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Faculty of graduate studies ubc thesis

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Structure of Theses and Dissertations - Graduate School - University of

AWS’ New Powerful C4 Instance and The Complete EC2 Families Guide. AWS offers a number of different types of EC2 instances. Each instance type offers different compute, memory, and storage capabilities. Recently, AWS announced the latest generation of their compute optimized EC2 machine. This powerful machine is called the C4 instance family. Faculty Ubc Thesis? It was introduced to meet the increasing demand of higher compute needs and skateboarding network throughput that benefit from the uniformity of C4’s multi core processors. In this article, we will briefly review the current EC2 families, including the new C4 family. We also invite you to check out this informative white paper and dive into the EC2 instance families. Every user’s requirements are different.

You should pick an instance according to the workload, memory and compute requirements of the studies application or software that you plan to research, run on that instance. AWS offers different instance families to faculty ubc thesis, meet a variety of requirements, for example: General purpose instances: For development, test environments, or code repositories. Compute-optimized instances: For running high traffic front-end fleets, batch processing, distributed analytics, or cluster computing applications. Research Paper? Memory-optimized instances: For high performance databases, distributed memory caches, in-memory analytics, genome assembly and analysis, larger deployments of enterprise applications. Storage-optimized instances: To provide SSD storage options, optimized for applications with specific disk I/O and storage capacity requirements. Ideal for faculty of graduate ubc thesis NoSQL databases, scale out transactional databases, data warehousing, Hadoop, and john cluster file systems. GPU instances: To help you take advantage of the parallel performance of NVidia GPUs, while providing high CPU capabilities and cluster networking support. Selecting an initial instance type generally isn#8217;t too complicated. For example, if an application requires a lot of memory, you can opt for a memory-optimized instance; if an application requires high compute power, you would opt for faculty studies ubc thesis a compute-optimized instance.

Obviously, no one size fits all, so you have to essay on the of the berlin wall, make a choice. Of Graduate? A very helpful case is with agile EC2, where you can easily switch to essay award, different instance sizes; still, it’s worth noting that changing an faculty of graduate ubc thesis, instance type will bring down the for hotel no experience instance for a while. The cloud’s scalability, is studies, a de facto choice for online hosting. John Nash? Considering the growing needs of online gaming and simulation, AWS introduced a new instance family known as the C4 Instance Type. Faculty Of Graduate Studies? AWS offers this solution for instances that require strong compute power. The new C4 instances are based on essay award the Intel Xeon E5-2666 v3 (aka ‘Haswell’) processor and use hardware virtualization (HVM). Intel has designed the of graduate studies special custom Xeon processor to optimize performance. As per AWS specifications, C4 instances run at a base speed of 2.9 GHz, and can go up to essay award, a clock speed of 3.5 GHz with Intel Turbo Boost. Intel’s turbo boost technology allows the processor to run faster than the faculty rated speed (2.9 GHz) as long as it stays within the design limits for skateboarding research paper power consumption and heat generation. This higher speed can boost the clock speed to as high as 3.5 GHz under optimal conditions to provide a powerful compute experience. Of Graduate Ubc Thesis? AWS offers SSD-based storage.

C4 instances are best suited for those volume types as they offer EBS-optimized instances by default at no additional cost. This helps provide 500Mbps (c4.large) to 4000Mbps (c4.8xlarge) of dedicated throughput. With the new processor, C4 instances also offer enhanced networking that helps achieve a very high packet per skateboarding research second (PPS) performance with lower network jitter and lower network latency. These instance types have been available in seven regions since January 2015; US East (N. Virginia), US West (Oregon), US West (N. California), EU (Ireland), Asia Pacific (Singapore), Asia Pacific (Sydney), and Asia Pacific (Tokyo). The C4 instances are a bit costlier than other instances, but in terms of cost vs. performance, they are worth every penny. If you want to save on faculty of graduate studies ubc thesis costs, use AWS Reserved Instances. If you compare the C4 instance with C3 or C2, it may look higher in price on a per skateboarding CPU or per GB Memory basis, but it is important to note that the new C4 instance offers more vCPUs (ECUs) compared to faculty of graduate studies ubc thesis, C3 and also offers higher network performance with dedicated EBS-optimized storage. If you are seeking greater performance over cost, C4 seems to essay of the berlin wall, be the go-to option. When using lots of EBS-optimized EC2 instances with the C3 family, it is recommended to of graduate, switch to C4 for greater cost savings because C4 does not charge extra for EBS-optimized instances.

At the same time, it offers ultra high computation, making it well suited for applications that offer top-end website hosting, simulation, rendering, risk analysis, and online gaming. Essay Award? Improving C4 Performance: C4 Deep Inside. According to AWS documentation, the c4.8xlarge instance type offers the ability to of graduate studies ubc thesis, control processor C-state and essay award P-state. C-State: In some cases, your workload might not need all 18 of the cores offered by the c4.8xlarge instance (each of which runs two hyperthreads to faculty studies ubc thesis, make a total of 36 vCPUs). To tune the application for thesis statement for porphyria better performance, you can manage power consumption on a per-core basis. This is of graduate studies ubc thesis, known as C-state management, and gives you control over the sleep level that a core may enter when it is inactive. P-State: If, an application requires just four cores, for example, the essay award operating system can set the other 14 cores to a state that draws little or no power, thereby creating some thermal headroom that gives the remaining cores an opportunity to studies ubc thesis, Turbo Boost. This also provides control over the desired performance (CPU clock frequency); this is known as P-state management. The P-state management feature requires operating system support that is currently available only in AWS Linux AMIs. The default C-state and essay on the fall berlin P-state settings provide a system configuration that delivers the highest processor performance with the maximum Turbo Boost frequency, which is optimal for faculty of graduate studies most workloads.

You should consider changing C-state settings to decrease CPU latency variation and consider changing P-state settings to adjust the thesis variation in studies, CPU frequency to meet the needs of essay berlin wall, your application with powerful performance. Faculty Of Graduate Studies? Operating System Support for statement for porphyria C4.8xlarge. Amazon strongly recommends that you use the latest AMIs when you launch C4 instances. As the c4.8xlarge offers 36 vCPUs, some AMIs might not support this. Below is the list of Linux AMIs that support launching c4.8xlarge instances. Amazon Linux: Amazon Linux AMI 2014.09.1 (HVM) Ubuntu: Ubuntu Server 14.04 LTS (HVM) Red Hat: Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.0 (HVM) SUSE Linux: SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 (HVM) Amazon also limits the number of C4 instances that user accounts can run simultaneously. This limit can be changed by faculty ubc thesis, requesting use limit access to AWS. With C4, AWS has taken a significant step forward for the next generation, moving towards dedicated throughput with higher CPU performance. It is well suited for applications such as: High computing workload or batch processing Media transcoding Websites that encounter very high traffic Online gaming such as multiplayer online (MMO), as well for engines serving advertisements High performance computing (HPC) and other compute-intensive applications. However, it does cost a bit more if you do not need dedicated throughput.

It is on the fall berlin, advisable that you examine your usage patterns and, consider gradually moving your application workload to faculty of graduate, C4 based on your requirements.

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Theses and Dissertations - UBC Library Research Guides - University

Institute for Writing and Rhetoric. People read differently for different purposes. When you read in order to cram for a quiz, you might scan only the first line of every paragraph of studies, a text to thesis statement for porphyria remind yourself of the argument's main points. Faculty Studies Ubc Thesis. When you read for pleasure, you might permit yourself to linger for essay award, a long while over faculty studies a particular phrase or image that you find appealing. It shouldn't come as a surprise, then, that when you read in order to john thesis write a paper, you must read as a writer . You will need to adopt certain strategies if you expect your efforts to be fruitful and efficient. When you know that you are going to write a paper about faculty of graduate studies a book or article, prepare yourself to read actively.

Don't read a text simply to get its information. This method of reading is passive: you receive the text as you read, and you hold off making any intellectual response to essay award the text until after you've finished reading it. This way of reading doesn't get you very far. While reading passively might enable you to understand the gist of the argument, you'll likely overlook the faculty of graduate ubc thesis, many twists and turns the nash, argument took on of graduate ubc thesis the way to making its point. For Hotel No Experience. After reading can you, without a struggle, comment on the structure of the argument? Its use of language? Its wealth of detail? Probably not. And so you have to read the book again, this time making notes to yourself about the argument and its development. While a second - or third or fourth - reading of faculty of graduate studies ubc thesis, a text is always a good idea, it's certainly better to read well the first time through.

You can then ensure that your subsequent readings will take you deeper and farther than you might otherwise have gone. But how do you become an active reader? To become an skateboarding research, active reader, you have to of graduate rid yourself of the idea that the essay award, most efficient way to write a paper is to read first, think later, and faculty of graduate write last of all. In talking with students, we've found that they often neglect to write as they read. When you read, do you stop to jot down questions? Do you challenge the writer? Do you search your soul for what you really believe about the topic at hand? Once you've begun writing, do you ever go back to the text? Perhaps you go back to find a piece of cover letter for hotel with no experience, evidence that will support your claims, but do you do the kind of re-reading that will force you to reconsider the text and your own position on it? If you answered no to these questions, then perhaps you are reading passively. Your thinking will not go as far as it might, and faculty your papers will suffer accordingly.

Once you understand that you ought to be reading actively, you'll begin to pay more attention to your reactions to the text. It's not a bad idea to keep track of how a text makes you feel while you are reading it. If you find yourself getting angry or growing bored, ask yourself why. Is the argument coming apart? Are there too many details? Not enough? Is the writer a misogynist? bigot? liberal? conservative? jerk? Pay attention to your own responses.

They might be the seeds for your paper. It's possible, too, that you'll find yourself wowed by a text. Or that some particular detail, which the author touches on in passing, seems to you to hold the key to for porphyria a problem that you've been thinking about for a long time. Again, pay attention to yourself as you read. Monitor your reactions.

Interrogate them. They might lead you to an interesting paper topic. When a writer writes a book she is, in faculty a sense, inviting you into an ongoing conversation. Skateboarding. She is taking a position in the great human debate, and she is asking you to take yours. When you write a paper in college, you are entering this conversation. Understand that scholarship is the written exchange of a particular community - in this case, the academic community. As a student, you have joined this community, attending it like you might attend a cocktail party that has the peculiar quality of being centuries-long. In essence, what is expected of you as a student isn't so very different from what is expected from you as a party-goer.

As is faculty, true of any party, there are principles of conduct that govern your behavior. Nevertheless, the basic principles of thesis for porphyria, conversation are the same in faculty of graduate studies ubc thesis the academy as they are at the cocktail party: you must listen well, you must think about what you are hearing and essay award your response to of graduate ubc thesis it, and you must contribute to the conversation in skateboarding paper a way that is relevant, thoughtful, and interesting. In order to enter the conversation fully as a writer, you must first enter the conversation fully as a reader. Pay attention to the text. Take note of how you feel about what the author is saying. Faculty Studies Ubc Thesis. Then consider the argument that the john nash thesis, author is presenting to you. Are there gaps in the argument? Do you want to challenge these gaps? Do you want to fill them in?

Do you want to faculty of graduate ubc thesis acknowledge the validity of the argument and then apply it to things that the author hasn't seemed to consider? All of these questions move you beyond your own reactions to a consideration of the argument. Your conversation with the writer has begun. Maybe the best practical advice we can give you about reading more actively is to skateboarding make use of the margins. In some important ways, an unmarked book is an unread book. Marking or annotating a text as you read it ensures that you are reading actively.

Even the simple act of underlining a passage requires you to faculty studies ask yourself what is most important in a text. The act of weighing importance is one way of breaking the nash, habit of passive reading. But you can do much more in the margins than simply make note of important passages. You can ask questions in the margins. You can draw arrows, establishing obscure connections in the text. Faculty Of Graduate. You can note patterns of essay award, imagery or language as you see them.

You can locate contradictions. You can get feisty, even, and call the author out for a debate. You also might find that you can demystify a text by writing in it. After all, reading Socrates or Freud or Marx or Einstein might leave you feeling unsettled. Intimidated, even. These minds seem so original, so perfect in faculty studies their way, that it seems impossible that your professor is asking you to of the make some comment on of graduate studies ubc thesis them. Even when you read unknown writers you might feel intimidated. After all, they are published. Their work is deemed good enough to find its way into print. But when you mark your text - when you put your own words on the page right next to the words of Hegel or Hemingway - you discover two things. Of Georgia Essays For Application. First is that there is room for faculty of graduate, you on the page.

Neither Hegel nor Hemingway has the last word on any subject. Second, you come to see that your process is not so different from statement for porphyria lover theirs. They read texts and they responded to them by writing. Now you are, too. One important idea to understand when you read is that every text has a context. Remember that every writer is in conversation: with other writers, with history, with the forces of her culture, with the events of his time. It is of graduate studies ubc thesis, helpful, for example, to thesis read Karl Marx or Sigmund Freud with some knowledge of of graduate ubc thesis, their moment in history.

Virginia Woolf and Simone deBeauvoir were responding to writers and events in their cultures, as were Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin. When you understand the context of a work, you can better see the of georgia essays, forces that moved the author to write that work. You will gain clarity about what and why the writer was writing. You may even gain clarity about what you yourself would like to say. But how do you place a work in context if you know nothing about the historical time in which it was written? You might take a trip to the library or do some on-line research. Perhaps your professor has reserved some books on ubc thesis the subject.

Maybe she has discussed the context of a particular book in class. Even if you know nothing about the context of a particular book or writer, you know a lot about the context of a particular reader: you. You are a member of a complex culture that provides you with a particular context for skateboarding research paper, your reading experience. Faculty Studies. Your gender, race, and socioeconomic class provide context(s) for your understanding of a text. You bring your own context(s) with you when you read texts as diverse as the john thesis, Declaration of Independence, the Koran, the of graduate studies, films of Fellini, and the transcriptions of the Watergate tapes. One word of caution: context needs to university of georgia essays for application be examined with care.

Don't assume that the of graduate studies ubc thesis, context of your own class or gender or culture is with, informing you correctly. Read context as actively and of graduate as rigorously as you read text! Reading Differently in the Disciplines. Each of the different academic disciplines - English, History, Sociology, Psychology, Biology, and so on - constructs knowledge differently. Each of the disciplines therefore asks you to read differently. Nash Thesis. Sometimes, in fact, they ask you to read things that you wouldn't normally consider as text. For example, in a Sociology class, you might be asked to read the behaviors of of graduate ubc thesis, a particular group of people. In a History class, you might be asked to read a sequence of events. In a Geography class, you might be asked to read a certain space. You might, in wall the course of your college career, be asked to read a painting, a film, an advertisement, an event, a laboratory experiment, or any number of fascinating things.

Before you take on of graduate the task of reading any sort of text, you'll want to make sure that you understand the discipline in which the text was created and in which you are working. What are the conventions and practices for reading, writing, and for application thinking in this particular discipline? How can you best enact these? Talk with your professors, who are experts in their fields and who can help you to better understand the practices they themselves use to construct knowledge. Some students have other, more general problems with reading. Perhaps they read too slowly, or they have a problem with retention. If you feel that you are one of these students, or if you simply want to of graduate studies learn strategies for reading more effectively, contact the essay award, Academic Skills Center for information about faculty of graduate their workshops and other resources.

Some of your professors will introduce you to different critical theories. These theories - which might include feminist criticism, Marxist criticism, psycho-analytic criticism, new historicism, deconstruction, and reader-response criticism - can lead you to understand texts in new ways. Understanding critical theory requires serious study. It's not our aim here to review for you all of the essay award, important theorists and their contributions to faculty of graduate studies their fields. What we do aim to do is to provide you with a very brief overview of the important theories and to show you how these theories might provide you with different lenses for essay award, reading. Even if you're not thoroughly familiar with these theories, you can make them work for you. The most basic understanding of new historicism, for example, can yield ideas for papers. Bringing feminist theory to faculty studies ubc thesis a text will help you to see things in it that you otherwise might not have seen. And so on. At the risk of being simplistic we've summarized very briefly what these theories are and how they might be used to facilitate your reading and writing processes. Research. Because these critical lenses are often used in studies ubc thesis literary studies, we demonstrate here how they might be applied to an assignment on The Awakening , a novel by Kate Chopin.

This novel concerns a woman named Edna who, at the turn of the century, finds that her life as a mother and wife requires her to essay award give up her individual self. In the end, the struggle between duty and selfhood become unbearable, and Edna walks off into the sea. Let's see how the various theories might help us to brainstorm ideas for writing. As you read, you should consider how these theoretical lenses might be transferable to the texts you are reading in class. (Note: For more fully developed examples of these ways of reading, please see the Bedford Books Edition of The Awakening, Nancy A. Walker, Editor.) Feminist criticism invites readers to of graduate studies consider women's roles within a text, event, place, or culture. It also attempts to establish within the academy and the culture a place for women writers who have been neglected.

Accordingly, a feminist critic might consider the publishing history of The Awakening, examining reasons for its long absence from the canon. Another common strategy in feminist theory is to university essays for application examine how texts perpetuate patriarchal attitudes and male-dominated power structures. When applied to The Awakening, this way of reading might lead a writer to consider ways in which the patriarchal culture drives Edna to suicide. Marxist criticism invites the reader to view a text in faculty of graduate studies economic terms, focusing on the issues of privilege and power. It encourages the reader to see a text against john nash, the backdrop of a larger drama, in which the working classes are oppressed by the privileged and the wealthy.

When applied to The Awakening, this way of reading might lead us to consider what elements of Edna's economically privileged background contribute to her undoing. Or we might discuss ways in studies which Edna's dependence on her servants interferes with her discovery of a new, independent self. Springing from the works of Sigmund Freud and nash thesis Jacques Lacan, psycho-analytic criticism argues essentially that everyone is inherently neurotic. Accordingly, students working in this school of criticism try to understand a text in of graduate terms of a writer's or a character's neurosis. This way of reading The Awakening might lead one to argue that Edna's suicide is in fact the result of her own neurosis, and not the result of her position in for porphyria lover a patriarchal or bourgeois culture. New Historicism claims that no text can be understood without examining its historical situation, or context. Historical critics therefore examine the events and values that might have influenced the production of a text. In this way of reading, The Awakening might be placed against historical attitudes or events. The writer might want to investigate how Edna's Creole environment promotes or serves as an of graduate studies, obstacle to university essays her self-discovery.

Or she might want to investigate property laws and how they treated (or mis-treated) women at that time. In this way of faculty of graduate ubc thesis, reading, critics deconstruct - or take apart - the internal structure of a text by research paper looking for its contradictions. Deconstructionist critics argue that these contradictions exist in all texts, and that the author did not intend them. By pointing to the lack of faculty of graduate, coherence in a text, and by undermining the idea of an author's intention, deconstructionists argue against the possibility of essays, a text having any single meaning. While reading The Awakening, a deconstructionist might look at the language that Edna uses to explain herself, noting that this language both justifies and lies about her experience. A deconstructionist would delight in of graduate studies how Edna's language reveals even as it conceals, illustrating an Edna who is painfully aware and yet perilously unaware of her situation. Reader-response critics are interested in readers and in the process of reading. In this school of cover letter with, criticism, meaning is faculty ubc thesis, not created by the writer alone. Thesis. Rather, readers are active and important participants in the meaning-making process.

They complete meaning. Of Graduate Ubc Thesis. Reader-response critics argue that a text is full of gaps and that these gaps work on for hotel receptionist with no experience a reader, forcing her to make connections, fill in spaces, and so on. A reader-response critic reading The Awakening might examine the text for gaps and then catalogue the studies ubc thesis, challenges these gaps make to essay award the reader as she struggles to studies ubc thesis make meaning. INFORMAL STRATEGIES FOR INVENTION. In the process of reading you will usually come up with some ideas worth writing about. Cover With No Experience. But what if you've read a text and you still haven't found anything that you feel is worth exploring? Or what if you have found an idea for writing but you've not yet discovered how you might develop that idea?

In either of these situations you might want to take the time to of graduate studies ubc thesis try one of the following strategies for invention: Brainstorming as an invention practice is useful because it is a quick and efficient way of essay award, laying out what you know about a subject. By brainstorming you might also see what you DON'T know about a topic, which might move you to read and think further. For the sake of argument, let's imagine that you are taking a class about technology and communication, and you've been asked to write a paper on how technology is changing the way we communicate. The topic is open because the professor wants you to work through this vast topic to find a smaller topic that interests you. You've decided that you want to of graduate begin by brainstorming about whether technology is affecting communication for the better, or for the worse. You sit down and spend just a few minutes making a quick list, noting five pros and five cons: Communication is cover for hotel receptionist with no experience, quicker and easier than ever before Technologies like facetime and skype allow us to talk face to face, virtually, even when we're far away Facebook is a way of maintaining a community of faculty ubc thesis, family and friends (you'll never forget a birthday again) Twitter is a great way of sharing news, of seeing what people are thinking, and john nash what topics are trending (kind of like a modern-day version of the water-cooler talk that my dad always refers to) New technologies bring new possibilities, so we can look forward to faculty of graduate studies improved communication infrastructures in the future. People are always plugged in to some device Between constant texting and multiple daily log-ins to facebook and other social media, we've lost the ability to be alone with our thoughts We've also lost the ability to control our privacy Current generations are engaging less frequently in face-to-face conversations My generation might not be learning how to read facial cues and paper body language - Is this why we use emoticons and faculty of graduate studies ubc thesis lols? So people will know how to nash thesis read us?

As you look at faculty the list, you note that you have several potential ideas for a paper--some might be synthesized into a paper topic, or you might choose one idea and develop it further. Statement For Porphyria. For the sake of illustration, we'll imagine that the final point catches your fancy, and that you've decided to try to faculty ubc thesis develop the idea further, by freewriting. Freewriting is essay award, similar to brainstorming in that it is a quick and informal way to develop an idea. But while brainstorming most often involves making a list of ideas, freewriting requires that you try to elaborate upon of graduate ubc thesis, these ideas by for hotel receptionist no experience writing about them, without paying attention to syntax or grammar. In this way freewriting can not only faculty, help you develop an essay on the fall, idea but can get you unstuck when coming up with ideas is of graduate studies ubc thesis, difficult. Here is an example of how one might use freewriting to develop the paper, aforementioned idea:

OK, so I'm supposed to faculty of graduate studies write a paper about technology and how it impacts our ability to university for application communicate affectively and effectively, which I believe is an issue worth investigating. Studies Ubc Thesis. On a personal level I think about how much of my social interaction is university of georgia essays for application, done via text or chat, and I wonder if my reliance on texting is limiting my ability to studies ubc thesis read people's feelings. How many times have I misread my girlfriend's mood and wished she came with some emoticons to help me out ? (lol) But scholars seem to be taking this issue seriously. In class, we read a lot of articles about paper how technology in of graduate general and social media in particular are affecting the cognitive and social and emotional growth of children of adolescents. Statement. Some scholars think that technology is getting in the way of our emotional development—they say that emoticons (for instance) are standing in for more complex emotions, and that slapping an faculty of graduate studies, emoticon on a message relieves the reader of the essay award, responsibility of reading for emotional subtexts. But not all scholars agree. I was really impressed by an article written by of graduate studies ubc thesis a group of linguists studying Japanese chat rooms to see how housewives used emoticons to essay fall berlin express their feelings. The Japanese call emoticons kaomoji, and they've raised them to an art—the variety and number of emoticons that they've created constitute a language! It blew my mind. Faculty Ubc Thesis. This article demonstrates how Kaomoji helps women to create voices in the chatrooms, and therefore provides them with a sense of berlin, agency. I think I'd like to think more about text abbreviations and emoticons as a kind of language, see what scholars have to faculty of graduate studies say about research paper this language.

It would be fun to do a paper on that. A discovery draft is a third strategy for coming up with or developing your ideas. A discovery draft is similar to freewriting in that you can write freely, ignoring the structure and the development of faculty of graduate ubc thesis, your ideas for the time being. You can also forget about matters of syntax and style. But writing a discovery draft is different from freewriting in that a discovery draft makes a conscious attempt to focus on and to develop an idea or cluster of ideas. In other words, a discovery draft is like freewriting with an agenda. Because you have an essay award, agenda, discovery drafts tend to be more structured than freewritings. They also tend to be written more or less coherently, in faculty studies ubc thesis complete sentences. Think of writing a discovery draft as writing a letter to an imaginary friend about john nash your history (or economics or government) paper.

You might first summarize for your friend's benefit the texts you've read and of graduate ubc thesis the problems they've presented. You might then raise questions about the texts. You might challenge the writers on certain points. You might note contradictions. Of Georgia For Application. You might point out a certain part of the argument that you found compelling. You might address and then work out any confusion that you have about your topic.

In writing the discovery draft you might have an ah-ha! moment, in which you see something that you hadn't seen before. And you break off in mid-sentence to explore it. In a sense, the ah-ha! moment is the studies, point of the discovery draft. When writing the discovery draft, your thoughts are focused on your topic. You are giving language to your questions and observations. Essay Award. In this process the mind almost always stumbles across something new - makes a discovery. And with this discovery, a paper is of graduate ubc thesis, often launched. Some students require a more systematic approach to coming up with ideas. University Essays. Every writer over time will develop her own system of faculty of graduate studies, invention. If you haven't found one yet, here are a couple that have withstood the test of time. Tagmemics is a system that allows you to look at a single object from three different perspectives.

The hope is that one of these perspectives (or even all three) can help you to determine a subject for writing. Tagmemics involves seeing your topic: As a particle (as a thing in itself) As a wave (as a thing changing over cover time) As part of a field (as a thing in its context) Let's say that you want to faculty of graduate write a paper on Malcolm X's role in the civil rights movement. If you use tagmemics as a system of invention, you will begin by john nash thesis looking at Malcolm X as a thing in faculty of graduate himself.

In other words, what are the characteristics of Malcolm X as a man? The characteristics of his philosophy? You next might consider Malcolm X in nash thesis terms of how his role in the civil rights movement changed over faculty of graduate studies time. Certainly Malcolm X experienced a radical shift in his beliefs about civil rights; you might explore this shift and the consequences both for Malcolm X and for research paper, the movement as a whole. You might also consider how history has viewed Malcolm X over time. You might have discovered in your reading that there exists today some division of opinion as to whether or not Malcolm X ought to be considered a civil rights leader. What forces have contributed to studies ubc thesis this dispute, and how has the nature of the dispute changed over time? Finally, consider Malcolm X as a thing in receptionist context. Relate him to of graduate studies his culture, to his moment in statement time. Look for the causes that produced Malcolm X, as well as the effect he had on his own historical period. Studies Ubc Thesis. Or compare or contrast him with other civil rights figures to see what special contribution he made to receptionist with no experience the movement and its history.

You might even connect Malcolm X with unlikely events and figures in order to provide a wide context for his work and his life. There are infinite questions to ask here. Faculty Of Graduate Studies Ubc Thesis. The point is that tagmemics can ask questions which encourage focused answers - the paper, kind of answers that help you to faculty of graduate ubc thesis write thoughtful, interesting, and statement for porphyria lover well-conceived essays. As one of the fathers of rhetoric, Aristotle worked to faculty of graduate formalize a system for coming up with, organizing, and expressing ideas. John Nash Thesis. We are concerned here with what Aristotle called the topoi - that is, a system of specific strategies for invention. Think of the topoi as a series of questions that you might ask of a text - questions that might lead you to interesting paper topics. Studies Ubc Thesis. The topoi are especially helpful when you are asked to explore a topic that may initially seem very broad to you. Here we will use as an example the laws governing intellectual property. Please note that while the topoi can help you to come up with a topic, you will still have work to do to john nash thesis develop a suitable scholarly question. There are two ways in which you might use definition to come up with a topic idea. Of Graduate. First, you might look at genus , which Aristotle explains as defining some general idea within specific limits.

For example, you might in your paper define intellectual property law—what it is, and john how it functions within the limits of a particular industry. The second way to use definition is by thinking in terms of division . Faculty Studies. In other words, try to essay berlin think of faculty studies, your subject in terms of letter with no experience, its parts, classes, and so on. Here, you might define the components of a law, perhaps with the aim of determining their relevance to a particular incident or dispute. Aristotle identifies three ways in which you might make comparisons as a way of generating ideas. First, you might consider similarities ; second, you might observe differences ; finally, you might examine degree . For example, you might compare the intellectual property laws of two different communities or cultures. Your paper could focus on the similarities or differences between these laws. Alternatively, you might want to of graduate consider to what degree various intellectual property laws protect or obstruct innovation.

Aristotle determined three ways in thesis for porphyria lover which we can explore relationships as a way of coming up with ideas for writing. The first of these ways is to consider the cause of your subject, or its effects. For example, you might explore what cultural, political, or corporate values have informed a set of intellectual property laws. Conversely, you might examine the effects of faculty of graduate studies ubc thesis, these laws on certain individuals or industries. You might also take a look at a subject's antecedent and consequences . In other words, you might ask the question of your subject: If this, then what? For example, if intellectual property laws were changed in the pharmaceutical industry, what benefits might we see? Finally, you might look for contradictions , incompatible statements , or controversy . Essay On The Fall Berlin Wall. For example, you may note that some thinkers believe that intellectual property laws oppress innovation, while others think these same laws encourage innovation. Your paper could address this controversy. Aristotle offers two ways that you might examine circumstances in studies order to come up with an idea for a paper. On The Berlin Wall. The first is to studies ubc thesis consider the possible and the impossible . Sometimes you can construct an interesting argument by considering what is possible and what is cover for hotel receptionist, not.

Example: Is it possible to create binding international laws regarding intellectual property? Why or why not? Another strategy is to consider the past, or to look to the future . For instance, examining current trends, you might consider the probability of a country revising its intellectual property laws in the future. The opinions of faculty of graduate ubc thesis, others can be a source for your paper. Look to authorities, testimonials, statistics, maxims, laws, and with precedents.

For example, does a particular law make legal sense, in the context of of graduate studies ubc thesis, its precedents? OK. You've done some preliminary brainstorming. Perhaps you've even completed a discovery draft. The problem sitting before you now is for porphyria, that you have too many ideas and of graduate studies you don't know what to do with them. Essay Award. Or the ideas you've come up with don't seem to be adequately academic.

What do you try next? Nutshelling is the simple process of trying to explain the main point of your observations in a few sentences - in a nutshell. When you put your thoughts in a nutshell, you come to studies see just how those thoughts fit together. You see how each thought is relevant to the others, and what the overall point is. John. In short, nutshelling helps you to take your observations or your information and to transform them into something meaningful, focused, coherent. Imagine, for example, that in your writing class you are asked to studies ubc thesis reflect on your writing experience before you came to college. You know that you've always struggled to meet the expectations of your teachers, but you've never been able to articulate why. After some brainstorming and freewriting, you recall that your teachers always praised your ideas as original but were less enthusiastic about the way you presented them. The teachers seemed to want you to write to a formula that never quite fit what you wanted to essays say. You wonder how it is that original ideas can be fit into formulaic or conventional structures.

As you contemplate this dilemma, some questions begin to take shape. Should teachers expect originality from student writers? And if they do expect originality, why do they promote certain modes of ubc thesis, writing, such as the timed essay or the five-paragraph theme? Why, furthermore, do teachers so often insist an easily identifiable thesis sentence? Why do they flinch when they see fragments or run-ons?

Why don't they encourage experimentation with structure, syntax, and style? Now that you've raised some intriguing questions, you'll want to try to focus your thinking. What are you trying to say, in a nutshell? Your answer: The process of writing was difficult for you because you found yourself caught between your teachers' conflicting expectations. On the one hand, your teachers encouraged you to be original in for porphyria lover you thinking; on the other, they insist that you conform to conventions. Where did these conflicting expectations come from? And what effect did they have on you as a writer? You have nutshelled your way to a promising idea for your reflective essay.

What happens when you've put your thoughts in ubc thesis a nutshell and they seem too small? You may have come up with a topic that is too narrow, too particular to support a sustained conversation. Essay Award. Now what? Using pen and paper, begin to sketch your idea. Put your idea at faculty of graduate studies the center of the page, then list and cluster other observations that you find interesting. University Of Georgia Essays. If you see connections, draw arrows. When the sketch gets messy, take out a clean piece of paper and make another sketch with a structure that is clearer.

After two or three rounds of faculty of graduate ubc thesis, sketching, you may be surprised to skateboarding research find yourself looking at an interesting web of ideas, where before you had only faculty studies ubc thesis, a single observation. If your thought seems too small, consider the other side(s) of the matter. What do other scholars have to say on the topic you're exploring? What do your classmates have to say? How can you use their perspectives to broaden your own? Sometimes novice writers try to silence opposing viewpoints, but considering these views in your paper will enrich your argument, not weaken it. Every text is essay on the of the berlin wall, written in the context of other texts; every idea is a response to other ideas. If your idea or observation seems too small, try to articulate the bigger conversation of faculty, which it is university for application, part. By exploring and articulating the of graduate, context of your idea, you will most certainly broaden the scope of your argument. But what if your topic seems too big to handle?

What do you do then? Broad, general statements open themselves up to thesis statement challenges. If you say that something is generally true, someone will step forward to ubc thesis inform you of the university of georgia essays, many exceptions to your assertion. So, test your claim. Consider your exceptions before your readers do.

As you work through exceptions or objections, you will qualify your statement, so that your claim is more nuanced. The result will be a more focused topic. Remember: broad is also vague. Focusing on specific examples can focus your topic, and make it more clear. Of Graduate Ubc Thesis. Also remember that you are writing a paper, and not a book. Sometimes a specific example, well chosen, will allow you to make a broader point - but in essay award five pages rather than five hundred. Just as a consideration of context can help you broaden an idea, it can also help you narrow it.

Contexts are constructed out of particulars. Pay attention to the particulars, and faculty studies you'll be able to skateboarding narrow your focus appropriately.

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9 Sketching Exercises Leonardo Da Vinci Practiced To Achieve Artistic Mastery. Leonardo da Vinci needs no introduction from me. Nearly everything that can be said about of graduate studies ubc thesis, him has already been said#8230; Some claim he was a superhuman genius polymath with an IQ of 210, five hundred years ahead of his time. Others say that he was an letter no experience, opportunistic idea thief, only modifying the designs of the better inventors that came before him. A few even believe that he was a prophet and left hidden symbols, codes and upside down animal shapes in his paintings (that#8217;s a topic for another post…or not). But whatever you think of Leonardo da Vinci#8217;s place in histories#8217; list of studies top IQs, there#8217;s one thing that#8217;s agreed upon by both the conspiracists and skeptics alike.

The man was a damn good artist. So damn good, in fact, many art historians (and artists) have brandished him with the statement title of #8216; the most technically gifted artist that#8217;s ever walked the earth .#8217; While it would be foolish to argue that Da Vinci#8217;s artistic talents were not in some way down to faculty studies ubc thesis his genetics i.e. some people have better visuospatial cognition than others it would be just as foolish to argue that his environment did not play a huge role either. Leonardo was born an illegitimate child (bastard), which made his career options limited, to say the least. He was not allowed entry into universities or to continue in for porphyria, his father#8217;s noble profession as a notary. Rather than simply accept this exclusion, he decided to use it is as creative fuel in an intellectual rebellion that would go on to shape the rest of his life.

So what I can#8217;t go to university, they don#8217;t know everything anyway. I would rather learn from nature and experience than some boring professor. As a young boy, Leonardo began taking paper from his father#8217;s office, which was very expensive at the time, and go out into the woods to make drawings of faculty of graduate plants and animals. It was these drawings that Leonardo#8217;s father showed to his artist friend Andrea del Verrocchio who, at the age of about fourteen, Leonardo joined as an apprentice artist. The bad hand society had dealt Da Vinci, it could be argued, was one of of georgia his greatest gifts.

It gave him an uncomfortable chip on his shoulder that spurred him to challenge constantly and surpass the commonly held ideas of groupthink. #8220;I have removed the skin from ubc thesis a man who was so shrunk by illness that the statement muscles were worn down and remained in a state like a thin membrane…#8221; In the book The Talent Code , the faculty of graduate studies author, Daniel Coyle delves deeply into the science of of georgia essays for application what makes people like Leonardo #8220;tick.#8221; #8220;It seems almost impudent to studies presume that we can draw useful lessons from the research paper Renaissance—the hotbed of all hotbeds. After all, we’ve been conditioned to think of Michelangelo, Da Vinci, Raphael, Botticelli et. al. as quasi-divinities—the ultimate natural geniuses of the ubc thesis art world. But, in fact, every one of those “divinities” were once seven-year-old kids, learning skills just like any other kid. While we obviously can’t recreate the combination of skateboarding cultural/religious/historical forces that set the stage for the Renaissance (not to mention parents who enjoy sending off their seven-year-old to work full time as a painter’s apprentice instead of school), but we can do something just as powerful. We can look at the behaviors and of graduate studies methods—at the combination of deep practice, ignition, and master coaching—that systematically built some of the finest skill-circuits the world has ever seen.#8221; Coyle discovered that when we practice a skill, an insulator-like substance called myelin thickens around our neural circuitry, which in turn makes us more talented.

The type of practice one engages in is the determinant of skateboarding paper how quickly our myelin sheaths thicken around our neural circuits. Good practice, Coyle explains, must test us and stretch our abilities right up to the edge of frustration. Faculty Studies? Talent without the motivation to thesis for porphyria lover ceaselessly improve will never lead to mastery. So that brings us to of graduate the question#8230; How did Leonardo practice his art? What drawing exercises did he use to #8216;stretch#8217; his abilities? As a fellow artist and somewhat of a Da Vinci nerd, I#8217;ve searched through countless Da Vinci notebooks and biographies for these answers. Listed below, are the results of that search. Da Vinci and his students used the following 9 drawing exercises repeatedly. They are meant to challenge you and stretch you. They are not intended for the creation of pretty pictures. They are exercises.

Training. Practice. Work. Treat them as such. On The Of The Berlin Wall? There were no cameras or Internet back in faculty of graduate studies, the renaissance, so Da Vinci didn#8217;t get his subject matter from Google images. He drew from life. But Da Vinci being Da Vinci took this #8216;drawing from life#8217; a step further than most.

He drew water, storms, birds, running horses, faces in the midst of angry outbursts and groups of laughing men. Here#8217;s his French biographer, Serge Bramly, on the rapidity Leonardo cultivated by such practice: #8220;Observing and drawing (and imagining or reflecting) were operations that very soon for Leonardo became much the same thing. Hand, eye, and brain became coordinated through determined training. He gradually turned himself into essay award, a sort of living, thinking, and inventive camera (he wrote of faculty studies #8220;becoming like a mirror#8221; an intelligent and on the fall of the berlin wall critical mirror). Drawing seems to have been almost second nature to him.

He saw to perfection, then judged and reproduced the subject, seemingly without an intermediary between retina and paper: his thought was formed in the movement of his hand as his hand interpreted his vision. He could work so fast that one sometimes feels one is looking at a form of faculty studies shorthand.#8221; Because we cannot depict every detail of the world around us, good drawings, one could argue, are simply the result of a series of nash decisions made by the artist about what to include, and what to leave out. #8220;Art is the elimination of the unnecessary,#8221; Picasso famously said. There is no better way of training yourself to eliminate the unnecessary and notice the most important elements of a particular object, than by drawing it while it#8217;s on of graduate ubc thesis the move. Da Vinci, knowing this, instructs fellow artists to: #8220;Keep a sharp lookout, for figures in movement, in statement for porphyria lover, the streets, in the squares, in the countryside, and note down the main lines quickly: that is to say, putting an O for the head and straight or bent lines for faculty of graduate studies ubc thesis the arms and the same for legs and trunk; then when you get home, look back at your sketches and give them finished form.#8221; Cats drawn from research life. Some of Da Vinci#8217;s anatomical drawings are still used in many medical schools, as references to this day.

His study of the human spine is one of the best anatomical drawings ever created. Faculty? Study of the human spine. The astonishing attention to detail Leonardo possessed wasn#8217;t a gift from God, rather a skill cultivated by essay on the, drawing exercises just like this one found in a note he left himself: #8220;Tomorrow make some silhouettes out of cardboard in faculty, various forms and skateboarding research throw them from the top of the faculty ubc thesis terrace through the air; then draw the movements each makes at essay award the different stages of faculty of graduate studies ubc thesis its descent.#8221; Birds drawn in fall wall, mid-flight. Do as Leonardo instructs. Go to studies a bustling place and of the berlin wall make quick notes of the people going about their business. Go to a park and faculty ubc thesis draw the birds or the ripples of a lake.

Watch a gymnast or a wrestler on YouTube without pressing pause. Draw moving objects. Leonardo was an university essays for application, assistant artist to Andrea Del Verrocchio for roughly ten years. Back then, artists were not so precious about their work as they are now. It was quite common for assistants to studies ubc thesis learn their trade by painting small sections of of the berlin wall their master#8217;s paintings such as shrubbery or sky and of graduate work their way up. Essay Award? Da Vinci#8217;s angel on the left; Verrocchio#8217;s on the right. However, if their painting style were too incongruent with their master#8217;s then the piece would look wrong (think Van Gogh doing the scenery in the Mona Lisa ). In order to avoid this problem, students would spend a good deal of their time copying their master#8217;s work. Not only of graduate ubc thesis was copying the master great practice, it was good for business. Essay Award? Verrocchio#8217;s style is of graduate studies ubc thesis very present in Leonardo#8217;s early paintings. Leonardo, later in essay fall berlin, life, would often instruct his own pupils to copy his drawings, in the same way that he had copied Verrocchio#8217;s. #8220;The artist ought first to exercise his hand by copying drawings from the faculty of graduate ubc thesis hand of university of georgia essays a good master. Faculty Of Graduate Studies Ubc Thesis? And having acquired that practice, under the criticism of his master, he should next practice drawing objects in relief of a good style, following the rules which will presently be given.#8221; Recently it was discovered that while Leonardo worked on his most famous painting, The Mona Lisa , a student of his, with his own canvas, copied along with him; stroke for stroke.

Both are highly finished paintings of extremely high quality but if a picture says a thousand words, this comparison is an statement for porphyria, essay on ubc thesis just how skillful a painter Leonardo was. Apprentice vs. Master. #8220;The youth should first learn perspective, then the proportions of john nash objects. Then he may copy from some good master, to accustom himself to fine forms. Then from nature, to confirm by practice the studies ubc thesis rules he has learnt.#8221; Choose four Leonardo drawings that look difficult and copy them in the same medium in which they were drawn. After this, draw from life incorporating the john #8216;rules#8217; you have learned from this exercise. My attempt at four Da Vinci master copies.

The act of turning self-improvement into a game (gamification) is hugely popular nowadays. Faculty Of Graduate Studies Ubc Thesis? Whether you want to essay on the of the berlin get fitter or learn a new language, there#8217;s a gamified app that can fulfill your needs. Leonardo, it probably won#8217;t surprise you, was also a huge fan of studies gamification when it came to art. For Hotel Receptionist With No Experience? Perhaps he really was 500 years ahead of his time? #8220;When, Oh draughtsmen, you desire to find relaxation in games you should always practice such things as may be of use in your profession, by giving your eye good practice in judging accurately of the breadth and length of objects. Thus, to accustom your mind to such things, let one of you draw a straight line at random on a wall, and each of you, taking a blade of grass or of straw in his hand, try to cut it to the length that the line drawn appears to him to be, standing at a distance of 10 braccia; then each one may go up to the line to measure the of graduate studies ubc thesis length he has judged it to be.

And he who has come nearest with his measure to john nash thesis the length of the studies pattern is the best man, and university of georgia for application the winner, and shall receive the prize you have settled beforehand#8230;such games give occasion to faculty good practice for the eye, which is of the first importance in painting.#8221; He was constantly testing and stretching his visual perspective skills even when he wasn#8217;t drawing. As Michelangelo said, #8220;An artist paints with his brains, not his hands.#8221; Playing perspective games is an incredible drawing exercise. I have modified Leonardo#8217;s approach into something slightly more practical but no less testing: Take a ruler and essays mark off the studies exact number of centimes you estimate an object to be while standing 10 feet away from it. Challenge friends and family in nash thesis, a game. 4. Draw Both The Divine And The Grotesque.

While we now think of Da Vinci#8217;s work as things of divine beauty, a few centuries ago, they were infamous for the exact opposite reason. A #8216;grotesque#8217; man and woman. In the Victorian era all around Europe, these #8216;grotesque#8217; heads, as they came to be known, were Leonardo#8217;s most reproduced pieces of art. Faculty Of Graduate Ubc Thesis? Did he have some strange fascination with strange looking people? If one were to read the work of Vasari, Leonardo#8217;s earliest biographer, one might think so: #8220;Leonardo was so pleased whenever he saw a strange head or beard or hair of nash unusual appearance that he would follow such a person a whole day, and so learn him by heart, that when he reached home he could draw him as if he were present.#8221; Luckily, Da Vinci provides a hint at his reasons for producing these drawings in his notebooks. And in typical Da Vinci fashion, it#8217;s rooted in artistic self-improvement: #8220;The painter should aim at universality, because there is a great want of of graduate studies ubc thesis self-respect in doing one thing well and cover no experience another badly, as many do who study only the faculty of graduate [rules of] measure and proportion in the nude figure and do not seek after variety; for essay award a man may be well proportioned, or he may be fat and short, or tall and faculty thin, or medium. Essay On The Fall Berlin? And a painter who takes no account of these varieties always makes his figures on of graduate one pattern so that they might all be taken for brothers; and this is a defect that demands stern reprehension.#8221; The old and the young. Da Vinci, the polymath that he was, saw no value in university essays, doing just one thing well. #8220;The artist holds the faculty universe in his mind,#8221; he often wrote. Cover Letter For Hotel No Experience? Drawing and painting were a self-sustaining curiosity factory for Da Vinci. His need to depict the world accurately drove him to study everything in it.

And the conclusions he made were tested with the studies result of his finished work. Do not doubt that Leonardo was thinking of the essay award sinews and the nerves and faculty of graduate the ligaments and thesis statement the skeletons of the people he had dissected, while he was working on The Mona Lisa. #8220;Nor is the painter praiseworthy who does but one thing well, as the nude figure, heads, draperies, animals, landscapes or other such details, irrespective of other work; for of graduate ubc thesis there can be no mind so inept, that after devoting itself to one single thing and doing it constantly, it should fail to university of georgia for application do it well.#8221; Draw obese people, slim people, muscular people, landscapes, strange animals, things you are not accustomed to drawing. It will make you better at drawing the things at which, you wish to excel. My attempt at drawing figures with varying proportions. 5. Fix Things In Your Mind Through Drawing. To illustrators and conceptual designers, the faculty of graduate ubc thesis ability of john thesis being able to draw well from faculty of graduate studies ubc thesis one#8217;s head is statement lover essential. To Fine Art students, however, this practice has become somewhat of a lost art form. This is a shame#8230; Do you really think Michelangelo had a model in every position in the exact right lighting as a reference for every person depicted on the Sistine Chapel ceiling? A small section of Michelangelo#8217;s Sistine Chapel. And do you really think the model in The Mona Lisa posed for Leonardo for the seven years it#8217;s estimated it took him to complete?

I#8217;m sure if they could have worked from photographs and models they would have. Faculty Of Graduate Ubc Thesis? But because they didn#8217;t have that option, they were forced not to learn anatomy, lighting, and perspective, but to master it. Renaissance artists internalized the visual alphabet and learned how to paint stories with it. They transcended copying and became creators. #8220;Creativity feeds on limitations.#8221; Leonardo would learn and test his ability to fix objects in his mind like this: #8220;When you want to fall berlin know a thing you have studied in your memory proceed in faculty of graduate, this way: When you have drawn the nash same thing so many times that you think you know it by heart, test it by drawing it without the faculty of graduate studies ubc thesis model; but have the essay award model traced on flat thin glass and lay this on the drawing you have made without the model, and of graduate studies note carefully where the tracing does not coincide with your drawing, and where you find you have gone wrong; and essay award bear in mind not to repeat the faculty ubc thesis same mistakes. Then return to essay award the model, and draw the part in which you were wrong again and again till you have it well in your mind.#8221; Repetition is an essential part of studies mastering any skill. No musician or athlete or surgeon or hairdresser or skateboarder could ever reach a high level without practicing the on the fall same drill over faculty of graduate, and over again. Art is no different, and Da Vinci knew it. He too was a very accomplished lyre player. Perhaps he took the learning strategies he picked up from playing the lyre and applied them to art.

In the same way that a concert pianist will have C scales and john D minor chords stored up in their head, ready to come out at a moments notice. Da Vinci had noses, and postures and animals up in his: #8220;If you want to acquire facility for bearing in mind the expression of a face, first make yourself familiar with a variety of faculty of graduate studies ubc thesis [forms of] several heads, eyes, noses, mouths, chins and with no experience cheeks and necks and shoulders: And to put a case: Noses are of 10 types: straight, bulbous, hollow, prominent above or below the middle, aquiline, regular, flat, round or pointed. These hold good as to profile. In full face they are of 11 types; these are equal thick in the middle, thin in the middle, with the of graduate studies ubc thesis tip thick and the root narrow, or narrow at the tip and wide at the root; with the nostrils wide or narrow, high or low, and thesis statement for porphyria the openings wide or hidden by the point; and you will find an equal variety in the other details; which things you must draw from of graduate ubc thesis nature and fix them in your mind.#8221; Find a photograph of an object and copy it a few times. When you start feeling confident, try and draw it from your head. When finished, compare it to essay fall of the the photograph and make a note of the differences.

Repeat until you can draw it from your head perfectly (or there about). Many artists have no problem showing people their favorite finished pieces; few the processes that made them. Creativity is a messy practice. The first drafts of the best novels are often ugly and the initial sketch an artist lays down on canvas, often uglier. Leonardo urges us not only to faculty of graduate embrace the uncomfortable feeling one gets when a drawing doesn#8217;t go to essay on the fall berlin plan, but to showcase it to the world: #8220;I say and insist that drawing in company is much better than alone, for many reasons. The first is faculty studies that you would be ashamed to be seen behindhand among the students, and such shame will lead you to careful study. Secondly, a wholesome emulation will stimulate you to be among those who are more praised than yourself, and this praise of on the others will spur you on. Faculty Of Graduate? Another is letter receptionist no experience that you can learn from the drawings of others who do better than yourself; and if you are better than they, you can profit by faculty of graduate ubc thesis, your contempt for their defects, while the essay award praise of others will incite you to farther merits.#8221; David Kassan drawing in a busy New York subway station. Good artists care more about the quality of their work than the frailty of their ego.

Good artists are pragmatic. They view all setbacks and criticisms as opportunities and ubc thesis feedback to improve with: #8220;Certainly while a man is research paper painting he ought not to shrink from hearing every opinion. For we know very well that a man, though he may not be a painter, is familiar with the forms of other men and very capable of judging whether they are hump backed, or have one shoulder higher or lower than the other, or too big a mouth or nose, and other defects; and, as we know that men are competent to judge of the of graduate studies works of nature, how much more ought we to admit that they can judge of our errors; since you know how much a man may be deceived in his own work.#8221; Find a family member or friend and ask them if they#8217;ll watch you draw. Tell them that you#8217;re bad at drawing in front of other people and you think the challenge of doing so will help advance your artistic skills. Ask them to pick out faults and problems with your drawing as you go. Nine times out of ten you will have already noticed the essays problem, but the one time you didn#8217;t… that#8217;s the lesson. Faculty Studies? To see how Leonardo used mirrors to gain objectivity over skateboarding, his work see this article. Leonardo spent countless hours in faculty of graduate studies ubc thesis, his apprentice days drawing and painting drapery. It teaches one the of georgia importance of faculty of graduate ubc thesis patience, light values and structure like nothing else can. An almost photographic drapery study by Leonardo.

Drawing drapery is just as challenging (if not more) as drawing a nude model. The added benefit is that drapery doesn#8217;t move or charge by the hour. Place a single colored blanket or curtain over a chair. Set up your light source so that it doesn#8217;t constantly change and thesis lover draw. Oh, and take your time#8230; #8220;Many are they who have a taste and love for drawing, but no talent; and this will be discernible in boys who are not diligent and never finish their drawings with shading.#8221; 8. Draw The Same Thing From Multiple Angles. Studies Ubc Thesis? I remember asking my old art teacher once, #8220;Why is fall of the wall drawing from photographs, not as a good as drawing from faculty ubc thesis life?#8221; He replied, #8220;Because you can#8217;t look behind a photograph.#8221; I was young at the time and didn#8217;t understand what he meant.

Why would I want to look behind what I#8217;m drawing? I#8217;m only skateboarding drawing the front. My art teacher, like Da Vinci, understood that a good artist doesn#8217;t just copy. A good artist simplifies, deconstructs, reinterprets, and understands his subject matter. Many of the faculty studies world#8217;s greatest portrait painters openly admit that the better their personal connection with the person they#8217;re drawing, the better the finished portrait will be. Shoulder anatomy from multiple perspectives. Our eyes only thesis lover see raw jumbled light. Our brain takes this light and sorts it out into objects with form and faculty studies ubc thesis texture. Drawing things from multiple angles makes our brains better interpreters of skateboarding paper light. Children draw what they think something looks like; amateur artists copy what they see; master artists draw what they understand. Study of braided hair from multiple angles.

Draw a person from multiple angles. Imagine you need to make a record of how they look but you have no camera at hand. Studies Ubc Thesis? Even though you#8217;re using different viewpoints, there should be a basic likeness between them all. Statement? Leonardo wasn#8217;t just an artist who could shade well and draw clean lines. He placed just as much emphasis on the composition and faculty content of cover receptionist no experience his art as he did its technical rendering. Leonardo#8217;s cartoon of Virgin and Child with Saint Anne. The triangular composition, the of graduate eye lines, and the curved centreline which extends into a finger pointing to the heavens, were all carefully chosen to tell a story by Leonardo. If you#8217;d like to learn more about composition, you can watch this fantastic Developing a Composition course by Professor Mary Jane Begin from Rhode Island School of Design#8230; for free. You#8217;ll also get access to her 9 other artistic mastery lessons in this 10-day cancel anytime trial.

For centuries, artists have experimented with drugs for inspiration, but this was not Da Vinci#8217;s style. He had a cleaner, albeit a stranger, method: #8220;I cannot forbear to essay award mention among these precepts a new device for study which, although it may seem but trivial and almost ludicrous, is nevertheless extremely useful in of graduate studies, arousing the mind to university of georgia essays various inventions. And this is, when you look at a wall spotted with stains, or with a mixture of stones, if you have to devise some scene, you may discover a resemblance to various landscapes, beautified with mountains, rivers, rocks, trees, plains, wide valleys and hills in faculty of graduate studies, varied arrangement; or again you may see battles and figures in action; or strange faces and skateboarding costumes, and an endless variety of of graduate studies ubc thesis objects, which you could reduce to complete and well drawn forms. And these appear on such walls confusedly, like the sound of bells in whose jangle you may find any name or word you choose to imagine.#8221; What do you see? Our minds are natural hallucinators. When we lack external sensory input, our brains manufacture their own. You can see this phenomenon in full effect with the use of sensory deprivation chambers. If you don#8217;t have one of these, a bedchamber will suffice. #8220;I myself have proved it to be of for hotel receptionist with no experience no small use, when in bed in of graduate, the dark, to recall in cover for hotel receptionist with no experience, fancy the external details of forms previously studied, or other noteworthy things conceived by subtle speculation; and this is certainly an admirable exercise, and useful for impressing things on the memory.#8221; For inspiration deprive your mind of interesting stimulation, so it comes up with its own. Faculty? Stare at a stained wall, the clouds, into space or close your eyes and let your mind wander. Design a composition with the results of this exercise.

Drawing Exercises from Leonardo da Vinci: Final Thoughts. The ability to draw technically well is like a guitar player who can play extremely fast. It#8217;s an added string to your bow. What counts is the ability to move people, to present ideas and questions that stir up our emotions. The problem is, artists who lack any technical ability will struggle to communicate their ideas to their full effect. We need to be able to on the wall do both. Remember: #8220;The painter should aim at universality, because there is a great want of self-respect in doing one thing well and faculty another badly#8230; I#8217;ll leave you with some final words from Serge Bramly on the result one can expect to achieve if they work hard at for porphyria lover Leonardo#8217;s drawing exercises: #8220;In his studies of flowers, bodies, machines, and whirlpools, depicted in the minutest detail, or of faculty ubc thesis birds in mid-flight, he finally achieved a mastery comparable to john nash that of Zen archers who have come to identify so clearly with their weapon and its target that his arrows hit it without their having consciously taken aim.#8221; Find your target. Figure Drawing Fundamentals by Proko Anatomy of the of graduate ubc thesis Human Body by Proko How to of georgia for application Draw taught by faculty of graduate ubc thesis, Professor David Brody. Stephen Fry’s Novel Writing Advice: Tips on Overcoming Fear of the Blank Page and Aspiring to Literary Greatness. Was Leonardo da Vinci a Chronic Procrastinator? The #8220;Aha Moments#8221; of George R. R. Martin and Leonardo da Vinci Deconstructed.

Jon Brooks is the author of ComfortPit and no experience the co-creator of faculty ubc thesis HighExistence. He researches the practical ways art, science, psychology, technology, history, and philosophy can help us live more skillfully.

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Essay About Malaysian Food Essays and Research Papers. That One Essay about Food A plant-based diet is of graduate, what I have been living on for nine months now, some people . call me a vegetarian, and others call me crazy. Being raised in the country meant eating more meat than the usual girl, and I began to notice how sluggish beef, pork, even chicken made me feel after eating it. Essay Fall Of The Wall! So, one day I made a bet with my friend to be a “veg-head” for two weeks, I won the faculty of graduate studies ubc thesis, challenge and haven’t stopped being an organic vegetarian since. Thesis! It helped me become more disciplined. Health , Meat , Nutrition 971 Words | 3 Pages. ? This essay is about “ Food Chain” Food chain From Wikipedia, . the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search For other uses, see Food chain (disambiguation). Food chain in a Swedish lake.

Osprey feed on northern pike, which in turn feed on perch which eat bleak that feed on freshwater shrimp. A food chain is a linear sequence of of graduate ubc thesis links in a food web starting from a trophic species that eats no other species in the web and ends at a trophic species. Al-Jahiz , Apex predator , Charles Sutherland Elton 729 Words | 3 Pages. nutritious alternatives to preserved and of georgia essays for application fast food products. Where this agreement usually ends, however, is on the question of how this can . “healthy lifestyle” can be obtained. Whereas some are convinced that trusting yourself and faculty studies ubc thesis your body will lead to better choices, others maintain that eating food in essay award moderation and more fruits and vegetables is the best path to faculty of graduate choose. Paper! “Today, more than 95% of all chronic disease is caused by food choice, toxic food ingredients, nutritional deficiencies and lack. Eating , Food , Health 1419 Words | 4 Pages. In 5 Weeks I Learned About Organic Food And Writing Essays. In 5 Weeks I Learned About Organic Food And Writing Essays Every year I go to Alabama to visit my grandmother (she . passed away this January, so I won’t be going there anymore) and stay at my grandma’s friend’s farm at their trailer. This farm has cows, chickens, and of graduate studies ubc thesis other farm animals.

Also they have a lot of pecan trees. Every morning I would wake up and meet my dad at the chicken coop, and pick 4 eggs to share for eat for breakfast. These free-range eggs were purple and bigger than conventional. Organic farming , Organic food , Pesticide 1964 Words | 5 Pages. The Thought about Food Mankind differentiates itself from fall, other species in its willingness to exhaust its environment in order . to satisfy its immediate needs of the essential components: food and studies water. In order to john nash satisfy the demands of an of graduate, ever-increasing global population, we rely on an international, industrial food system. When it comes to global warming we think about how climate change will impact farming, but not how farming will impact climate change. The impact of the skateboarding research paper, food system on global. Agriculture , Carbon dioxide , Climate change 1235 Words | 5 Pages. Essay about paperless world Free Essays on Paperless World for students.

Use our papers to help you with yours. . Real-World Examples from a Paperless Society Magazine article from: Information Today.We have all heard about the paperless society, a longheralded. Faculty Of Graduate Studies! Are we slowly moving in the general direction of statement a less-paper world?. A paperless world may still be inconceivable to us whove grown. NOTICE: Essays and comments posted on World Future Society Web Forums are the intellectual property of the. Essay , Five paragraph essay , Microsoft PowerPoint 832 Words | 3 Pages. ?Troy Gebert Mr. Trussel English 4 19 November 19, 2014 Good Food Bad Food Essay America today is known as one of of graduate ubc thesis . the most well to do countries while also being known as one of the unhealthiest countries in essay award the world. Studies Ubc Thesis! The world’s view of a typical American is overweight with a big mac in one hand and a television remote in the other. The sad truth is that their view isn’t too far off. Essay On The Fall Of The Berlin! About 36% percent of all Americans are considered obese.

Although many are trying to stop obesity by promoting. Childhood obesity , Diabetes mellitus , Dieting 1012 Words | 3 Pages. Current Status and Applications of Biotechnology in faculty of graduate studies ubc thesis the Malaysian Food Industry. TOPIC: CURRENT STATUS AND APPLICATIONS OF BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE MALAYSIAN FOOD INDUSTRY. The term “biotechnology” refers to the . use of living organisms or their products to modify human health and the human environment. ‘ Food biotechnology’ is a process scientists use to enhance the for porphyria lover, production, nutritional value, safety, and taste of foods . It can also benefit the environment by improving crops so that they need fewer pesticides. Modern food biotechnology is a refined version of this same process. Today. Agriculture , Biotechnology , Food 1527 Words | 5 Pages. declare war and conclude peace, make its own laws and have its own government. We still need to achieve a lot but we cannot say that we are not independent. . Based on the interview that we have done with two Malaysians , we can summarize that not all Malaysians know the studies ubc thesis, true meaning of fall of the berlin independence. Despite me having to interview a younger generation today, I can see that they don’t value the of graduate studies, true meaning of independence meaning that they don’t take Independence Day seriously.

This. Country , Education , Malaysia 712 Words | 3 Pages. 7 February 2013 Food . John Nash Thesis! When people see or hear that word, many of them think of food as something that just keeps us healthy and faculty of graduate ubc thesis . alive. In my perspective that is true. But there is so much more to it than many people see. Skateboarding Research Paper! It is cultural, a tradition, and can have many different meanings. It can also be seen as edible art and faculty of graduate a way to express yourself.

To me, it is a way to get away from essay award, everything. As a child, I didn’t enjoy eating what my parents wanted me to. I was obsessed with sugary treat. Baking , Cooking , Eating 1150 Words | 3 Pages. Argumentative Essays About Obesity. looking at arguments relating to faculty ubc thesis the fast food industry is 'Super-Size me' that documentary, that might give you some more ideas . about arguments, to look into of georgia essays for application, some of the issues that Morgan Spurlock touches on, (size of food portions, advertising, health related problems of of graduate obesity, etc..) Obesity in skateboarding research AmericaWhen people think about health what usually comes up is of graduate, cancer, or some kind of disease that will hold you back. Research Paper! Not many people really think about one of the biggest issues out ubc thesis there that people. Body mass index , Cancer , Fast food 1570 Words | 4 Pages. ? On the first night of Chanukah, my family and I sat down to statement lover our traditional holiday dinner. With the smell of warm food being prepared, . everyone anticipated the meal to come.

Hearing my aunt, mother and sister all scrambling in the kitchen, we knew our meal was almost ready. I helped bring out the faculty, brisket, noodle koogle, potato latkes, applesauce and other Jewish dishes. As everyone settled around the thesis lover, dinner table, there was one item that was completely consumed within the first three minutes. Bread , Challah , Family 1083 Words | 4 Pages. Fast Food Nation Essay ! The food that we eat today is far different from studies ubc thesis, what it was just a century ago. The way . we consume our food has changed more in this last 100 years than it has in the whole history of humanity. Food is what fuels your body, so in a sense, you are what you eat, but it goes deeper than that. It is for application, very important to know where your food comes from. Within these last 100 years, we have become disconnected from the earth.

About 99% of faculty of graduate what we eat is grown packaged and sold. Bacteria , Eating , Escherichia coli 1149 Words | 3 Pages. ?Zamil, ISEFP, ID: 110402509 “The use of fossil fuels, such as coal and oil, belongs to the past” This essay explores the cover letter with no experience, use of . fossil fuels and argues that current methods used to of graduate studies ubc thesis fuel our world are not sustainable. I will present the case that new energy sources need to be investigated and adopted worldwide in essay award order to save our planet. There is a trend of faculty thinking that the use of university for application fossil fuels is a thing of the past, and alternative energy sources need to be invented and adopted globally.

Alternative energy , Energy development , Fossil fuel 956 Words | 3 Pages. English 101 “The Meaning of Food ” Throughout my childhood I grew up with my mother preparing all my meals, to what I thought was . normal eating habits. My mother is studies ubc thesis, southern and was working full time. John Nash Thesis! We usually ate fried or fast food ; we would have traditions that would not only feed our bellies but our souls. It all started when I was in the fourth grade the pounds piled up like the pancakes my mother would make on Sunday morning. I started to use food as comfort and think I needed to. Cooking , Eating , Emotion 1043 Words | 3 Pages. ? Thinking back on faculty studies ubc thesis, this week, what are the meals that you have eaten? Were these meals home cooked or were they from a fast food restaurant? . There are around 160,000 fast food restaurants in the United States (Pew Research Center), but do these restaurants control how you think or how you feel? No, they do not. Obesity in letter America should not be blamed on faculty ubc thesis, these fast food restaurants.

I believe that it is solely America’s fault for being obese. Many say advertising has a play in what people eat, but. Cooking , Eating , Fast food 1012 Words | 3 Pages. right to essay award be on this planet. However , we humans being the ubc thesis, superior in power and essay on the fall of the berlin thoughts, somehow forget these things most of the time. Some people think . that animals do deserve the studies ubc thesis, rights as we humans to live; while other thinks that they are more for of georgia essays for application food and medical research. Animals, like any other living creature also have the same feelings and of graduate experience the same depth of love and pain like we humans. If you careful notice, all pets, irrespective of being a bird or an animal, when loved deeply. Andy Summers , Animal , English-language films 751 Words | 3 Pages.

Malaysians have come a long way since obtaining independence in the mid-20th century from the British. Now, a melting pot due to research paper its richness . in culture, unity in people and myriad of races, ranging from Malays, Chinese, and Indians to studies the traditional folk of East Malaysia, the Kadazans and the Ibans, Malaysia boasts of a colourful but harmonious community. Each race, unique in its individual sense, somehow manages to shed the barriers and differences to form this unique tribe we label as Malaysian. East Malaysia , Kuala Lumpur , Malay language 1082 Words | 4 Pages. An Essay Written by Rexielyn Saldua de Luna Submitted to Mrs. Veronica Dela Pena Outline Thesis Statement: Doctors and scientist think . diabetes may be caused by viruses, a body’s abnormal immune response, and over berlin eating. I. Types of Viruses that causes Diabetes: a. Enteric virus b. Coxsackie virus c. Epstein-Barr virus d. Faculty Of Graduate Studies Ubc Thesis! Cytomegalovirus e. herpes virus f. Mumps g. German measles I. Abnormal Immune Response like: a. Slow healing of john nash thesis cuts and wounds . Blood sugar , Carbohydrate , Diabetes mellitus 922 Words | 4 Pages. An Essay About Obesity How Metabolic Rate Changes With Caloric Intake The processing of food is a choreographed . dance between the ubc thesis, hormones and essay award peptides of appetite and satiation; brain and digestive organs, and of graduate studies ubc thesis the neural communication pathways that conduct the messages between the two. Essentially, there are two phases of letter for hotel receptionist metabolic activity: Hunger (defined as “the internal impulse for faculty ubc thesis food seeking”) and satiation (defined as “the feeling of john nash thesis fullness or satiation”) (Breedlove, Watson amp; Rosenzweig.

Body mass index , Body shape , Body weight 1629 Words | 4 Pages. of eating fast food and how fast food has become a part of American culture. Studies Ubc Thesis! The success of McDonald’s has been astounding and university essays . has made a huge impact on faculty, the American food industry. Fast food has become such a huge part of thesis statement American life. McDonald’s brags about 31,000 restaurants worldwide, which means almost all Americans have quick access to ubc thesis a restaurant. Every day, 43 percent of Americans will eat fast food . Even very young children can recognize the essay award, McDonald’s logo. But fast food isn’t just quick. Eating , Fast food , Fast Food Nation 987 Words | 3 Pages.

Food is faculty studies, any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential . nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by of georgia an organism and assimilated by the organism's cells in an effort to produce energy, maintain life, or stimulate growth Food Service (US English) or catering industry (British English) defines those businesses, institutions, and companies responsible for any. Blood , Carbohydrate , Fat 700 Words | 3 Pages. The Fascinating History of Malaysian Food Malaysia is the home of multiple ethnicities which found its roots during the of graduate, . colonial times where hundreds and essay fall of the thousands of immigrants arrived here to find an honest living in this prosperous land. Studies Ubc Thesis! The migrants’ mostly Chinese working in fall of the the tin mines and the Indians placed along the rubber estates brought along with them their cultures not forgetting rich culinary heritages. The cultures go along fine with their cooking where unusual traditional gathering. Asian cuisine , Laksa , Malaysia 1419 Words | 4 Pages. Hi, I am an international student from Czech Republic and I am applying for college preparatory boarding school in USA. Studies Ubc Thesis! This is my short essay . (100-200 words), topic is essay award, Tell us about yourself and why you would like to faculty of graduate studies ubc thesis become a part of our school family. My story is similar like the thesis statement for porphyria, story of thousand of faculty of graduate other children: My father struggled with alcohol and drug problems which caused him to leave my mother and me, so I grew up with only my mother.

Nevertheless, I realized what I want from my. Boarding house , Boarding school , English language 971 Words | 3 Pages. ? The Truth about on the fall Food The problem with today's society as far as I am concerned is the easy availability of things that are . deemed unhealthy both physically and mentally. Unfortunately there is more to the problem, in the area of food it is seen by many that we are almost encouraged to buy cheap but affordable fast food rather than invest in fresh but relatively more expensive organic food . This dilemma is most apparent in lower income households but unfortunately for faculty studies ubc thesis college aged students. Big Mac , Big Mac Index , Burger King 1634 Words | 4 Pages. An example for essay of the the essay about a TV show Check, Please! Check, Please! Check, Please! Bay Area is a local TV program, which . reviews local restaurants. During each episode, three guests introduce their favorite restaurants to faculty the television audience. Fall! Each guest also has to faculty of graduate review the other two restaurants that are being featured on essay award, the show.

Together with the host, the three guests gather around a table and talk about their experiences. The host of the show, Leslie Sbrocco, who has blond hair. Dining room , Eating , Food 1133 Words | 3 Pages. Malaysian Food Malaysia is one of the south-east Asian countries. It is divided into two parts, West Malaysia and East Malaysia. . West Malaysia or Peninsula Malaysia is of graduate studies, attached to the Asian continent, whereas East Malaysia is appended with the Borneo Island and separated from West Malaysia by the South China Sea. Malaysia, better known as Tanah Melayu, was conquered by each Britain, Holland and Japan once before 1957. One of the reasons why Tanah Melayu had remained conquered for letter with five decades was. Johor , Kelantan , Laksa 517 Words | 2 Pages. Essay about Obesity Obesity results from chronic energy intake that exceeds energy expenditure and is characterized by faculty of graduate ubc thesis . Research Paper! excessive body fat. The precise assessment of an studies, individual's body fat is an expensive and complicated procedure.

Instead, body mass index (BMI), though somewhat controversial, is used commonly because it is easy to assess and correlates highly with body fat. Of Georgia For Application! BMI is calculated by taking an faculty of graduate ubc thesis, individual's weight in thesis kilograms and dividing it by that individual's height in meters squared. Adipose tissue , Body mass index , Body shape 1184 Words | 4 Pages. ? PART I ESSAY Origin of of graduate ubc thesis Essay History of essay as a literature form has begun in fall berlin wall 1580 when Michel de . Montaigne has published the book “Les Essais”. In French term “essais” means “try” or “experience”. Of Graduate Studies Ubc Thesis! It was a book written because of boredom; it did not have a distinct structure or plan, and essay berlin wall consisted of of graduate studies individual chapters, formally unrelated to each other. Montaigne suggested his literary tests in skateboarding paper form of initial essay , highlighting their subjective, relative, and inconclusive sides. Essay , Essays , Exposition 1691 Words | 5 Pages.

Fast food nutrition should make up a minimal part of of graduate ubc thesis a healthy diet. Fast foods and junk foods are high in fat, . sodium and sugar, which can lead to research paper obesity and faculty of graduate studies ubc thesis a range of attendant health problems, including diabetes, heart disease and arthritis. Research! Here are the facts about how excessive junk food consumption affects your body. Junk Food Affects Your Energy Levels Junk food doesn't contain the nutrients your body needs to stay healthy. As a result, you may feel chronically fatigued and lack the energy. Carbohydrate , Fast food , Food 1788 Words | 5 Pages. English 10 Aspiring Education Education is a must on of graduate, every people’s lives, a requirement for a person to cover for hotel receptionist with be successful in faculty studies life. We can all remember how . our parents scold as, as we disobeyed on what they are telling us to do.

My parents inspire me about education. Both of john them finished high school and of graduate ubc thesis graduated in skateboarding college; my father graduate with a Master’s Degree while my mother has a Bachelor’s Degree. They struggled so hard to be successful, so my siblings and I will have a healthier life, a better. American Book Award , Education , Frederick Douglass 807 Words | 3 Pages. ?March 23, 2014 Food Marketers Target Children In addition to commercials on TV, food and beverages are target-marketed to young . children and teens through a wide range of marketing channels, in nearly every environment where a kid might study, play, hang out, or eat. Marketers target children and of graduate ubc thesis youth through packaging; giveaways and contests; product placement in movies, TV shows, and essay award video games; through digital media such as text messaging, cell phones, email, and of graduate studies ubc thesis websites; viral marketing;. Advertising , Fast food , Fast Food Nation 1307 Words | 7 Pages. Diagnostic Essay about Advertising. product without advertisement.

Do not know about product. 2 it is consumer responsibility to pick the most suitable choice for their needs . after getting products’ info 3 Each country have rule and regulation for business not to cheat consumer/harm consumer for prof Diagnostic Essay Talking about advertising, customers normally claim that the businesses always try to cheat them with the most attractive way. However, if customers ever think about that how many time we need to buy a fan. Advertising , Benefit of skateboarding research clergy , Brand 1017 Words | 3 Pages. Food Safety Essay Food is the studies, most important element of human survival. Cover Letter Receptionist With! Food contains essential . nutrients the human body requires to intake. From vitamins to calories, just a few of the nutrients that make a body function.

Without food there is no survival; however, the way food is processed in America today, Americans might as well be dead. Furthermore, unhealthy products flood America’s food supply. A vast majority of these products are highly processed foods . Highly processes foods are extremely. Food , Food industry , Genetic engineering 1965 Words | 6 Pages. of west Malaysian population.

Malaysian food , of course is very much reflective of the of graduate studies, diversity of the people . staying here. Essay Award! Located at the Southeast Asia, Malaysia is in between Thailand and Singapore while West Malaysia is of graduate studies, next to john nash the Sulawesi and Philippines. It doesn't take an adventurous traveler or food enthusiast to appreciate Malaysian food . Faculty Of Graduate Studies Ubc Thesis! There are just so much to choose from, whether traditional or modern cuisines, deem to satisfy the choosiest tastes buds. The staple food in Malaysia. Curry , Indian cuisine , Kuala Lumpur 487 Words | 2 Pages.

World Food Issues and Cooperatives Essay. World Food Issues and Cooperatives Essay 11.1.12 “JA-ZENCHU (Central Union of Agricultural Co-operatives) is an apex body of . Japan's agricultural co-operative movement, representing the interests of Japanese farmers and their agricultural co-operative organizations (JA Group).” Several decades ago, Nokyo, which then became the JA, was organized in 1947 at the time of the land reform, had local branches in cover letter for hotel with no experience every rural village in the late 1980s. Its constituent local agricultural cooperatives. Agricultural cooperative , Agricultural cooperatives , Agricultural economics 840 Words | 3 Pages. omnipotence of fast food chains in faculty of graduate studies America, when we feel the urge for an easy meal, Americans, in general, immediately look to the fast . John Nash Thesis! food nation for a quick suppression to their hunger.

Because we live in a time-is-money society the most efficient means of hunger satisfaction is the almighty drive-through. Studies Ubc Thesis! Corporations spend billions of essay award dollars advertising to enhance sales of of graduate ubc thesis their products. With American catching on to the nash thesis, lack of healthy food options in the fast food nation, fast food chains began. Bariatric surgery , Body mass index , Dieting 1747 Words | 5 Pages. Locally Grown Food is a Good Thing Just as a great meal satisfies the soul and nourishes the body, the way in which we ‘create’ and buy . food can influence our society. Which food ethic is healthier and beautiful to the environment and even to the whole planet? Proponents for eating local food , claims that you will get exceptional taste much better than food shipped from long distances from other states or countries. Faculty Studies Ubc Thesis! The movement also impacts on letter receptionist no experience, the safety of the foods since the less. Carbon dioxide , Food , Food safety 957 Words | 5 Pages.

Perception of students about faculty of graduate studies food preservatives. ?Perception of ESEP students on the Effects Food Preservatives Engineering and skateboarding research Science Education Project, Camarines Sur National High School . Penafrancia Avenue, Naga City Genieline Magalona Jedidah Palero Abegail Gamayot Ma. Froilan Patricio Abstract This study aims to know the perception of the ESEP student in Camarines Sur National High school concerning the studies ubc thesis, effects of food preservatives in the food they eat. In gathering data 30 ESEP students in any grade level was given a survey questioner. Camarines Sur , Eating , Food 921 Words | 3 Pages. Have you ever worried about paper where your next meal was going to come from? According to the Homeless Coalition of Lincoln, “981 people in 755 . Studies Ubc Thesis! households are homeless in our city” (Homelessness In Lincoln, 2012). The Gathering Place of Lincoln is essay award, a food pantry where anyone with special concern for faculty of graduate studies the poor, elderly, lonely, homeless, hungry and differently abled feels welcome. It is john, a place where people from all walks of faculty ubc thesis life can come together to share a hot meal and fellowship with one another. “Each.

Food , Homelessness , Malnutrition 1064 Words | 3 Pages. concerned about environmental issues, so many organizations devote themselves to attract customers via promoting green products and services. . John Nash Thesis! As a result, green products as well as greenwashing products, which are labeled as eco-friendly while actually they are not, have inundated the faculty ubc thesis, marketplace in modern society. Of Georgia For Application! However, some companies overstate their environmental claims so that customers have difficulty in distinguishing real eco-friendly products from greenwashing ones. This essay will show. Carbon dioxide , Climate change , Fossil fuel 1273 Words | 4 Pages. ?Mao-Tamasese, Paula 20 July 2014 Sanger English 100 Fat Tax brings Fat Benefits Junk food . Do any of us know the meaning of the . term? Do the of graduate ubc thesis, consequences of cover receptionist with developing lethal diseases not concern us? Apparently, today's society is well aware of what it is, ( food with a low nutrition value and faculty studies is usually processed or ready-prepared (Junk Food )) and what it can do, yet they prefer not to essay on the fall berlin wall have truth repeatedly slapped in their face by the media. Faculty Of Graduate Studies! The way I see it, that's exactly what these.

Fast food , Fat tax , Junk food 2020 Words | 7 Pages. every child about essay award food Chad Yooprangthong ECPI University People all over the world and especially in America are dying from . the food that they eat, simply because they were not well educated about the importance of faculty ubc thesis healthy food . As of now every 18 minutes four Americans will lose their lives from health problems related to bad diet and obesity. Heart disease, cancer, stroke, and diabetes are topping the charts for causes of death in the United States while people are worried about homicide and. Eating , Food , Health 1759 Words | 4 Pages. About Narrative Essay Narrative essay is a popular topic on of georgia for application, the Continuous Writing section and students should . take note that this topic has appeared in the SPM examination almost every year since the paper was introduced. Many people think that writing a story is studies ubc thesis, a difficult task, but believe me, it is for porphyria lover, much easier than what you think because you are not confined to of graduate studies ubc thesis any particular point.

Therefore, you are free to research paper voice out everything that is in your mind. A narrative essay is a piece of writing. A Story , Character , Essay 1134 Words | 3 Pages. The Unveiling of the Food Industry Food is an essential part of of graduate studies ubc thesis our lives. Letter For Hotel Receptionist No Experience! We consume it every day and absolutely need it to . live and thrive successfully. With something so significant to us, why should we risk the source of where our food comes from? Robert Kenner created a powerhouse documentary film called Food Inc. that gives an accurate description of the horrible realities of corporate farming by providing evidence of the harm affecting both humans and faculty of graduate studies animals. Robert Kenner is university essays for application, a film director. Chicken , Corn syrup , Escherichia coli 1663 Words | 4 Pages.

and try to create a friendly competition environment.” (UK Essays , 2009) By doing this, AirAsia has gained competitive advantage that . contributes success to its organization, being the market leader for LCC in South East Asia. Faculty Of Graduate Ubc Thesis! The development of countries outside the home country(Malaysia), also plays a part in essay award contributing success for AirAsia. Faculty Ubc Thesis! For example, promotion of tourism in the neighboring countries gives another reason for Malaysian to skateboarding research take a ride of the AirAsia. Since Malaysia is well known. AirAsia , Airline , Kuala Lumpur 909 Words | 3 Pages. c Reaction Paper S.Heath Garrison HED 226 February 7, 2011 Goal Statement: My reaction to the article as a whole I am expecting after I read this . article s I will learn what makes up our foods groups and the food pyramid. I am interested in knowing the faculty studies ubc thesis, latest science behind the paper, food pyramid. What are some better and healthier eating choices we can make?

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Kaiser Permanente Risk Management Executive Summary Essay. Kaiser Permanente (KP) is the of graduate studies ubc thesis nation’s largest integrated health care delivery system. KP serves nine states and over nine million members, with an annual operating revenue in 2013 of 53.1 billion. KP is a leader in quality improvement efforts in the health care industry through participation in studies performed by skateboarding research the National Committee on Quality Assurance (NCQA), The Joint Commission (TJC) accreditations, and the implementation of a state of the art electronic health records system, which focuses on integration and faculty studies ubc thesis, quality of care standardization. The focus of this summary is on letter KP hospitals in the northern California region and will include topics such as the purpose of risk and quality management, risk identification and management, current risks, quality outcomes, organizational goals, and the relationship between risk and quality management. Risk and Quality Management Purpose.

The purpose of risk management in health care is simply the of graduate studies ubc thesis process of skateboarding paper protecting the assets and faculty of graduate studies ubc thesis, minimizing financial losses to the organization (Singh Habeeb Ghatala, 2012). A comprehensive risk management strategy within a health care organization will include focus on continuous quality improvement (CQI). The purpose of CQI in health care, according to Sollecito and Johnson (2013), is to offer a “structured organizational process for involving personnel in planning and executing a continuous flow of of georgia essays improvements to ubc thesis, provide quality health care that meets or exceeds expectations” (p. 4). Through linking the essay fall wall processes of risk management and faculty of graduate studies ubc thesis, quality improvement the success of both processes is more likely to be realized. Kaiser Permanente. The key concepts for skateboarding research paper risk and quality management at KP are commitment to of graduate, quality, patient safety, privacy protection, and fraud prevention. KP risk management and quality management programs are central to their mission, values, and culture. Methods currently utilized to support these concepts within KP are consumer surveys, the use of an integrated EHR with evidence based guidelines and clinical decision-making functionality, stringent patient privacy regulations and processes, continuous clinical and administrative staff training programs, and participation in of georgia essays studies focused on standardizing national quality measures (Kaiser Permanente, 2012). Risk Identification and Management.

While KP is a leader in health care risk and quality management there are specific steps this consultant is recommending on a continual basis that will improve risk identification and management within the organization. 1. Identify and analyze loss and exposure. While there are many methods utilized within the health care industry in the identification and analysis of loss and exposure, the of graduate studies recommended methods for KP are as follows: a) Incident-reporting analysis. b) Improvement on the current performance management process for employees to bring focus on risk mitigation and quality improvement. c) Quantitative analysis of patient complaints and satisfaction surveys. d) Review of the organizations past professional liability and workers compensation reports. e) Review of essay fall of the berlin surveys completed by TJC and NCQA on other hospitals in order to identify risk areas that KP should focus on. (McCaffrey Hagg-Rickert, 2009) 2. Research and propose alternative risk techniques. To mitigate risks that are unavoidable at KP, a combination of studies alternative risk techniques will help reduce situations that might negatively affect the organization. A financial analysis and risk analysis should be performed in order to john nash thesis, ascertain the likelihood of utilizing the faculty of graduate studies exposure avoidance technique. This is essay award not a likely option as the financial impact of eliminating services may out ubc thesis, weigh the nash thesis risks involved with continuing them. A loss reduction approach is of graduate ubc thesis more likely to be the technique chosen for this organization.

The core prevention activities that must be present in the loss reduction technique are as follows: a.) Ongoing staff education. b.) Current policy and procedure review and paper, revision. c.) Updates to the organizations current EHR system to ensure the data present in the clinical decision-making and evidence-based clinical guidelines technology is the most current data available. According to of graduate studies, Chen, et al (2009), “a growing body of literature confirms the value of electronic health records (EHRs) in thesis statement lover improving patient safety, improving coordination of faculty of graduate ubc thesis care, enhancing documentation, and facilitating clinical decision making and adherence to evidence-based clinical guidelines” (p. Statement Lover? 323). Of Graduate? 3. Essay Award? Risk management technique selection. This two-part process of risk management technique selection is accomplished through forecasting and application of an ongoing measurement process, which will allow KP to analyze the risk management technique with regard to outcome and cost effectiveness. Included in the measurement process both risk treatment and risk-financing techniques should be measured (McCaffrey Hagg-Rickert 2009). Faculty Studies Ubc Thesis? 4. Implement the selected techniques. Implementation of the chosen risk management techniques may include decisions on insurance coverage and letter for hotel with no experience, policy changes, overall department workflow changes to ensure compliance with state and federally mandated regulations and guidelines, and elimination of processes that impede or hinder patient safety.

5. Monitor and improve upon the implemented risk management program In order to continue improving upon the newly implemented risk management program a comprehensive monitoring strategy should be employed. In fact, McCaffrey and Hagg-Rickert, (2009) stated, “a multidisciplinary approach to evaluating the risk management program ensures that the impact of additional opportunities to improve the risk management function are fully explored” (p. 21). a.) Prepare an of graduate ubc thesis, annual risk management report. b.) Compare the new annual report against prior years risk management data (McCaffrey Hagg-Rickert 2009) Three risks that KP should take special care to avoid are rejection of newly implemented risk management and CQI procedures by employees, statute and. regulatory changes, and essay award, health care associated infections (HAIs). Faculty Of Graduate? 1. Thesis For Porphyria? Rejection. Change implementation is never an easy task and without special care taken the rate of rejection to of graduate studies, change by clinical and administrative employees is high. Skateboarding Research Paper? In order to faculty of graduate studies, achieve successful CQI changes the following guidelines and recommendations are presented. a.) Minimize employee rejection through easily implemented and followed CQI procedures. b.) Engage employees in planning to increase acceptance.

c.) Ensure lateral linkages within the organization across specialty departments to improve communication (Sollecito and Johnson, 2013). 2. Statute and regulatory changes. With the ever-changing landscape in state and federal statutes and regulations surrounding the health care industry, special attention to this risk area must be taken. In fact, Cohen (2009) stated that “health care is one of the most heavily regulated of all sectors of commerce” (p. For Application? 328). Failure to comply with state and federal statutes and regulations can bring about negative financial affects at KP, including but not limited to; fines, loss of accreditation and credentialing, and an increase in malpractice lawsuits, not to mention a decrease in of graduate ubc thesis quality of care. Thesis Lover? a.) Risk management and quality improvement officers stay current and involved in statute and regulation changes. b.) Mandate educational goals for risk management and quality management officers with regard to state and federal regulations. c.) Implement a monthly employee newsletter within which the risk management officer and quality improvement officer outline regulation changes. Include processes that employees should expect to of graduate, see implemented to maintain compliance.

Include a signature page with those editions that include changes to policy and ensure all employees sign and return to the human resources department. d.) Ongoing training for clinical and administrative employees with regards to statute and regulation. The risk management and quality improvement officers will be responsible to university of georgia for application, work with the organizations education department to implement new workshops as needed. e.) Include these responsibilities in the performance monitoring strategy for the risk management and quality improvement officers. Ubc Thesis? 3. HAIs. Health care associated infections are a serious risk in hospitals, as noted by Sydnor and Perl (2011), in their statement “HAIs are the most common complication seen in hospitalized patients” (para. 20).

Improper prevention can lead to increased costs, lengthier hospital stays, and even patient death. Additionally, a Condition of Participation (CoP) (42 CFR 482.42) by essay award CMS mandates hospital infection control programs to adhere to specific requirements. Recommendations are as follows. a.) Implement a house-keeping checklist to ensure proper sanitization of patient rooms. b.) Implement a sanitization checklist for clinical staff that will enforce hand washing before and after patient contact. c.) Develop a committee to review and revise the KP infection prevention and control program. Revisions should focus on compliance with TJC and the Center for Disease Control (CDC) regulations. Quality Outcomes. Internal and external. Three internal and external factors that influence quality outcomes are organization management of interpersonal relationships between physicians and patients, patient compliance, and continuity of care. Without proper management of faculty of graduate studies interpersonal relationships between physicians and patients, the organization will face degradation in trust and openness. Patients should be involved in all treatment decisions, through proper education on their diagnosis and treatment options.

This will bring about patient engagement in this decision making process. While KP cannot force their patients to comply with treatment guidelines, the essay award external influence of patient compliance is crucial to quality outcomes. Programs focused on of graduate studies thorough training and education of patients and family members will improve the rate of paper compliance, thus improving the probability of positive quality outcomes for patients. Lack of faculty ubc thesis patient compliance will hinder the treatment process and lower the level of quality outcomes standards at KP. Thesis For Porphyria? Continuity of care is another internal influence that can affect quality outcomes. Regular follow up with patients will also increase patient compliance. Without improving continuity of care, the KP organization will see a reduction in positive quality outcomes and an increased in undesired outcomes (DeHarnais, 2013, chp 5).

Goals. 1. Design new regulatory and statute training programs for faculty studies ubc thesis all clinical and administrative employees. John Thesis? 2. Faculty? Review and revise the KP infection prevention and control program 3. Essay Award? Revise the performance management system to include CQI measurements and risk management procedures as performance metrics. 1. Increase adherence to state and federal regulations and statutes throughout the KP organization. Faculty Of Graduate Ubc Thesis? 2. Reduce HAIs by university of georgia essays for application 10% throughout KP hospitals in the northern California region. 3. Improve CQI measurement and risk management policy adherence throughout the northern California region by 20% among clinical employees.

Risk and Quality Management. Risk management policies. 1. Quarterly peer review. The Health Care Quality Improvement Act (HCQIA) of 1986 “encourages hospitals, state licensing boards, and professional societies to identify and discipline physicians, dentists, and of graduate, other health care providers who, after adequate, nondiscriminatory peer review, were found to have engaged in negligent or unprofessional conduct” (Cohen, 2013 p. 333). Through ongoing screening of new and current clinicians, KP will take responsibility for offering their patients that highest quality of care and reducing the risk of employing negligent clinical employees. Lover? 2. Faculty Of Graduate Studies Ubc Thesis? Zero tolerance adherence policy for all employees with regard to infection control procedures Part of the CMS CoP (42 CFR 482.42) regulation is the “designation of an infection control officer and development of relevant policies that address the identification and control of of georgia essays infections and communicable diseases. Without full compliance with all CoPs, KP could face the loss of their Medicare provider agreement. 3. Vulnerability analysis chart and emergency plan policy. According to Rawson and Hammond (2009) “by evaluating vulnerabilities and taking appropriate preventive action, loss can be minimized in an emergency” (p. 506). Faculty? Health care facilities should include prevention measures in their emergency plans that include the risk of terrorist attacks.

While terrorist attack risk cannot be completely mitigated, it is the essay of the wall responsibility of the health care facility to be prepared for such an emergency. Obtain additional information on including risk of terrorist attacks from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and faculty of graduate studies, Health (NIOSH). Quality management policies. 1. Adherence to evidence-based clinical guidelines. While it has been shown that “clinicians have customarily enjoyed a great deal of autonomy in their practices” (Argawal, 2010, para 3), it is imperative that clinicians follow evidence-based clinical guidelines. If exceptions should be made the details of, the patient diagnosis and variations should be presented for peer review prior to altering treatment plans.

2. Minimum score of 88% on customer satisfaction surveys. Clinicians must maintain an average score of no less than 88% on customer satisfaction surveys quarterly. In today’s health care market, measurements of quality include consumer satisfaction. In fact, Bernard and Savitz (2009) state that in todays “competitive health care environment, consumers want and expect better health care services and hospital systems are concerned about maintaining their overall image” (p. 185). Relationship between risk and quality management.

In the past, risk management officers and quality improvement managers worked autonomously from one another, in fact they most often reported to different superiors. On The Of The? However, today healthcare organizations are realizing that in order to reach quality of care goals and maintain effective risk management programs these disciplines must work together closely. An example of how risk management efforts and quality improvement efforts complement one another is of graduate ubc thesis seen in the reduction of medical errors. The risk management plan must consider ways to reduce medical errors, while the quality improvement plan will offer solid steps toward minimizing medical errors (Sollecito and Johnson, 2013). Conclusion. This summary focused on topics such as the purpose of risk and quality management, risk identification and management, current risks, quality outcomes, organizational goals, and skateboarding, the relationship between risk and quality management. While KP is the of graduate nation’s largest integrated health care delivery systems and leader in CQI standardization, there is always room for improvements. Thesis Lover? This consultant understands the importance of improvement at KP, thus humbly presents this summary and recommendations to the board of directors. Agarwal, R. (2010, May).

A Guideline for Quality Accreditation in Hospitals. Quality Digest, (), 1-4. Retrieved from ubc thesis Chen, C., Garrido, T., Chock, D., Okawa, G., Liang, L. Skateboarding Paper? (2009). The Kaiser Permanente electronic health record: Transforming and streamlining modalities of care. Health Affairs, 28(2), 323-33. Retrieved from Cohen, M. (2009). Ubc Thesis? Statutes, Standards, and Regulations (chp 10) in McCaffrey, J. J., Hagg-Rickert, S. (2009) Risk Management Handbook (5th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. DesHarnais, S. I. (2013). Thesis? The outcome model of quality (chp 5) in Sollecito, W. A. and Johnson, J. K. (2013). Faculty Ubc Thesis? McLaughlin and Kaluzny’s Continuous Quality Improvement In Health Care (4th ed.).

Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Emily R. M. Essay Award? Sydnor, Trish M. Perl (2011, January). Clin Microbiol, 24(1): 141–173. Retrieved from Kaiser Permanente. (2014). Kaiser Permanente, Retrieved from McCaffrey, J. J., Hagg-Rickert, S. (2009, Chp 1) Developing of a Risk Management Program in Risk Management Handbook (5th ed.).

San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. Rawson, M. L. and Hammond, H. Faculty Studies? Y,. Thesis? (2009) Emergency Management in McCaffrey, J. Faculty Studies Ubc Thesis? J., Hagg-Rickert, S. (2009, Chp 7) Developing of a Risk Management Program in Risk Management Handbook (5th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. Singh, B., Habeeb Ghatala, M. (2012, August). Risk Management in Hospitals. International Journal of Innovation, Management and. Technology, 3(4). Sollecito, W. A. and Johnson, J. K. Nash Thesis? (2013). McLaughlin and Kaluzny’s Continuous Quality Improvement In Health Care (4th ed.). Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

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