age. While you’re at essay, it, do a little rearranging, and move education down below your experience. Unless you’re a recent graduate, chances are your last one or two jobs are more important and relevant to you getting the Regulation, job. Thesis. To improve readability, increase the line spacing (also called leading) to at least 120% of the font size. To do this in Word, go to about Format and essay thesis select Paragraph.

In the pulldown under Line Spacing, choose Exactly and set the spacing to two points above the research paper method, size of your font (so, 12 if your font is 10 point). Need a little more space to form thesis work with? Reduce your top and bottom margins to 0.5 and your side margins to no less than 0.75. This will keep your resume clean and sociology readable but give you more room to talk about what you've got. Remove anything high school-related unless you’re a year out of essay thesis, college or need to bulk up your resume and did something highly relevant (and awesome) during your high school years. Add any new skills you’ve gained, and remove anything that is a little dated (nobody wants to hear that you have Microsoft Word experience anymore—they expect it). If you have lots of ageism, skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out one of those sections and listing it on its own (“Language Skills” or “Software Skills”). Make sure formatting is consistent across your resume. You want all headers to be in the same style, all indentations to line up, all bullet points to match, and the like. Open. You don’t want the Regulation, styling to look sloppy!

Find any acronyms, and write out the full name of the title, certification, or organization. Essay Thesis. You should include both, at least the first time, to make sure the recruiter knows what you’re talking about and so an applicant tracking system will pick it up no matter which format it is looking for. For example: Certified Public Accountant (CPA). Unless you are a designer or are submitting a (carefully crafted) creative resume, remove any photos or visual elements. Paper Method. On a more traditional resume, they generally just distract from the information at hand (and can confuse applicant tracking systems).

If you have gaps of open essay thesis, a few months in your work history, swap out the ageism essay, usual start and end dates for each position with years only (e.g., 2010-2012). Open Essay. Swap out a couple of your boring verbs for on global warming in 250, some more powerful (and interesting) ones. Check out thesis, our list if you need inspiration. Swap out retail, a couple of generic adjectives or titles (words like “detail-oriented” or “experienced” are overused and don’t tell a recruiter much) with stronger language that better describes your more unique strengths. Open Form Essay. 24. Essay Warming. List Your Promotions Correctly. Worked multiple jobs within the same organization?

Learn how to list them right on your resume, then update it as such. As a rule, you should only show the most recent 10 to 15 years of open, your career history and only include the experience relevant to the positions to Regulation which you are applying. So if you have anything really dated or random, remove it and use the open form essay thesis, space to bulk up other sections or add something more relevant. Go through line by line and take note of oil &, any orphan words (single words left on open essay thesis, a line by themselves). Essay Interview. See how you can edit the open essay, previous line so they can fit—making your resume look cleaner and employment essay opening up extra lines for you to do other things with. Make your document easier to skim by adding divider lines between sections.

Check out section three of this great guide for instructions. Include any numbers on your resume? Go through and change them all to numerical form, instead of open form, written out (i.e., 30% instead of thirty percent). Even small numbers that are often spelled out essay, should be written numerically—it makes them pop to the reviewer and saves space. This will not only help you catch any spelling or grammar errors, but it will also help you notice any sentences that sound awkward or that are hard to understand. Look at open thesis, your resume “above the fold.” In other words, take a close look at the top third of your resume—the part that will show up on ageism employment, the screen when the hiring manager clicks “open” on that PDF. That’s what’s going to make your first impression—so make sure it serves as a hook that makes the hiring manager eager to read more.

Make sure you have no more than six to seven bullet points for open essay, any given position. If you do? Cut and retail management condense. Essay Thesis. No matter how long you’ve been in paper sciencentific method, a job or how good your bullets are, the open essay thesis, recruiter just isn’t going to get through them. Give your resume to someone who doesn’t know you well to look at for 30 seconds.

Then ask: What are the three most memorable things? What’s the narrative? Take this feedback and think about how you can adjust your resume to get it closer to where you want. Regulation. Similarly, drop your resume into a word cloud generator and see which keywords are popping out. If the most prominent ones aren’t what you want to be remembered by, or if there are important words that aren’t present, think about how you can tweak your resume to make that more clear.

Go through your bullet points, and form thesis add as many numbers and retail management percentages as you can to quantify your work. How many people were impacted? By what percentage did you exceed your goals? (And, yes, it’s OK to open essay thesis estimate as long as you can roughly prove it.) Pick a few statements to take one step further, and add in retail management, what the benefit was to your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only open form essay thesis, what you’re capable of, but also the direct benefit the employer will receive by hiring you. 36. Consider Adding a Qualifications Section. Perhaps in myself interview, lieu of your now-deleted “Career Objective?” This should be a six-sentence (or bullet pointed) section that concisely presents the form thesis, creme of the crop of your achievements, major skills, and essay on global in 250 important experiences. By doing this, you’re both appeasing any applicant tracking systems with keywords and giving the hiring manager the juicy, important bits right at form essay, the top. Sciencentific Method. 37. Update Your Header to Make it Pop. You don’t have to have a ton of design knowledge to make a header that looks sleek and catches a recruiter’s eye. (Hint: Use this same header on your resume and cover letter to open form essay thesis make your “personal brand” look really put together.) Need to fill up more space on your resume, or feel like you’re light on the experience?

There’s no law that says you can only on global in 250, put full-time or paid work on open thesis, your resume. Good Sociology. So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, freelanced, or blogged? Add a couple of these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. If you need more space on your resume, check and see if any of your formatting decisions are taking up unnecessary space. Open. Does your header take up too much at the top? Do you have any extra line breaks that you don’t really need?

Tinker around with the formatting and see how much space you can open up (without your resume looking crowded or messy). 40. Make Your Bullet Points Make Sense. Writing. Look at each bullet point and make sure it’s understandable to the average person. Remember that the first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to be sure that it is readable, relevant, and interesting to all of them. Download this free resume template so you’ll look extra polished. Make sure all of the experience on your resume is updated. Open Thesis. Add any awards you’ve received, new skills you’ve taken on, articles you’ve published, or anything else awesome you’ve done.

Hop over to your LinkedIn profile, and make any updates you’ve just made to your resume to your summary and experience sections there. Email three of your friends or professional contacts asking (nicely!) for a peek at their resumes. You might be able to management get some inspiration for your own (or even help them out). Find an awesome job to apply to form essay with one of our partner companies, then get started on your cover letter with our easy-to-follow guide. WANT YOUR RESUME TO HELP YOU GET A JOB?

Of course you do. Photo of on global warming, person editing resume courtesy of Hero Images/Getty Images#46; Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out form essay, all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.

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The differences between style in open form and closed form prose

essay on optimism In the first year, the thesis optimists in the regular force outsold the pessimists, but only by 8 percent. Retail Management? In the second year, the optimists sold 31 percent more. As for the special force, it did beautifully. They outsold the pessimists in open form essay the regular force by 21 percent during the first year, and by oil &, 57 percent in the second year. They even outsold the essay average of the regular force over the first two years, by 27 percent. In fact, they sold at essay on global, least as much as the essay optimists in the regular force.

An optimistic explanatory style had the essay on global warming words same effects when examined in educational institutions. 300 freshman in the class of 1987 at the University of open form essay, Pennsylvania were given the ASQ. Writing Good Sociology Essays? At the end of the essay thesis first semester, the students who were more optimistic were doing better. Kamen and essay myself interview Seligman found that when we look at open form essay, two people with equal academic abilities, the more optimistic person tends to get better grades. The optimists were those who explained their success in terms of enduring personal characteristics rather than in terms of luck, easy tests, or low grading standards. Similar results were found when Seligman tested twelve hundred plebes entering West Point military school. The school is so tough that a hundred usually dropped out before classes even began.

West Point was concerned about the dropout rate and their inability to predict which candidates would be able to stick it out. After following the results for two years, Seligman found that the essay about interview students who quit were the pessimists: those who blamed bad events on themselves, who believed the bad thing would last forever, and that it would undermine everything they did. The linkage of optimism with success has turned up also in studies of sports. The optimists experienced more motivation to succeed and essay thesis were more persistent in their efforts. Seligman and his colleagues analyzed numerous statements by members of teams like the Boston Celtics and the New Jersey Nets in writing essays 1983-84 to predict their performance in the 1984-85 season.

They found that the Celtic optimistically explained away their losses, while the Nets said things like We are all missing everything, and We botched things up ourselves and blew all our opportunities. The researchers found that the teams#146; explanatory styles strongly predicted their level of success the following season. The same results were found in baseball#146;s National League. The degree of optimism predicted success even after allowing for how good the open form thesis team was, and pessimism predicted failure. Politics provides another arena in which to retail test the power of optimism. We see the open same results here: One study analyzed the nomination acceptance speeches of Democratic and Republican presidential candidates between 1948 and writing 1984.

Even after adjusting for the popularity rating of the candidates according to polls, the candidates who concentrated on negative statements about the nation#146;s future almost always lost to those who expressed more optimistic views. The pessimistic candidates lost nine out of form essay thesis, ten of the elections. Adlai Stephenson, unsuccessfully running in 1952, declared, for essay, example: The ordeal of the 20 th century#151;the bloodiest, most turbulent era of the Christian age#151;is far from over. Sacrifice, patience, and implacable purpose may be our lot for years to come. His optimistic and essay successful opponent, Dwight Eisenhower instead made a clear statement of problem-solving action: I will go to Regulation Korea. Not only does an optimistic attitude make us more likely to succeed, believing that you control your life and can better it promotes good health. Optimism benefits health in four ways: First, by replacing a sense of open essay, helplessness with a feeling of control, optimism boosts the immune system. This was demonstrated in rat experiments by Madelon Visintainer. The rats who learned helplessness through the experimental setup were more vulnerable to tumor growth than those who were able to shut off the electric shocks. Second, optimists will seek medical advice and stick to retail management health programs better than pessimists.

The pessimists, telling themselves It doesn#146;t matter what I do will give up easily and form essay fail to seek information and paper sciencentific method professional advice. Open Form? A study of one hundred Harvard graduates showed that the pessimists were less likely to quit smoking cigarettes than were the optimists. Third, the more negative life events a person encounters, the more illness he will probably suffer. If, all in one month, you lose your job, break up with your spouse, and a friend dies, your chances of becoming ill increase considerably. Pessimists experience more of these negative events. They take less action to essay on global words prevent bad things happening, and when negative events occur they make them seem worse by thinking persistently, negatively, and helplessly about them.

Fourth, research has shown a clear correlation between resilience against illness and degree of social support. Lonely people who have no close friends or who withdraw from social engagement when unhappy have a greater risk of essay, illness and, when ill, are more likely to get worse. Pessimists take less action to seek support. Optimism wipes away passivity, leading us to seek out other people. The company of others reduces stress, thereby boosting the immune system. Others can also help take care of us and encourage us to essay myself take medication, rest, or visit a doctor. One of the first studies of the form essay role of research, pessimism in causing illness was carried out at open thesis, Virginia Tech in the mid-1980s. The study, following 150 students, found that the optimists had only half as many infectious illnesses and visits to the doctor as the pessimists. A British study followed sixty-nine women with breast cancer for five years. Regulation? Those who optimistically fought the cancer were less likely to suffer a recurrence and more likely to survive than those who responded to their diagnosis with fatalistic passivity.

The rare women who survived long term after two bouts of cancer were those with an optimistic way of thinking. For years it was suspected that the cancer-prone person was inhibited, conforming, and depressive, and suppresses feelings rather than expressing them. Evidence has been accumulating to support this idea. Even more convincingly, the development of cancer tends to be faster and more severe in those who are passive than in people who fight the cancer, believing they have some control. Psychiatrist Arthur Schale has found a higher incidence of thesis, cancer in those who feel helpless and hopeless. Unsubstantiated and exaggerated claims for oil & retail, the power of the mind to influence the open form essay thesis body are easy to find. Yet the evidence now strongly suggests that the management way we think and feel does influence our health to a significant degree. This should not be terribly surprising.

Thoughts take place in brains, and brains are integrated into the hormonal system. Form? Minds and brains should be seen as aspects of one system, not as two distinct objects. Management? One likely mechanism explaining the open form essay link between pessimism, depression and susceptibility to disease is this: When we feel pessimistic, depressed, or are grieving over warming in 250 the loss of a loved one#151;a situation likely to induce a sense of lost control#151;a group of neurotransmitters (chemical messengers in the brain) becomes depleted. When catecholamines become depleted, another group of neurotransmitters, called endorphins, increase in open form essay activity. Endorphins are the body#146;s natural opiates. When endorphins increase in activity, the myself interview immune system turns itself down. Open Form? A growing number of studies show that the sense of personal control felt by optimists clearly boosts the immune system. Not only good does optimism feel good, not only open does it make us more successful, it can also save our lives and keep us in optimal health. TWELVE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE DYNAMIC OPTIMIST.

Now we have seen evidence supporting the intuitive view that optimism is good for us, we can examine the twelve characteristics in Regulation more detail. INTERPRETING EXPERIENCES POSITIVELY: (1) Selective Focus: Unimaginably vast in scope and open form thesis complexity, reality cannot be fully recognized at any one time. Myself? Even that part of reality I call my life contains so many elements, events, phenomena, causes, consequences, and perspectives that I cannot keep every aspect of it in form focus at essay on global warming words, any particular moment. No matter how realistic and rational we are, we have no choice but to focus our attention. Dynamic optimists choose to essay thesis focus primarily on thoughts, events, and interpretations that induce joy, encouragement, pleasure, and constructive activity. Optimists will look at ageism employment, the same world as pessimists but notice different things, and form essay thesis see the same things in different ways. One admires a well-tailored suit, the other cannot see anything but a tiny hole in the jacket. One enjoys the exertion of climbing a hill, the other worries about getting sweaty. Optimists spend most of their time focused on opportunities, on being with people who they enjoy and benefit from, and on thoughts that energize them.

Dynamic optimists value rationality. So selective focus does not mean avoiding warning signals, or denying unpleasant events, persons, thoughts, or feelings. It does mean dwelling on sociology essays the constructive and enjoyable and de-emphasizing pain, difficulty, and frustration. The negative aspects of life can be acknowledged but not fixated upon: Your lower back is sore and and you will seek to remedy the open problem; in the meantime you will enjoy the Regulation movie. Disagreeable events can be placed in a context of open thesis, learning. Optimists attend to the downsides of life only to the extent that this will enable them to move ahead. About? Preoccupied with encouraging, empowering thoughts, optimists have little time for dwelling on misery. Optimists can look at a frustrating event, fully accepting its reality, then choose to interpret the event in a way that leads to action, growth, and mastery. Open Thesis? A child#146;s irresponsible behavior, for example, can give a parent an good opportunity to improve his communication skills. While the open essay pessimist focuses on the frustration itself, often excessively and pointlessly, the optimist keeps the event in proportion, enjoys the rest of life, and looks for writing good sociology essays, solutions to thesis the challenge.

This last word is a key part of the essay about interview optimist#146;s vocabulary: Where the pessimist sees problems , the thesis optimist sees challenges . If things are going well for an optimist, she often takes that as a sign that things will continue to go well, and that she is therefore capable of making things go well in paper method other areas of form essay, life. If I#146;m making strong progress at my exercise routine, I can take it as a sign that I can overcome difficulties with my finances. If something goes badly, the optimist sees it as a useful learning experience and focuses on how she will do better in future. The pessimist thinks through an about interview opposing filter. Some anonymous wit defined a pessimist as one who feels bad when he feels good for fear he#146;ll feel worse when he feels better. Pessimists fixate on everything that could possibly annoy, frustrate, or harm them. They worry unconstructively. If something goes well, they refuse to believe it, or they believe it cannot last. If it goes badly, it shows that everything is open form thesis, getting worse. Pessimists see every option open to oil & retail management them as crowded with waiting traps, whether bankruptcy, betrayal, or bereavement.

The optimist recognizes the traps but has a wider vision open to solutions, possibilities, and assisting forces. Open Form Essay? By focusing on constructive, joyful, open-ended aspects of essay, life, the optimist spots more solutions and form essay thesis feels more motivated to about interview overcome obstacles. (2) Refraining from form essay thesis, Complaining: Accompanying a positive focus we find the optimist a pleasure to be near. She sees more good than bad, more to essay on global warming words praise than to open blame, more open paths than closed roads. Even when the optimist thinks of some negative event, she either keeps it to herself, or speaks of ageism, it only to open form essay help others or to seek solutions. Part of not focusing on the negative is not talking about it pointlessly. The more we complain to on global warming in 250 words others, the more we notice annoying, frustrating phenomena.

Whatever we focus on expands. Open Form Essay Thesis? Complaining, whining, moaning all make us fix our attention on our woes. About Interview? They also make us boring! The less we complain, the more room exists in our minds for the constructive, the creative, the delightful. If life sometimes presents tough obstacles, the optimist recalls the words of Theodore Roosevelt, who said I wish to preach not the doctrine of open thesis, ignoble ease, but the doctrine of strenuous life. A common form of complaint heard from Regulation, pessimistically-focused thinkers sounds like this: Life isn#146;t fair.

I don#146;t deserve this. Why me? When something bad befalls us, it may be true that we do not deserve it, or that the world is not fair. But to whine about it can only be irrational. Yes the form world is not fair. It just is.

The world was not built for our benefit. Oil & Retail Management? Other people are not here to serve us or to make us happy. When the open form pessimist complains of writing sociology, unfairness, they reveal an underlying irrational belief that life ought to be fair. Living effectively includes recognizing that the world will continue just being , rather than being fair . Essay Thesis? Making ourselves and others miserable by carping about it will get us nowhere. Such pointless, irrational moaning can only generate resentment.

Resentment leads to anger, hostility, and envy. Writing Sociology? The optimist expects no fairness (though is delighted when she finds it). Open Essay Thesis? Optimists search out people, circumstances, and events that will assist them in life. When they run into opposing forces, they accept them calmly and with good humor look for ways around the obstacles thrown in their path. (3) Questioning Limits: Iron-clad limits do exist. You cannot jump unaided from here to the moon. Sociology Essays? You cannot run faster than light. You cannot make a million dollars by saying Shazam! These kinds of limits have little to do with the things we want to accomplish in life. The laws of physics (at least as we currently understand) rule out certain goals but outside that realm we will have to look hard to find many provably impossible goals.

Most of what we might want to achieve in life, whether it is form thesis, making millions, making major breakthroughs in a field of Regulation, study, becoming famous, achieving our ideal body, or finding a wonderful life partner, may be difficult yet many people succeed. Open Form Essay? For almost any improbable goal, we can find those who have made their dream a reality. Research Paper Method? Optimists nurture a constructive skepticism that challenges the open form essay thesis limiting beliefs held by ourselves, our associates, and our society. Optimists display a deep and on global pervasive creative openness to essay possibilities. They challenge unquestioned, traditional beliefs about limits where no convincing demonstration of impossibility has been made. Optimists#146; confidence in their ability to achieve their goals cannot easily be shaken. A rational optimist will not persistently attempt the truly impossible.

However, in human affairs we will not often be able to prove an endeavor to be impossible. Even if we can demonstrate some desired goal to be impossible, the optimist will not draw unnecessarily frustrating conclusions. Many limits are limits only essay on global warming words within a specific context. Form Thesis? We may be able to good sociology change the context and thereby change what is form, possible. Perhaps you simply cannot make your fortune in that small town, but the same goal can be eminently achievable in a large city.

Some of the goals of Life Expansion as I am outlining it in this book have long been considered impossible. Extending the human life span past 120 has been declared impossible. Moving off this planet was considered impossible. Becoming more than human is still believed by many to ageism essay be impossible or unthinkable. Form Essay? Dynamic optimists are especially suspicious of supposed limitations that others claim to be sacred, natural, or inherent in the divine order. Optimists with a sense of history and some understanding of current technological developments see that each of these traditional human limitations may not be invincible after all. Each age, lacking the necessary vision, will, and Regulation technology, elevates temporary limits to the achievement of form essay, our goals to the status of unalterable facts that must be accepted, even glorified and worshipped. (If life cannot be extended, why then, mortality must be good and natural!) The dynamic optimist challenges personal and socially accepted limits through the directed application of reason, analysis, and creative thinking to a problem. The pessimist accepts limits without question, feeling comfortable with the research given, and lacks the drive to search for solutions. The optimist probes the supposed limits, staying open to new pathways, applying creativity, and open essay thesis determination. Writing Sociology Essays? Actor Christopher Reeve has provided a shining example of a person challenging limits.

Instead of giving up after being severely crippled in a horse-riding accident, he has persistently pushed himself to regain strength and open essay thesis control. Management? He had the courage to appear before a billion people at the 1996 Academy Awards. His example has inspired millions to laugh at the relatively trivial obstacles in their own lives. The Wright Brothers, the Apollo rocket launches, and open the gerontologists probing at the mechanisms of aging all represent the optimist#146;s unwillingness to about myself acquiesce in what others see as inevitable limitations. (4) Sense of Abundance: Pessimists see the world as full of obstacles and almost empty of options. Thesis? They feel that someone else#146;s success means their failure. They see life as what economists call a zero-sum game#151;gains by about myself, one person must be matched by losses for others, so the form essay total gain is on global warming, zero. This belief (often unconscious) in limited rewards, limited successes, and limited options leads to envy and resentment.

The effective optimist, by open thesis, contrast, understands that everyone can improve their situation. Good Sociology? Another person#146;s success is to be admired, not resented. The success of form essay, others not only does not keep us down, it can help us: success in others provides a model for us to sciencentific learn from, and concretely shows that success is possible. If my friend writes a best-selling book, why then, perhaps I can too! Dynamic optimists feel free to do what they want to open thesis do.

As self-directed persons driven by positive values rather than fear or envy, they experience the world as crammed with endless possibilities they can choose from. Typically, they feel no coercion from people or circumstances to do anything. All they do is driven by essay about myself interview, their passions, not by external pressures. They work at essay, what they love, not because it was their parent#146;s profession or because it is respectable. Optimists live with passion, fixing their attention on what they want to achieve and how they can achieve it. They appreciate what they have and love the oil & world for all that it offers. Rather than complaining about form essay having to make a living, for example, optimists apply their sense of abundance by fully appreciating the vast range of possible occupations open to them. If they do not possess all the skills needed for a desired occupation, they learn them. Pessimists settle for what they see as the ageism realistic option. Crucial to fostering a sense of abundance is being for things, not against things.

You may be against many things: crime, war, being overweight, the open form budget deficit, intolerance, aging. Optimists restate anything they oppose in positive terms. Oil & Retail? Rather than being against government, be for liberty and responsibility. Rather than being against your company or office manager, be for making improvements. Instead of saying no to drugs, say yes to healthy pleasures.

I am not merely playing a word game here: Your energy goes wherever you focus your attention. Open Form Thesis? When you are against something you will expend your time and energy attacking it, complaining about it, and reacting to it. When you are for oil &, an alternative, you focus on changing it, creating alternatives, exciting others about new options, and open form essay thesis feeling productive and paper sciencentific creative#151;you will be proactive rather than reactive. Open Form Essay? Being for things, and a strong sense of abundance creates personal energy. Employment? An optimistic sense of open, abundance encourages cheerfulness and activity. In a high-energy optimistic state you want to paper method tackle tasks because you expect to enjoy the thesis activity and expect to make progress at it.

This creates a self-reinforcing cycle: Optimism breeds increased enthusiasm; this leads to effort and progress which validates optimism and generates more of writing good essays, it. The virtuous circle of thesis, optimism replaces the vicious circle of pessimism. (5) Humor: Humor acts both as a cause and a consequence of dynamic optimism. Not surprisingly, optimists, being cheerful types, will tend to see more humor in everyday events than gloomy pessimists. Feeling good lends itself to spotting funny incongruities and enjoyable oddnesses. Pessimists, if humorous at all, display a more cynical, snide, nasty form of humor. Humor for them provides a way of essay warming in 250, tearing down and deriding the accomplishments and character of others. More surprisingly, humor adds to optimism.

Since optimism requires an open openness to new possibilities and good sociology essays different perspectives, it helps to be able to laugh at open form essay thesis, dogmatic thinking in writing essays ourselves and others. Healthy, good-natured humor can reveal fresh approaches. Humor will be particularly helpful when the rigidity or irrationality is found in form thesis ourselves. Oil & Retail Management? Without humor, we may lock up emotionally, defending to the death the wisdom of what we are doing and who are. With humor, we can look on form essay our shortcomings with amusement. Most humor involves seeing old things from unexpected angles. This explains the power of humor to research paper sciencentific method promote self-transformation: We will find it easier to open thesis change ourselves if we can use humor to step aside from who we are right now and see who we could become. Nietzsche told us that laughter means to rejoice at another#146;s expense, but with a good conscience. We can laugh at our own foibles with a good conscience because humor allows us to separate our core sense of identity from the foolishness we currently see in ourselves. INFLUENCING OUTCOMES POSITIVELY: (6) Rational: Being rational means doing our best to management see reality as it is rather than as we want it to be.

Rationality involves apportioning our belief according to the evidence: withholding commitment to unsupported beliefs, even if we want them to be true; not being certain of uncertain ideas; and always being open to revision of beliefs as new evidence and new reasons appear. The dynamic optimist applies reason to find ways of assessing and achieving goals, and open thesis does not confuse what he wishes to be true with what is true. Blind, wishful optimism is not dynamic optimism, it is an irrational optimism or faith in an unreal world. The rational optimist#151;the optimist who works with reality rather than against it#151;separates his emotional urges from his understanding as far as possible. The rational optimist thinks critically and logically about the world around him. He also turns the bright light of reason on himself, examining the causes and reasons of his motivations and beliefs about retail himself. Rational optimism means using reason to open thesis discover what truly works. Reason involves learning how to oil & retail assess evidence for claims, how to essay analyze arguments, assess motivations, figure out who and what to believe and Regulation how far to believe it. Is supplemental vitamin E good for open essay, my health?

Should I invest in stocks or bonds? Should I believe the claims of on global warming in 250 words, homeopathy? Should I always trust my intuitions? Reason also involves ensuring that that your goals are attainable and that you have chosen effective means to them, and open form thesis making sure your goals are consistent and essay warming in 250 coherent together. (7) Self-Improving: Dynamic optimists see themselves in transformational terms#151;they see the self as a process , not a static entity. Optimists recognize the possibilities for continuing growth, self-correction, and self-improvement. Rather than seeing their current psychology and form essay personality as the ultimate form of themselves, optimists view it as a transition to writing good essays a better self. If we are to expand our lives, overcoming limits to open essay achievement and happiness, we need to detach ourselves from oil & retail management, who we are today.

More fundamentally we need to see ourselves as an evolutionary process of ever-improving development. Our current personalities serve as one link in the chain of our being. As Henri Bergson said in Creative Evolution : To exist is to change, to change is to mature, to mature is to go on open creating oneself endlessly. The powerful drive to improve, to overcome existing limitations in the self, in optimists is not pushed by fear or self-dislike. About Myself Interview? This drive is form thesis, pulled by an inspiring self-image.

Optimists form an image of essay about, who they want to become and use it as a guide for open form, action. They stride towards their ideals rather than running away from writing sociology, who they are now. They seek to become beautiful, not to cover their ugliness; they patiently strive for calmness rather than berating themselves for their bad temper. Optimists feel a basic sense of happiness, but it is a happiness without self-satisfaction. The drive to self-transformation comes not from a rejection of the self, but from an identification with the open form essay self#146;s continual process of in 250 words, maturation and strengthening. Optimists recognize the natural law: Develop or perish. To remain the same leads to stagnation and to falling behind, especially in the modern world#146;s frantic and accelerating rate of change. Dynamic optimists seek to form essay be not masters of the present, but masters of transformation. The drive for self-transformation, perpetual self-improvement, distinguishes the dynamic optimist from the passive optimist.

The latter sits back, does nothing, and tells himself that everything will work out fine, and that he need not make any effort to warming words improve his approach to living. The dynamic optimist acts on the recognition that continual transcendence of personal limits fuels success, achievement, and open thesis happiness. Regulation? As Goethe tells us in The Mysteries : All force strives forward to work far and wide. To live and grow and form essay thesis ever to essay myself expand; Yet we are checked and form thesis thwarted on each side. By the world#146;s flux and swept along like sand: In this internal storm and outward tide. We hear a promise, hard to understand: From the compulsion that all creatures binds, Who overcomes himself, his freedom finds. (8) Experimental: Pessimists and passive optimists both cling to the old and familiar, the authorized, regulated and approved.

The dynamic optimist will be among the first to adopt more effective practices. Effective optimism requires more than a belief that things will improve; it requires actively searching for and creating novel approaches. Certainly the optimist eagerly learns from culturally entrenched practices, whether these are ways of organizing a business, principles for a marriage, or methods of boosting athletic performance. Essay? Yet he will put no unquestioning faith in ideas simply because they are old and widely accepted. Open Form Essay Thesis? The optimist evaluates each idea, each method on its merits, being quick to try fresh approaches where they appear to offer advantages. The optimistic personality continually seeks out better ways of doing things, jumps out of ruts before they can wear deep, and questions dogmas and unthinking traditions. Nietzsche expressed this urgent drive to challenge the old: #133; Not to question , not to tremble with the craving and joy of questioning#133; that is what I feel to essay in 250 words be contemptible , and this feeling is the first thing I seek in everyone: some foolishness persuades me ever and again that every human being has this feeling, as a human being.

As Nietzsche recognized with disappointment, many humans do not share this joy of questioning. Pessimists and passive optimists feel comfortable and satisfied with the accepted and traditional. Only dynamic optimists exhibit a fundamental openness to new and open form better paths. An optimistic attitude encourages openness to writing essays new sources of essay, information and new methods of improving life. Retail? When it forms part of your personality, an essay thesis actively optimistic attitude programs your brain to method apprehend opportunities and possibilities. This open, experimental attitude will both see more new approaches and show more willingness to try them out.

By applying his experimental attitude, the open dynamic optimist becomes intensely creative. Willingness to experiment implies a tolerance for risk-taking. Warming In 250? Remembering the importance of rationality, this does not mean wild, random risk-taking, but a willingness to assume calculated risks for essay, anticipated benefits. We might think that sticking with widely accepted methods is safe, but where improvement is needed, failing to experiment is essay, itself risky. The optimist heeds the advice of Thomas Watson, founder of computer giant IBM, who told us: The way to succeed is to open form essay double your failure rate. Optimists see the self as a process not a static entity.

This allows them to identify with improving their ideas, methods, and practices, rather than desperately needing to be seen as right . Optimists, expecting success or at least learning from their experiments, will not be paralyzed by fear of failure. They keep their mind on their goals, unlike pessimists who shy away from about interview, uncertain attempts because they entertain all the possible undesirable outcomes while feeling that being mistaken means being failures and fools. (9) Self-Confident: We all feel confident in essay specific areas of life. You might be confident when playing tennis, or in closing a deal, or in giving a speech. But you might lack confidence in changing a diaper, replacing your computer#146;s hard drive, or singing in tune. The dynamic optimist cannot help but lack competence in numerous areas, yet retaining a solid confidence . Self-confidence means not confidence in specific areas, but a fundamental conviction that I am competent to live. I may lack a skill or ability needed to get a particular job or to solve a relationship difficulty, but I feel confident that I can acquire those skills. I feel assured that I can think up or discover existing solutions, or find someone with sound advice. Essay? If a person lacks this basic sense of self-confidence, a pervasive pessimism will be hard to avoid. Acquiring self-confidence requires an effort; anyone promising to essay deliver it to you in one quick painless fix is lying. The underlying confidence I refer to comes from repeated experiences of successful learning and problem-solving, each of which takes attention and effort.

By repeatedly achieving, as well as recognizing and celebrating our achievements, we can build self-confidence. While the passive optimist hopes that someone else will make the future better, the dynamic optimist believes he can and will bring about what he wants. He does not leave the future up to passive hoping and wishing, he takes action. If he wants a more enjoyable job, he does not wait for an offer, he goes out and searches for one, confident that he has the myself necessary skills or that he can acquire them. Effective optimism implies confidence in being able to create the future we want. Self-confidence generates persistence by giving us the form essay thesis power to keep trying in the face of resistance and setbacks. With self-confidence we will continue making an effort until we finally overcome all obstacles. Pessimists, believing desirable goals to be unattainable, do not persist. In giving up so soon, and thereby failing, they reinforce their sense of personal inefficacy.

Pervasive pessimism in a person goes hand in hand with a self-image conveying failure, inability and resignation. A drive towards self-improvement and a willingness to Regulation experiment with novel approaches cannot exist without self-confidence. (10) Self-Worth: Self-confidence combines with self-worth to open form form self-esteem. Whereas self-confidence means a fundamental sense that I am competent to live and flourish, self-worth means a sense that I deserve to retail live. Some unfortunate individuals lack self-worth, sometimes due to open destructive parents who continually undermined them as children, and sometimes due to warming words religious doctrines proclaiming that we are inherently evil, corrupt, and unworthy. While we can practice dynamic optimism even without a sense of self-worth, believing that we are worthy of success and happiness makes optimism far easier. How motivated will a person be to create the conditions for his success if he believes he does not deserve to flourish? How strongly will he pursue happiness if he believes he deserves to be punished? This motivation may still exist: the person might be motivated to achieve in form order to serve someone else, or as an offering to writing good essays a god. Such externally-based motivation risks building resentment.

Self-worth bonded to self-confidence forms a powerful core of self-esteem. When self-esteem suffuses our personality, we can forcefully tackle any new challenge with assurance. (11) Personal Responsibility: Effective optimism requires understanding the part we play in bringing about the results we want. The passive optimist, with his comfortable faith that other people and institutions will do it all, refuses to acknowledge his own role. I cannot endorse the common New Age belief that we entirely create our own reality. Open Form? Yet our own thinking and action does radically affect our chances of success. Unlike the passive optimist, the dynamic optimist realizes that goals can be reliably achieved only through personal effort. Wishful thinking cannot substitute for active pursuit of the life we want. Taking responsibility for ourselves requires a strong sense of purpose.

Without a clear vision of our destination we will find it hard to get anywhere. Being responsible asks of us self-discipline: as we make our choices through the Regulation day we need to keep our goals and values in mind, stay focused, and resist distractions. More than that, taking responsibility means persisting at working toward what matters to us. Persistence and perseverance are virtues of character found in all successful persons. Standing out as a great model of persistence, Thomas Edison tried endless combinations of open form thesis, materials and structures before finally creating the light bulb. His mind stayed focused tightly on his goal, allowing no doubts to stop him, and he persisted through hundreds of failed attempts. Personal responsibility combines psychological characteristics with ethical values. Essay On Global Warming? Being responsible involves more than personal effort, focus, and persistence. It also requires integrity: living according to your values.

An integrated personality has developed a consistent and rational set of open form thesis, values conducive to successful living. If we profess our values yet live according to whim, social pressures, or expediency, we will find ourselves pulled in opposing directions. Lack of research method, integrity saps our will by thesis, pitting our values against our outward words and deeds. Like a car trying to management move with its parking brake on, we will struggle harder to open create the paper life we want if we give up our integrity. Living with integrity is profoundly practical, not merely a nice abstract ideal. Taking responsibility for keeping our words and actions consistent with our values means exercising our autonomy#151;our ability to make our own choices even in the face of external pressures. Being responsible for ourselves can be a great challenge when surrounding us we find government programs to take care of form thesis, us, and oil & retail management authority figures wanting to run our lives (whether these are parents, gurus, or officials). These stealers of open form essay thesis, responsibility seduce us by offering ease and security if we will only give up personal control and let them make the decisions. But once we give up our autonomy and responsibility to others, we also give up our control over our future. (12) Selecting Environment: We can maintain an optimistic, creative, solution-finding attitude in any environment.

The ability to separate our thinking, to choose how we feel and act, is an aspect of our autonomy as humans. Even in the Nazi death camps, some stayed alive and sane by focusing their thoughts on about myself their hopes and on what they could control. Clearly, though, we will find it far easier to persist in a dynamically optimistic approach to life when surrounded by open thesis, others who fuel us rather than drain us. Some of us may be unfortunate enough to live and work with those who continually tell us why we cannot do what we want, why our efforts are doomed to fail, and who point to all the possible obstacles and research paper method relate tales of every failure they have heard of. While stuck in such an environment we will need to maintain more vigilance over our own thinking. If we find ourselves smothered in this miasma, we would do well to devote plenty of effort to form changing our circumstances. This may mean changing jobs or offices, or fending off negative co-workers, relatives, or acquaintances. Dynamic optimists will find themselves attracted to persons and environments that inspire, support, and assist, not those that discourage, distract, and undermine. Still, we should take this recommendation in the context of the other characteristics of a dynamic optimist, and not take it to an extreme in isolation. Since success requires a clear understanding of the ageism employment world as it really is, not as we wish it to be, we need to place ourselves among those who will not always agree with us. If we hear only agreement from open thesis, those who think just like us, we will fall into a distorted view of the world.

Our beliefs, values, and goals need to be tested, questioned, challenged. Only by essay warming in 250 words, surviving the criticism of others (and ourselves) or mutating into new forms can our beliefs and goals offer any assurance of being realistic. The optimist will therefore select the environment so as to open form essay surround himself not with only retail those who agree with him, but with those who will either agree and support him or constructively, reasonably, usefully criticize his goals and methods. Open? Hostile, destructive criticism can still be useful, but is harder to writing sociology learn from and can undermine our motivation. The dynamic optimist carefully selects the environment to achieve a balance of support with constructive disagreement.

Optimism and form essay thesis Uncertainty. Bertrand Russell, one of the most prolific and ageism long-lived philosophers of the 20 th century, pointed out that: Many people would sooner die than think. In fact they do. Russell#146;s barbed observation continues to be all too true. At this stage in human development, most of us display a deep desire for certainty. Is this due to culture or our biological nature? Given the cross-cultural persistence of the need for thesis, certainty, I suspect it is partly rooted in our evolutionary past. Back in our hunter-gatherer days, those who were uncertain about paper sciencentific whether to run, how to throw a spear or stone, or whether to mate, were likely to die, their genes being forever taken out of the gene pool. Form? The choices then were relatively simple.

Quick, decisive, certain choices probably conferred a survival advantage. If a tendency toward certainty and writing sociology essays the dogmatic thinking that results really is built into our brain, advanced genetic technology may be the only effective way to remedy it. In the meantime, only those who remain aware of this tendency, and strive continually to combat it in themselves, will have a chance of being the rational beings philosophers have long proclaimed us to be. We find it more comfortable to believe things with certainty. Certainty assures us we need look no further: we have found the open form thesis final, unalterable truth. We need not think, we need not make new decisions, we need not experiment or question ourselves. The desperate desire for management, certainty insinuates itself into every aspect of our lives but especially in the area of religious and political beliefs. Dogmatic religious beliefs extol certainty, even making faith#151;belief in something despite the evidence#151;into a virtue. This attitude toward certainty and dogmatic faith was stated in an especially unapologetic and extreme form by the Church father Tertullian.

After Jesus we have no need of speculation, after the Gospel no need of research. When we come to believe, we have no desire to believe anything else; for we begin by open form thesis, believing that there is nothing else we have to research paper sciencentific method believe. Certainty reduces our chances of succeeding in many situations because it prevents us opening ourselves to new sources of information. It leads us to conclude further investigation and form experimentation to be a waste of sciencentific method, time. The emotional reward that keeps people coming back to certainty like a favorite drug is its ability to form essay thesis pacify us, to soothe us, and to relieve us of responsibility. Optimism tainted with dogmatic certainty can appeal to us since it lets us believe that success requires no action, or at least no new action. If you feel certain that a desired event or outcome will occur, you need not contribute to bringing it about. If you hold a belief with certainty you need not go to essay on global warming words the trouble of looking for contrary evidence. Unfortunately we cannot draw a sharp, unmistakable dividing line between dynamic optimism and passive optimism and its reliance on certainty. Keeping in mind the form essay twelve characteristics of the dynamic optimist will help keep optimism active and open.

It is up to us to guard against allowing our dynamically optimistic thinking to degenerate into passive Pollyanna optimism. We cannot reliably distinguish rationally and irrationally optimistic beliefs on the basis of the oil & retail strength of form, those beliefs (though this can be one indication). Faith, or dogmatically optimistic beliefs, can be weak, though this is generally an unstable state, and Regulation many perfectly ordinary beliefs are extremely strongly held. For instance, I am very sure that I currently live in Southern California, that the Earth orbits the sun and that I am biologically male. How can we distinguish life expanding optimism from dogmatic optimism? Let me emphasize some of the twelve characteristic of open, dynamic optimists to help with this question:

Both kinds of essay, optimistic thinking involve selective focus, or selective filtering of information and experience, but in different ways. Dogmatic optimists refuse to consider evidence that things are not going the way they want. They avert their eyes from obstacles to their goals. They see only encouraging signs while blanking out disturbing signs. Form Essay? The dynamic optimist uses selective focus differently: He chooses not to dwell endlessly and pointlessly on unpleasant and unchangeable events or persons. He remains open to recognizing and accepting obstacles to his goals. Employment Essay? Rather than blind himself to open form them, he sees them as challenges, and thinks cheerfully, creatively, and essay about openly about open how to deal with them. We have seen that dynamic optimists continually seek to improve themselves. While valuing who they are now, they strive to become ever better.

They may be satisfied with their progress, but they are never self-satisfied in thinking they are the best they can be. To prevent life expanding optimism from decaying into employment, self-satisfied passive optimism check your behavior over essay thesis time. Have you stopped looking for ways to improve? Do you approach every conversation as a chance to show the other fellow where he#146;s gone wrong? Have you made real progress with your goals, or are you just telling yourself that you have or you will start to real soon now? We can check our optimism also by noting our degree of rationality and experimentalism. You may be facing a problem or choice: Whether to stay with this job or change companies or professions; whether to tell the truth or lie to stay out of a conflict; whether to vote for retail management, government welfare or subsidies or to oppose them. How do you go about making these decisions? Do you look for answers and solutions always in the same places?

Is there one book that you look to every time for certain answers? Do you stick with what you have always done in the past? Do you look at open form essay thesis, information always from the same sources, or do you consult diverging books, magazines, speakers? Dynamic optimists never rely on dogmatic authorities (though they will listen for possible wisdom even from self-proclaimed gurus or authorities), whether these are living persons, massive institutions, or old books. Essay On Global Warming Words? The dynamic optimist tries to think as a critical rationalist#151;someone who leaves everything open to question and who treats no authority as an absolute guarantee of truth. Rather than being disturbed by having his beliefs or favorite sources challenged, the rational optimist welcomes feedback and new perspectives. (This does not mean wasting time with uninformative fools who only want to impose their ill-formed ideas on anyone within reach.) You can feel confident that your optimism remains rational and effective so long as you see plenty of signs of open, continued searching, critical experimentation, and personal responsibility for essay, learning in open ways. The active and form passive forms of optimism differ in an obvious way when it comes to the issue of personal responsibility. The passive optimist believes that he will succeed in his endeavors, or circumstances will improve, not as a result of his own efforts but primarily or solely because of external factors. If someone expects their problems to be solved by the government, their parents, their spouse, or a god, they abdicate personal responsibility for their lives. You can spot the writing sociology slide from dynamic to passive optimism if you see yourself no longer taking action to open essay thesis better your circumstances, instead sitting back and thinking someone else will take of about, it. Dynamic optimists realize that they cannot control other people, only themselves.

They place confidence in their own ability to change the shape of the future. They jump in and actively set about creating the outcome they desire. Adopting certain habits and practices can help guard against letting our dynamically optimistic thinking deteriorate into the more common passive form. The crucial first step involves thoroughly understanding the form essay thesis characteristics of the dynamic optimist and how they differ from the passive optimist. Retail? Once that understanding has been absorbed deep down, we will find it easier to form essay detect and prevent the infiltration of passive thinking. As part of regular daily and Regulation weekly meditation and life-review habits, we can check our recent thinking and behavior. Regular sessions for setting personal goals and open essay priorities provide an in 250 opportunity for form, a reality check.

These sessions give us a quiet time in which to reassess short-term and research long-term goals and the effectiveness of the means being used. During meditation sessions we can renew our optimistic perspective, rooting out pessimism, while also checking that our optimism remains active and open. Another way to maintain a high level of optimism while avoiding intellectual passivity and certainty is to subject your ideas to evaluation by others of similar commitment. Such individuals and essay thesis groups should also be oriented towards a rational, active optimism. Such persons allow you to test your ideas and goals in an environment both friendly and able to restrain unbridled flights of essay, fantasy. Testing your ideas in groups that are fundamentally opposed to your goals, or who cannot comprehend them, is neither encouraging nor enlightening. Open Form Essay? Testing your ideas in supportive yet critical and analytical communities is vital.

Once we understand dynamic optimism thoroughly we have taken a giant leap toward being able to implement it fully in our lives. Shaping our thinking in an optimistic direction will be easier if we have some specific ideas of what to ageism essay watch for in our thinking. I can only briefly explain a handful of these mental patterns here. I refer the reader to form essay thesis the Resources for method, more writings and essay thesis workshops on the subject. Cognitive psychologists such as David Burns and Albert Ellis have done us a great service in clearly identifying many thinking patterns typically found in pessimists and depressed persons. Since my focus is on the positive#151;on becoming ever better than we are#151;rather than on the negative side of what causes depression and lack of motivation, I will point out a few positive correlates of the thinking patterns identified by warming in 250 words, these therapists. PARTICULARIZE: When the optimist has been frustrated by obstacles to open form thesis his goals, he reacts appropriately: He inspects the obstacle and oil & sees it for what it is, then considers how to remove it. The pessimist, especially if depressed, does the opposite. A depressed person will see a single negative event as an endless pattern of defeat.

A woman went for a first job interview. Being nervous and inexperienced she performed at open essay, less than her best and was not called back for a second interview at essays, the firm. She told herself: I never get a break. I#146;m so rotten at this that no one will employ me. What#146;s the thesis use? From a single experience she irrationally overgeneralizes to essay warming in 250 a belief about all future interview experiences. A shy teenage boy asked out a girl he was attracted to.

Being insensitive or perhaps simply not knowing how to respond any other way, she told him Only in your dreams. The boy tells himself: I#146;m ugly and boring. No girl will go out with me. Open Form? Overgeneralizations like this can turn into self-fulfilling prophecies since the essay warming in 250 words irrational belief leads the person to refrain from more attempts. With no more attempts to get an open form thesis interview or a date, there can be no successes and so the person#146;s belief seems to be confirmed. The optimist refrains from overgeneralizing. Effective thinkers look at about myself, the frustrating situation as a particular event. That event need not represent any pattern; it can lead to open form thesis very different future events if treated as a learning experience.

If the woman going for the interview had been aware of her thinking, she might have stopped the self-defeating cognition, instead telling herself: Well, I didn#146;t do so well at my first attempt. Oil & Retail Management? I#146;ll do better next time. Now I know better what to expect. Let#146;s see, I could practice my responses to the questions I was asked, I could sit straighter and speak up confidently, and I could take more initiative in asking questions when given the open thesis opportunity. Similarly, the rejected boy might have reminded himself that this girl might have been having a bad day, and not all other girls would react the same way.

He might ask himself if he contributed to her response, perhaps by being too tentative, and consider how to come across more engagingly. The optimistic response to a bad experience is to look at it as a particular event, not an omen of perpetual failure, and to learn from about myself interview, it in order to correct course and home in on the desired goal. EMPHASIZE THE POSITIVE: Depression-prone individuals usually suffer from anhedonia#151;the inability to enjoy anything. One cause of this is form essay, their tendency to disqualify their positive experiences. Method? Even non-depressive, hard-driven Type A personalities can fall into essay thesis, this trap. Upon being given a major promotion with raise in pay and writing good essays benefits, an executive immediately started worrying about her new responsibilities.

She did not hold a party to celebrate, turned down friends#146; invitations to dinner to congratulate her, and forgot about all the ways she earned the promotion. A man in open form essay his sixties who has exercised for retail management, years and open essay thesis maintained sound diet and health habits was complimented on his trim, youthful appearance. I#146;m just lucky he replied. Have you ever replied to a compliment or commendation with phrases like You#146;re just being nice, It was nothing really, or It doesn#146;t really count for anything? If so, you have disqualified your positive experiences. When this becomes a pattern, we deplete our motivation and management darken our view of the world.

Having pushed aside our joyful, successful, affirming experiences, we are left looking only at our mistakes, shortcomings, and setbacks. Even if someone has enough motivation or self-discipline to keep accomplishing things despite disqualifying the positive, he will derive little pleasure from his successes. If our goal is to both move forward in our lives and enjoy doing so, we need to affirm our positive experiences. The dynamic optimist does not need to seek approval, and does not abuse compliments by puffing himself up in a falsely self-aggrandizing manner. Form Essay Thesis? On the other hand, the optimist can confidently acknowledge compliments and rewards. Instead of replying with It was nothing, he says Thank you. The optimist celebrates both his own and Regulation other people#146;s successes, enjoys each victory and advance, and appreciates what he has earned. Form Essay? While the optimist looks forward to tackling new responsibilities and to moving on to fresh goals after achieving old ones, he does not forget to appreciate the good essays efforts that got him where he is. Set realistic goals and standards: The tendency to form essay thesis disqualify the positive often festers side by side with the vice of perfectionism.

Optimism has nothing to employment essay do with wanting to be perfect. Optimism as I have explained it involves a confident drive to continually improve oneself and one#146;s circumstances. But not only essay does continual improvement not require perfection, it is not even compatible with it. If you are perfect, or believe you are, you have no room for further improvement. Optimists expect to do well and to keep getting better. They feel no need to be perfect or do a job perfectly. They do not have to mow the lawn magnificently, just well enough. They do not need to Regulation write to their friends with unprecedented wit and skill; they just need to say things clearly. By setting realistic goals and standards for open form essay thesis, themselves, optimists succeed more often, thereby reinforcing their optimism and motivation.

If I feel I must ski not just well but perfectly, I will get frustrated and angry at myself for being only fairly good. Since I know I will not ski perfectly next time, I am likely to avoid trying it again. Ageism? Perfectionism, by setting us up for failure, may discourage us from ever starting on a project. If we do start we may leave it unfinished, so we can tell ourselves: Well, if I had finished it, it would have been superb. If we do finish the open project, we will be unable to fully enjoy the essay warming imperfect result.

We can see perfectionism as an example of black-and-white, all-or-nothing thinking. Either we must do a job superbly, magnificently, with unprecedented excellence, or it is not worth doing at all. Thesis? Thinking more rationally, optimists breeze past the perfectionist, content to simply do things well or even adequately and good then to do them better the next time. Many of form, us feel drawn to perfectionist attitudes because we believe this to help us perform at our best. Consider some reasons why perfectionism can have the opposite result, apart from discouraging us in the first place: Facing such a lofty standard you may get so nervous that you cannot perform well. You may be too afraid to research method experiment with uncertain procedures that might produce superior results. You may be afraid to make mistakes that could reveal useful information. Turning perfectionist standards outward to other people, you will become intolerant of others and may drive them away. Since perfection is almost never attainable#151;or even definable (how would you run a marathon perfectly?)#151;you will always feel frustrated, unhappy, and bitter so long as you put perfectionism in place of realistic goals and standards. KEEP EVENTS IN PROPORTION: A woman went to pick up her car from the mechanic, expecting it to be fixed by 3pm. She was looking forward to meeting a date at 4pm on the other side of town.

Smiling tightly at her, the essay mechanic explained that he hadn#146;t been able to writing fix the engine trouble yet, and would have to keep the car for another couple of hours. You#146;re ruining my life! the woman shouted. This exaggeration in thinking afflicts almost all of us sometimes, and some of us all too frequently. Open Form Thesis? The housecleaners do an imperfect job and we complain Everyone#146;s incompetent! Perhaps you notice a minor mistake on a report for your company after it has been printed for everyone to paper method read. How awful! you tell yourself. That#146;s terrible. Open Form Thesis? How could I be so sloppy?

Everyone will think I#146;m an idiot. Damn it! We can call this kind of negative exaggeration magnification or catastrophizing . It involves blowing up a minor irritation into essay myself, a major calamity. The old cliche about open essay making mountains out of molehills arose from someone noticing how some of us like to warming words turn small annoyances and open frustrations into world-shaking (or at Regulation, least life-threatening) catastrophes. We feel so much more important when every little setback can be seen as a dramatic cataclysm in the epic of our life! Unfortunately, the drama is a tragedy, where each day we are fated to suffer incalculable misery. Cognitive therapist David Burns has referred to this distortion in essay thinking as the ageism binocular trick.

You look at negative events in open form thesis such a way as to blow them up in size and essay warming in 250 words importance. Essay Thesis? If you tend to compare yourself to essay words others, you might also magnify the other fellow#146;s accomplishment, making yourself feel more threatened by thesis, comparison. The binocular trick works from the other end too, in which case we call it minimization. Here you look through the other end of the binoculars at your accomplishments (or your competitors imperfections) and shrink them down to an insignificant size. When we regularly practice the binocular trick we overwhelm ourselves. Obstacles to achieving our goals appear enormous; they become mountains too high and rocky to climb. Our motivation drains away, leaving us apathetic and ageism employment unproductive. The dynamic optimist, being aware of this seductive tendency to catastrophize, strives to keep events in proportion. Life as a dramatic tragedy is replaced with life as a balanced, steady march forward, drama finding its place in the major accomplishments in open essay one#146;s life. Attaining a developed ability to keep things in proportion can take self-discipline for many of paper sciencentific method, us. Letting one#146;s destructive emotions run wild may feel easy.

In addition, we may believe that we can get what we want more effectively by exaggerating our hurt. Indeed this can be an effective short-term method of manipulating others, but not a healthy or effective long-term approach. It will lead to a loss of respect from form thesis, others, avoidance of good essays, involvement in our little dramas, and distract us from directly and rationally confronting obstacles. Developing and strengthening this dynamic, practical optimism is one of the most effective ways of adding to form essay thesis our personal power. A thorough-going dynamic optimist cannot be stopped. He cannot be pushed aside, blocked out, or shut down. He will respond to essay on global warming all obstacles, all attacks, all setbacks with calmness, determination, and a creative, problem-solving attitude. Optimism and pessimism affect our entire worldview. Our whole approach to living will be either empowered or chained depending on which style of thinking predominates.

The principles of dynamic optimism provide keys for unlocking our full potential. In the next chapter I will reveal another, complementary, approach to bringing emotions and moods into the realm of choice.